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PhD: Full Form, Course Details, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Syllabus, Jobs & Salary

Updated By Vaibhav Bansal on 11 Apr, 2022
Average Duration
3 years-6 years
Average Fee
3 L-6 L INR annual
Exams Accepted
Study Mode

About PhD

PhD, short for Doctor of Philosophy, is a doctoral degree programme with a minimum duration of 3 years and a maximum duration of 6 years. However, the course duration may vary from one institute to the other and also depends on the candidate. This is an academic or professional degree that, in most countries, qualifies the degree holder to teach their chosen PhD subject at the university level or to work in a specialized position in their chosen field of interest. This is because the programme has an academic focus providing in-depth knowledge of the chosen field through advanced theoretical and research-based studies. 

The word ‘philosophy’ comes from the Ancient Greek philosophia, which translates to ‘love of wisdom’. It originally represented an individual who had accomplished an exhaustive general education in the basic issues of the world we are living in. In the present time, the Doctor of Philosophy still requires a love of wisdom but applies to individuals who have sought knowledge in a much more specialized field.     

To apply for the PhD course, one must hold a master’s degree in the chosen subject. PhD aspirants can pursue the degree in any stream, provided they have prior educational experience in that field. Earlier, aspirants could pursue the degree through distance mode, but, according to the 2017 circular issued by UGC (University Grant Commission), PhD programmes pursued through the distance learning mode would not be recognized anymore.

Full-Form of PhD

PhD is a widely used acronym for a programme that is offered at a doctorate level. The word PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy. Depending upon the area of specialisation, the suffix for the name changes. For instance, if one is pursuing a doctorate in Bioscience, the course would be called PhD in Bioscience.

PhD Course Highlights

The major highlights of the PhD course are tabulated in the table below. 

Course Level



Doctor of Philosophy


3 to 5 years 

Examination Type

Semester wise 


Post graduation with minimum 55% marks.

PhD Admission process

Entrance Exam followed by Personal Interview 

Course Fee

INR 50,000 - INR 1,00,000

Average Salary

INR 6,00,000 - INR 20,00,000 

Top Recruiting places

KPMG, Google, Apple, IBM, CITI bank, BP, Black rock, Aecom, AMEC, Atkins, EDF Energy, NHS, GSK, Barclays, etc.

Why Study PhD?

Pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy(PhD) has several advantages for students who are interested in a particular domain. A PhD offers an opportunity for students to broaden their horizons on the subject. Doctor of Philosophy students can take their time to work on their research project with complete peace of mind and there is no rat race involved to get the results. 

The most common reason for a student to do a PhD is to improve their employment prospects because a PhD degree can unlock career opportunities. Being the highest academic qualification there are some career prospects that might not be available to candidates with only a bachelor's or Masters. These are jobs that require expertise and vast experience in research methodologies. Apart from this, if you want to remain in academia as a lecturer or university researcher, a PhD is normally one of the main requirements. 

If you have a passion for research then doing a PhD is certainly the best idea. This is perhaps the most personal motivation for doing a PhD because of the enjoyment and sense of fulfillment that you get from researching a PhD subject that you love. Though not a bad reason, you should generally make sure that you have a clear idea of what you’d like to do once you have finished your PhD. If you’re looking for a new challenge to help your individual development, a PhD is a pretty unique prospect. There aren’t many other experiences in education that involve such a high degree of commitment – and reward!

What is a doctorate?

A doctorate is any qualification that awards a doctoral degree to a candidate. In order to qualify for a doctorate, you need to deliver state-of-the-art work/research that makes an important new contribution to knowledge in your field or to the world. Doing so allows a candidate to earn the title 'Doctor'.

So, is a PhD different from a doctorate? No. A PhD can be classified as a type of doctorate.

The PhD degree is the most common type of doctorate degree awarded in numerous PhD subjects at universities around the globe. On the other hand, there are some doctorates that tend to be more specialised or for more practical and professional projects.

