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TANCET M.E./ M.Tech - Earth Sciences Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

The question paper will have three parts.

  • Part-I and Part-II are compulsory and under Part-III the candidates have to answer the section which has been chosen at the time of registration.

Total Questions- 100

Part- I- 20 Questions

Part- II- 35 Questions but correct answers up to 20

Part-III- 60 to 65 Questions but correct answers up to 60

Total Marks- 100

Test duration- 2 Hours

Marking System –

Part-I -

  • For correct answer 1 and for the wrong answer is 1/3.

  • Multiple shading will be considered as the wrong answer and 1/3 mark will be reduced.


  • All the correct answers up to 20 will be awarded marks and all the wrong answers shall be taken into consideration for awarding negative marks.

  • Multiple shading will be considered as the wrong answer and 1/3 mark will be reduced.


  • All the correct answers up to 60 will be awarded marks and all the wrong answers shall be taken into consideration for awarding negative marks.

  • Multiple shading will be considered as the wrong answer and 1/3 mark will be reduced.

Syllabus Summary

No. Of Subject 3
No. Of Unit 22
No. Of Chapter 93
  1. Composition, Structure and Thickness
  2. Weathering and Soil Formation
  3. Landforms
  1. Silicate Crystal Structure
  2. Determinative Mineralogy of Common Rock Forming Minerals
  1. Size, Shape, Internal Structure and composition of Earth
  2. Concept of Isostasy
  1. Geochronology and Absolute Time
  2. Stratigraphic principles
  3. Geological and Geographical Distribution
  4. Introduction to Remote Sensing
  5. Engineering properties of Rocks and Soils
  6. Ground Water Geology
  1. Mineralogy and Classification of Rocks
  1. Earthquakes
  2. Volcanism and Mountain Building
  1. Stress, Strain and Material Response
  2. Brittle and Ductile Deformation
  3. Nomenclature and Classification of Folds and Faults
  1. Basic Crystal Symmetry
  2. Concept of Point Groups
  1. Body and Surface Waves
  2. Propagation of Body Waves in Earth’s Interior
  3. Gravitational field of the Earth
  4. Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
  5. Continental Drift
  1. Geophysical Signal Processing
  2. Fourier series
  3. Z-transform and Wavelet Transform
  4. Geophysical well-logging
  5. Quantitative Evaluation
  6. Application of Bore Hole Geophysics
  1. Laplace, Maxwell and Helmholtz Equations
  2. Green’s Theorem
  3. Image Theory
  4. Eikonal Equation and Ray theory
  1. Elastic properties of Earth Materials
  2. Land and Marine Seismic Sources
  3. Seismic Noises and Noise Profile Analysis
  4. 2D and 3D Seismic Data Acquisition
  5. Reservoir Geophysics
  1. Different Motions of the Earth
  2. Paleomagnetism
  3. Geothermics and heat flow
  4. Earthquakes-Causes and Measurements
  5. Seismotectonics and Seismic Hazards
  6. Digital Seismographs
  1. Ore Forming Processes
  2. Fluid Inclusions
  3. Coal and petroleum geology
  4. Marine Mineral Resources
  5. Economic Mineral Deposits
  6. Ore dressing and Mineral Economics
  1. Sedimentary processes and Environments
  2. Sedimentary Facies, Provenance and Basin Analysis
  1. Energy Sources and Radiation Principles
  2. Aerial-Photo Interpretation
  3. Digital processing of Satellite Images
  4. GIS – Basic Concepts
  1. Metamorphism and Metamorphic Facies
  2. Metamorphism of pelitic
  3. Role of Fluids in Metamorphism
  4. Metamorphic P-T-t paths
  5. Morphology
  1. Rocks as Construction Materials
  2. Role of Geology
  3. Natural Hazards
  4. Ground Water Geology
  5. Well Hydraulics
  1. Principles of Stratigraphy
  2. Indian Sstratigraphy – Precambrian and Phanerozoic
  3. Himalayan Geology
  1. Geomorphic Processes and Agents
  2. Development and Evolution of Landforms
  3. Slope and Drainage
  4. Processes in Deep Oceanic
  5. Quantitative and Applied Geomorphology
  6. Mechanism of rock deformation
  7. Cleavage, Schistosity and Lineation
  8. Methods of Projection
  9. Tectonites and their Significance
  10. Basement-Cover Relationship
  1. Classification, Forms and Textures
  2. Magmatic Differentiation
  3. Binary and Ternary Phase Diagrams
  1. Crystal Chemistry
  2. Optical Mineralogy
  3. Cosmic Abundance of Elements
  4. Meteorites
  5. Geochemical Evolution of the Earth
  6. Geochemical Cycles
  7. Geochemical Thermodynamics
  8. Isotope Geochemistry

How to prepare

Preparation Strategy

Make a proper Time Table

 It is very important that you make a time table and stick to it and you will have an exact idea of what you are required to study and the time required for it. 

Concept clarity rather than rote learning

 It is essential that you have a clear idea of the formulas and concepts rather than rote learning of things for the papers. While you might require it for memorizing formulas it is important that for other stuff you make sure you clear your basis and concepts before moving on.

Prepare Notes

It is very important make small notes or a comprehensive list of formulas on each covered topic and chapter which will come in handy at the time of revision. This will require you to be regular with your work but will surely make things easy at the time of revision.

Revision of Class XI and XII concepts

Make sure that you revise your concepts from the syllabus of these classes before starting anything new as most of the engineering exams will be for admission to undergraduate courses and so the syllabi from class XI and XII becomes the testing ground to check students.

Seek guidance

It is not possible for you to know everything in your syllabus, at least not at the time of preparation. Sooner or later you will run into a concept or so which will give you trouble and then it is best you seek guidance from an instructor or a teacher. It is necessary that you clear your doubts at regular intervals and don’t prolong things for long. Getting into a good coaching class is nothing to be ashamed off and if anything a regular coaching class will enable you to avoid roadblocks in your preparation.

Sample Papers

Even though there may be a complete   change in the exam pattern or the expected questions altogether,it is important that you practice on the sample and previous years question papers available for the engineering exam you’d be attempting. You will know the existing pattern and have a fair idea of the type of questions to expect in the paper along with the time constraint. 

Mock tests

The paper pattern, duration of the paper and the number of questions to be attempted in the given amount of time is not something you will be able to pick up on the day of the examination. A Mock Test tests a student’s abilities as it not only provides a similar feel of real exams but also helps in building  speed and confident to face the exam. Furthermore, they can improve their performance to get an extra edge in actual exams. Try to build up an Engineering Entrance Exam Test Prep MCQ Question Bank 

Time management

Time management can be learnt through thorough practice and regular test taking. So it is important that you practice it and practice it well.

Negative marking

Most the entrance examinations will have negative marking and everyone would suggest you stay clear of questions are not sure about. But some experts are of the opinion that you answer the questions in which you are confused between an option or two because there will also be a chance of getting it right.

Duration : 120 Minutes

Important Instructions

i) Candidates must reach the examination venue at least half an hour (30 minutes) before the start of the examination ii) Candidates will not be allowed to enter the examination hall half an hour (30 minutes) after the start of the examination, i.e. 10.00 am iii) Candidates will be allowed to leave the examination hall only after one hour from the start of the examination, i.e. 10.30 am iv) Use of log tables and calculators in the examination hall are not allowed v) Candidates must bring their own pen, pencil, eraser and other stationeries vi) Candidates must bring their Admit Card and Identity Card to the examination hall vii) Mobile phone and other electronic gadgets are not allowed inside examination