GMAT Exam Pattern

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Aarushi Jain
Jul 11, 2022 5:15 PM IST

GMAT Exam Pattern 2022

Candidates preparing for the test must first understand the GMAT exam pattern as defined by GMAC, to get a better idea of the structure of the test, type of questions asked, level of difficulty and time alloted to each question.

GMAT is a Computer Adaptive Test that is divided into four sections - Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning. The test is designed to analyse various skills of  candidates like critical thinking ability, analytical thinking ability, verbal communication and English language skills as demonstrated below:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment (AWS): This section is used to measure the analytical thinking abilities of the candidate and their abilities to communicate ideas.

  • Integrated Reasoning: In this section, data and information is presented in multiple formats. The candidate’s abilities to analyse data and information is analysed in this section.

  • Quantitative Reasoning: This section is used to measure the critical thinking abilities of the candidate. The candidate needs to analyse the data and draw conclusions from it.

  • Verbal Reasoning: This section is used to analyse the English Language skills of the candidate. The candidate will have to read and understand paragraphs and answer the questions.

All four sections of the GMAT have different sets of questions and different time slots. GMAT test takers have the option to choose the sequence of attempting the sections before the start of the test. The candidate must make the choice wisely based on their strength and preferences.

Students aspiring to attempt the world-renowned test can get expert guidance from highly trained and experienced faculty through our test-prep services. You can get yourself personalised evaluation sessions to monitor your preparation progress, as well as access to customised question pools, quizzes, and result-oriented stratgies to ace the test.

GMAT is a gateway for candidates to study different management courses like MBA, PGP and PGDM in top-notch B- Schools abroad like UCLA; Harvard University; University of California-Berkely; University of Manchester; Cleveland State University; Middlesex University Dubai; Hofstra University and several other popular B-Schools in countries like the USA, UK, Canada, Singapore, Australia, etc.

GMAT COVID-19 Update

GMAT can now be taken in a new online format introduced due to the Coronavirus pandemic, which candidates can take twice in a 12-month rolling period. In the new updated GMAT 2022 online format, the Analytical Writing Assessment section has been added. Applicants will also be allowed to attempt the exam sections in the GMAT online exam in any order they deem comfortable.

Want to Score 700+ on the GMAT?

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GMAT Online Exam Pattern 2022

Launched during the pandemic, GMAT Online Exam is an initiative by the GMAC authority to allow the candidates easy and comfortable access to the exam in trying times. However, the exam patter for GMAT Online test remains the same as the offline mode, which include:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

  • Integrated Reasoning

  • Quantitative

  • Verbal

There are certain features which makes GMAT online exam more preferred for the candidates:

  • AWA section has some questions related to critical thinking as well other than analytical writing ones.

  • Candidates are at ease and in control to choose for the ‘section order’ which is most suitable for them.

  • There are two 8 minutes optional breaks available.

  • When the exam completes the candidates are able to view their unofficial score and have the option to accept or cancel the scores.

  • Candidates have an option of scheduling GMAT online 6 months in advance. The registration is available on a rolling basis.

Highlights of GMAT 2022 Exam Pattern

Check out the following GMAT 2022 exam pattern highlights to get a clearer understanding of the exam:

GMAT Exam Duration

3 hours and 7 minutes, plus two optional 8-minute breaks (GMAT Online)

3.5 hours (GMAT Exam)

Total Number of Sections

04 (for both GMAT Online and GMAT Exam)

Total Number of Questions


Mode of GMAT Exam

Online and at Test Centre

Medium of Instruction


Negative Marking


GMAT Online Exam 2022 Section Order

GMAT allows the candidates to choose one among three alternatives on the basis of the first section they choose to attempt. The following section orders are available and candidates are advised to choose as per the sections they find easier to attempt:

  • AWA, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, Verbal

  • Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, AWA

  • Quantitative, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, AWA

In all three options AWA and Integrated Reasoning have to be attempted in a single sitting and breaks shall not be available between these two sections.

Subject-Wise Distribution of Questions in GMAT 2022

The subject-wise distribution of questions in GMAT Online and GMAT Exam 2022, according to the latest exam pattern, are given in the table below:

Subject Name

Number of Questions

Maximum Time Limit

Integrated Reasoning


30 Minutes

Analytical Writing Assessment


30 Minutes

Verbal Reasoning


65 Minutes

Quantitative Reasoning


62 Minutes

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GMAT Marking System

  • The total number of objective type questions is 79.

  • Each section has a particular duration.

