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Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

Total Marks: 200

Total Questions: 200

Total Duration: 2 Hours

Marking system:

  • In CLAT Entrance Exam,there is 1 mark for every correct answer and 0.25 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

Syllabus Summary

No. Of Subject 5
No. Of Unit 16
No. Of Chapter 122
Chapters
  1. Critical Reasoning
Chapters
  1. Number series
  2. Letter Series
  3. Series Missing Numbers
  4. Odd one out
  5. Blood Relation
  6. Calender
  7. Clock
  8. Cubes
  9. Matrix
  10. Coding Decoding
  11. Direction and Distance test
  12. Ranking Tests
  13. Sitting Arrangement
  14. Matrix Arrangements
  15. Mathematical Puzzles
  16. Venn Diagram
  17. Linear Arrangements
Chapters
  1. Data Sufficiency (statement type)
Chapters
  1. Strong & Weak Arguments
  2. Statements Assumptions
  3. Statements and Conclusions
  4. Statements & Inferences
  5. Course of Action
  6. Causes and Effects
  7. Syllogism
  8. Logical Deduction (based on syllogism)
  9. Verbal Classification (Odd one out)
  10. Analogies
  11. Logical Sequence of Words
Chapters
  1. Comprehension
Chapters
  1. Sentence­ Jumble
Chapters
  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Adjective
  4. Adverbs
  5. Prepositions
  6. Articles
  7. Verbs
  8. Tense
  9. Sentence Improvement
  10. Parallelism
  11. Modifiers
  12. Subject Verb Agreement
Chapters
  1. Sentence completion
  2. Analogies
  3. Synoymns
  4. Idioms and Pharses
  5. Cloze Test
  6. Homophones
  7. Confusables
  8. Migratory Words
  9. Phrasal Verbs
  10. Word Usage
  11. Antonym
Chapters
  1. Indian Judiciary
  2. Banking and Finance
  3. Business
  4. Institutions of India
  5. Defence & Space
  6. Science and Technology
  7. Economics
  8. Geography
  9. History
  10. International Relations
  11. Literature
  12. Awards & Honours
  13. Movies
  14. Current Affairs
  15. Who's who
  16. Indian Constitution
  17. Politics
  18. Indian Industries
  19. Indian Agriculture
  20. Sports
Chapters
  1. Hindu Law And Muslim Law
Chapters
  1. Essential Elements Of Contract
  2. Types Of Contract
  3. Breach Of Contract & Damages
  4. Performance Of Contract
  5. Discharge Of Contract
  6. Specific Contracts
Chapters
  1. General Defenses & Capacity
  2. Vicarious Liability & Vicarious Liability Of State
  3. Remoteness Of Damage
  4. Essentials & Defences & Nuisance
Chapters
  1. General Principles
  2. Stages Of Crime Offences
  3. Right Of Private Defense Of The Body And Of Property
Chapters
  1. Data interpretations
  2. Data Sufficiency
Chapters
  1. Percentage 
  2. Profit, Loss and Discount
  3. Time, Speed and Distance
  4. Averages
  5. Age
  6. Pipes and Cisterns
  7. Ratio and proportion
  8. Alligation and Mixture
  9. Relative speed
  10. Compound interest
  11. Circular Track & Upstream-downstream
  12. Partnership
Chapters
  1. Properties of Circles
  2. Area and Volume of 2D and 3D figures
  3. BODMAS/Simplification
  4. Quadratic equations
  5. Number System
  6. Probability 
  7. Angles, lines
  8. LCM and HCF
  9. Permutation and Combination
  10. Height and Distance
  11. Logarithm
  12. Linear Equation
  13. Indices
  14. Arithmatic and Geometric Prograssion
  15. Set Theory & Venn Diagram
  16. Geometry and Mensuration
  17. Properties of Quadrilaterals
  18. Properties of Triangles

How to prepare

Around 23,000 students wrote CLAT in 2015 and 30,000 students  in 2016, the number is expected to grow substantially in coming years. In a sense, the competition in CLAT isn’t as high as most of the entrance examinations like in Engineering and Medical colleges. However, any student aiming for the best law schools in India should have a cstrategy in his/her mind right from the beginning of his/her preparation and should focus highly on practicing from diverse sources. Last but surely not the least, they should keep themselves updated of all current affairs happening around the the World all through his preparation journey.