Basically, all PhDs are doctorates, but not all doctorates are PhDs.

How to get PhD Admission?


Admission to any PhD program takes place both through entrance exams and merit-based. If you want to do a Doctor of Philosophy then you have to qualify the basic eligibility criteria along with institute-specific criteria. 

PhD Course Eligibility

Some of the basic eligibility for PhD admission are mentioned below:

  • Students must have a done Master’s degree (MSc/ MTech/ MPhil/ MA/ MBA) in a relevant subject, in order to study a PhD Course.
  • The student should have scored at least 55% marks or equivalent grade points in the PG course that he studied in any government-recognized institute. In case the candidate belongs to a reserved category (SC/ ST/ OBC), he/ she will be offered relaxation in minimum marks of either 5% or 10%, depending on the category. 
  • University/ College mandated PhD entrance examination needs to be cleared by the candidate to ensure a seat for pursuing a PhD.
  • In some university/colleges candidates that have work experience in the field of research are preferred highly and are given more preference.

PhD Course Entrance Tests

Candidates can appear for any of the below-mentioned PhD online entrance tests in India. After qualifying in any of these exams students can get their PhD admission in various colleges in India. 

  • IISc PhD Entrance Exam
  • JNU Entrance Examination
  • DUET
  • BHU – Research Entrance Test
  • ICMR
  • NIPER PhD Entrance Exam    
  • AIIMS PhD Entrance Exam

Types of PhD Courses

There are 2 basic types of PhD course in India. They include full-time PhD course and Part-time PhD course. 

Full-Time PhD

It is a normal Doctor of Philosophy program whose duration ranges between 4-6 years depending on the research project taken up by the student. Students mostly conduct their own research with a whole focus and concentration on the Doctor of Philosophy subjects. Most of the PhD students also act as Teaching Assistants to various professors in their department in PhD colleges. 

The cost of a full-time Doctor of Philosophy course is the highest compared to other modes of PhD degrees. There are 3 major types of Doctor of Philosophy course students who do Full-Time PhD. These three types of PhD scholars include Government/ Semi-Government Fellowship Recipients, Institute research Scholars with Teaching Assistants, and Self-financed Candidates. 

Top 10 PhD Colleges for Full-Time PhD India:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Indian Statistical Institute (ISI)
  • University of Delhi
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University
  • University of Hyderabad
  • Tata institute of Fundamental Research

Part-time PhD

Part-time PhD is considered the best option for working professionals who are aiming to steer towards a career in research or academia. Some candidates also do PhD to broaden their career horizons and with a part-time PhD they can acquire their doctorate degree while pursuing a full-time job. A part-time PhD is generally of a longer duration spanning around 6 to 8 years in comparison to a regular doctoral degree which takes somewhere between 4 to 6 years to complete. 

While studying for a part-time PhD, you can work on your research thesis at your own pace but remaining in constant touch with your professors and doctorate scholars is of utmost importance. Part-time PhDs are becoming increasingly popular in today's time since it offers the benefits of being financially stable and getting higher educational qualifications at the same time.

Since studying for a PhD part-time takes longer, it can be easy to lose motivation and a sense of direction which makes a lot of part-time PhD students give up. Therefore, this program is best for those who can maintain their focus and remain on track. 

If you are looking for the best colleges for an online part-time PhD in India, check out the list we have mentioned below:

Top 10 PhD Colleges for Part-Time PhD India:

Top PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) Courses in Different Streams

Students can check out below some popular PhD courses that they can pursue in different streams:

Popular PhD course in Humanities

PhD in humanities consists of courses that critically examine human thought and culture. These courses usually deal with the effect of art, music, literature, the arts, and philosophy on the world we live in. Students pursuing a PhD in Humanities course must focus more on abstract questions rather than on technical skills. 

