|3 years-6 years|
|3 L-6 L INR annual|
|CEED, NIPER JEE|
PhD, short for Doctor of Philosophy, is a doctoral degree programme with a minimum duration of 3 years and a maximum duration of 6 years. However, the course duration may vary from one institute to the other and also depends on the candidate. This is an academic or professional degree that, in most countries, qualifies the degree holder to teach their chosen PhD subject at the university level or to work in a specialized position in their chosen field of interest. This is because the programme has an academic focus providing in-depth knowledge of the chosen field through advanced theoretical and research-based studies.
The word ‘philosophy’ comes from the Ancient Greek philosophia, which translates to ‘love of wisdom’. It originally represented an individual who had accomplished an exhaustive general education in the basic issues of the world we are living in. In the present time, the Doctor of Philosophy still requires a love of wisdom but applies to individuals who have sought knowledge in a much more specialized field.
To apply for the PhD course, one must hold a master’s degree in the chosen subject. PhD aspirants can pursue the degree in any stream, provided they have prior educational experience in that field. Earlier, aspirants could pursue the degree through distance mode, but, according to the 2017 circular issued by UGC (University Grant Commission), PhD programmes pursued through the distance learning mode would not be recognized anymore.
PhD is a widely used acronym for a programme that is offered at a doctorate level. The word PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy. Depending upon the area of specialisation, the suffix for the name changes. For instance, if one is pursuing a doctorate in Bioscience, the course would be called PhD in Bioscience.
The major highlights of the PhD course are tabulated in the table below.
Doctor of Philosophy
3 to 5 years
Post graduation with minimum 55% marks.
PhD Admission process
Entrance Exam followed by Personal Interview
INR 50,000 - INR 1,00,000
INR 6,00,000 - INR 20,00,000
Top Recruiting places
KPMG, Google, Apple, IBM, CITI bank, BP, Black rock, Aecom, AMEC, Atkins, EDF Energy, NHS, GSK, Barclays, etc.
Pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy(PhD) has several advantages for students who are interested in a particular domain. A PhD offers an opportunity for students to broaden their horizons on the subject. Doctor of Philosophy students can take their time to work on their research project with complete peace of mind and there is no rat race involved to get the results.
The most common reason for a student to do a PhD is to improve their employment prospects because a PhD degree can unlock career opportunities. Being the highest academic qualification there are some career prospects that might not be available to candidates with only a bachelor's or Masters. These are jobs that require expertise and vast experience in research methodologies. Apart from this, if you want to remain in academia as a lecturer or university researcher, a PhD is normally one of the main requirements.
If you have a passion for research then doing a PhD is certainly the best idea. This is perhaps the most personal motivation for doing a PhD because of the enjoyment and sense of fulfillment that you get from researching a PhD subject that you love. Though not a bad reason, you should generally make sure that you have a clear idea of what you’d like to do once you have finished your PhD. If you’re looking for a new challenge to help your individual development, a PhD is a pretty unique prospect. There aren’t many other experiences in education that involve such a high degree of commitment – and reward!
A doctorate is any qualification that awards a doctoral degree to a candidate. In order to qualify for a doctorate, you need to deliver state-of-the-art work/research that makes an important new contribution to knowledge in your field or to the world. Doing so allows a candidate to earn the title 'Doctor'.
So, is a PhD different from a doctorate? No. A PhD can be classified as a type of doctorate.
The PhD degree is the most common type of doctorate degree awarded in numerous PhD subjects at universities around the globe. On the other hand, there are some doctorates that tend to be more specialised or for more practical and professional projects.
Basically, all PhDs are doctorates, but not all doctorates are PhDs.
Admission to any PhD program takes place both through entrance exams and merit-based. If you want to do a Doctor of Philosophy then you have to qualify the basic eligibility criteria along with institute-specific criteria.
Some of the basic eligibility for PhD admission are mentioned below:
Candidates can appear for any of the below-mentioned PhD online entrance tests in India. After qualifying in any of these exams students can get their PhD admission in various colleges in India.
