IELTS Advantage and Disadvantage Essays - Topics and Sample Questions

S

Samarpita Goswami
Updated on Aug 16, 2022 04:19 PM IST

An IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay is a common type of essay topic asked in the IELTS exam. Read the article to know how to write about the benefits and downsides of a particular topic.

IELTS Advantage and Disadvantage Essays - Topics and Sample Questions
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IELTS Advantage and disadvantage essay is a type of essay that comes as a question in Writing Task 2. Basically, you will be presented with a situation and you will have to write about the positive and negative sides of the topic. However, you do not have to give a conclusive opinion of your own.

As you might already know, the IELTS gives special importance to the Writing section and it is important to learn how to frame your IELTS Writing task answers and fetch a high band score.

To help you to understand IELTS advantage and disadvantage essays better, we have provided the format and tips to draft an essay that can help you score a band 9. You will also learn effective ways to produce ideas for your essay.

You can take the help of our test prep services to learn to craft perfect band 9 IELTS essays.

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What is the IELTS Writing Task 2?

IELTS Writing Task 2 in both IELTS General Training and IELTS Academic is the same and candidates are evaluated on similar criteria. Test takers need to write an essay on the topic that is asked on the test, keeping in mind that the tone of the essay should be formal and within 250 words. The total duration of the IELTS essay is 40 minutes.

Questions asked in Task 2 are presented in a way that makes it difficult for students to discern what is to be written out of it. Therefore, it is important to know the categories under which the essays fall. The various types of IELTS essays that are asked in the exam are given below:

  • Discussion-Based Essays: A point of view from both sides of an essay has to be written in this type of essay.

  • Opinion-Based Essays: Here, you have to present an argument both for and against the topic. You also have to provide your own opinion in the end. 

  • Direct Question-Based Essays: One or two questions will be provided and you will have to frame an answer for the same.

  • Solution-Based Essays: A problem will be presented in the essay question and you will have to write a solution in the essay.

  • Advantage and Disadvantage Based Essays: The main part of this type of essay is to write both advantages and disadvantages of a particular proposition.

What are IELTS Advantages and Disadvantages Essays?

In an IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay, you will have to propose both the positive and negative sides of an opinion. You must write the reasons as well as examples to support your ideas. 

In this type of essay, there are three types of questions that you may be asked.

  • The first type is where you will be given a statement and asked if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. 

  • In the second type, you will be plainly asked to write both the advantages and disadvantages of the statement.

  • In the third type, you have to write the advantages and disadvantages and give your opinion.

You should be careful to differentiate between the slight nuances of the questions. In the first type, you will have to provide your opinion whereas in the second type, you only have to state the facts and in the third type, you have to provide your opinion along with the arguments. Now let us hand-hold you through the format of IELTS advantage and disadvantage essays.

Structure of IELTS Advantage and Disadvantage Essays

The essay structure of the advantages and disadvantages essay of IELTS is simple. You can plan and write a good-quality essay by following this structure.

  • First, you will have to analyse the question well and paraphrase it. 

  • The essay should be divided into an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion. 

  • Add specific examples in the body to support the answer.

  • Make sure that your essay is balanced.

How to Write an Introduction?

The introduction of the IELTS advantage and disadvantage essay is very important. It strikes the keynote of the essay. 

  • You can start the essay by paraphrasing the question that has been stated. 

  • Also, add a sentence where you highlight the main points.

  • Give your opinion only if asked in the question.

How to Write Main Body Paragraphs?

The two body paragraphs must contain the advantages and disadvantages essay of IELTS respectively. Here, you will have to write a detailed description of both the benefits and negatives of the given topic.

  • Paragraph 1 - In the first paragraph of the body, you will have to:

    • Mention the advantages,

    • Write a sentence explaining the advantages, and

    • Give an example to describe the advantage.

  • Paragraph 2 - The second paragraph should focus on:

    • The disadvantages, 

    • A break-down of the disadvantages and

    • An example to support your claim.     

How to Write a Conclusion?

The conclusion is equally important as the introduction and it should contain:

  • Summary of the opinion, and

  • Your own opinion( if asked for).

IELTS Advantage and Disadvantage Essays: Assessment Criteria

As stated above, you have to write the opportunities and obstacles related to the essay topic. When your advantages and disadvantages IELTS essay will be evaluated, the things which will be assessed are:

  • Task Response: How appropriately you have responded to the essay?

  • Coherence and Cohesion: This assessment criterion checks how well you have paraphrased the topic, used linking words and the number of paragraphs written in response to the advantages and disadvantages essay.

  • Lexical Resource: You are marked on the formal tone of the essay along with the use of collation, idioms and sentence construction. You should avoid using the wrong words.

  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy: Proper punctuation, tense, syntax, and sentence structure must be used to fulfil this evaluation criterion.

Vocabulary for Advantages and Disadvantages Essay 

While writing an advantages and disadvantages essay IELTS, it is necessary to use the correct vocabulary or lexical resources. You must keep in mind to use transitional expressions in moderation and not overdo it. 

