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Bachelor of Science, also known as a BSc, is a three-year undergraduate degree that focuses on science-related courses in a specific subject and can be pursued after completing 10+2. The BSc courses provides students with theoretical and practical knowledge of science subjects such as Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics, Computer Science, Nursing, and Agriculture. Although many institutions grant degrees in non-science disciplines like Business & Management, Engineering, Economics, and Information Technology, students who major in Natural Sciences and Mathematics typically receive a BSc degree. The BSc Syllabus and Subjects covers topics like mathematics, zoology, botany, physics, chemistry, psychology, statistics, nutrition, home science, microbiology, computer science, agriculture, etc. With an emphasis on experimentation and research, a BSc degree combines theories and practise.
The BSc admissions process may differ depending on the college. BSc admissions are based on merit, but some of the top universities, including Delhi University, University of Hyderabad, Loyola College in Chennai, Presidency College in Bangalore, and IISc in Bangalore, also hold entrance exams. Some of the BSc entrance exams including CUET, OUAT, Rajasthan JET, NPAT, and SUAT are required for admission to BSc Colleges in India.
After BSc, you can either pursue a master's degree or begin working. You can pursue various career opportunities depending on your BSc subjects, including those as a Research Scientist, Clinical Research Specialist, Lab Technician, Assistant Professor/Lecturer, Biotechnologist, Journalist, Attorney, and more.
Furthermore, you have the choice of continuing your SSC preparation, enrolling in an MBA programme to pursue a career in management, or pursuing a B Ed to become a teacher.
Candidates must understand all of the important points for the Bachelor of Science course. The course highlights of the BSc Course are listed below.
|Full-Form||Bachelor of Science|
|Courses Offered||BSc Physics, BSc Nursing, BSc Computer Science, BSc Geography, BSc IT, BSc Biology, BSc Forensic Science, etc.|
|BSc Duration||3 years|
|Type of Examination||Semester-Wise/Yearly|
|Eligibility Criteria||Class 12th Board exams with 50% aggregate mark in science stream.|
- Merit List
- Entrance Exams
|Average Fees||INR 10,000 - 1,95,000|
|Average Salary||INR 3,80,000 – INR 8,00,000 PA|
|Top Colleges||Delhi University, Madras Christian College, Christ University, Stella Maris College, Presidency University, etc.|
|Entrance Exams||CUET, OUAT, Rajasthan JET, NPAT, and SUAT|
|Careers Scope||Candidates can either pursue a master's degree or work in specialization-specific jobs.|
|Jobs Opportunity||Scientist, Research Associate, Teacher, Professor, Lab Chemist, Statistician, etc.|
Also Read: Best BSc Courses after 12th in 2023
Many factors contribute to the fact that a BSc degree is a viable career path. Some of them are as follows:
Following completion of the BSc course, students can pursue further education in the same field, such as MSc or PhD, or they can change their field of study and pursue MBA.
BSc, in comparison to other degrees, allows you to take a wide range of general and specialised courses. The following are the most common and widely pursued BSc degrees:
|BSc Physics||BSc Information Technology|
|BSc Chemistry||BSc Hons. Mathematics|
|BSc Computer Science||BSc Hons. Chemistry|
|BSc Mathematics||BSc Hons. Physics|
|BSc Zoology||BSc Statistics|
|BSc Botany||BSc Electronics|
|BSc Biotechnology||BSc Hons. Zoology|
|BSc Microbiology||BSc Hons. Botany|
|BSc Biochemistry||BSc Biology|
|BSc Home Science||BSc Economics|
|BSc Hons. Computer Science||BSc Non-Medical|
|BSc Geography||BSc Psychology|
Bachelor of Science, or BSc, is a degree programme that focuses on science subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, or mathematics. A wide range of these subjects are taught online, making them extremely beneficial for students. A number of different colleges and universities offer BSc courses in collaboration with a number of online platforms. The fee of a BSc online varies from INR 12,000 to INR 1,00,000. IIT Madras is the institution that offers the most well-liked BSc Online course.
