Mechanical Engineering (ME) is one of the oldest and most diverse engineering fields. In the early 19th century, professional education adopted it. The word 'Mechanism' is the foundation of ME. The Mechanism is a notion that describes how Material Science, Physics, Environmental Factors, and Math are used in the manufacture, creation, design, and maintenance of a device. You can only enrol in Mechanical diploma courses after finishing your 10th-grade coursework. You are completely entitled to choose the undergraduate (UG) [BE/BTech] courses once you have completed the 12th grade. Further, you must have a BE/BTech in Mechanical Engineering to be eligible to enrol in the postgraduate (PG) [MTech] programme. This course can be pursued part-time/full-time and also through distance learning.
A few popular entrance exams for this course are JEE Main, WBJEE, GATE, VITEEE, BITSAT, and so on. Some of the top Mechanical Engineering colleges in India are IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee, Chandigarh University, CT University, UPES Dehradun, and more. Further, the Mechanical Engineering course fee ranges between INR 2 LPA and INR 12 LPA. After the completion of the course, students can work as Design Engineers, Purchase and Quality Control Executives, Instructional Design, Mechanical engineers, Service engineers, etc. with an average salary ranging between INR 1.2 LPA and INR 7.7 LPA.
The major highlights of the Mechanical Engineering courses are given in the table below:
Mechanical Engineering Course
Level of Programme
Diploma, UG, PG, and PhD
Diploma: 3 years
UG: 4 years
PG: 2 years
Diploma: Passed 10th grade with Science and Maths as compulsory subjects and at least 50% aggregate marks.
UG: Passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as compulsory subjects and at least 60% aggregate marks.
PG: Have BE/BTech in Mechanical Engineering or equivalent four-year degree level course from a recognised university.
Merit-Based + Entrance Exam
Top Entrance Exams
JEE Main, WBJEE, GATE, VITEEE, BITSAT, and so on.
Average Course Fee
Diploma: INR 15,000 to INR 1.5 LPA
M.Tech: INR 80,000 to INR 12 LPA
Average Starting Salary
Diploma: INR 2 LPA to INR 3.6 LPA
BE or B. Tech: INR 3.5 LPA to INR 4 LPA
M.Tech: INR 8 LPA to INR 9 LPA
Assistant Mechanical Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Design Engineer, Professor/Lecturer, Mechanical Technician, Lab Assistant, etc.
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Larsen & Toubro, BMW, Reliance Industries, TATA Motors, Toshiba, and more.
As discussed, a Mechanical engineering course is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of problems solving skills and techniques that include designing to manufacturing. The following are some reasons to choose this course:
Plethora of Career Opportunities: Pursuing the course may lead to professions in a variety of fields, including sales, agriculture, chemistry, and construction. They may also find opportunities in sectors such as robotics, nanotechnology, or aeronautics.
Be a Part of Innovation: The course plays a critical role in pushing technical progress and innovation. They work on new product development, refining current technologies, and pushing the frontiers of technical solutions.
Global Prospects: Mechanical engineering is an internationally known subject that provides chances for worldwide job experiences and partnerships. India has various skilled engineers that are highly demanded by international companies and abroad.
Impact on Society: Mechanical engineers have the opportunity to positively affect society. Mechanical engineers' work may help to improve quality of life, promote environmental sustainability, and address global concerns, from generating sustainable energy solutions to upgrading transportation systems and inventing medical gadgets.
Over 20+ programmes are available under Mechanical Engineering courses that can be pursued by the aspirants which include Marine Engineering, Robotics, Automation, Biomedical Engineering, and Control, Power electronics, CAD, digital manufacturing, etc. There are advanced certification Mechanical Engineering courses from various platforms that offer online courses that range between a week and a month in duration. Below are the points which will clear out the perspectives regarding the course:
In India, the eligibility criteria for Mechanical Engineering courses may vary from one college or university to another. The table below discusses the prerequisites for the course at different academic levels:
Candidates applying for diploma courses should have obtained at least 50% aggregate marks in class 10th from any recognised board.
Students applying for bachelor’s degrees should be 10+2 qualified in the Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects from a recognised board with at least an aggregate score of 60%.
Applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field of study with 50% to 60% aggregate marks from a recognised board.
