CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 - Check Subject Wise Pattern, Marking Scheme, Best Books

Samia Miraj
Samia MirajUpdated On: February 14, 2024 05:12 pm IST
CBSE has released the Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 without any changes. The detailed topic-wise marks distribution for individual subjects has been included in the exam pattern.
CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24
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CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24: The central board has revised the CBSE class 10th exam pattern 2023-24. Based on the official notice released on 6th April 2023 students will get more multiple-choice questions in the board exams session 2023-2024. Students can access the CBSE 10th exam pattern 2024 at cbse.gov.in. CBSE will conduct the exams from 15th February 2024 to 10th April 2024. Each subject in the CBSE 10th exam pattern 2024 will be conducted for 80 marks, while the internal assessments will account for the remaining 20 marks. For the academic year 2023–2024, roughly 50% of the questions would be MCQs. Case study-based, source-based, or multiple-choice questions will be used to ask the competency-based questions.

Students will be guided by the CBSE class 10 exam pattern 2023-24 on the class 10 marking system and mark distribution for each topic. Knowing about the CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 will help the students prepare their strategy accordingly based on the pattern of the question paper. CBSE has introduced some changes in the exam pattern which will be discussed on this page. Along with this, we will also discuss other major points related to CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2024 here:

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24: Latest Updates

CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24: Highlights

The CBSE Class 10 exam pattern 2024 includes the marking system, exam duration, score distribution for every topic, and other essential details.

Exam Mode

Offline

Medium

Hindi & English

Duration

2 Hours

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice, Competency-Based Questions, Long/Short Questions

Subjects

Language 1, Language 2, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, 6th Additional Subject

Total Marks

100

Negative Marking

No

Theory Exam

80

Internal Assessment

20

Passing Marks

33% Aggregate in Each Subject & Overall

    BSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24

    The CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 can be understood in detail through the points mentioned below: The exam will be conducted in offline mode (pen and paper). The subject which is included in CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2023-24 are Language 1, Language 2, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, 6th Additional Subject The exam will be conducted for a total of 2 hours duration. The overall marks as per CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2023-24 will be 100 marks (80 marks for theory paper and 20 marks for internal assessment). CBSE 10th exam will consist of different types of questions such as Multiple choice, competency-based, and long/ short answer questions. There will be no negative marking for incorrect answers. The multiple-choice questions will have 4 options out of which the candidates will have to select one correct option. The competency-based questions will consist of a real-life scenario based on which analytical thinking questions will be asked. The long and short-answer questions will range from 1 mark to 5 marks. For Board Exam 2024, there will be 40% multiple-choice questions for class 10 question paper, 40% weightage will be given to the short/ long or the objective type questions, and the remaining 20% weightage will be given to the Competency-Based Questions. The question types and their weightage in the CBSE class 10th exam can be checked from the table below:

    Type of Questions

    Weightage

    Multiple Choice Questions

    40%

    Competency-Based Questions

    20%

    Long/Short Questions

    40%

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 Subject Wise

    Even though the overall CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2023-24 will be the same for all the subjects, there are some minor specifications for each subject pattern. We will discuss in this section the subject-wise CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2023-24 and their marking scheme:

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 for Mathematics

    CBSE Class 10th Exam pattern 2023-24 for Mathematics will consist of a total of 30 questions. The questions will be divided into 4 sections: Very Short Answer Type (VSA) Questions - 6 questions of 1 mark each, Short Answer Type Questions I - 6 questions of 2 marks each, Short answer type questions II - 10 questions of 3 marks each and Long Answer Type Questions - 8 questions of 4 marks each. The exam pattern and topic-wise weightage for class 10th Mathematics can be checked below:

    Question Distribution

    Type of Question

    No of Questions

    Remembering (Knowledge-based)

    8

    Understanding (Comprehension)

    8

    Application

    8

    High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)

