- CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 PDF
- CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024: Structure
- CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 - Unit-wise
- CBSE Class 10 Science Question Paper Design 2024 (Theory)
- CBSE Class 10 Science Internal Assessment Paper Design
- CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 for Practical Exams
- Reference Books for CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024
- CBSE 10 Science Syllabus 2024: Preparation Tips
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CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus: The Central Board of Secondary Education has recently released the revised CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2024 on its official website. The CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 comprises 5 units namely Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour, World of Living, Natural Phenomena, Effects of Current, and Natural Resources. Before the introduction of the CBSE 10th Date Sheet 2024, students should begin studying the CBSE 10th Science syllabus for the academic year 2024. CBSE Class 10 Science paper will be for a total of 80 marks with 20 marks for Internal Assessment. In addition to this, CBSE Class 10 Syllabus also includes a list of Practicals to be performed. The CBSE Class 10 examination will be held from February 15 to April 10, 2024. Students appearing for CBSE Class 10 Science, must go through the whole article to know about the CBSE Class 10th Science Syllabus, Exam Pattern, and Preparation Tips.
Check CBSE Class 10 Time Table 2024
CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 PDFStudents can now download the CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus from the official website of CBSE Academics. You can check out the direct PDF from the table given below:
|CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 PDF|
CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024: Structure
Check the unit-wise marks distribution tabulated below:
Unit 1: Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour
Unit 2: World of Living
Unit 3: Natural Phenomena
Unit 4: Effects of Current
Unit 5: Natural Resources
CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 - Unit-wise
Unit 1: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour
|Chemical reactions||Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction|
|Acids, bases and salts||Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide,Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.|
|Metals and nonmetals||Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention|
|Carbon compounds:||Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydro carbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.|
Unit II: World of Living
|Life processes||‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals|
|Control and co-ordination in animals||Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.|
|Reproduction||Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health - need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.|
|Heredity and Evolution||Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded - evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress).|
Unit III: Natural Phenomena
|Reflection of light by curved surfaces||Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula|
|Refraction of light by spherical lens||Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula|
|Human Eye||Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses|
|Refraction of light through a prism||Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses. Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light|
Unit IV: Effects of Current
|Effects of Current||Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.|
|Magnetic effects of current||Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carryingconductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor,Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.|
Unit V: Natural Resources
Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production, and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.
CBSE Class 10 Science Question Paper Design 2024 (Theory)
CBSE Class 10 Exam Pattern for Science is designed to examine the students on 3 parameters as shown below along with the Typology of the Questions asked in the CBSE Class 10 Science Exam. These are the types of Questions asked:
- Very Short Answer (VSA) - objective type questions,
- Assertion – Reasoning-type questions;
- Short Answer & Long Answer;
- Source-based/ Case-based/ Passage-based/ Integrated assessment questions.
The CBSE 10th Science Syllabus covers the following assessment areas.
Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding
Application of Knowledge/Concepts
Analyze, Evaluate, and Create
CBSE Class 10 Science Internal Assessment Paper Design
- (i) Periodic Assessment - 05 marks + 05 marks
- (ii) Subject Enrichment (Practical Work) - 05 marks
- (iii) Portfolio - 05 marks
CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024 for Practical Exams
Students should not underrate the significance of practicals because the internal assessment is worth a total of 20 marks. They should concentrate on the practicals as well as the theory covered by the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science. This will assist students in receiving excellent scores and gaining an understanding of the theoretical topics through experiments and practicals. The CBSE Class 10 Science Practical syllabus is therefore available here.
CBSE Class 10 Science Practical Syllabus
1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator: Unit-I
(i) Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
(ii) Dilute NaOH solution
(iii) Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
(iv) Lemon juice
(vi) Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution
B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
- Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
- Zinc metal
- Solid sodium carbonate
2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:
A. Combination reaction
B. Decomposition reaction
C. Displacement reaction
D. Double displacement reaction
i) Action of water on quicklime
ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulfate crystals
iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulfate solution
iv) Reaction between sodium sulfate and barium chloride solutions
3. A. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
B. Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.
4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determining its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.
5. Determination of the focal length of (i) Concave mirror and (ii) Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object.
6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.
7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.
8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid)
ii) solubility in water
iii) effect on litmus
iv) reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.
10. Determination of the focal length of:
i) Concave mirror
ii) Convex lens
by obtaining the image of a distant object.
11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, and angle of emergence and interpret the result. Unit - III
12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides. Unit-II
13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism. Unit-III
14. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Peas, gram, or red kidney bean).
Reference Books for CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus 2024
- Science-Text book for class X- NCERT Publication
- Assessment of Practical Skills in Science- Class X- CBSE Publication
- Laboratory Manual-Science-Class X, NCERT Publication
- Exemplar Problems Class X – NCERT Publication
CBSE 10 Science Syllabus 2024: Preparation Tips
- Be clear about the Basic Concepts: Science is based on Theories, Concepts, and Formulae. In order to perform well in the CBSE Class 10th Science exam, one must have a clear understanding of the underlying principles and concepts.
- Proper Learning Process: One cannot muggle up science. Rather try to learn the concepts with examples and applications. Read and understand the underlying theory for every concept. Read, comprehend, and then derive formulae on your own. After that solve problems based on them, this way you will never have to memorize every formula.
- Study every day: Make a habit of studying for even a small period of time every day. This will help you acquire better results. If you maintain consistency in studying every day, you will get to revise your topics and avoid last-minute cramming through them.
- Solve Question Papers: There is no alternative to practice sample papers. Like mathematics, Science also requires consistent practice to brush up the skills and concepts. Practice solving textbook examples, Previous-Year Question Papers, and sample papers.
- Time Management: In order to acquire a considerable marks in the CBSE Class 10 Science Exam, students must know how to manage their time. To cover the vast syllabus and then attempting the entire question paper in the given time, requires a good hold on time management. Based on your domain of expertise, plan your routine during exam week. Plan how you will attempt the questions and proceed accordingly.