The students pursuing a PhD degree in Arts would learn and research in depth about the development of ideas and concepts, behavioural patterns and the challenges faced, functioning of a society, human interactions and relationships, etc. Students can check online some of the popular PhD courses in Humanities and Arts mentioned below: 

  • PhD in Humanities
  • PhD Economics
  • PhD Geography
  • PhD in Social Work
  • PhD in English
  • PhD in Public and Economic Policy
  • PhD in Humanities & Social Sciences
  • PhD in Psychology
  • PhD in Arts
  • PhD in International Relations and Politics
  • PhD in Physiology
  • PhD in Public Policy

Popular PhD Course in Science

PhD Science is a doctorate level course with a duration of 3 to 5 years during which students from MSc or MTech background can learn more about this field. It involves candidates to research any one of the PhD subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc. 

At the end of the course, the student will have to submit the research thesis to earn a PhD Science degree. Students can check out some of the popular online PhD courses in Science mentioned below: 

  • PhD in Chemistry
  • PhD in Clinical Research
  • PhD in Science
  • PhD in Bioscience
  • PhD in Bioinformatics
  • PhD Biotechnology
  • PhD in Mathematical and Computational Sciences
  • PhD in Environmental Science and Engineering
  • PhD Zoology
  • PhD in Physics
  • Phd in Mathematics
  • PhD in Zoology

Popular PhD Courses in Commerce

PhD in Commerce is a doctorate course with a minimum duration of two years with certain universities requiring the candidates to complete the course within five years of time along with the thesis or research paper. There are some universities that provide part-time PhD in commerce. 

The PhD in Commerce subjects provides a greater insight in the field of commerce and accounting, finance, forecasting, management and budgeting. These courses are better suited for someone with a commerce or business background. The course provides better quality education to the students so they can serve the needs of business and industry management. Two such popular PhD courses are mentioned below: 

  • PhD in Commerce Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management

Popular PhD Courses in Engineering

If you want to focus on research-based education in the field of technology then a PhD in engineering and technology is one of the best options. It involves the development of new cutting-edge technologies or research methods that can create an impact on the world. It can also be a program that focuses on the student's own desired focus, such as on learning a very specific area of engineering or technology. 

Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is a 5-year course. Candidates who wish to pursue a PhD in engineering and technology must have a masters degree or equivalent to this degree from a recognized university. Some popular PhD Course in Engineering are mentioned below:

  • PhD in Engineering
  • PhD in Genetic Engineering
  • PhD in Civil Engineering
  • PhD in Engineering and Technology
  • PhD Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • PhD Computer Science Engineering
  • PhD in Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • PhD in Information Technology
  • PhD in Production Engineering
  • PhD in Chemical Engineering
  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering

Popular PhD Course in Business & Management

PhD in Business and Management is a doctorate level course that includes the activities associated with a company, such as managing, leading, monitoring, organizing and strategizing. The duration of PhD in Business Management is usually 3-years. Some popular PhD degree in Business & Management are mentioned below: 

  • PhD Business Administration
  • PhD in Management
  • PhD in Aviation Management
  • PhD in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management
  • PhD in Marketing/ Brand Management
  • PhD in Commerce
  • PhD in Commerce and Management

Popular PhD Degree in Law

PhD in law allows the students to enhance their understanding of the legal studies. The students are taught an overview of the subject, the nuances to proceed with the cases and how to go around while studying a case, and the outlook required while looking into its details. 

Ph.D. in Law is a 3-year full-time doctorate programme in the field of Law. Ph.D. in law provides students with the required training which helps them pave their way in gaining exposure in their field. Some popular PhD Course in Law are mentioned below:

  • PhD in Law
  • PhD in Constitutional Law
  • PhD in Law and Governance
  • PhD in Legal Studies

Popular PhD Degree in Teaching & Education

  • PhD in Education
  • PhD in Teaching

Categories of PhD candidates

The different types of PhD candidates are listed below:

Self-financed PhD Candidates:

These kinds of candidates participate in the normal admission process of an institute, but they do not receive any kind of financial assistance from that institute. 