IIT Madras offers a BSc in Programming and Data Science. Students can withdraw from the programme at any time and receive a certificate or diploma. IGNOU also offers BSc courses online in subjects such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, geology, and geography.
In the table below, you can find the best online BSc degree programmes.
|Online BSc Courses||BSc Online Course Duration||BSc Online College Name|
|BSc Sustainable Maritime Operations||18 months||MLA College|
|Bachelor of Science in Organizational Leadership (BSOL)||18 months||Union University|
|Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (BSIT)||48 months||Westcliff University|
|Bachelor of Science in Cyber Security||2 years||EC-Council University|
|Bachelor of Science in Fire Science||3 - 4 years||Anna Maria College Online|
|BSc Data Science and Business Analytics||3 - 5 years||University of London - LSE|
|BSc (Hons) Accounting and Finance||3 - 6 years||Arden University|
|BSc (Hons) Business Psychology||4 years||University of Essex Online|
|Bachelor of Applied Science in Microelectronic Manufacturing||4 years||Lorain County Community College|
|Bachelor of Science in Economics||4 years||Key West University|
The eligibility criteria for admission to top colleges offering BSc course may differ depending on the college chosen, and the candidate must meet all of the criteria to get admission to BSc colleges.
Note: Candidates must meet all criteria to be considered for BSc admission in top colleges offering BSc degrees; otherwise, their admission will be denied.
BSc admissions are granted in two ways: merit-based or through an entrance examination. The application process for BSc varies depending on the admission procedure. However, applicants can apply to their preferred BSc colleges online. Students must fill out the required information in an online application form on the official website of their respective universities to apply for BSc courses online.
Candidates can apply for BSc courses by following the steps outlined below:
Step 1: Check into the application form requirements and deadlines listed by various colleges and universities if you want to an admission to a BSc programme.
Step 2: Register for the entrance exams required for BSc admissions at the colleges and universities you want to attend
Step 3: Once confirmed, save the application process for future use. Also, for admission and other important notifications, keep an eye on the exam or the university's official website
Step 4: After appearing and passing the BSc entrance examination, candidates must fill out an application form for their desired university with personal information such as academic details, entrance examination results, and so on
Step 5: Candidates who successfully meet the university's eligibility requirements are shortlisted for the counselling round (if any) to finalise the admissions process
Step 6: After clearing the counselling session, candidates must pay the university's entrance fee in order to be confirm their admission to the BSc course
Candidates can apply for BSc courses by following the steps outlined below:
Step 1: Fill out the online BSc application form
Step 2: Pay the registration fee and any additional fees if admission is granted based on merit
Step 3: The shortlisted applicants will receive invitations to the subsequent phases of the hiring process, such as individual interviews or counselling
Step 4: Candidates must submit all the required documents and fee in order to confirm their admission to BSc course
Admissions to BSc courses are made on the basis of both merit and entrance exams. Candidates can apply online or offline, depending on the BSc colleges/universities they wish to attend.
Merit-Based BSc Admission: Top colleges such as Mumbai University, Madras Christian College, and others offer admission based on class 12 grades.
Entrance Exam BSc Admission: For Bachelor of Science (BSc) programmes, entrance exams are administered by a number of colleges and universities. The results of the applicants' entrance exams are used to select students for BSc admission. Candidates can complete the online application entrance exam form to apply for BSc admissions to various colleges and universities. Universities and colleges such as Delhi University, IIT Madras, IGNOU, Chandigarh University, and others hold their own entrance exams for BSc admission. Also, CUET is a popular entrance exam that is accepted by the majority of India's public and private universities.
Also Read: DU Admission 2023: Get BSc, BA, and BCom Admission Details Here!