Mechanical Engineering deals with the design, production, and operation of machines. Numerous industries rely on mechanical engineers, including biotechnology, energy conversion, computers, aerospace, electronics, and many others. On the other hand, the field of Mechatronics Engineering encompasses various disciplines such as mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer engineering, telecommunications engineering, system engineering, control engineering, and so on. The following table shows the difference between Mechanical and Mechatronics degrees:
2 to 4 years (varies as per the course level)
2 to 4 years (depending on the level of the programme)
JEE Main, WBJEE, GATE, VITEEE, BITSAT, and so on.
JEE Main, VITEEE, GATE, CUCET, SRMJEEE, and more.
Passed 10+2 with at least 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
Passed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as mandatory subjects
INR 2 LPA to INR 12 LPA
INR 10,000 to INR 10 LPA
IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee, Chandigarh University, CT University, UPES Dehradun, and more.
SRM University, VIT Vellore, IIT Hyderabad, NIT Surathkal, Chandigarh University, etc.
The table below highlights the admission processes of Mechanical Engineering courses under various domains such as BE/B Tech, M.Tech, and diploma.
Admissions are offered to the students based on the qualifying exam marks obtained in class 10. However, some top institutions may conduct their entrance exam followed by a personal interview round.
Students are offered admission based on the entrance exam such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, UPSEE, WBJEE, etc. To apply for Lateral Entry, students with a three-year Diploma from a recognised institution are offered direct merit-based admissions.
Students are offered admissions based on the entrance exam scores obtained by them like GATE, BITS HD, etc.
Admission to the majority of engineering colleges in India is primarily done through the entrance exam. Among all, JEE Main and JEE Advanced are the popular mechanical engineering entrance exam conducted that offers admission to top colleges like IIT, NIT, IIITs, GFTI, etc. There are several other national-level, state-level, and university-level entrance exams for Mechanical Engineering courses also conducted for admission as listed below:
JEE Main: Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main is a national-level engineering entrance exam in India conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). It serves as the first stage for admission into undergraduate engineering programmes in prestigious institutions like NITs, BITS, COEP, and other centrally funded technical institutes.
JEE Advanced: This exam is the second stage of the JEE Main and is conducted for admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only candidates who qualify in JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced, which tests the advanced knowledge and problem-solving skills of aspiring engineers.
BITSAT: Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) is an entrance test administered for undergraduate engineering degrees at its three campuses in Pilani, Goa, and Hyderabad.
SRMJEEE: SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination (SRMJEEE) is held for admission to the institute's BTech programmes. Candidates who are chosen based on their SRMJEEE scores are assigned a campus and a course depending on their course preferences at the time of counselling.
GATE: The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national-level test for admission to postgraduate engineering, technology, and architectural schools. GATE scores are often employed in government organisations and public sector enterprises (PSUs) for recruitment.
MHT CET: The State Common Entrance Test Cell, Maharashtra, administers the Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHT CET) for admission to undergraduate engineering programmes in institutions throughout the state.
WBJEE: West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE) is the state-level exam for admission to undergraduate engineering programmes in colleges in West Bengal.
The scope of Mechanical Engineering abroad is abundant with superfluity in opportunities across any practical or industrial field of engineering. The demand for mechanical engineers has been increasing in recent times due to the rise in demand for technology-specific domains such as nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, robotics, biomedical engineering, energy conservation, etc.
Due to the rise in civilisation along with growth in the economy, the demand for mechanic engineers will be seen to rise, therefore, studying Mechanical Engineering courses abroad will have a greater scope. In the coming years, it is possible that the Mechanical field will be one of the highest-paying professions all over the world.
The average fee for Mechanical Engineering courses in India ranges between INR 2 LPA and INR 12 LPA. The fee for this programme depends on the type and level of the programme as well as the type of institute (whether government or private) one wants to enrol in. The following table shows the average Mechanical Engineering course fee for popular colleges in India:
Average Fees (in INR)
College of Engineering, Pune
Graphic Era University
Guru Nanak Dev University
40,000 p.a. to 5 LPA
Lovely Professional University Jalandhar
Manipal Institute of Technology Manipal
There are various popular Mechanical Engineering courses specialisations that can be pursued by the students. The following table shows the same:
|BE/ BTech ME Specialisations||MTech ME Specialisations|
|Marine Engineering||Tool Engineering|
|Engineering Design||Thermal Power Engineering|
|Robotics, Automation, and Control||Mechanical System Design and Dynamics|
|Automobile Engineering||Machine Design|
|Biomedical Engineering||Automotive Engineering|
|Nanotechnology||Industrial Automation and Robotics|
|Materials Engineering||Applied Mechanics|
|Fluid Mechanics or Hydraulics Engineering|
Apart from the above-mentioned course specialisations, there are other online Mechanical Engineering courses that can be pursued online up to PhD level depending on their preferences.