There are 2 basic types of PhD course in India. They include full-time PhD course and Part-time PhD course.
It is a normal Doctor of Philosophy program whose duration ranges between 4-6 years depending on the research project taken up by the student. Students mostly conduct their own research with a whole focus and concentration on the Doctor of Philosophy subjects. Most of the PhD students also act as Teaching Assistants to various professors in their department in PhD colleges.
The cost of a full-time Doctor of Philosophy course is the highest compared to other modes of PhD degrees. There are 3 major types of Doctor of Philosophy course students who do Full-Time PhD. These three types of PhD scholars include Government/ Semi-Government Fellowship Recipients, Institute research Scholars with Teaching Assistants, and Self-financed Candidates.
Top 10 PhD Colleges for Full-Time PhD India:
Part-time PhD is considered the best option for working professionals who are aiming to steer towards a career in research or academia. Some candidates also do PhD to broaden their career horizons and with a part-time PhD they can acquire their doctorate degree while pursuing a full-time job. A part-time PhD is generally of a longer duration spanning around 6 to 8 years in comparison to a regular doctoral degree which takes somewhere between 4 to 6 years to complete.
While studying for a part-time PhD, you can work on your research thesis at your own pace but remaining in constant touch with your professors and doctorate scholars is of utmost importance. Part-time PhDs are becoming increasingly popular in today's time since it offers the benefits of being financially stable and getting higher educational qualifications at the same time.
Since studying for a PhD part-time takes longer, it can be easy to lose motivation and a sense of direction which makes a lot of part-time PhD students give up. Therefore, this program is best for those who can maintain their focus and remain on track.
If you are looking for the best colleges for an online part-time PhD in India, check out the list we have mentioned below:
Top 10 PhD Colleges for Part-Time PhD India:
Students can check out below some popular PhD courses that they can pursue in different streams:
PhD in humanities consists of courses that critically examine human thought and culture. These courses usually deal with the effect of art, music, literature, the arts, and philosophy on the world we live in. Students pursuing a PhD in Humanities course must focus more on abstract questions rather than on technical skills.
The students pursuing a PhD degree in Arts would learn and research in depth about the development of ideas and concepts, behavioural patterns and the challenges faced, functioning of a society, human interactions and relationships, etc. Students can check online some of the popular PhD courses in Humanities and Arts mentioned below:
PhD Science is a doctorate level course with a duration of 3 to 5 years during which students from MSc or MTech background can learn more about this field. It involves candidates to research any one of the PhD subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc.
At the end of the course, the student will have to submit the research thesis to earn a PhD Science degree. Students can check out some of the popular online PhD courses in Science mentioned below:
PhD in Commerce is a doctorate course with a minimum duration of two years with certain universities requiring the candidates to complete the course within five years of time along with the thesis or research paper. There are some universities that provide part-time PhD in commerce.
The PhD in Commerce subjects provides a greater insight in the field of commerce and accounting, finance, forecasting, management and budgeting. These courses are better suited for someone with a commerce or business background. The course provides better quality education to the students so they can serve the needs of business and industry management. Two such popular PhD courses are mentioned below:
If you want to focus on research-based education in the field of technology then a PhD in engineering and technology is one of the best options. It involves the development of new cutting-edge technologies or research methods that can create an impact on the world. It can also be a program that focuses on the student's own desired focus, such as on learning a very specific area of engineering or technology.
Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is a 5-year course. Candidates who wish to pursue a PhD in engineering and technology must have a masters degree or equivalent to this degree from a recognized university. Some popular PhD Course in Engineering are mentioned below:
PhD in Business and Management is a doctorate level course that includes the activities associated with a company, such as managing, leading, monitoring, organizing and strategizing. The duration of PhD in Business Management is usually 3-years. Some popular PhD degree in Business & Management are mentioned below:
PhD in law allows the students to enhance their understanding of the legal studies. The students are taught an overview of the subject, the nuances to proceed with the cases and how to go around while studying a case, and the outlook required while looking into its details.