Here is a comprehensive compilation of all the vocabulary that can be used for writing the advantages and disadvantages essay IELTS task 2:

To begin the essay

  • It appears that…

  • The essay will argue…

  • The essay will show…

  • The essay will examine…

  • It is often said…

To list down advantages and disadvantages

  • The main advantage/disadvantage is…

  • Another advantage/disadvantage is…

  • First of all…

  • Second of all…

To write an example

  • For instance…

  • For example…

To add more points

  • However…

  • In addition…

  • Furthermore…

  • Besides…

  • Otherwise…

  • In addition…

To conclude

  • Thereby…

  • Hence…

  • However…

  • Thus…

  • In conclusion…

  • To sum up…

  • To paraphrase…

  • To illustrate…

  • Nevertheless…

Tips to Write IELTS Advantage and Disadvantage Essays

Writing an advantages and disadvantages essay is not a grilling task. Some of the tips which you can use to write advantage and disadvantage essays IELTS are:

  • Understand what the question is asking for before answering.

  • You can jot down the key points connected to the essay.

  • Write the introduction in simple language. Instead of wholly copying from the question, write it in your own words.

  • List down the advantages and disadvantages in proper order.

  • Do not exceed the word limit of the essay. Make the introduction and conclusion brief.

  • You should follow the set essay structure recommended here.

  • Use a variety of linking words and sentences to make the essay attractive.

  • Do not write a hackneyed essay copied from some books or online resources. Always craft your own essay by using your intelligence.

  • Practice a variety of advantages and disadvantages essays to master the craft.

Advantages and Disadvantages Essay Topics

If you wish to practice the IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay topics, here are some of the topics from the previous year's IELTS essays:

  • The rise of convenience foods has helped people keep up with the speed of the modern lifestyle. What are the advantages of these trends? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

  • People nowadays tend to have children at an older age. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

  • Some people believe that unemployed people should be made to work for their welfare/benefit payments. Others, however, see this as cheap labour. Discuss the possible advantages and disadvantages of making unemployed people take any job. Do you believe that making unemployed people work is a good idea?

  • Some people say patriotism causes problems and is negative overall. Others feel that it is beneficial for society at large. Do the advantages of patriotism outweigh its disadvantages?

  • The development of tourism contributed to English becoming the most prominent language in the world. Some people think this will lead to English becoming the only language to be spoken globally. What are the advantages and disadvantages to having one language in the world?

  • It is important for people to take risks, in both their professional lives and personal lives. Do the advantages of taking these risks outweigh the disadvantages?

  • In some cultures, children are often told that they can achieve anything If they try hard enough. What are the advantages and disadvantages of giving children this message?

  • An increasing number of people are buying what they need online. What are the advantages and disadvantages for both individuals and companies to shop online?

  • Many people are now opting to provide technology companies with their personal data in exchange for access to the software. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

  • In many cities, many people are living in apartments and condominiums. Do these types of accommodations offer more advantages or disadvantages?

You can nail the IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay with proper vocabulary, grammar and correct format. Writing a proper essay is the most important for scoring a good IELTS band. With the proper and logical organisation, you can ace the advantage and disadvantage essay.

If you have any queries related to IELTS essays or other IELTS writing tasks, get in touch with us at abroad@collegedekho.com.

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FAQs

How much time do you get to write IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

The time that you get to write an IELTS advantage and disadvantages essay is 40 minutes. It is the same for all types of IELTS essays. Hence, you have to plan, organise and write the essays within 40 minutes and you will have to be very quick for this activity. 

What is the word limit of IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

The word limit of the IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay is 250. Hence, you should remember not to cross the word limit as it may negatively affect your band score. Needless to say, the essay writing should be crisp and to the point without writing unnecessary information.

How do you write advantages outweigh disadvantages essay in IELTS?

You can write advantages outweigh disadvantages essay in IELTS by first brainstorming ideas supporting both sides. As this type of question asks for your opinion, you will have to give your take on it in the introduction and conclusion of the essay. Also, you can explain if the given proposition has more advantages than disadvantages or not.

Where can I get a sample of IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

You can get a sample of IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays online or in IELTS books for Writing Task 2. The samples provide a comprehensive structure for you to follow and after reading and practising those topics, you can gain an idea of how to write IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays.

For how long do you need to practice IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

You can practice IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays for a week as there are other topics also to be practised. Once you are well acquainted with the structure, you can easily use it to write different types of essays. However, to write good advantages and disadvantages essays, it is important to think of the best-suited arguments to write down.

How many paragraphs do you need to write in IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

You need to write four paragraphs in the IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays. The first paragraph is the introduction to the essay, the second and third paragraphs are the main body of the essay and the fourth paragraph is the concluding portion. All the paragraphs should be well balanced with arguments and examples.

How to score band 9 in IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay?

You can score band 9 in the IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay with consistent practice and adhering to the formula of writing an essay. That being said, the most important thing which you need to do is to read the question carefully and identify the type of advantages and disadvantages essay given. You will then have to brainstorm ideas and pen them in a logical sequence.

What are the other types of essays apart from IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

The other types of essays apart from the IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays are opinion-based essays, discussion essays, solution essays and direct question essays. Now that you know all the types of IELTS essays, you should practice them frequently to get a good IELTS score.

Do I need to give examples in IELTS advantages and disadvantages essays?

Yes, you need to give examples in IELTS advantage and disadvantage essays to support your answer. The examples are to be given in two parts. First, you need to cite examples after writing the advantages and then you will have to write along with the disadvantages.

How can I get feedback on my IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay while practising?

You can get feedback on your IELTS advantages and disadvantages essay while practising through experts in the field. You can take the help of our test prep services where there are expert mentors to guide you to craft perfect essays and give feedback on your essays.

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