The specialisations along with the distinction in the degrees have been explained in the table below. Candidates should go through the table to understand the distinctions of the Mechanical Engineering syllabus for different specialisations:
There are various Mechanical Engineering skills that make a successful engineer. We have discussed the main skill sets below to make the candidates understand better. Below are the required skills that are required to be a successful mechanical engineer:
Six Sigma skills
Cross-functional team working abilities
Excellent presentation and communication skills
Computing skills like AUTOCAD and MS Excel
Engineering and mechanical concepts
The course curriculum for Mechanical Engineering varies as per the level of the programme one chooses to enrol in. While the diploma and undergraduate courses cover the fundamentals concepts, postgraduate courses cover advanced-level knowledge and practical-based learning through internships, projects seminars, lab subjects and so on. The common Mechanical Engineering course curriculum includes the following:
A credit-based approach is used for Mechanical Engineering courses, and prospective students can choose from a variety of elective subjects along with the core subjects (except for a diploma course). Common engineering topics, practicals, fundamental mechanics-related topics, and projects are all included in this course curriculum. Given below is a list of the Mechanical Engineering syllabus & subjects:
In India, one of the growing areas of expertise that is currently in demand is Mechanical Engineering. Graduates in this course can apply for various positions in both the public and commercial sectors, depending on their interests. Those who want to work in designing and creating mechanical systems can seek a degree such as a BE/BTech or MTech in Mechanical Engineering courses. This interdisciplinary area of study has applications in many different areas of engineering. Further, this field offers professionals promising career options as the automation industry is experiencing growth across the world.
Depending on how quickly they advance in an industry that is very intensely competitive, professionals involved in Mechanical Engineering courses tend to earn more than other engineering graduates on average. Because of their expertise and experience gained through study, they are qualified to handle job roles with higher wages and across numerous areas, therefore the job roles provided will be of the highest calibre of employment. The following table highlights the starting Mechanical Engineering salary along with their respective job descriptions:
Average Salary (in INR)
The maintenance of the machinery used in numerous industries is the responsibility of service engineers. They also repair and examine machinery and equipment.
It is the responsibility of mechanical engineers to analyse issues and determine how mechanical and thermal devices might be used to address them. They create and evaluate device prototypes, alter the design, review the test results, and manage the manufacturing procedure.
The design and building of mechanical layouts, specification setting, and evaluation are all tasks that fall within the purview of mechanical designers. When deciding the material to employ or the engine requirements, they could consult other officials or clients.
The development of learning activities, transfer, and engaging course material that improves retention is the responsibility of instructional designers. They specify the educational end goals and develop content that adheres to the client's specifications.
Consultants are in charge of carrying out and planning given business tasks according to the needs of the client. They examine reports, conduct interviews, and administer surveys to learn more about the needs of the customer.
Mechanical engineering is a well-known career that is emerging in great demand with handsome earnings in the higher range in both private and public enterprises. Candidates are required to check their career options and job prospects to have clarity on which profile they should apply to after the course is completed. The pay scale of a mechanical engineer is always determined by the amount of work they put into the process. A mechanical engineer can easily get hired by reputed companies and organisations in the following job profiles:
The average starting salary of a mechanical engineer in India could range between INR 1.2 LPA and INR 7.7 LPA depending on the course-level education the candidates have acquired.
One area of engineering that focuses on machines, including their design, production, and operation, is mechanical engineering. This field offers considerable breadth and depth, giving students a wide range of employment opportunities. Mechanical engineering courses provide students with the quantitative and imaginative capabilities they need to design a system or product, analytical tools for achieving their design objectives, and teamwork abilities for designing, producing, and marketing a system.
