GMAT Syllabus 2018

Juhee Prasad Updated On: 30 Aug, 2018 14:26 IST

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GMAT 2018 Syllabus

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is an internationally organised examination for the aspirants of management studies. A number of management courses can be done from reputed business schools of India and abroad if the candidate clears GMAT with a good score. To do so it is very important that the candidate is aware of the syllabus of GMAT along with the GMAT exam pattern, only then the candidate can prepare well for the examination and score well.

The GMAT 2018 syllabus describes each subject and sections compiling the examination. The GMAT syllabus comprises of four wide sections similar to any other management entrance examination. These sections are:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment

  • Integrated Reasoning Section

  • Quantitative Section

  • Verbal Section

Each section has its essential elements that candidates must understand before they start preparing for the examination. These elements showcase the pointers that help in a better understanding of the subject matter and also helps candidates to score more. Let’s look at these pointers:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment : It is a subject framed to understand the logical thinking of the candidates by interpreting their written words. The sections ask candidates to write an essay on one of the given topics in 30 minutes. Candidates must understand the topic well, analyze the argument written, understand the reason behind the statement and write a critical review in detail along with relevant examples.

  • Integrated Reasoning Section : This is the section that deals with the understand the reasoning ability of the candidates. The questions of this section are mainly focused on evaluating and interpreting the provided data. The sub-sections of Integrated Reasoning includes Two-Part Analysis, Graphics Interpretation, Multi-Source Reasoning and Table Analysis. All the four sub-sections sums up 12 easy and tricky questions of IR.

  • Quantitative Section : The section comprising of sub-sections like Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency, is a subject-matter that focuses on the mathematical understanding of the candidates. The 31 questions of this section must be solved within 62 minutes. The topics covered under these two sub-sections are Arithmetic, Elementary Algebra and Geometry.

  • Verbal Section : Testing on verbal ability is to understand the candidates’ comprehending power. How good is the candidate in the English language is also tested by this section. The grammatical understanding and reasoning skills as tested in each question of this section. A total of 36 questions are to be answered in 65 minutes for this section of GMAT paper. The sub-sections include Sentence Correction, Rhetorical construction of Sentences, Parallelism, Synonyms-Antonyms, Critical Reasoning Reading Unseen Passages, Idioms and Subject-Verb Agreement.

GMAT Sections in Detail

Verbal Section:

In this section, candidates’ Verbal Ability skills are judged. Questions are mostly based on Reading, Sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, and Comprehension.

Type of Questions


Reading Comprehension

The focus of Reading Comprehension in the GMAT exam will be more on subjects related to business.

The Reading Comprehension questions will cover less than one-third of the Verbal section of the exam.

Critical Reasoning

These type of questions are a major part of the GMAT exam as they test your reasoning as well as analytical skills.

Sentence Completion/ Correction

GMAT comprises 14 to 15 sentence correction questions where your grammar and syntax knowledge of the language will be tested.

Importance of Vocabulary

Vocabulary is not given too much importance in the GMAT. It is more focused on testing candidates' Verbal Reasoning skills.

Quantitative Section:

This section measures candidates’ ability to reason, analyse the data and draw conclusions from the same. Candidates' basic mathematical skills are also tested in this section. Data Sufficiency and Problem-Solving questions are asked in this particular section.

Name of the Exam

Type of Questions


Data Sufficiency: These questions will comprise information in the form of two sentences and a

question will be asked. Candidates will be required to answer whether the information in the statements is sufficient to answer the question or not.

Multiple Choice Questions: These will be asked in the usual 'question and four option' format from various

topics of the mathematics section.

Analytical Writing Assessment Section:

This section of the exam will judge candidates' critical ability, wherein candidates will have to express their ideas in the exam. Here, candidates will have to give reasons for every argument, and write a critique of that argument.



Type of Essays

In the examination, you will get argumentative topics and you will have to put forth your views regarding the topic and support them with examples.

A domain of Topics

The questions come from topics related to the field of business and management. Candidates must keep track of global business news as examples are necessary to support your argument.

Integrated Reasoning Section:

This section tests the analytical, verbal and logical skills of the candidates at the same time. The questions asked will comprise daily, true-to-life problems. The candidates will have to analyze the problem and provide logical solutions to the problem. The time given for this section is 30 minutes. Four type of questions are asked in this section:

  • Table Analysis

  • Graphics Interpretation

  • Multi-Source Reasoning

  • Two-part Analysis

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