Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) - Course Overview

Duration: 5.0 yrs | Mode: Regular| Avg. Fees: 8,00,000 / Year

331 courses | 319 colleges

About Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

BDS is the graduation programme to become a dental surgeon. The programme covers various aspects of dental problems, denture and surgery in the same fields. BDS or Bachelor of Dental Surgery is the most popular medical course after MBBS.

Candidates who successfully complete this 5-year course are also awarded the title of ‘Dr’ and can practice dentistry once they have acquired the license. Pursuing BDS successfully will open up various opportunities for you in the government as well as private sector of medicine.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Chemistry, Biology & Physics)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 50%
  • Minimum Age Requirement: 17 years or more

BDS Admission Process:

  • Students who have scored at least 50% marks in class 12 with Physics, Biology and Chemistry in order to apply for courses. Different colleges may have different admission criteria.
  • Admission to all dental programmes offered by Indian medical colleges is done on the basis of NEET Exam score.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Syllabus

First Year:

General Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology

Dental Materials

Dental Anatomy, Embryology and Oral Histology

Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

General Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics



Second Year:

General Pathology and Microbiology

Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Preclinical Conservative Dentistry

Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics



Third Year:

General Medicine

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry

General Surgery


Oral Medicine and Radiology

Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics


Fourth Year:

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry


Oral Medicine and Radiology

Public Health Dentistry



Fifth Year: Internship

Career Options and Job Prospects

The medical field has expanded in the past decade such that there are various job opportunities in the private sector as well. Most of the good colleges offer placement opportunities in private hospitals and dental healthcare centres.

Dentists are also hired in government hospitals and other government departments on the basis of entrance exam. Aspiring candidates can apply for these courses after completing their graduation, however, some jobs are available after pursuing MDS.

Graduates also have the options to start their own dental clinic to treat patients. With enough capital and proper research, a dental clinic can help you earn decent money. Following are some of the job roles that you can take up after completing BDS:

  • Dental Hygienist
  • Dental Assistant
  • Oral Pathologist
  • Public Oral Health Specialist
  • Professor in Dental Institute
  • Dental Surgeon
  • Dental Lab Technician
  • Dental Ceramist
  • Private Dental Practitioner

Fresh graduates can expect their salaries to vary from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 30,000 per month depending on the type of jobs they have applied for and the hospitals or dental clinics where they are working. After pursuing MDS the chances of earning a better salary are high as an MDS usually makes 4 to 6 lakh per annum. Salaries can also vary from city to city as medical expenses and dental charges in metro cities are more than in small cities and towns.