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    LLB Syllabus & Subjects 2023

    Bachelor of Law Syllabus & Subjects Overview

    The LLB curriculum is created to prepare students to specialize in various legal areas. By the completion of this three-year course, the students will have acquired the ability to convince, inspire, and deal with a variety of legal procedures with the aid of the syllabus. In the LLB, a course for legal professionals, students can narrow down their areas of interest. Students can choose what industry they want to work in based on the specific modules they choose to take. The purpose of the LLB Syllabus is to educate students about many facets of the law. The LLB Syllabus is a three-year or five-year course of study. A three-year full-time LLB spans six semesters whereas a five-year integrated LLB spans ten semesters . Labor law, family law, criminal law, women safety law, law of evidence, jurisprudence, human rights, and international law are a few of the topics covered in the three-year and five-year LLB syllabus. Legal aid and other practical training like moot court and clinical internships are also covered in the LLB syllabus.

    The curriculum for the three-year and five-year LLB programmes is divided into six and ten semesters respectively according to the course design and its curriculum. Only after passing every semester of the three-year LLB  and five-year LLB programme do candidates receive a UGC and BCI recognized law degree. Candidates are required to participate in regular theoretical classes, moot courts, internships, and tutorial work as part of the three-year and five-year LLB degree programme administered at the majority of well-known law universities in India.

    In this article, we'll go into great depth about the curriculum and subjects for the 3-year and 5-year LLB degree programmes, their specializations in addition to a basic syllabus for the 3-year and 5-year LLB entrance exams, key textbooks for the LLB course, the course structure, and more.

    Bachelor of Law Year Wise Syllabus

    The LLB course syllabus aids students in becoming proficient law graduates. Tax law, family law, environmental law, and other essential topics are covered in the LLB degree programme. There are two different LLB degree programmes: a 3-year LLB programme and a 5-year integrated LLB programme. First, we will elaborate the 3-year LLB syllabus that is divided into six semesters spanning 3 years.

    3-Year LLB Syllabus

    The general syllabus from the first year of the 3-year LLB degree programme is listed in the table below:



    Family Law I

    Family Law II

    Law of Contract I

    Law of Contract II

    Law of Crimes

    Constitutional Law II

    Constitutional Law I

    Professional Ethics, Bar Bench Relations and Accountancy for Lawyers

    Women and Law (Elective)

    Healthcare Law (Elective)

    Criminology and Penology (Elective)

    Law and Media (Elective)

    RTI and PIL (Elective)

    Election Law (Elective)

    The general syllabus for the second year of the 3-year LLB degree course is listed in the table below:



    Law of Evidence


    Legal Language

    Tort and Consumer Protection Act, Motor Vehicle Act

    Human Rights and International Law

    Interpretation of Statutes

    Arbitration, Conciliation, and Alternate Dispute Resolution System

    Taxation Law

    Comparative Laws (Elective)

    Drafting, Pleading, and Conveyancing 

    Conflict Laws (Elective)

    Company Law

    Comparative Laws (Elective)

    Administrative Law

    The general curriculum for the third year of the 3-year LLB degree course is listed in the table below: 



    Code of Criminal Procedure Limitation Act

    Code of Criminal Procedure, Juvenile Justice Act, and Probation Offenders Act

    Property Laws

    Environmental Law


    Labor Laws

    Banking Laws

    Land Laws

    Insurance Laws

    Practical Training and Internship

    Let's now examine the year-wise course outline for some of the most well-known five-year integrated LLB degree courses including BA LLB, BBA LLB, B.Com LLB, and B.Sc LLB.

    BA LLB Syllabus

    The integrated BA LLB curriculum is a five-year programme that includes 10 semesters and covers the following syllabus annually.