The selection criteria for BSc admissions may include written entrance exams, followed by group discussions and personal interviews about the college/university/course in which you wish to enrol, or being selected based on the marks secured in 12th class. The following additional information has been provided for your ease:
For BSc admission, various colleges/universities hold an entrance exam. The following is a list of BSc entrance exams required for admission to this course, along with their descriptions:
|List of BSc Entrance Exams||Description|
|CUET||The Central University Entrance Test (CUET) will give students a single window opportunity to apply to these participating Universities / Institute(s) across the nation for admission to various BSc programmes of the participating Central Universities. No weight will be given to class 12th results when determining admission to undergraduate programmes at Central Universities; admission will solely be based on CUET scores.|
|OUAT||For admission to the undergraduate level, the University of Agriculture and Technology of Orissa (OUAT) holds an annual examination.|
|Rajasthan JET||Rajasthan JET is a state-level joint entrance exam held in Rajashtan for admission to BSc Agriculture (Hons), BSc Horticulture (Hons), and BSc Forestry (Hons).|
|NPAT||NPAT or NMIMS Programs is an entrance exam for admission to BSc courses such as BSc (Finance), BSc (Economics).|
|SUAT||The SUAT (Sharda University Admission Test) is administered by Sharda University, Greater Noida, for undergraduate and postgraduate admissions.|
|Presidency University Bachelor Degree Entrance Test (PUBDET)||In order to select candidates for admission to BSc (honours) programmes offered at Presidency University, Kolkata, the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board (WBJEEB) administers the Presidency University Bachelor's Degree Entrance Test (PUBDET).|
|MRNAT (Manav Rachna University)||Manav Rachna University (MRU) administers the Manav Rachna National Aptitude Test (MRNAT), a national-level entrance exam, for admission to a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programmes in engineering, the arts, science, education, business, and law. The BSc degrees offered at Manav Rachna University are BSc IT and BSc Data Science.|
Also Read: CUET Participating Universities
BSc course fees differ from college to college and institution to institution. The typical BSc course fee ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 1,95,000. However, Collegedekho has compiled a list of BSc course fee for the top BSc specialisations:
|BSc Courses||BSc Fees|
|BSc Zoology||INR 6,000 - INR 1,00,000|
|BSc Botany||INR 7,000 - INR 1,00,000|
|BSc Physics||INR 10,000 - INR 1,00,000|
|BSc Chemistry||INR 12,000 - INR 3,00,000|
|BSc Biotechnology||INR 50,000 - INR 2,00,000|
|BSc Computer Science||INR 25,000 - INR 7,00,000|
|BSc Nursing||INR 30,000 - INR 1,00,000|
|BSc Agriculture||INR 25,000 - INR 2,50,000|
Furthermore, in addition to the BSc course fee, every college/university provides some grant to candidates from reserved categories or quotas.
Here is the list of top (Bachelor of Science) BSc colleges in India along with average annual fees (INR) is listed below:
|College Name||Average Annual Fees|
|Miranda House||INR 59,400|
|Hindu College||INR 61,380|
|St. Stephen’s||INR 1,29,000|
|St Xavier’s College||INR 2,43,000|
|Hansraj College||INR 73,545|
|Sri Venkateswara||INR 43,665|
|Kirori Mal College||INR 44,685|
|Stella Maris College||INR 68,685|
|Christ University, Bangalore||INR 95,000|
|Jain University, Bangalore||INR 3,63,000|
|Mithibai College of Arts||INR 84,000|
|IIT Bombay||INR 6,33,000|
|Fergusson College||INR 33,000|
|Ramjas College||INR 48,720|
|Gargi College||INR 42,135|
|ANDC New Delhi||INR 23,985|
|Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College||INR 58,035|
Also Read: BSc Admission 2023 – Dates, Entrance Exams, Application Form, Eligibility, Merit List, Selection Process, Fees
India has a high demand for BSc courses. Students can choose from several types of courses as per their convenience and interest. The range of BSc courses includes full-time courses, part-time courses, and distance learning courses.
Full-time: It is a full-fledged on-campus BSc degree course that provides students with comprehensive knowledge and understanding of a specific stream or discipline. There are many colleges that offer BSc full-time degree courses, such as Kolkata University, Calcutta University, Delhi University, Kirori Mal, Miranda House, etc.
Part-time: BSc degrees can be completed part-time with the flexibility of more time. Most colleges offer part-time BSc degrees as well as full-time degrees. There are many BSc colleges like Jamia Millia University and Jawaharlal Nehru University etc. that provide part-time degrees to students.