Ph.D. in Law is a 3-year full-time doctorate programme in the field of Law. Ph.D. in law provides students with the required training which helps them pave their way in gaining exposure in their field. Some popular PhD Course in Law are mentioned below:
The different types of PhD candidates are listed below:
Self-financed PhD Candidates:
These kinds of candidates participate in the normal admission process of an institute, but they do not receive any kind of financial assistance from that institute.
Sponsored PhD Candidates:
These kinds of PhD candidates are recognised by the Research & Development organisations to pursue full-time research from the concerned institutes.
Govt./ Semi Govt. Fellowship Recipients:
These PhD students get financial assistance through Govt or Semi Govt fellowship schemes.
Study Leave Candidates:
These kinds of PhD candidates are granted leaves of less than three years by Govt/ educational institutes or companies to conduct research work at a specified institute.
ICCR stands for Indian Council of Cultural Relations. PhD scholars falling under this category are foreign candidates that are sponsored by their respective govt.
Given below are some of the best PhD colleges in India to pursue your doctorate. The PhD fees for the particular college are also mentioned in the table below:
PhD Fees (INR)
Indian Institute of Science
Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT-KGP)
University of Delhi
University of Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR)
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG)
There are plenty of private colleges as well from where you can pursue your PhD. Some of the best private PhD colleges along with their PhD fees are given in the table below:
PhD Fees (INR)
Bombay College of Pharmacy
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education
Manipal Academy of Higher Education
Better Opportunities: Having a PhD degree from a foreign university always looks good on the CV and gives an edge to the students. Companies look for candidates who have global exposure and studied at a good research institution. This not only helps in getting a good position in the company or academia but also attracts higher pay packages.
Better Funding: Doing your Ph.D. abroad could be considerably cheaper because of the various funding options available to students. Also, tuition fees at the doctorate level differ extensively around the globe. There are plenty of scholarships available for international students which will take care of most of the expenses incurred by the student.
Broad Network: By creating ties in a new county, extend your network. You will get to know individuals on a personal basis and make friends from all over the world. Doing a Ph.D. abroad will also benefit you if, after receiving your degree, you intend to work beyond your home country.
New Culture: Studying abroad would help you develop a global perspective as you will be introduced to new concepts, ways of instruction, and academic communities. If studying in a Non-English speaking country then you might also get a chance to learn a foreign language which is a good thing. You will be doing your research with students and faculty members from around the world in a country different from your own. This will enhance your cultural awareness and remove the barriers that you had at the start or as you begin a research degree.
New Research Environment or Methods: While doing your PhD abroad, you’ll benefit from learning new techniques, lectures taken by expert faculties, being part of a unique research community that itself is international. The college abroad will have access to resources such as archives, collections, materials, and equipment that are unique to your place of study. But bear in mind that the supervisory structure may be very different in other countries and doesn’t mean the same as in India.
Most of the students choose one of these 10 countries to study their PhD degree because of the high-quality education on offer and the latest technology.
Students who wish to pursue their PhD degree from one of the best universities in the world can check out the table below. There are many good universities in the US, UK, Canada, Switzerland, etc. These universities offer cutting-edge technologies and state-of-the-art facilities to conduct research.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
California Institute of Technology - Caltech
Imperial College London
ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
University College London (UCL)
University of Chicago
National University of Singapore
Nanyang Technological University
University of Pennsylvania
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne
The University of Edinburgh
Students can fund their PhD abroad by availing one of the several scholarships that are available:
Scholarships in the UK
Scholarships in the US, the UK and Europe
Scholarships in Australia
Scholarships in the US
Scholarships in Ireland
Scholarships in Canada
Scholarships in New Zealand
PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in science is mentioned below. The course is for 3 years to 5 years. The given syllabus is semester wise and the PhD subjects covered are also mentioned below. Each year contains 2 semesters.