    Year - I



    • Legal Method
    • Sociology-I
    • History-I
    • Political Science-I
    • Economics-I
    • English-I
    • Introduction to Law
    • History-II
    • Sociology-II
    • Political Science-II
    • Economics-II
    • General English-II
    • Law of Contract-I
    • Law of Tort-I
    • Jurisprudence

    Year - II



    • Law of Contract-II
    • Sociology-III
    • Political Science-III
    • Criminal Law-I
    • Constitutional Law-I
    • Law of Contract-II
    • Family Law-I
    • Constitutional Law-II
    • Family Law-II
    • Property Law
    • Labor Law-I
    • Environmental Law

    Year - III



    • Criminal Law-I
    • Corporate Law-I
    • Administrative Law
    • Jurisprudence
    • Public International Law
    • Law of Evidence
    • Conflict Laws
    • Company Laws
    • Human Rights
    • Intellectual Property Law
    • Code of Civil Procedure
    • Criminal Law-II
    • Corporate Law-II

    Year - IV


    BA LLB Subjects

    • Taxation-I
    • Labor Law-II
    • Environmental Law-II
    • Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing
    • Optional Paper-I
    • Optional Paper-II
    • Intellectual Property Rights
    • Taxation-II
    • Professional Ethics
    • Optional Paper-III
    • Optional Paper-IV

    Year - V



    • Private International Law
    • Merger, Acquisition and Competition Laws
    • Optional Paper-V
    • Optional Paper-VI
    • Law of Equity, Trusts, Suit Evaluation, and Registration
    • International Trade Law
    • Moot Courts
    • Internships
    • Seminar Paper

    BBA LLB Syllabus

    Important topics like those below are covered in the 5-year integrated BBA LLB course’s syllabus which spans 10 semesters.

    Year - I

    EnglishFundamental of Business OrganizationCase Studies 1
    Consumer Protection Laws  1EconomicsLaw of Torts
    Accounting 1Principles of ManagementConsumer Protection Laws 2

    Year - II

    Law of Crime Paper 1Property Law 2Constitutional Law 1
    Law of Crime Paper 2Family Law 1Constitutional Law 2
    Property Law 1Family Law 2Organizational Behavior

    Year - III

    Law of EvidenceInternational BankingLimitation Act 1
    Civil Procedure CodeInternational FinanceLimitation Act 2
    Insurance LawGeneral Agreement on Tariff & CodePublic International Law

    Year IV and Year V

    Professional EthicsLabor LawMacro & Micro Economics 2
    Professional Accounting SystemsCyber LawProjects & Presentation
    Financial & System FraudMoot Course Exercise & Clinical InternshipsServices & Trade in Emigration

    B.Com LLB Syllabus

    The B.Com LLB programme lasts for five years and includes a total of ten semesters. The following are the significant subjects that are covered each year.

    Year - I

    Semester 1Semester 2
    Business StatisticsBusiness Communication
    Financial AccountingEconomics
    Auditing IEnglish II
    English ILaw of Contract II
    Law of Contract IHistory of Courts, Legislation, and the Legal Profession in India
    Woman, Child, and the LawConsumer Protection Law
    Proficiency (Non-Credit)Environmental Studies
    -Proficiency (Non-Credit)

    Year - II 

    Semester 3Semester 4
    Corporate AccountingInterpretation of Statutes
    Business FinanceConstitutional Law II
    Law of Contract IIILaw of Crimes II
    Constitutional Law ILaw of Evidence
    Law of Crimes ILaw of Tort
    Legal LanguageFamily Law I
    Foreign Language I (Non-Credit)Research Methodology
    Proficiency (Non-Credit)Foreign language II (Non-Credit)
    -History of Courts & Legislation in India

    Year - III

    Semester 5Semester 6
    Jurisprudence IJurisprudence II
    Civil Procedure Code ICivil Procedure Code II
    Labor Law ILabor Law II
    Company Law ICompany Law II
    Criminal Procedure Code ICriminal Procedure Code II
    Family Law IIDrafting, Pleading, and Conveyancing
    Foreign language I (Non-Credit)Moot Court I
    Proficiency (Non-Credit)Proficiency (Non-Credit)