The trick is to understand that not all subjects are equally important. An efficient preparation of English will also prepare you for Critical Reasoning (this section of CLAT paper was solely comprised of Critical Reasoning type questions), as well as Legal Reasoning, in addition to English. Also, preparation of Mathematics will also prepare you for Analytical Reasoning (Puzzles, coding-decoding etc) as skills require to master both these subjects are largely similar.  

The strategy should be to devote the maximum amount of time in mastering subjects with compound effect (i.e. Mathematics and English). Do lot of practice in GK as well. The inclusion of subjects like Static General Knowledge and Legal General Knowledge has generally been criticized, and it is a usual consensus that even more importance must be given to subjects like Logic and Legal Reasoning. Remember that 75 GK (along with Legal GK) questions are there and anyone having command over GK can not only score with ease but also with less time.

Another strategy for quickly improving scores is by solving as many Mocks as possible, and more importantly, giving enough time to yourself for analyzing these Mocks.  
Suggested Materials for Preparation for all sections

  • Logical Reasoning Quantitative Ability – Books from a reputed publisher by any good Author
  • GK and English: Pratiyogita Darpan and Competition Success Review.  
  • Reasoning: Books from Pearson or Arihant publications.

Duration : 2 Hours

Important Instructions

Important Instructions for the Candidates

  •  Information regarding the details of intake, reservation policies and the courses offered along with the fee structures of various participating National Law Universities is available in the CLAT Information Brochure which can be accessed from the official website of CLAT and also from the websites of the participating NLUs. The candidates are, therefore, advised to thoroughly go through the rules and fee structures of the participating NLUs before filling in the application form for UG as well as PG courses, and also for the NRI/NRI Sponsored and Foreign National seats.
  •  Information provided in the e-Brochure regarding the intake, reservation policy, courses offered and the subjects taught at various levels including the areas of specialization, etc. has been specified very briefly. For detailed information regarding the same, the candidates may refer to the information available at the websites of the participating NLUs.
  •  Definition of disability for the purpose of admission under Specially Abled Persons (SAP) category shall be in accordance with Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. Disability in the Act is defined to include: Blindness, low vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, loco-motor disability, mental retardation or illness. A candidate will have to produce a Disability Certificate form the competent authority in accordance with the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, at the time of admission.
  •  Specially Abled Persons (SAP) appearing in the Common Law Admission Test shall be entitled to a compensatory time of 40 minutes.
  •  Candidates having impairment and those who require a scribe to appear for the test must specify the same in the relevant column of the Online Application Form, citing suitable justification for the purpose and also by uploading he photo copies of the supporting documents (duly attested by a Gazetted Officer). The relevant documents must include; (a) A certificate of impairment from a competent authority.
  •  A statement indicating whether the scribe will be brought by the candidate or needs to be arranged by the CLAT authorities.
  •  A declaration from the scribe (if brought by the candidate) that the scribe complies with the preconditions and he/she will not in any way help the candidate answer any question in the paper, apart from his/her regular duty of reading out the questions and marking/clicking the correct answers.
  • With regards to the admission of NRI/NRI sponsored candidates and the number of seats available for them at different NLUs, the detailed information is available in the e-Brochure of CLAT and in the websites of the respective participating Universities. For availing a seat against the NRI status, appropriate certificate shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission in the concerned participating university in the format as prescribed by the University.
  • Only Indian Nationals/NRIs/NRI Sponsored Candidates are allowed to appear in the CLAT Examination. Foreign Nationals are not permitted to appear in CLAT. However, the Foreign Nationals desirous of seeking admission to any of the UG/PG courses in any of the participating NLUs may directly contact the concerned Universities having seats for foreign nationals.
  • In the event of insufficient or extra number of candidates opting to appear from a particular Test Centre, the Convenor, CLAT, reserves the right to cancel such a centre and shift the applicants to another nearby centre or to a centre according to the candidate’s second or third preference.
  • No alteration / editing in the online application form can be done after submission of form. The information once furnished by the candidate with regard to the category to which the candidate belongs, the preference order for the centre of the Entrance Test and the preference order for seeking admission to various participating universities submitted by the candidates through Online Application Mode shall be final and no change whatsoever, shall be allowed thereafter.