Component Object Model (COM) & interfaces in COM
Vector and array processor
CORBA, JAVA, and object web
Advanced computer algorithms
Computer system design
Advanced software engineering
Advanced database management systems
Telecommunications systems, satellite systems, broadcast systems
Parallel and distributed databases, web databases
Web engineering and software quality metrics
Backtracking, branch and bound
Frequencies for radio transmission
Wireless network and communication
XML Primer, JSP, XLS, ASP
Distributed file system
Distributed objects and remote innovation
Transactions and concurrency control, replication
Advanced transaction processing
Building web agreement
Medium access control
PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in management studies course is mentioned below. The given PhD syllabus is semester-wise with the PhD subjects mentioned below.
Information technology management
Human resource management
PhD Syllabus in engineering and technology is given below. The PhD course is for 5 years. The given PhD subjects are topic wise:
Foundations of computing
Parallel and distributed systems
Formal methods: Program correctness, Hoarier logic, Program semantics and model checking
The Syllabus of PhD in legal studies is given below. The course is for 3 years. The given PhD subjects are coursewise:
Methods of investigations and tools for collection of data
Seminars and presentation
Seminars and presentation
PhD syllabus in Philosophy course is given below. The course is for 3 years to 6 years. The given syllabus is paper-wise. There are 4 papers including elective exams with the PhD subjects mentioned below:
Paper I (Research)
Theory of knowledge
Data collection and organization
Advanced course in logic
Introduction to research methodology
Advanced course in formal methods
Principles of thesis preparation
Advanced course in philosophy of science
Research tools and studies
Philosophy of statistics
Philosophy of the computer and information science
Philosophy of mathematics
Philosophy of language
Philosophy of social sciences
Critical reading in philosophical texts
Paper III Elective (Indian Philosophical studies)
Paper IV Elective (western Philosophical studies)
Ishvara Krishna – Samkhya Karika
Nagarjuna – Mulamadhyamakakarika
A treatise of Human Nature Book
Carvaka – Lokayata
Kant- Critique of Pure Reason
Wittgenstein – Philosophical investigations
Sankara’s Commentary on first four Sutra
Freedom and resentment and other essays
Jaina – Pancastikayasara
Some main problems of philosophy
The first and last freedom
How to do things with words
The Nyaya Theory of knowledge
Concept of minds
A new perspective in Indian Philosophy Chapters
Being and nothingness
Reason and tradition in Indian thought
Being and time
Paper V (Mandatory)
Comprehensive viva voce
PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in English literature course is given below. The duration of this PhD course is for 3 years to 5 years. The PhD subjects covered in this course are mentioned below.
Lesbians, Gay and bisexual literature
African – American literature
Colonial and post-colonial literature
Literary criticism and theory
Literature in the 12th century
PhD Syllabus of Economics course is given below. There are a total of 4 papers with the elective exam. All of the papers along with various PhD subjects are mentioned below.
Paper I (Research)
Paper-II (Development Economics)
Paper III (Financial Studies)
Paper IV (mandatory)
Introduction to research methodology
Overview of financial markets
Data collection and organization
Poverty and inequality
Hedging strategies with financial markets
Labour and migration
Modelling the behavior of asset prices
Advanced econometric methods
Governance and the political economy of development
Trading strategies in financial markets
Topics in mathematical economics
International trade and development
Role of financial intermediaries
Advanced economic theory
Urbanization and development
Interest rate derivatives
Probability distribution and testing of hypothesis
Economics of the computer and information science
Macroeconomics consequences of financial imperfections
Advanced microeconomics theory
Health and education
Advanced macroeconomics theory
Environment and development
The political economy of development
There are several PhD scholarships present in India, offered to the Indian students. With the help of these scholarships students who wish to pursue a PhD can easily fund their studies without putting a financial burden on themselves or their family. Some of these scholarships are mentioned below:
Prime Minister Fellowship for Doctoral Research is a Fellowship scheme which is under the supervision of the Central Government of India. It is launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development to provide financial support to the meritorious students pursuing PhD courses. Under the scheme, the scholar gets a monthly stipend of INR 70,000.
