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CLAT Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

  • The coveted law entrance exam will be conducted tentatively in the month of May in online mode.
  • The online common law admission test will be conducted for two hours duration.
  • The common law admission test will comprise a total of 200 questions carrying 200 marks, wherein each question will be of one mark. The 200 questions will be asked from 5 sections including English with Comprehension, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability), Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning.
  • Candidates will have to answer each question with an appropriate response. If any question is responded with more than one option, the very question will be marked as wrong as negative marking with be applicable to the very question, even if one of the responded options is correct.
  • CLAT 2016 exam for undergraduate programmes will have 200 multiple type questions. Each correct answer carries a one mark.

Exam Topics

Total Questions

English including Comprehension


General Knowledge and Current Affairs


Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)


Legal Aptitude


Logical Reasoning




Total Marks:-200

Total Questions:-200

Total Duration:- 2 Hours

Marking system:-

Negative Marking Scheme:

  • In CLAT 2016 Entrance Exam 0.25 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer in Both Under graduation and Post-Graduation Exam.

In Case of a Tie Break

  • If two or more candidates got equal marks in CLAT 2016 entrance exam then in such a case tie break procedure will be followed according to the given situations.
  • Higher age (The higher age candidates will be selected)
  • Computerized draw of lots

Syllabus Summary

No. Of Subject 5
No. Of Unit 16
No. Of Chapter 122
  1. Critical Reasoning
  1. Number series
  2. Letter Series
  3. Series Missing Numbers
  4. Odd one out
  5. Blood Relation
  6. Calender
  7. Clock
  8. Cubes
  9. Matrix
  10. Coding Decoding
  11. Direction and Distance test
  12. Ranking Tests
  13. Sitting Arrangement
  14. Matrix Arrangements
  15. Mathematical Puzzles
  16. Venn Diagram
  17. Linear Arrangements
  1. Data Sufficiency (statement type)
  1. Strong & Weak Arguments
  2. Statements Assumptions
  3. Statements and Conclusions
  4. Statements & Inferences
  5. Course of Action
  6. Causes and Effects
  7. Syllogism
  8. Logical Deduction (based on syllogism)
  9. Verbal Classification (Odd one out)
  10. Analogies
  11. Logical Sequence of Words
  1. Comprehension
  1. Sentence­ Jumble
  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Adjective
  4. Adverbs
  5. Prepositions
  6. Articles
  7. Verbs
  8. Tense
  9. Sentence Improvement
  10. Parallelism
  11. Modifiers
  12. Subject Verb Agreement
  1. Sentence completion
  2. Analogies
  3. Synoymns
  4. Idioms and Pharses
  5. Cloze Test
  6. Homophones
  7. Confusables
  8. Migratory Words
  9. Phrasal Verbs
  10. Word Usage
  11. Antonym
  1. Indian Judiciary
  2. Banking and Finance
  3. Business
  4. Institutions of India
  5. Defence & Space
  6. Science and Technology
  7. Economics
  8. Geography
  9. History
  10. International Relations
  11. Literature
  12. Awards & Honours
  13. Movies
  14. Current Affairs
  15. Who's who
  16. Indian Constitution
  17. Politics
  18. Indian Industries
  19. Indian Agriculture
  20. Sports
  1. Hindu Law And Muslim Law
  1. Essential Elements Of Contract
  2. Types Of Contract
  3. Breach Of Contract & Damages
  4. Performance Of Contract
  5. Discharge Of Contract
  6. Specific Contracts
  1. General Defenses & Capacity
  2. Vicarious Liability & Vicarious Liability Of State
  3. Remoteness Of Damage
  4. Essentials & Defences & Nuisance
  1. General Principles
  2. Stages Of Crime Offences
  3. Right Of Private Defense Of The Body And Of Property
  1. Data interpretations
  2. Data Sufficiency
  1. Percentage 
  2. Profit, Loss and Discount
  3. Time, Speed and Distance
  4. Averages
  5. Age
  6. Pipes and Cisterns
  7. Ratio and proportion
  8. Alligation and Mixture
  9. Relative speed
  10. Compound interest
  11. Circular Track & Upstream-downstream
  12. Partnership
  1. Properties of Circles
  2. Area and Volume of 2D and 3D figures
  3. BODMAS/Simplification
  4. Quadratic equations
  5. Number System
  6. Probability 
  7. Angles, lines
  8. LCM and HCF
  9. Permutation and Combination
  10. Height and Distance
  11. Logarithm
  12. Linear Equation
  13. Indices
  14. Arithmatic and Geometric Prograssion
  15. Set Theory & Venn Diagram
  16. Geometry and Mensuration
  17. Properties of Quadrilaterals
  18. Properties of Triangles