    5

    Evaluation

    1

    Topic Wise Weightage

    Topics

    Marks

    Number System 

    6

    Algebra 

    20

    Coordinate Geometry 

    6

    Geometry 

    15

    Trigonometry12

    Mensuration 

    10

    Statistics and Probability 

    11

    Total Marks

    80

    CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Basic Exam Pattern 2024

    • Maths Question Paper has 5 Sections A, B, C, D, and E. Section A has 20 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) carrying 1 mark each.
    • Section B has 5 Short Answer-I (SA-I) type questions carrying 2 marks each.
    • Section C has 6 Short Answer-II (SA-II) type questions carrying 3 marks each.
    • Section D has 4 Long Answer (LA) type questions carrying 5 marks each.
    • Section E has 3 sourced-based/Case Based/passage based/integrated units of assessment (4 marks each) with sub-parts of the values of 1, 1 and 2 marks each respectively.
    • All Questions are compulsory. However, an internal choice in 2 Qs of 2 marks, 2 Qs of 3 marks and 2 Questions of 5 marks has been provided. An internal choice has been provided in the 2 marks questions of Section E.

    CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Standard Exam pattern 2024

    • Maths Question Paper has 5 Sections A, B, C, D and E.
    • Section A has 20 MCQs carrying 1 mark each.
    • Section B has 5 questions carrying 02 marks each.
    • Section C has 6 questions carrying 03 marks each.
    • Section D has 4 questions carrying 05 marks each.
    • Section E has 3 case based integrated units of assessment (04 marks each) with sub- parts of the values of 1, 1 and 2 marks each respectively.
    • All Questions are compulsory. However, an internal choice in 2 Qs of 5 marks, 2 Qs of 3 marks and 2 Questions of 2 marks has been provided.
    • An internal choice has been provided in the 2 marks questions of Section E.

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 for Science

    CBSE Class 10 Exam pattern 2023-24 for Science will consist of a total of 27 questions. The questions will be divided into 2 sections: Section A and Section B. Section A will consist of 2 Very Short Answer Type (VSA) Questions of 1 mark each, 3 Short Answer Type Questions I for 2 marks each, and 10 Short answer type questions II for 3 marks each, and 6 Long Answer Type Questions of 5 marks each. Section B will consist of 6 questions of 2 marks each based on practical knowledge.

    The exam pattern and topic-wise weightage for class 10th Science can be checked below:

    Question Distribution

    Type of Question

    No of Questions

    Remembering (Knowledge-based)

    4

    Understanding (Comprehension)

    7

    Application

    5

    High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)

    2

    Inference & Evaluation

    3

    Topic Wise Weightage

    Topic

    Marks

    Chemical Substances- Nature and Behavior

    25

    World of Living

    25

    Natural Phenomena

    12

    Effects of Current

    13

    Natural Resources

    5

    Total Marks

    80

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 for Social Science

    CBSE Class 10 Exam pattern 2023-24 for Social Science will consist of a total of 25 questions from the main subject and 2-3 questions based on the map. The exam pattern and topic-wise weightage for class 10th Social Science can be checked below:

    Question Distribution

    Type of Question

    No of Questions

    Remembering (Knowledge-based)

    4

    Understanding (Comprehension)

    6

    Application

    7

    High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)

    6

    Evaluation

    2

    Map skill

    1

    Topic Wise Weightage

    Topic

    Marks

    India and the Contemporary World – II

    20

    Contemporary India – II

    20

    Democratic Politics – II

    20

    Understanding Economic Development

    20

    Total Marks

    80

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 for English

    CBSE Class 10 Exam pattern 2023-24 for English will consist of a total of 11 questions which will be divided into 3 sections: Section A, B, and C. The exam pattern and topic-wise weightage for class 10th English can be checked below:

    Section

    Number of questions

    Total marks

    A: Reading

    2

    20

    B: Writing and Grammar

    5

    20

    C: Literature

    4

    40

    Total

    80

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 for Computer Applications

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 for Computer Applications can be checked below:

    Unit Name

    Marks

    Networking

    15

    HTML

    25

    Cyber Ethics

    10

    Total

    50

    Practicals

    50

    Grand Total

    100

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2024 - Marking Scheme

    It is also important to understand the marking scheme for CBSE 10th Exam Pattern 2023-24 to score higher marks in the board exams. The detailed marking scheme for CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 has been explained below. The students can check the marking scheme for CBSE 10th Exam Pattern from the table below:​

    cbse class 10 exam pattern
    cbse class 10 exam pattern
    cbse class 10 exam pattern
    • The overall exam will be conducted for a total of 100 marks.
    • The theory exams will be conducted for a total of 80 marks.
    • The internal assessment will be conducted for a total of 20 marks.
    • The minimum passing mark for all the students is 33% aggregate overall. The students must score at least 33% aggregate in each subject to pass the exam.
    • The internal assessment will consist of periodic tests for 10 marks, notebook submission for 5 marks, and Subject Enrichment Activity for 5 marks.
    • There will be no negative marking.
    CBSE Class 10 Date Sheet 2024

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2024 - Internal Assessment

    The internal assessment is a major benchmark for the class 10th exam as it will test the eligibility of the students to sit for the written exam. The internal assessment as per CBSE Class 10 exam pattern 2023-24 has been divided into multiple components such as:

    Periodic Test

    5 Marks

    Multiple Assessment

    5 Marks

    Portfolio

    5 Marks

    Subject Enrichment Activity

    5 Marks

    Internal Assessment

    20 Marks

    CBSE Class 10 Grading System 2023-24

    CBSE has introduced a grading system for class 10th which will be implemented in each subject. The grades will be provided to the candidates on the basis of marks obtained in the board exam following a 9-point grading system. Grades will be awarded in each scholastic subject. For awarding the grades, the Board will put all the passed students in rank order and will award the grades as follows:

    Grade

    Awarded To

    Marks Range

    A1

    Top 1/8th of the passed candidates

    91 - 100

    A2

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    81 - 90

    B1

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    71 - 80

    B2

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    61 - 70

    C1

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    51 - 60

    C2

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    41 - 50

    D1

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    31 - 40

    D2

    Next 1/8th of the passed candidates

    21 - 30

    E*

    Essential Repeat

    0 - 20

    Some of the major points regarding the CBSE Class 10 Grading System are listed below:

    • In case of a tie, there will be some minor variations in the proportions of candidates.
    • In case of a tie, all the students with the same score will get the same grade. However, if at any score points, there needs to be a division of 2 segments for the number of candidates, then the smaller segment will go with the larger segment.
    • The grading method by CBSE will be used in the subjects where the number of candidates who have passed is more than 500.
    • In respect of subjects where the total number of candidates passing a subject is less than 500, the grading would be adopted on the pattern of grading and distribution in other similar subjects.
    Also Read
    How to Score 90 Percent in Class 10
    How to Score 80 Percent in Class 10

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2024: Important Books 

    To prepare for the competitive nature of the class 10 board examination books will be the most essential and meaningful tools that applicants can rely on to prepare for their class 10 board examination 2024. Check out the table given below to learn more about the books:

    Subjects 

    Books

    Mathematics 

    Secondary School Mathematics for Class 10 – R S Aggarwal

    All in One Mathematics – Arihant

    Science 

    Science for 10th Class: Physics by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

    Principles of Physics: S Chand books, N. K Chowdhry

    Fundamentals of Physics: Pradeep Publication

    Science for 10th Class: Biology by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

    Science for 10th Class: Chemistry by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur

    Social Science 

    All in One Social Science CBSE Class 10 – Arihant

    Golden Guide for Social Science – Sudha Rastogi, S.A. Siddiqui, J.P. Singhal & Dr. Gulshan Rai

    S Chand for Social Science – N.K Chowdhry

    Xam Idea for Social Science – Editorial Board

    English 

    English Communicative – Oswaal School Books

    CBSE All-in-One English Language & Literature Class 10 by Arihant Experts

    High School English Grammar and Composition Book by Wren and Martin for Grammar.