    Year - IV

    Semester 7Semester 8
    Public International LawPrivate International Law
    Property LawEnvironmental Law
    Taxation ITaxation II
    Administrative LawLand Laws Including Ceiling
    Human Rights and Humanitarian LawSeminar I
    Moot Court IIMoot Court III
    Proficiency (Non-Credit)Proficiency (Non-Credit)

    Year - V

    Semester 9Semester 10
    Intellectual Property RightsCriminology and Penology
    Arbitration, Conciliation, and Alternate Dispute Resolution SystemsProject Report and Pre-Trial Preparation
    Banking and Financial Institutions Including Negotiable InstrumentsProfessional Ethics
    Seminar IPublic Interest Lawyering, Legal Aid, and Para Legal Services
    Seminar IISeminar III
    Moot Court IVMoot Court V
    Proficiency (Non-Credit)Proficiency (Non-Credit)

    B.Sc LLB

    Science and law are combined in the B.Sc LLB curriculum over the course of five years and ten semesters. The following is the general B.Sc LLB syllabus broken down in a year-wise format.

    Year I

    Legal Method

    Law of Contract 1

    Introduction to Biotechnology

    English Language

    Concepts of Chemistry

    Introduction to Cell Biology

    Legal Language

    Electronic Lab

    Law of Contracts 2


    Techniques of Communication

    Tools & Techniques of Biotechnology

    Year II

    Business Law

    Polymer Chemistry

    Constitutional Law 1

    Family Law 1

    Electronics/ Chemistry Lab

    Family Law 2

    Law of Crimes 1

    Telecom Engineering Fundamentals

    Law of Crimes 2

    Law of Torts

    Consumer Protection 

    Programming Fundamentals

    Year III

    Code of Civil Procedure

    Law of Evidence

    Plant & Animal Biotechnology

    Corporate Law


    Chemistry, Biotechnology Lab

    Human Right Law

    Synthetic Organic Chemistry

    Plant & Animal Biotechnology

    Year IV

    Land & Laws

    Labor Laws 1

    Science Lab

    International Trade Law

    Genetic Engineering

    Internet & Multimedia Tools

    Intellectual Property Right

    Biotechnology Lab

    Women & Law

    Year V

    Legal Ethics & Court Craft

    Drafting & Pleading

    Healthcare Law

    Security Law


    Internship (Final Semester)

    Legal Writing & Research

    Dissertation (Final Semester)


    LLB Subjects

    LLB Subjects

    We shall go into detail about each of the LLB subjects in this part (both the core and optional subjects). Let's continue and look at the courses that are offered within the three-year LLB degree programme.

    3-Year LLB Core Subjects

    The core subjects offered in the three-year LLB degree programme are:

    • Family Law
    • Law of Crimes
    • Law of Contracts
    • Constitutional Law
    • Professional Ethics, Bar Bench Relations and Accountancy for Lawyers
    • Law of Evidence
    • Jurisprudence
    • Arbitration, Conciliation, and Alternate Dispute Resolution System
    • Taxation Law
    • Human Rights and International Law
    • Administrative Law
    • Property Laws
    • Banking Laws
    • Land Laws
    • Labor Laws
    • IPR
    • Company Law
    • Environmental Law
    • Banking Laws

    Now let's examine the general subjects available in the five-year integrated LLB degree programmes. We will provide a comprehensive list of all the major five-year integrated LLB degree subjects including BA LLB, B.Com LLB, BBA LLB, and B.Sc LLB for this purpose in the table below:

    5-year Integrated LLB Core Subjects

    Telecommunication LawElection LawCriminology
    Techniques of CommunicationTools & Techniques of BiotechnologyPolymer Chemistry
    Tax LawIntellectual Property Rights LawHuman Rights Law
    SociologyPrinciples of ManagementAdministrative Law
    Programming FundamentalsConsumer Protection Telecom Engineering Fundamentals
    Private International lawTaxation LawHuman Rights and Humanitarian Law
    Political ScienceManagerial EconomicsHuman Resource Management
    Plant & Animal BiotechnologySynthetic Organic ChemistryGenetic Engineering
    Legal languageForeign LanguageResearch methodology
    Legal Ethics & Court CraftSecurity LawLegal Writing & Research
    Law of TortOrganizational BehaviorStrategic Management
    Law of EvidenceInvestment and Competition LawInternational Law
    JurisprudenceLegal English and Communication SkillsLaw of Crimes
    Introduction to BiotechnologyConcepts of ChemistryIntroduction to Cell Biology
    Internet & Multimedia ToolsBiotechnology LabHealthcare Law
    International Economic LawInternational Humanitarian LawBusiness Statistics
    HistoryEnglishFamily Law
    General EnglishFinancial ManagementConstitutional Law
    EconomicsLaw of Torts and Consumer ProtectionStrategic Management
    Criminology and PenologyProfessional EthicsLegal Method
    Corporate LawProperty LawInternational Trade Law
    Consumer Protection LawLaw of ContractsEnvironmental Studies
    Business CommunicationAuditingWomen and Child Law

    Bachelor of Law Optional Subjects

    3-Year LLB Optional Subjects

    The optional subjects available in the three-year LLB courses are as follows:

    • Women and Law
    • Law and Media
    • RTI and PIL
    • Healthcare Law
    • Comparative Laws
    • Conflict Laws 
    • Comparative Laws
    • Criminology and Penology
    • Election Law

    5-Year LLB Optional Subjects

    The following is a list of the optional subjects offered in the five-year integrated legal courses:

    • Maritime Law
    • Legal Psychology
    • Agricultural and Food Regulations Law
    • Transnational Laws
    • Advocacy and Communication Skills Torts
    • Energy and Land Laws
    • Women and Law
    • International Commercial Law
    • Security Law
    • Comparative Laws
    • Private International Law
    • Law of Contract
    • Constitutional Law
    • Interpretation of Statutes
    • Constitutional Law
    • Law of Crimes
    • Consumer Protection Law
    • Legal Language
    • International Commercial Law
    • Investment and Competition Law 
    • Air & Space Law
    • Public International Law
    • International Trade Law
    • Legal Ethics and Court Craft
    • Property Law
    • Land Laws
    • Election Law

    LLB Common Subjects

    The following list includes several key subjects that are same for both the 3-year and 5-year LLB programmes:

    • Administrative Law
    • Human Rights Law
    • International Law
    • General English
    • Law of Evidence
    • Intellectual Property Law
    • Conflict Law
    • Family Law
    • Jurisprudence
    • Constitutional Law
    • Land Law
    • Banking Law
    • Immigration Law
    • Employment Law
    • Labor Law
    • Environmental Law
    • Law of Torts
    • Law of Contracts
    • Law of Taxation
    • Property Law
    • Law of Evidence

    LLB Entrance Exam Syllabus

    To admit candidates to various law programmes at numerous prolific law institutions, multiple LLB exams are held at the national, state, and university level. Below are a couple of the most well-known law entrance exams:

    • CLAT 
    • DU LLB Entrance Exam
    • LSAT India
    • AILET
    • MH CET Law
    • CULEE
    • ULSAT

    The key subjects covered by the above law entrance exams' syllabuses include:

    • English Comprehension
    • Legal Awareness and Aptitude
    • Logical and Analytical Reasoning
    • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

    The following is a list of the key subjects covered in the curriculum for the aforementioned subjects of the law entrance exams:



    Legal Awareness and Aptitude

    Legal propositions

    Bare Acts of the Indian



    Legal Maxims

    English Language Comprehension

    Unseen passages

    Grammar & comprehension

    One word substitute

    Sentence and word correction

    Spell checks

    Proverbs Antonyms & synonyms

    Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

    Economics and Environment

    Current affairs of national and international importance

    History - Indian and World History

    Political Science

    International events, UN bodies, Major developments in the areas of sports, geopolitics and important environmental agreements, Current affairs, Eminent personalities, Sports, Awards and honors