The duration of Mechanical engineering courses varies depending on the type and academic level one chooses to pursue. For example, if a student wants to pursue a diploma in Mechanical engineering course, its duration will be three years. On the other hand, if a candidate is interested in pursuing a degree course such as an undergraduate or postgraduate programme, the duration will be four years and three years respectively.
Several top recruiters for Mechanical engineering courses hire graduates having the required skills and knowledge to work in the automotive industry. The list of some top recruiters includes Aban group, ARMY, Bajaj, BARC, BHEL, BMW, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CSIR), COAL INDIA, Design tech system Ltd., DRDO, ECIL, Ford, GE Global Research, HAL, Hero, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, Reliance Industries, SAIL, Siemens, Sun grace, Tata Motors, Toshiba, Ved engineering, etc.
Yes, students can do Mechanical engineering after 12th grade. Some universities accept entrance examinations like JEE Mains, WBJEE, BITSAT, MHT CET, etc, along with the marks obtained in class 12th. JEE Advanced is accepted for IITs. For this, candidates must have taken Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as mandatory subjects in class 12.
Yes, Mechanical engineering is a good career for the future. The dimensions of Mechanical engineering are huge giving the graduates and diploma holders a lot of career opportunities. Future mechanical engineers have a lot of possibilities given the nation's expanding economy. By 2026, mechanical engineers' employment will increase from 9% to 11%, according to the report.
No, JEE Main is not compulsory for Mechanical engineering courses. However, it is the most popular national-level entrance exam in India that prospective students take every year. There are many other entrance exams like WBJEE, BITSAT, MHT CET, JEE Advanced, KIITEEE, SRMJEEE, and VITEEE that can be taken for admission to undergraduate-level Mechanical courses.
The list of the top 10 Mechanical engineering colleges in India includes #1 IIT Bombay, #2 IIT Delhi, #3 IIT Kanpur, #4 IIT Patna, #5 NIT Tiruchirappalli, #6 IIT Madras, #7 IIT Kharagpur, #8 IIT Guwahati, #9 IIT Roorkee, #10 VIT Vellore. However, this is only a list of limited institutions, various other colleges in the country also provide top-notch education.
A few important Mechanical engineering subjects are Applied Mechanics Lab, Dynamics of Machines, Electrohydraulic Control Systems, Engineering Mechanics, Fluid Machinery, Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, Kinematic Analysis and Synthesis, Machine Drawing, Theory of Mechanics, Machining Technology and Metrology, Manufacturing Processes, Material Science and Engineering, Measurement and Instrumentation, Fluid Dynamics, Mechanical Engineering Design, Metrology and Metallography Lab, Steam Power Plant, Workshop Practice, and so on.
Yes, students who have General Science as a subject appear for a PhD in Mechanical Engineering provided they meet the other eligibility criteria stated by their preferred university. Engineering or technology bachelor's degree holders may also apply for the doctorate programme. For this, they must also pass the GATE cut-off and have a minimum of 75% aggregate marks in their graduation class to qualify.
The basic eligibility criteria for Mechanical engineering courses vary from one college to another and are based on the level of the programme i.e., either UG or PG as given below:
Undergraduate (UG): Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 60% aggregate marks with Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics as mandatory subjects from a recognised board.
Postgraduate (PG): Candidates must have a BE/BTech in Mechanical Engineering with at least passing aggregate marks.
The career scope of Mechanical engineering courses in India is vast. This interdisciplinary area of study has applications in many different areas of engineering. Graduates of this field can apply for various positions in both the public and commercial sectors, depending on their interests. Those who want to work in designing and creating mechanical systems can seek a degree in mechanical engineering.
The difference between Mechanical engineering and Mechatronics engineering degrees is that Mechanical teaches students about the engineering and production of large machinery as well as various appliances like cars, aeroplanes, motors, and more. On the other hand, Mechatronics educates students on the use of mechanical and electronic engineering in the development of robotics, communications systems, and computer-integrated machinery.
