GMAT Syllabus 2019

Anjani Chaand Updated On: 14 May, 2019 12:48 IST

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GMAT Syllabus

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is an internationally organised examination for the aspirants of management studies. A number of management courses can be done from reputed business schools of India and abroad if the candidate clears GMAT with a good score. To do so, it is very important that the candidate is aware of the syllabus of GMAT along with the GMAT exam pattern, only then the candidate can prepare well for the examination and score well. If the candidates are aware of the subjects that comprise the test paper of GMAT then their preparation will be easy and quick. Being aware of the Syllabus also improves the confidence of the candidates who are about to take the test.

The GMAT syllabus comprises of four wide sections, which are quite similar to any other management entrance examination. Each section has its essential elements that candidates must understand before they start preparing for the examination. These elements showcase the pointers that help in a better understanding of the subject matter and also help candidates to score more. The different sections and pointers related to them are given below:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment: The section requires a candidate to write an essay in English on one of the given topics within 30 minutes. As part of this writing task, candidates have to do an analysis of the reason behind a given argument and provide a critique of that argument. Candidates are assessed based on their ability to think critically and how well they communicate their thoughts in an essay format.

  • Integrated Reasoning Section: The questions in this section are mainly focused on testing candidates' ability to comprehend and evaluate the provided data. The sub-sections of Integrated Reasoning include Two-Part Analysis, Graphics Interpretation, Multi-Source Reasoning and Table Analysis. All the four sub-sections sums up 12 easy and tricky questions of IR.

  • Quantitative Section: The section, which comprises of sub-sections like Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency, is a subject-matter that focuses on the mathematical understanding of the candidates. The 31 questions in this section must be solved within 62 minutes. The topics covered under these two sub-sections are Arithmetic, Elementary Algebra and Geometry.

  • Verbal Section: This section is meant to understand the candidates’ comprehension and command over the English language. The grammatical understanding and reasoning skills are tested in each question of this section. A total of 36 questions are to be answered in 65 minutes for this section of GMAT paper. The sub-sections include Sentence Correction, Rhetorical construction of Sentences, Parallelism, Synonyms-Antonyms, Critical Reasoning Reading Unseen Passages, Idioms and Subject-Verb Agreement.

GMAT Sections in Detail

Verbal Section:

In this section, candidates’ Verbal Ability skills are judged. Questions are mostly based on Reading, Sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, and Comprehension.

Type of Questions


Reading Comprehension

The focus of Reading Comprehension in the GMAT exam will be more on subjects related to business.

The Reading Comprehension questions will cover less than one-third of the Verbal section of the exam.

Critical Reasoning

These type of questions are a major part of the GMAT exam as they test your reasoning as well as analytical skills.

Sentence Completion/ Correction

GMAT comprises 14 to 15 sentence correction questions where your grammar and syntax knowledge of the language will be tested.

Importance of Vocabulary

Vocabulary is not given too much importance in the GMAT. It is more focused on testing candidates' Verbal Reasoning skills.

Quantitative Section:

This section measures candidates’ ability to reason, analyse the data and draw conclusions from the same. Candidates' basic mathematical skills are also tested in this section. Data Sufficiency and Problem-Solving questions are asked in this particular section.

Name of the Exam

Type of Questions


Data Sufficiency: These questions will comprise information in the form of two sentences and a

question will be asked. Candidates will be required to answer whether the information in the statements is sufficient to answer the question or not.

Multiple Choice Questions: These will be asked in the usual 'question and four option' format from various

topics of the mathematics section.

Analytical Writing Assessment Section:

In this section, candidates will be evaluated on the basis of their ability to think logically, yet critically. Candidates are required to analyse the reason behind a given argument and then provide a critique in a written format using relevant examples.



Type of Essays

In the examination, you will get argumentative topics and you will have to put forth your views regarding the topic 

A domain of Topics

The questions come from topics related to the field of business and management. Candidates must keep track of global business news as examples are necessary.

Integrated Reasoning Section:

This section tests the analytical, verbal and logical skills of the candidates at the same time. The questions asked will comprise daily, true-to-life problems. The candidates will have to analyze the problem and provide logical solutions to the problem. The time given for this section is 30 minutes. Four types of questions are asked in this section:

  • Table Analysis

  • Graphics Interpretation

  • Multi-Source Reasoning

  • Two-part Analysis

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