Distance Learning: Bachelor's degrees can be completed through BSc distance learning as well. There are many colleges that provide BSc Distance Education options for completing this degree along with a job. This type is the most flexible form of the degree course. Many BSc colleges and universities like IGNOU, Annamalai University, Karnataka State Open University, Osmania University, and the University of Mumbai provide Distance Bachelor of Science BSc degrees in India.
Here is the difference between Bachelor of Arts (BA) and bachelor of science (BSc) Courses have been tabulated below.
|Bachelor of Arts (BA)||Bachelor of Science (BSc)|
|BA is an undergraduate degree programme focusing on the liberal arts, such as literature, philosophy, social sciences, and history.||A BSc is a bachelor of science, whereas a BA is a bachelor of arts. The 'hard' sciences, such as physics, chemistry, and biology, as well as math and computing degrees, are all found here.|
|You'll learn how to think critically about challenges while always seeking new and imaginative methods to solve difficulties.||A bachelor's degree in science (BSc) lasts three to five years and focuses on a single subject area, preparing students for professional (and often well-paid) industries such as engineering and software design.|
|BA is an excellent approach to stand out to potential companies. In fact, it is a must for many occupations. You'll also be able to build compelling and persuasive arguments, ensuring that everyone knows the importance of your ideas.||A BSc, like a BA, can be an excellent way to get started in your chosen field. Many BSc degrees are meant to provide students with a specific set of skills for well-paid, secure jobs, such as engineering, medicine, and software design.|
The main objective of the BSc course syllabus is to provide both theoretical and practical knowledge in math, physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, and other related subjects. IT, Nursing, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Nautical Science, Physics, Chemistry, and other specialties are available.
The subjects in the BSc course vary according to the student's specialisation. Among the subjects on the BSc syllabus are BSc Physics, BSc Chemistry, BSc Computer Science, BSc Mathematics, BSc Zoology, BSc Botany, BSc Biotechnology, BSc Microbiology, and BSc Information Technology. The BSc Syllabus for honours programmes varies.
Here is the list of BSc syllabus (specialisation-wise) listed below:
|BSc Mathematics Syllabus|
|Linear programming and optimization||Calculus|
|BSc Physics Syllabus|
|Thermal Physics||Solid-state Physics|
|Mathematical Physics||Waves and Optics|
|Quantum Mechanics and application||Electromagnetic theory|
|BSc Chemistry Syllabus|
|Industrial Chemistry||Green chemistry|
|Polymer chemistry||Material Science and Nanotechnology|
|Pharmaceutical Chemistry||Energy and Fuel cells|
|BSc Computer Science Syllabus|
|Python Programming||Data structures|
|HTML Programming||Operating system|
|BSc Zoology Syllabus|
The BSc degree is a good starting point for those who want to pursue a career in science. Candidates should possess the following basic abilities and characteristics in order to pursue a BSc degree. BSc required skill sets are listed below:
|Observation skills||Scientific skills||Computer and relevant software knowledge|
|Problem-solving skills||Research skills||Statistical skills|
|Analytical skills||Experimental skills||Communication skills|
|Logical skills||Mathematical and computational skills||Interpersonal skills|
BSc is one of the degrees that is most widely recognised in India. Additionally, because the programme is recognised internationally, students can pursue a master's degree at universities all over the world. After completing this programme, you'll be able to work for both private businesses and governmental organisations. Based on their areas of expertise and knowledge, BSc graduates in many fields can select from a variety of BSc career options/profiles. Following graduation, graduates can pursue a master's degree in their fields and begin teaching.
The following are some of the best BSc job openings for Bachelor of Science (BSc) Graduates:
|Research analyst||Technical Writer/Editor||Biostatistician|
|Teachers||Researcher||Clinical Research Manager|
Here are the BSc employment areas for the graduates to pursue after the completion of their BSc degree is listed below:
|Educational Institutes||Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Industry||Research Firms||Aquariums|
|Space Research Institutes||Chemical Industry||Testing Laboratories||Forest Services|
|Hospitals||Environmental Management and Conservation||Geological Survey Departments||Oil Industry|
|Health Care Providers||Forensic Crime Research||Wastewater Plants||--|
Students with a science bachelor's degree will be able to learn, work, and find jobs not just in India but also worldwide and can flourish by pursuing one of the BSc career options.