    Xam Idea Complete Course English for CBSE Class 10 by VK Global

    Hindi

    Kshitij

    Kritika

    Sparsh

    Sanchayan

    CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2024: Preparations Tips

    There are some tips and tricks for class 10 students to prepare for the class 10th board examination for the CBSE. Check out the tips and tricks:

    • Students should be aware that for the academic year 2023-2024, the CBSE board has reduced the CBSE class 10 syllabus 2024 by 30%. Therefore, you should review the most recent curriculum and modify your preparation. If you're getting ready for a competitive exam, such as an entrance or scholarship test, you should go through the entire syllabus because these exams are held using the complete syllabus, however, there may be internal choices within the questions.
    • The syllabus is just as crucial to know as the exam pattern. The curriculum is crucial for understanding the path to take, and the exam pattern aids in understanding how to proceed. The CBSE exam pattern includes essential components such as question types, exam duration, and marking schemes for both theory and practical exams.
    • The planned study makes it easier to cover the topics in the allotted time. As a result, you should plan your study time to cover the syllabus. Here are some ideas for creating a study schedule:
     - Include all subjects and allot time according to the importance of each subject and your level of learning.
    – Include some time for hobbies and interests.
    – Take short breaks after 2 hours of studying to keep the mind fresh. Remove all distractions while studying such as smartphone notifications and music.
    • Download and complete sample papers and question papers from previous years. Among all the CBSE Class 10 preparation tips for 2024, this is the most important. By completing these papers, you'll have an understanding of what to expect on exam day and learn the types of questions to expect. One or two questions from last year's exam may be asked in the board exam.
    CBSE class 10 exam pattern 2023-24 is now officially updated on the official website of the Central Board of Secondary Education which the students can access. By taking into account the marking scheme, and topic-wise marks distribution, students should create their strategies based on their strengths and prepare themselves accordingly.

    FAQs

    What is the CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24?

    The CBSE board authorities will be conducting the theory examination for 80 marks that will cover 100% of the syllabus. A 9-point grading system will be followed by the CBSE authorities.

    What are the recent changes in the CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24?

    The CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24 has not changed however some minor changes have been introduced. Students are presented with a choice between Standard and Basic Mathematics. There will be more questions on analytical thinking and problem-solving.

    Will CBSE consider the best 5 subjects out of the total subjects?

    According to the recent updates, CBSE has decided that it will include the marks of skill subjects in the best 5 marks secured by the CBSE 10th students if they are not able to score better marks in the main subjects.

    What are the best ways to get more than 95% marks in the CBSE class 10th exams 2024?

    To secure above 95% marks, you must practice with the previous year question papers. CBSE released sample papers, and also tried solving model test papers. Students can download model test papers from the CBSE Academics website.

    What are some of the best reference books for the CBSE 10th exams 2024?

    The first and foremost books that you must complete in order to prepare for the CBSE 10th Exams 2024 are your NCERTs. For side books, you can use the RD Sharma or RS Agarwal for Mathematics and Arihant Publication - All in One for Science. You can also buy subject-wise sample papers by Arihant.

    Will the CBSE marking process be very strict for the 10th Board Exams 2024?

    CBSE 10th Exams 2024 checking is not very strict. The evaluation is done in steps, and the marks are also provided according to the steps. There is also no negative marking done by the examiners.

    Will CBSE give me grace marks for CBSE 10th Exams 2023?

    Yes, CBSE authorities are known for giving grace marks to students if they fail in more than one subject by two or three marks. However, there is no fixed policy on how many marks would be allotted by the examiners. The final decision will be taken on the basis of the overall performance of the students.

    How to download the CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24?

    To download the CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern 2023-24, the students can visit the official website of CBSE Academics and navigate to the curriculum option in its menu bar. The details are in PDF formats as per the academic year, from where you can download the curriculums. The curriculum is available separately for each subject group included by the CBSE.

    What happens if I fail one subject for CBSE 10th Exams 2024?

    If you fail in one subject, then you can appear for the compartment exams that are held in the month of July 2024. However, if you fail in two or more subjects, you will have to repeat your grade.

    Are 91% marks in CBSE 10th Exams 2024 enough?

    Cut-off marks from prominent schools can easily help you determine whether the score that you have achieved is good enough or not. For example, you need an aggregate of 80% to secure admission to prominent schools such as DPS. For the science stream, you may require greater marks.

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