How to prepare

Preparation Strategy
Make a proper Time Table

It is very important that you make a time table and stick to it and you will have an exact idea of what you are required to study and the time required for it.
Concept clarity rather than rote learning
It is essential that you have a clear idea of the formulas and concepts rather than rote learning of things for the papers. While you might require it for memorizing formulas it is important that for other stuff you make sure you clear your basics and concepts before moving on.
Prepare Notes
It is very important make small notes or a comprehensive list of formulas on each covered topic and chapter which will come in handy at the time of revision. This will require you to be regular with your work but will surely make things easy at the time of revision.
Revision of Class XI and XII concepts
Make sure that you revise your concepts from the syllabus of these classes before starting anything new as most of the engineering exams will be for admission to undergraduate courses and so the syllabus from class XI and XII becomes the testing ground to check students.
Seek guidance
It is not possible for you to know everything in your syllabus, at least not at the time of preparation. Sooner or later you will run into a concept or so which will give you trouble and then it is best you seek guidance from an instructor or a teacher. It is necessary that you clear your doubts at regular intervals and don’t prolong things for long. Getting into a good coaching class is nothing to be ashamed off and if anything a regular coaching class will enable you to avoid roadblocks in your preparation.
Sample Papers
Even though there may be a complete change in the exam pattern or the expected questions altogether,it is important that you practice on the sample and previous years question papers available for the engineering exam you’d be attempting. You will know the existing pattern and have a fair idea of the type of questions to expect in the paper along with the time constraint.
Mock tests
The paper pattern, duration of the paper and the number of questions to be attempted in the given amount of time is not something you will be able to pick up on the day of the examination. A Mock Test tests a student’s abilities as it not only provides a similar feel of real exams but also helps in building speed and confident to face the exam. Furthermore, they can improve their performance to get an extra edge in actual exams.  
Time management
Time management can be learnt through thorough practice and regular test taking. So it is important that you practice it and practice it well.
Negative marking
Most the entrance examinations will have negative marking and everyone would suggest you stay clear of questions are not sure about. But some experts are of the opinion that you answer the questions in which you are confused between an option or two because there will also be a chance of getting it right.