Here are the minimum and maximum score range of each section, along with a mean average:


Score Range Mean Scores*

Analytical Writing Assessment

0-6 4.48

Integrated Reasoning

1-8 4.29


6-51 27.04


6-51 39.93


200-800 561.27

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Using Whiteboard During GMAT 2022

For the current year, candidates will have the option of using a physical whiteboard, online whiteboard, or both according to their preferences on the exam day. Appointments will include the option to use a physical whiteboard for the GMAT Online exam and the registrants will review and ensure their whiteboard preference meets the required specifications and that they have a functional eraser, dry erase marker, eraser. Candidates who tested without access to the physical whiteboard will be permitted to test again, should they choose to do so.

During the GMAT Online Exam, the whiteboard will also give you the provision to do the following:

  • Enter text via the text box (copy/paste from the exam questions into the board).

  • Draw lines and shapes.

  • Pan across the whiteboard, zoom in and out in order to use different areas for your work on the same whiteboard screen.

  • Erase or clear to start something new.

  • Resize or move the whiteboard around your screen.

Note: Candidates who have a touchscreen laptop may not use their finger, a stylus or other writing apparatus to use the whiteboard. The online whiteboard cannot be used with a connection pad or writing tablet or dual monitors.

Also Read: Omicron Impact: What Lies Ahead for Study Abroad Aspirants?

FAQs on GMAT Exam Pattern

Are there any changes in the GMAT 2022 Exam Pattern?

The exam structure for the GMAT 2022 exam is the same as the exam structure for the GMAT 2020. Hence, there is no change in the exam pattern of the GMAT exam for the year 2022. However, students must check the exam pattern before taking the exam.

What is the GMAT section order in the GMAT Exam Pattern?

GMAC introduced Select Section Order in July 2017, allowing students to tailor their GMAT exam experience by allowing them to choose the section order they want to use during the exam. Candidates can now select one of the three-part ordering alternatives for the exam:

  • Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, Verbal
  • Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment
  • Quantitative, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment

How is the Quantitative Reasoning score calculated as per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern?

As per the latest GMAT Exam, the Quantitative Reasoning score is evaluated on the following factors:

  • Number of questions one attempt
  • Number of questions one answers correctly
  • Other parameters around the questions

This section is based on computer adaptive testing. So, the test taker who has answered the higher number of questions correctly qualifies for this section with a high score. 

Is Integrated Reasoning a computer-adaptive section in the GMAT exam pattern?

No, Integrated Reasoning is not a computer-adaptive section in the GMAT exam pattern. The marking structure for Integrated Reasoning is compatible with the new GMAT test format. However, this is not an adaptive computer portion. All of the questions are multiple-choice. The IR scores have no bearing on the major areas of the test, which are Quant, AWA and Verbal. The results will be calculated individually and distributed to the test takers.

Does the IR score affect the overall GMAT score as per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern?

The integrated reasoning score is reported independently and has no bearing on your overall GMAT score. As a result, none of the other GMAT parts' scores is affected. Also, while IR is not a computer adaptive part, the difficulty of the next question you attempt is determined by your performance on the preceding question. IR scores vary from 1 to 8. 

How is the Verbal Reasoning score calculated as per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern?

As per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern, the GMAT Verbal Reasoning scores are assigned on a set scale ranging from 0 to 60. Although the scoring scheme for verbal reasoning is similar to that for quantitative reasoning, they are calculated on fundamentally different conceptions.

Is the GMAT Exam Pattern computer adaptive?

Yes, the GMAT Exam Pattern or the GMAT test is computer adaptive. The Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative components of the GMAT format are computer-adaptive, out of the four sections of the GMAT format. It signifies that the test's difficulty level varies depending on the test taker's competence. This feature enables the test to analyze the candidate's abilities with pinpoint accuracy. This is why business schools rely on GMAT test scores to admit applicants.

Is there any negative marking in GMAT as per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern?

If you're wondering if there is negative grading in the GMAT exam, the answer is no. GMAT exam takers are not penalized with negative scores for erroneous responses. However, it is critical that you complete the exam and answer all questions within the time limit, or your marks may suffer.

Is the GMAT Exam Pattern the same as the GMAT at home Exam Pattern?

Yes, the computer-based GMAT Exam Pattern or the test-based GMAT exam pattern is the same as the GMAT at-home Exam Pattern. The exam evaluates your verbal, quantitative as well as analytical thinking skills that are a must to pursue post-graduation in business, management and other relevant fields of study.

Are calculators allowed in the GMAT exam as per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern?

No, calculators are allowed in the GMAT exam as per the latest GMAT Exam Pattern. Candidates are not permitted to carry calculators; however, calculators with basic capability are given for the Integrated part.

How many questions are asked in GMAT's Integrated Reasoning?

A total of 12 questions will be based on Integrated Reasoning under GMAT. The same has to be answered within 30 minutes.

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