There are several recommended Mechanical engineering courses that aspirants can take to improve their skill set, expertise, and knowledge for a particular area of study. Also, graduates can complete the courses listed below based on their professional objectives:
Automation and Mechatronics
Industrial Safety Engineering
Protective Coating and Adhesives
Supply Chain Management
Welding, Tool Designing, and Joining
Numerous certifications for Mechanical engineering courses are offered that aspirants can take to boost their professional prospects or to learn additional skills that are required for a certain job position. Listed below are a few such types of certifications:
Revit MEP Certified Professional
Certification in Non-Destructive Testing
Certification in Industrial Health & Safety
Certificate in Pro-E
Certificate in Design & Simulation
Certificate in CATIA
The average Mechanical engineer salary in India ranges between INR 1.2 LPA and INR 7.7 LPA. The average wage for an entry-level engineer with less than three years of experience is INR 2.7 LPA. For a mid-career engineer with 4 to 9 years of experience, the average salary is INR 4.6 LPA, while the average remuneration for an experienced mechanical engineer with 10 to 20 years of experience is INR 8.2 LPA.
The combination of both hard and soft skills makes you the best graduate of Mechanical Engineering courses. Mechanical Engineers need more than just the relevant educational qualifications to succeed in the field, but also a unique set of skills that will open up numerous growth opportunities. Here are some skills aspirants should try to hone:
Effective technical and budgeting skills
Problem-solving and analytical skills
Ability to work under pressure
Leadership and teamwork skills
Several pointers may validate the reasons why you should pursue MTech Mechanical Engineering courses. Candidates who pursue a master's degree in the field have a deeper comprehension of fluid mechanics, solids, thermodynamics, and machine design. An MTech in Mechanical Engineering is recommended for students who have completed their undergraduate studies but still feel the need to study more about the field. This will help them expand their knowledge and find diverse employment opportunities, mostly at the senior level.
Numerous specialisations in the field of Mechanical Engineering are available for prospective students who want to further their knowledge by pursuing higher education such as at the postgraduate or doctorate level. The list of a few Mechanical courses specialisations includes Acoustical engineering, Biomechanics, Composites, Computational fluid dynamics, Design and drafting, Finite element analysis, Friction stir welding (FSW), Mechanics, Mechatronics, Mechatronics and robotics, Micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), Nanotechnology, Structural analysis, Thermodynamics and thermo-science, and so on.
There are mainly two ways to get admission to Mechanical Engineering courses — offline admission and online registration. The official website of the college where students wish to apply makes it simple to get information about the requirements for admission. For enrollment in the Mechanical course, a few institutions in India hold written exams. However, the course eligibility should be verified before registering for admission.
A graduate of the Mechanical Engineering courses does the planning, development, construction, and testing of mechanical and thermal sensors and equipment in a factory. They are occasionally required to attend work sites where an issue or piece of machinery needs their attention. There are positions in government agencies for service engineers, mechanical engineers, and instructional designers. Additionally, there are positions such as mechanical designer and consultant available in the private sector.
The course structure of BE Mechanical Engineering includes both the core and elective subjects as well as laboratory exercises, projects, and internships. During the first weeks of the course, primary knowledge is introduced through understandable subjects. Once theoretical concepts have been understood, hands-on meetings and visits will be conducted. Here is the course structure:
Both core and main subjects
Interactive, individualistic, and practical-based teaching methodologies and techniques used in Mechanical Engineering courses. Further, projects, on-field visits, and internship learning techniques are used to engage students to obtain comprehensive knowledge of the field. Listed below are some teaching strategies used:
Study abroad opportunities
Talk on scope
The common Mechanical Engineering course project topics are chosen by a particular group of students for which they will present a working model and explain particular reasons for choosing a certain subject. Here are some common project topics:
Making a DIY Food Shredder Compost Machine
Making an Automatic Self Folding Dining Table
Making an Egg Breaker & Yolk Separator Machine
Research on Indoor Farming Hydroponic Plant Grow Tents
Researching an RC Underwater Exploration Drone
The list of the best books for Mechanical Engineering courses includes A Textbook of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by author Dr R K Bansal; The Feynman Lectures on Physics: Mainly Mechanics, Radiation and Heat – Volume 1 by authors Robert Leighton, Richard Feynman & Matthew Sands; A Textbook of Machine Design by authors J K Gupta & R S Khurmi; Theory of Machines by authors J K Gupta & R S Khurmi; and so on.
The top areas of recruitment for Mechanical Engineering courses lie in both the private and government sectors. The specialisations and skills of the graduates are taken into consideration when offering job opportunities after completing the course. A few top recruiting areas for prospective graduates are Analysis and Testing, Design, Installation, Maintenance, Production, Research and Development, and so on.