    Analytical Abilities

    Logical Reasoning

    Analytical Reasoning

    Number Systems


    Venn Diagrams

    People Work and Time

    Blood Relations Sets, Missing Numbers & Series

    Statistics Graphs

    Percentage & Average

    Profit Loss

    Time Speed and Distance

    Areas Mensuration

    LLB Important Books

    The LLB students need recommended course books since, in LLB degree programmes, the more a candidate studies, the better attorneys they become. The aspirant can broaden their knowledge and viewpoint in the field of law by reading important course books that explain the various legal specialties and provide examples from real-world situations. The following list includes some key LLB course books:

    Course NameRecommended Books
    3-year and 5-year LLBLaw of Contracts - Avtar Singh
    Pollock & Mulla, Indian Contract Act
    Constitutional Law of India - Seervai H.M
    Mulla - Principles of Hindu Law
    IPC - Ratanlal and Dhirajlal
    Constitution - JN Pandey
    Indian Polity - M Laxmikanth
    Hindu Law - Paras Diwan
    Muslim Law - Aqil Ahmed
    CPC Bare Act - CK Takwani
    Evidence Act - Batuk Lal
    Jurisprudence - John William Salmond
    The Law of Torts - Ratanlal and Dhirajlal

    LLB Course Structure

    We will first go over the course structure for the three-year and five-year LLB degree programmes in this segment. The LLB course curriculum is frequently split into mandatory and elective subjects. Six and ten semesters respectively make up the 3-year and 5-year LLB course structure, with the first semester acting as a primer for the next three years of the curriculum. Diverse legal subjects are the main emphasis of the 3-year and 5-year LLB course.

    Students may start working as junior attorneys in their final year of law school, as of last semester, in order to get exposure and experience. An essential component of law education is internships. The 3-year and 5-year LLB programmes' structure is described below:

    • Research Papers
    • Surveys
    • Seminars
    • Projects
    • Dissertation
    • Practicals
    • Thesis Writing
    • Legal Aid Clinics
    • Moot Court Sessions
    • Assignments
    • Immersion Workshops

    The following are a few of the teaching styles and techniques used in LLB:

    • Theoretical Lectures
    • Clinical Courses
    • Legal Aid Clinics
    • Assignments
    • Immersion Workshops
    • Seminars
    • Simulation
    • Role Plays
    • Group Discussions
    • Interactions with Judicial Officers and Advocates
    • Court Visits and Moot Courts

    FAQs about Bachelor of Law Syllabus

    Can I pursue a bachelor of law course without an entrance exam?

    Candidates can enroll in a 3-year LLB programme without taking an entrance exam, while entrance exams are required for admission to prominent law schools nationwide for the 5-year integrated LLB programme. It is significant to note that several private law schools in India provide admission to their 5-year and 3-year LLB degree programmes based on performance in the qualifying exam.

    Is a bachelor of law course good for the future?

    pathways accessible after earning a legal degree. A person may work for a law firm as well as for various companies and customers. A person could work as a business consultant or practise law online. To succeed in the legal area, a student needs to have excellent listening, oratory, and communication skills. As a result, the legal profession has a promising future. If you're interested in working for a corporation, you can also choose to study corporate law. It is an exceptionally honorable job where you can defend the rule of law and justice.

    What if I fail in a bachelor of law course?

    If you fail any semester of the chosen law course you have completed, you will need to retake the tests for each of the subjects you failed in that semester in order to pass them all and successfully complete the requirements for your institution's recognised degree. Candidates must keep in mind that in order to retake the exam, they will need to pay the necessary re-examination cost.

    What percentage is good in bachelor of law courses?

    To be admitted to a reputable institution for their LLM programme, candidates must complete their 3-year LLB degree programme with a minimum cumulative percentage of 55% or higher. Candidates must have a minimum aggregate percentage of between 55% and 60% for the five-year LLB degree programme (the minimum aggregate percentage/score necessary varies from institution to university) in order to be admitted to reputable postgraduate institutions.