  • The candidates are required to read the instructions carefully and furnish correct and authentic information. In case the information furnished at any stage of admission process is found to be false or incorrect or if there is any discrepancy or mismatch between the information furnished by the candidate at the relevant section and the certificates/documents produced at the time of admission, the provisional admission offered to the candidate shall stand cancelled as per the declaration given in the Online Application Form and at other relevant places without assigning any further reason.
  • The basic principle of admission through CLAT is merit-cum-preference. The order of NLUs in CLAT website is as per their year of establishment. If a candidate, at any stage of the allotment/admission process, wants to forego his/her claim for another preference specified by him/her and wants to seek admission in an allotted University, or wants to quit from the admission process, he/she will be given the option to do so. To exercise this option, the candidate will have to mention the same within the prescribed time limit. However, this option once exercised by the candidate will be treated as final and irrevocable, and the candidate will be deemed to have been admitted in the University opted by him/her or to have quitted out of the admission process, as the case may be.
  • All offers of admission under CLAT shall be provisional and shall not create any right of admission in favour of a candidate.
  • The organizing/participating university will not in any way be responsible for any inconvenience caused or expenditure incurred by the candidate on travel, stay, etc. while seeking admission in a particular participating University.
  • In order to claim the benefit of reservation under State quota (based on one’s domicile), the candidate must produce at the time of admission, the original certificates (i.e. SC / ST/ OBC/EBC/ BC/SAP (Specially Abled Persons)/ Dependants of Freedom Fighters/Dependants of Defence Personnel, etc.) and Domicile Certificate issued by competent authority as required under the rules of the concerned State Government.
  • In order to claim the benefit of reservation under All India OBC/SC/ST/SAP (Specially Abled Persons) Category the candidate must produce the relevant certificates as prescribed by the Government of India/State Government as required by the respective NLUs at the time of admission.
  • As per the Ministry of Home Affairs (Government of India) Guidelines, Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) Card holders are entitled to the benefit of “Parity with Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) in respect of economic, financial and education fields except in relation to acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties. No parity shall be allowed in the sphere of political rights.” Accordingly, the PIO and OCI Card holders will be eligible for admission under the NRI seats available in some of the member National Law Universities.
  • The CLAT application fee is non-refundable and non-adjustable.
  • Participating National Law Universities reserve the right to change the total number of seats and break-up of seats as per their policy before the final allotment. Reservation policy is subject to change as decided by the concerned State Government from time to time.
  • If a candidate has filled-in more than one online application form, the candidate’s last online application form only will be considered In such a  case no application fee of the previous application forms will be returned.
  • NRI/NRI Sponsored categories application forms will be generated by concerned NLUs and it will be uploaded on the respective NLUs website.

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES REGARDING ADMISSION AGAINST NRI/NRI SPONSORED/FOREIGN NATIONAL/OTHER SUPERNUMERARY SEATS  

  • Candidates seeking admission against NRI/NRI Sponsored/Foreign National/Other Supernumerary Seats are advised to visit the respective University’s website to check the policy of each participating NLU pertaining to the same.
  • Candidates are further advised to visit the website of each participating NLU for information, guidelines related to and the necessary documents (in proper format) required for admission under the NRI/NRI Sponsored/Foreign National/Other Supernumerary Seats.
  • No document needs to be uploaded with the online application form in relation to admissions under the NRI/NRI Sponsored/Foreign National/Other Supernumerary Seats. All relevant documents in the original shall be required to be produced at the time of admission.

CLARIFICATIONS REGARDING NRI/NRI SPONSORED CATEGORY

In response to the queries of the prospective applicants it is hereby clarified that:

a. Unreserved category Candidate who has already applied or will apply for admission under the NRI / NRI Sponsored Category can also be considered for admission under All India Unreserved category as per CLAT Rules and regulations about admission.
b. In order to avail the benefit of NRI/NRI Sponsored Category, such candidates of SC/ST/OBC/SAP categories shall also be below 20 years of age as on 1st July 2017.

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