This is a merit-based scholarship designed to support the students pursuing doctoral programs in Science, Sociology, Philosophy, etc. after completing their post graduation. The scholarship is provided only for a duration of 2 years. Candidates who have completed their post graduation and not more than 35 years old are eligible to enroll to this scholarship program.
This is an entrance exam based scholarship provided by the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR). This scholarship is offered to those candidates who are pursuing PhD in the field of Historical studies. To be able to attain this scholarship students must qualify an online entrance exam followed by an interview. On an average, candidates receive INR 16,500 to INR 17,600 per month for 2-years of their course.
This scholarship is provided by the the Ministry of Minority Affairs of the Government of India to support financially weak students who wish to pursue research or doctorate courses. The Fellowship program can be availed by those candidates whose family income is less than INR 6,00,000 and have completed their post-graduation. Under Maulana Azad National Fellowship scheme, scholars receive INR 28,000 per month for 5-years.
The NCERT Doctoral Fellowship for PhD is offered by National Council of Educational Research and Training to help and support the meritorious students to cover their expenses on tuition fee, accommodations, books and other charges. To be eligible for this fellowship the student must have qualified entrance test such as the NET exam and must be less than 35 years old. The Fellowship is offered for the duration of 3-years during which the amount of INR 25,000 - 23,000 per month will be given to the students.
Choosing what career to choose after your PhD isn’t always easy, especially when you are not sure if you want to work in academia. However, that doesn’t mean that there are not enough career opportunities that you can pursue after PhD – and a good chance it’ll increase your earning potential.
Academia has always been a favourite choice for students after completing their PhD studies. The job profile usually involves teaching, giving lectures, performing research, managing administration, representing the college on a few occasions, and attending seminars and guest lectures in a specific field.
A few years back, most consulting firms only employed MBAs for various roles. But things have changed now and with the steady rise of technology in most of the sectors, there has been a significant increase in the number of PhDs being hired by these firms.
Due to their strong technical background, quantitative approach, and research skills, more preference is given to them along with a much higher salary.
If you want to serve the country, then there are plenty of opportunities in the government sector for PhD students. There are PhD jobs in Government Hospitals, Ministry Departments, Entrance Exam Committee, etc. The job of a PhD student will be to understand complex problems and help in making informed choices. You can also work in the defense department performing military-related research.
A PhD degree stands for Doctor of Philosophy, which is regarded as the highest academic course level.
A PhD degree stands for Doctor of Philosophy, which is regarded as the highest academic course level.
The requirements to get into a PhD program are a bachelor’s degree with at least a second-class grade and a master’s degree with high academic grades.
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay University is known for best university and No.1 University in India.
There is no specific age limit for PhD courses. It can be pursued at any age but the candidate should satisfy the eligibility criteria.
A doctorate or PhD degree generally lasts for 3 years. Candidates pursuing the program are given a maximum time of 5 to 6 years to complete their research. However, the duration of the PhD courses varies institute wise as well.
PhD can get you jobs in universities, labs, government sectors, research institutes, and many more.
Yes, many companies prefer a PhD candidate for senior-level positions.
The UGC has issued a circular stating that the degrees granted through distance education for PhD courses will not be recognised and considered valid. It said the only full-time course will be considered valid.
The minimum duration of the Ph.D. course is three years. Candidates need to complete the course within a maximum time span of five to six years. The time duration for Ph.D course can vary from institute to institute.
Yes, one can pursue PhD course without qualifying NET or JRF provided they qualify the written tests and interviews of the respective universities/ institutes.
The minimum eligibility for admission to a Ph. D course will be a Master's/ M. Phil Degree from any accredited Indian or Foreign University in the relevant field.
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