TOEFL Exam Pattern

Updated by: Mrunmayai Bobade on April 28, 2022, 10:24 p.m.

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TOEFL 2022 Exam Pattern

The TOEFL 2022 exam pattern includes four sections including Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing which are aimed at testing the academic English skills of the candidates. In all of these four sections, an individual is asked to perform tasks that combine the four major English communication skills in 3 hours with 30 additional minutes provided to complete the check-in process.

In order to prepare effectively for the test, it is imperative that a candidate has a clear idea of all the sections and the exam pattern and syllabus for TOEFL 2022, and secure a good score to pursue their dream of studying at a prestigious university abroad.

TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language, an English language proficiency test, accepted by thousands of universities in more than 150 countries, has a fixed test structure prescribed by ETS, which you can find on this page.

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Highlights of TOEFL 2022 Exam Pattern

The TOEFL pattern 2022 highlights outlined in the table below will provide the candidates with a detailed knowledge of the test:

TOEFL Exam Duration

3½ hours, including 30 minutes for check-in

Total Number of Sections

4: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing

Total Number of Questions


Mode of TOEFL Exam


Medium of Instruction


Integrated Tasks Yes

Negative Marking


Note Taking Allowed Yes

Section-wise TOEFL 2022 Exam Pattern

Here is the section-wise TOEFL 2022 test pattern is as mentioned below:




Type of Questions



54–72 minutes

30–40 questions

3-4 Passages:

  • 700 words

  • Multiple-focus passages (cause/effect, compare/contrast)


Read passages and respond appropriately to the questions


41–57 minutes

(each 3 minutes, 5 questions each; each 3–5 minutes, 6 questions each)

28–39 questions

  • 3–4 lectures, some including classroom discussion
  • 2–3 conversations


Answer questions related to concise lectures or classroom discussions


10 minutes


17 minutes

(Up to 30 seconds to prepare the response; Up to 1 minute to respond)

4 tasks

4 tasks:

  • 1 opinion-based independent task

  • 3 integrated tasks based on what is heard and read

Speak about a topic and discuss material you have read and listened to


50 minutes

2 tasks

2 tasks:

  • 1 Integrated task based on what is heard and read

  • 1 opinion-based independent task

Read a passage, listen to a recording that will be played, type your answer

How Is the TOEFL Test Scored?

Highlighted in the table below are the score ranges that have been assigned to each of the four sections in the TOEFL 2022 test:


Score Range









Total Score


How is the TOEFL iBT Administered?

The TOEFL 2022 is conducted with the certain measures in place as mentioned below:

  • Administered on a computer in secure test centres, with internet connection.

  • Candidates are provided with noise-reducing headphones for listening while attempting the test.

  • Candidates are provided with a microphone for recording responses.

  • Written responses are to be recorded using a keyboard.

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FAQs on TOEFL 2022 Exam Pattern

What is the maximum marks I can score in TOEFL?

Each section of TOEFL is scored on a score of 0-30. This will bring the total score of TOEFL 2021 to 120.

Is the exam pattern of TOEFL iBT at centre and at home the same?

The TOEFL iBT Home Edition is identical in content, format and on-screen experience to a test taken at a test centre.

How is the TOEFL Speaking Section Evaluated?

The Speaking section of TOEFL 2021 is scored on a range of 0 to 30. The examiner judges a candidate on the basis of his/her fluency in spoken English and his/her interpretation and convincing abilities.

How much time is allocated for the TOEFL Writing Section?

Students attempting the TOEFL Writing section will be given 50 minutes.

Is there any negative marking in TOEFL 2021?

ETS does not penalise students with negative marking for incorrect answers in TOEFL 2021.

How many questions will be asked in the TOEFL 2021 Exam?

A TOEFL 2021 test will consist of a total of 64-85 questions.

Is there any change in the TOEFL 2021 Exam Pattern?

No changes have been made to the TOEFL 2021 Exam Pattern by ETS.

What is the total duration of a TOEFL Exam?

The total duration of a TOEFL 2021 Exam is 3 hours, with 30 minutes provided additionally to complete the check-in process.

Is the TOEFL hard?

Compared to the IELTS, the TOEFL is considered harder. However, it varies from one candidate to another.

Into how many sections is TOEFL 2021 divided?

TOEFL is divided into four sections, viz. Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking.

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