Engineering Colleges in India vs Abroad

By Sristy Sharma Updated On - Dec 27, 2021 05:31 PM

Has the increasing competition for admission in top Indian engineering colleges left you in a state of worry? Try your luck by applying to universities abroad and live your dream of studying in one of the world's best engineering colleges.

While the top engineering colleges in India have a great reputation across the globe, you will usually see some of the popular engineering schools abroad making it to the top of world university rankings. And there are plenty of reasons behind it! Be it the infrastructure, innovative pedagogy or interaction with people from diverse backgrounds, studying engineering in a foreign university can be an extremely fulfilling experience.

In India, engineering aspirants have to take a lot of stress over which Indian engineering college to get into, majorly due to the complex selection process, fierce competition and limited seats. IITs, NIT and other prestigious colleges witness the highest competition. With limited seats and innumerable applications, even the most deserving candidates end up compromising with their college preferences or even the specialisation. However, you will not face such problems while applying at a foreign university, as there are plenty of options with attractive course combinations. The standard of education is on par, or even better in majority of the cases. Career prospects will be plenty once you graduate from an overseas university.

If you have not been able to land a seat in any of the top engineering colleges in India, then may it's time for you to change your gear and try your luck at a university abroad.

Getting admission in a foreign engineering college is no cakewalk either but you can get in touch with us and we will help you connect with the world-class institutions that offer global opportunities to the students.

Let Us Help You Apply to the Best Engineering Schools Abroad!

Also Read: All About Pursuing a STEM Degree Abroad: Scope, Advantages, Job Prospects

Engineering Colleges in India vs Engineering Schools Abroad

There are plenty of differences when it comes to studying in an Indian engineering college and pursuing the same stream in a foreign university. We've highlighted some of them here. 

Single Entrance Exam: Unlike India where you have to apply and appear for multiple engineering entrance exams before getting admisson in a decent engineering college, universities abroad consider your 12th class scores (which of course have to be excellent) from a recognised board, and English Language proficiency exams such as TOEFL, IELTS, PTE, along with standardised exams such as SAT or ACT. The candidates just have to ensure taking the right exam out of these as test requirements vary from university to university. At the Masters level, GRE is the only exam that one has to take in order to apply for admission in a Graduate Engineering program. Good news is that many US universities have made it optional for students to appear for these tests after the world was hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.

World Ranking: IITs have a great global reputation and consistently feature in the World University Rankings. In the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings by Subject 2020, IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay ranked among the top 50 engineering colleges, which was the first time for any Indian institute. However, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Stanford University and University of Cambridge took the top three spots. In the QS World University Ranking, six basic parameters are considered for scoring the institutes - Academic Reputation, Faculty Student, Citations per Faculty, International Faculty, International Students and Employer Reputation. As per a report on NDTV, Indian institutes lag behind in World University Rankings despite scoring better on academic paramters, because of lack of International Faculty and International Students.

Infrastructure: The theoretical aspect of any engineering program also includes some sort of practical application of knowledge. This practical application at foreign engineering schools is applied in the guided environment of college laboratories under the faculty’s supervision. They help the students perform controlled experiments and gain a better understanding of the theoretical concepts. This portion forms about 50-60% of the course programs. In order to allow the students to properly understand the experiments, it is necessary to provide them with the proper and quality infrastructure, which universities abroad are well-known for. Foreign Universities have large campus areas as well as high-quality equipment.

Flexible Programs: In India, students do not have the option of unconventional course combinations and they are forced to pick a traditional program. In a foreign university, you have a variety of options, even at the Bachelors level. Whether you want to go with conventional choices like Mechanical or Civil Engineering, or some of the emerging and more cutting-edge course options like Robotics and Photovoltaics, universities abroad have a range of programs for students. Your overall study experience become priceless when you get access to top class facilities in addition to these innovative programs.

Practical Training: In India, practical training includes a brief period of internship with a company or organisation that may or may not eventually offer placement after graduation. This internship goes on for only 4 months and is offered at the very end of the course program. Foreign universities make sure that students engage in internships, student clubs, either on their own or with the help of the university during their semester break, usually beginning from the second year or the third semester of the course program. Apart from this, universities also motivate students to take up internships or freelance projects on their own to earn certificates and experience to kickstart their careers.

Career Opportunities: Due to the reputation and higher ranking of foreign universities, students have better chances at career opportunities, not only in India but globally. In fact, on the basis of the employment opportunities available to students all around the world, QS ranks universities on the basis of employer reputation. Foreign universities always score higher in such rankings, which means that their students have better chances of landing jobs.

Research Opportunities: In case of opportunities after program completion, students can get into the Research and Developmental sector. Here, graduates can choose to join either universities or Authorised Research Centres as researchers or scientists. In 2021, the R&D sector of the USA was 2.88% of the total GDP of the country and 1.73% of the UK, while the Indian R&D sector was limited to 0.86% of the National GDP. The quality of equipment and Research laboratories which foreign nationals provide to students and graduates far exceed the standards of the Indian R&D sector, making better opportunities available for the graduates.

Cultural Tolerance: Foreign university campuses are known to be welcoming towards international students with the provision of community and cross-cultural exchange programs. In fact, many foreign universities are often recognised and awarded for encouraging and promoting cultural diversity and internationalisation on campus. Whether through their services or program curriculum, universities are continuously striving to make campuses safer and better for foreign students. 

Now that you know the major differences between studying in an engineering college and pursuing engineering abroad, we hope that you will be able to make an informed decision.

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Also Read: Top Countries to Study a STEM Degree

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