Sponsored PhD Candidates:

These kinds of PhD candidates are recognised by the Research & Development organisations to pursue full-time research from the concerned institutes.

Govt./ Semi Govt. Fellowship Recipients:

These PhD students get financial assistance through Govt or Semi Govt fellowship schemes.

Study Leave Candidates:

These kinds of PhD candidates are granted leaves of less than three years by Govt/ educational institutes or companies to conduct research work at a specified institute. 

ICCR Awardees:

ICCR stands for Indian Council of Cultural Relations. PhD scholars falling under this category are foreign candidates that are sponsored by their respective govt.

Best PhD Colleges in India

Given below are some of the best PhD colleges in India to pursue your doctorate. The PhD fees for the particular college are also mentioned in the table below: 

PhD Colleges 

PhD Fees (INR)

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)


Indian Institute of Science


Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)


Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)


Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT-KGP)


Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK)


University of Delhi


University of Hyderabad


Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR)


Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG)


Best Private PhD Colleges

There are plenty of private colleges as well from where you can pursue your PhD. Some of the best private PhD colleges along with their PhD fees are given in the table below: 

PhD Colleges

PhD Fees (INR)



Bombay College of Pharmacy


Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education


IFHE Hyderabad




Manipal Academy of Higher Education


PRIST University








Why Study PhD from Abroad?

Better Opportunities: Having a PhD degree from a foreign university always looks good on the CV and gives an edge to the students. Companies look for candidates who have global exposure and studied at a good research institution. This not only helps in getting a good position in the company or academia but also attracts higher pay packages. 

Better Funding: Doing your Ph.D. abroad could be considerably cheaper because of the various funding options available to students. Also, tuition fees at the doctorate level differ extensively around the globe. There are plenty of scholarships available for international students which will take care of most of the expenses incurred by the student. 

Broad Network: By creating ties in a new county, extend your network. You will get to know individuals on a personal basis and make friends from all over the world. Doing a Ph.D. abroad will also benefit you if, after receiving your degree, you intend to work beyond your home country.

New Culture: Studying abroad would help you develop a global perspective as you will be introduced to new concepts, ways of instruction, and academic communities. If studying in a Non-English speaking country then you might also get a chance to learn a foreign language which is a good thing. You will be doing your research with students and faculty members from around the world in a country different from your own. This will enhance your cultural awareness and remove the barriers that you had at the start or as you begin a research degree. 

New Research Environment or Methods: While doing your PhD abroad, you’ll benefit from learning new techniques, lectures taken by expert faculties, being part of a unique research community that itself is international. The college abroad will have access to resources such as archives, collections, materials, and equipment that are unique to your place of study. But bear in mind that the supervisory structure may be very different in other countries and doesn’t mean the same as in India.

Top Countries to do PhD degree Abroad

Most of the students choose one of these 10 countries to study their PhD degree because of the high-quality education on offer and the latest technology. 

  1. United States of America (USA)
  2. United Kingdom (UK)
  3. Canada
  4. Germany
  5. Australia
  6. France
  7. Japan
  8. Singapore
  9. Hong Kong
  10. Switzerland

Top PhD colleges around the world

Students who wish to pursue their PhD degree from one of the best universities in the world can check out the table below. There are many good universities in the US, UK, Canada, Switzerland, etc. These universities offer cutting-edge technologies and state-of-the-art facilities to conduct research.



Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)


University of Oxford


Stanford University


University of Cambridge


Harvard University


California Institute of Technology - Caltech


Imperial College London


ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology


University College London (UCL)


University of Chicago


National University of Singapore


Nanyang Technological University


University of Pennsylvania


Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne


Yale University


The University of Edinburgh


Tsinghua University


Peking University


Columbia University


Princeton University


PhD Scholarships Abroad for Indian students

Students can fund their PhD abroad by availing one of the several scholarships that are available:

Scholarships in the UK

  • Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship
  • Charles Wallace India Trust Scholarships

Scholarships in the US, the UK and Europe

  • Inlaks-Shivdasani Scholarship
  • Erasmus Mundus Scholarships for International Students

Scholarships in Australia

  • Australian Government Research and Training Program
  • Endeavour Leadership Program

Scholarships in the US

  • Fulbright-Nehru Fellowship

Scholarships in Ireland

  • Government of Ireland Scholarships
  • NUI Galway Hardiman Scholarships

Scholarships in Canada

  • Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship
  • IDRC Research Awards
  • Trudeau Doctoral Scholarships

Scholarships in New Zealand

  • Commonwealth Scholarships for students studying in New Zealand

PhD Syllabus

PhD Syllabus for Science Specialization

PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in science is mentioned below. The course is for 3 years to 5 years. The given syllabus is semester wise and the PhD subjects covered are also mentioned below. Each year contains 2 semesters.

Semester I

Semester II

Component Object Model (COM) & interfaces in COM

Vector and array processor

CORBA, JAVA, and object web

Multiprocessor architecture

Computer architecture

Pipeline architecture

Advanced computer algorithms

Computer system design

Distributed COM

Advanced software engineering

Dynamic programming


Semester III

Semester IV

Advanced database management systems

Telecommunications systems, satellite systems, broadcast systems

Parallel and distributed databases, web databases

Web engineering and software quality metrics

Backtracking, branch and bound

Frequencies for radio transmission

Data mining

Wireless network and communication

Data warehousing

Wireless LAN

Semester V

Semester VI


Distributed file system

Distributed objects and remote innovation

Transactions and concurrency control, replication

Advanced transaction processing

Distributed systems

Building web agreement

Medium access control


PhD Syllabus for Management Studies Specialization

PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in management studies course is mentioned below. The given PhD syllabus is semester-wise with the PhD subjects mentioned below. 


Semester I

Semester II

General management

Elective I


Information technology management


Financial management


Human resource management


Operations management

Semester III

Semester IV

Quantitative analysis


Research methodology

Retail merchandising

Computer applications


Semester V

Semester VI

Project work


Review report





PhD Syllabus for Engineering and Technology Specialization

PhD Syllabus in engineering and technology is given below. The PhD course is for 5 years. The given PhD subjects are topic wise:

Foundations of computing

Software systems

Parallel and distributed systems

Final research

Formal methods: Program correctness, Hoarier logic, Program semantics and model checking



PhD in Legal Studies Syllabus

The Syllabus of PhD in legal studies is given below. The course is for 3 years. The given PhD subjects are coursewise:

Course I

Course II

Research processes


Methods of investigations and tools for collection of data

Constitutional law

Research methodology


Course III

Course IV

Seminars and presentation

Seminars and presentation


PhD in Philosophy Syllabus

PhD syllabus in Philosophy course is given below. The course is for 3 years to 6 years. The given syllabus is paper-wise. There are 4 papers including elective exams with the PhD subjects mentioned below:

Paper I (Research)

Paper-II (optional)

Literature survey

Theory of knowledge

Data collection and organization

Advanced course in logic

Introduction to research methodology

Advanced course in formal methods

Principles of thesis preparation

Advanced course in philosophy of science

Research tools and studies

Philosophy of statistics


Philosophy of the computer and information science


Decision theory


Value theory


Philosophy of mathematics


Philosophical aesthetics


Philosophy of language


Art technology


Political philosophy


Environment philosophy


Philosophy of social sciences


Critical reading in philosophical texts

Paper III Elective (Indian Philosophical studies)

Paper IV Elective (western Philosophical studies)

