A report of the government has revealed that out of all the publications that are produced by Indian researchers, only 15.8 per cent are featured in the top 10 journals globally. The report has laid emphasis on the dire need to focus on the overall quality of research in the country.
If we talk about the global level, the UK has 37.3 per cent of its research work that is published in the top ten journals, followed by the US and Germany with 36.2 per cent and 33.4 per cent respectively. The total research work of China that gets published in these ten journals is 27.6 per cent. India ranks fifth with 15.8 per cent of its research work reaching the global research publication.
These ranks for the global research publication output were given by the Scimago Journal Rankings. The countries of China, Germany, the UK, and the US continue to hold the leading positions in these world rankings in terms of qualitative and quantitative research both.
The EQUIP (Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme) report given by the Human Resource Development Ministry addressed this concern and backed it up with reasons. It said that only a sizeable number of research and technology universities and institutions are spread across the country inclusive of self-financed and government-funded institutions. In spite of the government making such huge investments, the quality of research and innovation is not at par with the current global standards. Additionally, none of these institutions come under the top 100 research and innovation (R&I) institutions of the world. The quality of the workforce that is produced by these universities and institutions are also not among the best throughout the world.
The quality of academic research that is being produced by Indian scholars has become a major concern for the UGC (University Grants Commission). It has released a list of journals and only the research work that is published in those journals is going to be considered for academic credit.
The EQUIP report has also called for an increment in the share of investments for the sole purpose of being able to achieve global standards in research and innovation.