    What are the subjects in the 1st year of LLB courses?

    The following important topics are covered in the first year of the three-year LLB degree programme:Law of ContractsFamily LawJurisprudenceCompany LawCriminal LawConstitutional LawThe following are the main subjects that are typically covered in the first year of the various five-year LLB degree programmes:Law of ContractConstitutional LawIntroduction to LawEnglishLaw of TortsJurisprudence
    Show More

    Related Questions


    Sukriti Vajpayee, CollegeDekho Expert

    Dear student,

    There are many leading LL.B colleges in India in which you can take admission. If you wish to get enrolled in Hari College of Law (HCL), Saharanpur for the course of Bachelor of Law (LL.B), you must first check the eligibility criteria and admission process of the college.

    To be eligible for the programme, you must have completed any undergraduate degree in any stream from a recognised university/ college. Your aggregate score must not be less than 45%.

    In order to know more details of the college and its admissions fill our Common Application Form (CAF) and apply for admission through it. You will also get the assistance of our admissions experts who will guide you throughout the process. For any admission related queries, you can call on the helpline number of CollegeDekho - 1800-572-9877.

    Thank you.

    I want to take admission in the Llb
    -Abhay -Updated on Nov-09-20227 Answers

    rubina, Student / Alumni

    The placements at LPU for a BA LLB programme are really good. One of my friends did BA LLB from LPU itself. Firstly, he got an opportunity for an internship in his final year of the programme in a law firm at Chandigarh. Later on, he got a full-time job opportunity after his successful completion of an internship. Let me tell you a few about the placements at LPU for the law programme. Arness Attorneys, New Delhi, 3 students are placed at the package of 3-5 Lakh per annum during the initial training period Sanatan Group, 2 students are placed at the package of 3-5 Lakh per annum during the initial training period MAP Legal Corporation, Stipend during training: Rs. 7000 during training post-confirmation at the package of 5 Lakh per annum during the initial training period Manupatra & Co, Stipend during training: Rs. 6000/- post-confirmation at 3-6 Lakh per annum during the initial training period Integrity Associates, New Delhi annual package of Rs. 300000 per annum and above. Many students go for internships in both government and private law firms. Hope this helps Good Luck!
    Ll.b law in one medium or both mediums
    -D.jyothi -Updated on Oct-20-20224 Answers

    rubina, Student / Alumni

    LPU offers more than 250 programmes where Law is one among them.The Bar Council of India has approved Lovely Professional University's law programme (BCI). It is, in reality, one of Punjab's greatest legal education schools. Various internships, seminars, and guest lectures from certain industry experienced persons are provided to help them develop their interest and prepare for the real-world issues they will encounter in the future, among other things. LPU is Great in teaching, placements, infrastructure or other facilities. LPU has around 2300 faculty members in the university. LPU is the finest place to pursue your higher education since it gives students with more chances, whether curricular or extracurricular. LPU's law school can be considered as the one with the most practical basis of teaching. It ensures that students get great practical exposure. It has invested hugely into the infrastructure for the same. The university has 2 fully equipped moot courts so that students can practice law just like in a courthouse. Students of Lovely Professional University gets opportunity to do Internship in- • MAP Legal Corporation • Manupatra & Corpration • Integrity Associates, New Delhi • LEGASIS Pune • Thomson Reuters • Sumati Legal Corporation, Chandigarh • SNT Control Limited • JLL India Limited Other than the paid internship our Placement cell has also able to provide internships to our students. Some of them are mentioned below: Government Sector [Internships and not placements] 1. Law Clerks cum Judicial Internship with the Judges of High Courts namely Punjab and Haryana High Court, Madhya Pradesh High Court, Madras High Court, Allahabad high Court, Delhi High Court. 2. Punjab Police in the Commissionerate of Jalandhar and Ludhiana. 3. Human Rights Commission of Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand. 4. National Green Tribunal New Delhi, Bhopal and Pune Bench. 5. Armed Force Tribunal, New Delhi.

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