Ishvara Krishna – Samkhya Karika


Nagarjuna – Mulamadhyamakakarika

A treatise of Human Nature Book

Carvaka – Lokayata

Logical Atomism

Early Buddhism

Kant- Critique of Pure Reason

Vaisesika Sutra

Wittgenstein – Philosophical investigations

Sankara’s Commentary on first four Sutra

Freedom and resentment and other essays

Jaina – Pancastikayasara

Some main problems of philosophy

The first and last freedom

How to do things with words

The Nyaya Theory of knowledge

Concept of minds

A new perspective in Indian Philosophy Chapters

Being and nothingness

Reason and tradition in Indian thought

Being and time

Paper V (Mandatory)

Thesis presentation

Comprehensive viva voce


PhD in English Literature Syllabus

PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in English literature course is given below. The duration of this PhD course is for 3 years to 5 years. The PhD subjects covered in this course are mentioned below. 

Medieval literature

Prose fiction

Women’s literature

Lesbians, Gay and bisexual literature

African – American literature

Renaissance literature

Colonial and post-colonial literature

Literary criticism and theory

English poetry

Literature in the 12th century

Dramatic literature



PhD in Economics Syllabus

PhD Syllabus of Economics course is given below.  There are a total of 4 papers with the elective exam. All of the papers along with various PhD subjects are mentioned below. 


Paper I (Research)

Paper-II (Development Economics)

Paper III (Financial Studies)

Paper IV (mandatory)

Introduction to research methodology

Rural development

Overview of financial markets

Thesis presentation

Data collection and organization

Poverty and inequality

Hedging strategies with financial markets

Comprehensive Viva-voce

Econometric methods

Labour and migration

Modelling the behavior of asset prices


Advanced econometric methods

Governance and the political economy of development

Trading strategies in financial markets


Topics in mathematical economics

International trade and development

Role of financial intermediaries


Advanced economic theory

Urbanization and development

Interest rate derivatives


Probability distribution and testing of hypothesis

Economics of the computer and information science

Macroeconomics consequences of financial imperfections


Advanced microeconomics theory

Health and education



Advanced macroeconomics theory

Environment and development




Industrial economics




The political economy of development




International macroeconomics



PhD Scholarships in India for Students

There are several PhD scholarships present in India, offered to the Indian students. With the help of these scholarships students who wish to pursue a PhD can easily fund their studies without putting a financial burden on themselves or their family. Some of these scholarships are mentioned below: 

  • Prime Minister Fellowship for Doctoral Research

Prime Minister Fellowship for Doctoral Research is a Fellowship scheme which is under the supervision of the Central Government of India. It is launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development to provide financial support to the meritorious students pursuing PhD courses. Under the scheme, the scholar gets a monthly stipend of INR 70,000. 

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund Scholarships

This is a merit-based scholarship designed to support the students pursuing doctoral programs in Science, Sociology, Philosophy, etc. after completing their post graduation. The scholarship is provided only for a duration of 2 years. Candidates who have completed their post graduation and not more than 35 years old are eligible to enroll to this scholarship program.

  • ICHR Junior Research Fellowships (JRF)

This is an entrance exam based scholarship provided by the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR). This scholarship is offered to those candidates who are pursuing PhD in the field of Historical studies. To be able to attain this scholarship students must qualify an online entrance exam followed by an interview. On an average, candidates receive INR 16,500 to INR 17,600 per month for 2-years of their course.

  • Maulana Azad National Fellowship

This scholarship is provided by the the Ministry of Minority Affairs of the Government of India to support financially weak students who wish to pursue research or doctorate courses. The Fellowship program can be availed by those candidates whose family income is less than INR 6,00,000 and have completed their post-graduation. Under Maulana Azad National Fellowship scheme, scholars receive INR 28,000 per month for 5-years.

  • NCERT Doctoral Fellowship for PhD

The NCERT Doctoral Fellowship for PhD is offered by National Council of Educational Research and Training to help and support the meritorious students to cover their expenses on tuition fee, accommodations, books and other charges. To be eligible for this fellowship the student must have qualified entrance test such as the NET exam and must be less than 35 years old. The Fellowship is offered for the duration of 3-years during which the amount of INR 25,000 - 23,000 per month will be given to the students. 