The following are some of the top BSc recruiters for graduates. Top Companies Hiring BSc Graduates are listed below:
|Verizon||TCS||Reliance Industries Limited|
|IBM||Infosys||L&T Infotech||SRF Limited|
|HCL Technologies||Wipro||Capgemini||Gujarat Fluorochemicals|
|Gharda Chemicals||Glenmark Pharmaceuticals||-||-|
The profession in which a person works will affect the BSc salary he earns in this field; some professional BSc Courses, like IT and Computer Science, offer a lot of potential and pay well to deserving students.
In this sector, the initial BSc salary could be anywhere from INR 15,000 and INR 30,000. Students may earn INR 60,000 to INR 80,000 a month after gaining valuable expertise in their field.
|Particular||Minimum Average Salary||Maximum Average Salary|
|BSc Salary Earned||INR 5,00,000 (p.a.)||INR 7,00,000 (p.a.)|
Top BSc job profiles preferred by candidates after completion of Bachelor of Science (BSc) along with the average annual salary earned are tabulated below:
|BSc Job Profile||BSc Job Description||BSc Salary (Average)|
|Research/ Project Assistant/ Junior Scientist||In any research lab or institution, a research or project assistant assists with an assigned research project. He/she undertakes experiments and research with the team under the supervision of the project in-charge.||INR 2.5-3 LPA|
|Drug Safety Associate||In the medical or pharmaceutical industries, a drug safety associate is responsible for monitoring, evaluating, and preventing adverse medication responses in patients.||INR 2-3 LPA|
|Clinical Research Associate||Clinical research associates organise and collect data collected during studies and field trials in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. They coordinate and process the results of long-term medication, product, and medical procedure testing.||INR 4-5 LPA|
|Technical Writer/Editor||Technical writers are in charge of writing instruction manuals, journal articles, and other supporting publications in order to better express complicated and technical information. They also create, collect, and transmit technical data to customers, designers, and manufacturers.||INR 3-5 LPA|
|School Teacher||A lecturer's primary responsibility, aside from teaching and guiding students, is to plan and create lesson plans as well as conduct research. It also entails the assignment of grades to the papers.||INR 2-4 LPA|
|Statistician||To assist his or her organisation in research or business, statisticians typically handle data using various mathematical models and tools.||INR 6-7 LPA|
|Consultant||A consultant frequently advises businesses on issues such as HR, Business, Management, and/or Operations.||INR 3.5-5 LPA|
|Education Counsellor||An education counsellor usually aids students in choosing courses and programmes, as well as answering any questions they may have about education.||INR 2-3 LPA|
BSc course is one of the most sought-after academic degree programmes among science students after the 12th grade. As a result of scientific and technological advancements, the BSc scope has grown in popularity among other degree programmes in India. Students in the sciences with a BSc degree have a number of options. They can take part in professional job training programmes, conduct research, or pursue a master of science (MSc). After completing their studies at several reputable institutions or colleges in India and abroad, students are frequently hired directly by large MNCs.
Also, candidates who successfully complete a BSc degree can pursue a variety of careers such as doctors, engineers, nurses, pilots, and so on. Each profession has its own set of eligibility criteria and salary range. A profession's salary is determined by a number of factors, including experience, qualifications, specialisations, area of work, designations, and many others. However, the annual salary for any BSc job typically ranges between INR 2 - 5LPA.
BSc Abroad is a four-year degree programme offered in the United States and other countries that covers a wide range of science-related topics. STEM subjects (BSc Science, BSc Technology, BSc Engineering, and BSc Mathematics) include BSc Abroad, and the United States is the most popular location for these courses.
The following are some of the basic requirements for admission to top BSc colleges around the world:
Students must meet at least one of the following standards for English competence.
Here is the list of best BSc abroad colleges along with their science ranking (QS) 2020 and average annual fees tabulated below:
|Science Ranking (QS) 2020||College Name||Average Fees (INR)|
|4||University of Cambridge||25,71,500|
|5||University of Oxford||33,27,800|
Candidates who have completed the bachelor of science degree programmes can choose from a variety of courses. MBA, MSc, MCA, and other degrees are among them.