Duration : 2 Hours

Important Instructions

1. Information regarding details of intake, reservation and the courses offered along with the fee structure is available in the CLAT 2016 Information Brochure which can be seen on the CLAT 2016 website and the websites of the participating NLUs. The candidates are therefore advised to carefully go through the rules and fee structures of participating NLUs before filling the application form for UG as well as PG courses, and for the NRI/NRI Sponsored and Foreign National seats. 2. Information in the Information Brochure regarding intake, reservation, courses offered and the subjects taught at various levels including the areas of specialization, etc. are given in brief. For detailed information, the candidates are required to take a look at the information provided in the websites of the participating NLUs. 3. There shall be a centralized admission process for CLAT 2016 on the basis of merit-cum-preference. The information relating to various dates of the admission shall be placed on CLAT 2016 website ( from time to time. 4. Definition of disability for the purpose of admission shall be in accordance with Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. Disability in the act is defined to include: Blindness, low vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, loco-motor disability, mental retardation or illness. A candidate will have to produce disability certificate from competent authority in accordance with the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, at the time of admission. 5. Candidates with disabilities appearing in the Common Law Admission Test shall be entitled to an additional time of 40 minutes. 6. The candidates having impairment and those who require a scribe to write the test should intimate the same at the relevant section in the Online Application Form, citing reasonable cause and attaching attested photocopies (by a Gazetted Officer) of the relevant supporting documents such as: (a) A certificate of impairment from the competent authority(b) A statement indicating whether the scribe will be brought by the candidate or to be arranged by the CLAT authorities. The educational qualification of the scribe should be at least one standard lower than 10+2. (c) A statement indicating whether the scribe will be brought by the candidate or to be arranged by the CLAT authorities. The educational qualification of the scribe should be at least one standard lower than 10+2. (d) Documentary evidence regarding the educational qualification of the scribe (e.g. school certificate or school identity card) (e) A declaration from the scribe (if brought by the candidate) that the scribe complies with the prerequisites and he/she will not in any way help the candidate answer any question in the paper, apart from his/her regular duty of reading out the questions and clicking the correct answers. 7. For details relating to the admission of NRI/NRI sponsored candidates and the number of seats available for them, please see the information provided by the participating NLUs in the CLAT 2016 Information Brochure and their respective websites. NRI status/NRI sponsorship certificate shall be required to be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission in the concerned participating university in the format as prescribed by the university. 8. Some of the Universities will admit the NRI candidates directly whereas others will do it through CLAT 2016. Please carefully read the information provided by the participating NLUs on the subject in the CLAT 2016 Information Brochure and on the CLAT 2016 website ( 9. Only Indian nationals/NRIs are allowed to appear in the CLAT 2016. Foreign nationals are not permitted to appear in CLAT 2016. The foreign nationals desirous of taking admission to any course in any of the participating NLUs may directly contact the concerned University having seats for foreign nationals. 10. In the event of insufficient number of candidates opting to appear from a particular Test Center, the Convener, CLAT 2016, reserves the right to cancel such a center and shift the applicants to another nearby center or to a center according to the candidate’s second or third preference. 11. Information such as the category of candidate, the center of the Entrance Test and the preferences for various universities submitted by the candidates through Online Application Mode shall be final and will not be changed thereafter. 12. Allotment of seats will be made on merit-cum-preference basis according to the information furnished in the Online Application Form and during the Counselling Session, the candidates are required to read the instructions carefully and furnish correct and authentic information. In case the information furnished at any stage of admission process is found false or incorrect or there is any discrepancy or mismatch between the information furnished by the candidate at the relevant section and the certificates/documents produced at the time of admission, the provisional admission offered to the candidate shall be cancelled as per the declaration given in the Online Application Form and at other relevant places without assigning any further reason. 13. The basic principle of admission through CLAT 2016 is merit-cum-preference. However, if a candidate, at any stage of the allotment process, wants to forego his claim for the next higher preference and wants to stay with and take admission in the allotted University, or wants to quit from the admission process he/she will be given the option to do so. To exercise this option, the candidate will have to mention the same within the prescribed time limit. However, this option exercised once by the candidate will be treated as final and irrevocable, and the candidate will be deemed to have been admitted in the University opted by him/her or to be out of the admission process, as the case may be. 14. All offers of admission by CLAT 2016 shall be provisional and shall not create any right of admission in favor of a candidate. The organizing university will not be responsible for any inconvenience caused or expenditure incurred by the candidate on travel and stay, etc. 15. During the counselling session, it will be mandatory for all candidates to indicate their order of preference for all the participating Universities for the UG/PG programme. Choices once indicated will not be changed later. If a candidate fails to indicate his/her order of preference by stipulated date as notified in the CLAT Calendar, such a candidate will lose their right to participate in admission process. 16. The first indicative seat allocation list may comprise of some additional seats over and above the total available seats among the CLAT participating Universities. All these candidates shall be required to deposit the counselling fee to enable them to participate in the counselling process. If any candidate does not deposit the counselling fee by the stipulated date, he/she will lose his/her right to participate in admission process. 17. The candidates taking part in the counselling session after depositing the required amount of fee by the stipulated date and whose name appears in the waiting list, and later if such candidate fails to get a seat in any of the Universities due to non-availability of vacancy, the entire amount of Rs. 50,000/-deposited by such candidates will be refunded to him/her without any deduction.    18. In order to claim the benefit of reservation under state quota (based on one’s domicile), the candidate must produce the original certificates (i.e. SC/ST/OBC/EBC/BC/PWD/Dependants of Freedom Fighters/Dependants of Defense Personnel etc. and Domicile Certificate) issued by competent authority as required under the rules of the concerned State Government at the time of admission. The scanned copy of the same is also to be uploaded alongwith the online application form. 19. In order to claim the benefit of reservation under All India OBC/SC/ST/PWD Category the candidate must produce the caste certificates/respective certificates  as prescribed by the Government of India at the time of admission. The scanned copy of the same be also uploaded along-with the online application form. 20. As per the Ministry of Home Affairs (Government of India) Guidelines, Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) Card holders are entitled to the benefit of “Parity with Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) in respect of economic, financial and educational fields except in relation to acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties. No parity shall be allowed in the sphere of political rights.” Accordingly, the PIO and OCI Card holders will be eligible for admission under the NRI seats available in some of the member National Law Universities. Such candidates can upload the scanned copy of the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)/Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) document at the relevant section issued to them by the Competent Authority. 21. Application fee amount is non refundable and non adjustable charges.

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