Career Opportunities after a PhD

Choosing what career to choose after your PhD isn’t always easy, especially when you are not sure if you want to work in academia. However, that doesn’t mean that there are not enough career opportunities that you can pursue after PhD – and a good chance it’ll increase your earning potential. 


Academia has always been a favourite choice for students after completing their PhD studies. The job profile usually involves teaching, giving lectures, performing research, managing administration, representing the college on a few occasions, and attending seminars and guest lectures in a specific field.


A few years back, most consulting firms only employed MBAs for various roles. But things have changed now and with the steady rise of technology in most of the sectors, there has been a significant increase in the number of PhDs being hired by these firms.

Due to their strong technical background, quantitative approach, and research skills, more preference is given to them along with a much higher salary. 

Government Sector: 

If you want to serve the country, then there are plenty of opportunities in the government sector for PhD students. There are PhD jobs in Government Hospitals, Ministry Departments, Entrance Exam Committee, etc. The job of a PhD student will be to understand complex problems and help in making informed choices. You can also work in the defense department performing military-related research.

FAQs about Doctor of Philosophy

What does a PhD degree stand for?

A PhD degree stands for Doctor of Philosophy, which is regarded as the highest academic course level.

What does a PhD degree stand for?

A PhD degree stands for Doctor of Philosophy, which is regarded as the highest academic course level.

What are the requirements for PhD admission?

The requirements to get into a PhD program are a bachelor’s degree with at least a second-class grade and a master’s degree with high academic grades.

Which university is known as the best university in India?

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay University is known for best university and No.1 University in India.

Is there any age limit to do a PhD course?

There is no specific age limit for PhD courses. It can be pursued at any age but the candidate should satisfy the eligibility criteria.

How many years does it take to complete PhD?

 A doctorate or PhD degree generally lasts for 3 years. Candidates pursuing the program are given a maximum time of 5 to 6 years to complete their research. However, the duration of the PhD courses varies institute wise as well.

What jobs can a PhD get you?

PhD can get you jobs in universities, labs, government sectors, research institutes, and many more.

Do companies hire PhDs?

Yes, many companies prefer a PhD candidate for senior-level positions.

Is part time Ph.D valid?

The UGC has issued a circular stating that the degrees granted through distance education for PhD courses will not be recognised and considered valid. It said the only full-time course will be considered valid.

What is the minimum duration of the Ph.D course?

The minimum duration of the Ph.D. course is three years. Candidates need to complete the course within a maximum time span of five to six years. The time duration for Ph.D course can vary from institute to institute.

Can you pursue Ph.D without qualifying NET examination?

Yes, one can pursue PhD course without qualifying NET or JRF provided they qualify the written tests and interviews of the respective universities/ institutes.

What is the minimum eligibility for Ph.D course?

The minimum eligibility for admission to a Ph. D course will be a Master's/ M. Phil Degree from any accredited Indian or Foreign University in the relevant field.

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Questions Related to PhD Course

Can I apply for PhD in Archeology admission with a Master’s degree in History?

-VarunikaUpdated on May 17, 2021 02:52 PM
  • 1 Answer
Abhik Das, Student / Alumni

Dear student, yes, you can apply for PhD Archaeology admission with your master’s degree in History, However, you must also …


I've completed B.A. graduation in English from IGNOU. If I don't do M.A. and instead I do any other course which is equivalent to M.A. will I get any opportunity to work as a professor?

-MOUSUMA SULTANAUpdated on May 06, 2021 03:43 PM
  • 1 Answer
Abhik Das, Student / Alumni

Dear student, yes, you can pursue a career as a professor after pursuing masters in a different discipline post completing …


Does the Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur provide stipend to the PhD scholars?

-AnonymousUpdated on March 30, 2021 03:11 PM
  • 1 Answer
Samiksha Rautela, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur does not provide a stipend to the PhD scholars however, National Law School …


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