The full-time Master of Science programme lasts two years. Numerous specialisations are offered in the course, which is designed specifically for students with a science background. In this programme, candidates most frequently choose to specialise in Chemistry, Physics, Math, Biology, Botany, Computer Science, etc. Both entrance exams and merit are used to determine admission to MSc programmes.
The well-known entrance tests for these programmes include the IIT JAM, CUET, BITSAT, CUSAT CAT. A candidate with an MSc degree has numerous job opportunities available to them. Some of the top career options include lab manager, regulatory affairs specialist, project assistant, pharma associate, and so on. The fee of an MSc course ranges between INR 6,000 and INR 1,10,000. An MSc graduate earns INR 8.5 lakhs per year on average.
A two-year programme is required for an MBA, or master's in business administration. One of the most sought-after programmes is the MBA. Over 5000 colleges in India offer MBA programmes. Of these, 500 are private educational institutions and nearly 3000 are private colleges. The remaining universities are public-private hybrids.
MBA specialisations in marketing, finance, information technology, human resource management, and other fields are among the most popular. The CAT, MAT, XAT, ATMA, CMAT, GMAT, NMAT and other popular entrance exams for the MBA programme are listed below. A candidate with an MBA may choose from a variety of top positions, including senior sales executive, human resources manager, management consultant, business analyst (IT), etc. The typical course fee for enrolling in this programme is between INR 50,000 and INR 25,00,000. An MBA graduate can expect to make between INR 10,00,000 and INR 20,00,000 per year on average. The top MBA schools in India include IIM Ahmedabad, IIM Bangalore, and IIM Calcutta.
MCA, or Masters in Computer Application, is a two-year postgraduate programme. Candidates research various aspects of a computer programme, such as computer architecture, application software, and operating systems in this course. Candidates can apply for MCA courses by taking exams such as NIMCET, MAH MCA CET, CUET, TANCET, SET and others. Candidates must have a bachelor's degree in computer science or an equivalent degree with at least 50% aggregate marks to be eligible for this programme. Additionally, it is required to take mathematics in the 12th standard.
The average course fee for an MCA is between INR 30,000 - INR 2,00,000. With this degree, candidates can find employment in a variety of fields, including web development, software development, network administration, systems analysis, etc. An MCA graduate's salary ranges from INR 2LPA to INR 6LPA on average, and it rises with skills and work experience. The top MCA schools in India include Anna University in Chennai, University of Hyderabad in Hyderabad, and Calcutta University in Kolkata.
Lastly, with a BSc degree, students can find employment in good positions, but a master's degree is the real turning point for career advancement. Students who earn a master's degree in the arts benefit from increased subject-specific knowledge. It gives them a thorough understanding of the field they have chosen. Additionally, they have the chance to attend guest talks and seminars given by experts from the academic or business world.
Also Read: MBA After BSc: Eligibility, Specializations, Scope, Top Colleges
For undergraduate programs, there are four main categories of degrees available: associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.
BSc is unquestionably a good career choice, which explains why nearly 50 lakh students are currently enrolled in this programme in India. There is a course for almost every topic because the BSc is available in a variety of specialisations. A unique degree called a BSc Honours allows students to specialise in a particular field, improving their employment prospects.
The range of a BSc is broad, and graduates can find employment opportunities across industries. They can even enroll in graduate programmes like the MBA, PhD, and MSc.
Different colleges offer different BSc courses. The majority of them limit this to 5–6 subjects, though. This consists of both mandatory and optional subjects. The majority of BSc courses are electives, with only one to two core subjects. There are a few elective BSc subjects from departments outside their own as well as those related to it.
Students with a BSc degree have a variety of career options, including teaching, writing technical content, working as research assistants in universities and labs, and government employment with ONGC and banking, among others.
Government employment is obtained through entrance exams held by the appropriate authorities. As a BSc graduate, you are qualified to apply for jobs that have BSc eligibility requirements. Rest depends on passing the test.