F1 Visa Denied - Reasons for Rejection of USA Student Visa

By Subhashri Roy Updated On - Dec 27, 2021 11:13 AM

While a majority of US student visa applications are approved, many are rejected due to a number of reasons spanning from incorrect information to lack of ties to the home country. Find out the common reasons for US student visa rejection.

What makes a US Embassy or Consulate reject your student visa application?: A question that many applicants ask before, during, and even after applying for a visa. The fact is if you fail to convince the interviewer of certain aspects, the US law gives them the right to reject your application. 

Well, visa rejection could be one of the worst nightmares given that you have spent countless hours trying to get a visa. However, this rejection can be done away with if you understand the most common reasons why your USA study visa or an F-1 visa could be rejected.

Here is a compilation of the reasons for the rejection of your US student visa application so that you can be careful enough before and while applying for your visa. 

Visa Already Denied? Find Out What to Do Next!

How to Get My US Student Visa Application Approved?

When applying for a US student visa, you must demonstrate three things at the visa interview. These include the following: 

  • First, that you are a bonafide student; 

  • Second, that you have the means to pay for education in the US; and

  • Third, that you have strong ties to your country of origin and intend on departing the US upon completion of your studies. 

Also Read: What to Do if You're Denied Student Visa

What is the USA Study Visa Application Process?

Depending on the type of program you are applying for in the US, you will be allowed to apply for an F student visa (to study at a US college or university or to study English at an English language institute), J exchange visa (to participate in an exchange program) or an M Student Visa (for non-academic or vocational study or training in the US). Be it any of these US student visas, here are the steps that you need to follow to be able to get it issued: 

  • Step 1: Apply and get accepted to a US institution of higher education certified by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP).

  • Step 2: After you have been accepted to a SEVP-certified institution, you will be given a Form I-20 or DS-2019 from the university’s international student office. The same would have to be presented when applying for your student visa. 

  • Step 3: Pay the SEVIS fee at least three days before submitting your US visa application. To pay the fee, you will have to submit either an online or offline form, both accessible through the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) SEVP website. 

  • Step 4: Make an appointment with a US consulate or embassy in India for a US student visa application. Your visa may be issued up to 120 days before your scheduled arrival date in the US. In all cases, you would have to fill the online visa application form DS-160. 

  • Step 5: Use the available method to pay your visa application fee, also called the Machine Readable Visa Fee or MRV fee. 

  • Step 6: Schedule and attend an F1 visa interview for the USA with a consular officer. Wait times for visa interview appointments may vary depending on the location, season and category of visa. Also, carry all the required documents required for your interview. 

Reasons for Rejection of Student Visa for the USA

Do you know why the visa interview is conducted? Well, it is for the consular officer or the interviewer to understand if you are qualified for a US student visa and if so, whether or not the visa category is appropriate for you. Okay, let us now look at some of the possible reasons for rejection of your US student visa: 

Incomplete Visa Application: One of the most common reasons why your US student visa application has been rejected is because you have not fully completed your visa application. Insufficient, incorrect or skipping information on your visa application can lead to visa denials or longer processing. Don’t let even a small detail miss out or you could be subjected to unnecessary wait times. 

Applying for the Wrong Student Visa: Before applying for a US student visa, make sure you have a clear understanding of all the different types of visas for international students. Once you have figured out which visa you are eligible for, you can fulfil the requirements and meet the conditions of the particular visa. Don’t simply make assumptions that you are eligible for a certain visa and go about applying for it without making certain. 

Being Unprepared: Never attend your visa interview without knowing what you are up for. Get an expert opinion on what to say and what not to say at a US visa interview. You can also dig out available information on the visa application process and visa interviews available on the internet. 

Have an Immigration Visa Pending: In case you have a pending immigrant visa petition, your student visa applicant could get rejected. In order to qualify for a non-immigrant visa in the US, you must overcome the presumption that you are an intending immigrant, which becomes difficult to prove if you already have a pending immigrant visa petition. Similarly, if you have a spouse or fiance already residing in the US, it will become further difficult for you to prove that you intend to immigrate.

Insufficient Funds: You should be able to prove that you have enough funds to pay for the first year of your academic program. Parent-sponsors holding positions that are poorly paid may be subjected to doubt and if your education is being sponsored by a family friend or a relative, it may raise questions such as how strong a commitment is it with this sponsor or when was the last time you saw them and so on. So, make sure that whatever proof you are providing, it is spot on and devoid of any sort of scepticism.

Also Read: Financial Requirements for a US Student Visa

Inability to Justify Strong Ties to Your Homeland: For an applicant who is young enough, the ties of your father to your homeland would be questioned. This would include questions based on the duration of your family’s stay in the country of origin, for how many years your parent(s) have been employed. In this case, the number of years of work experience you have in your homeland may increase your chances of proving your ties to it.

Issues During the Interview: Many go wrong here. They fail to make the first impression by speaking weak English, giving vague reasons for selecting the US university and course and how the two fit their career plans, having poor body language, poor code of conduct and so on. Do not ramble and sound doubtful or uncertain. Your interview can grasp it in a moment.

Let Us Help You Prepare Well for Your US F-1 Visa Interview!

Country of Origin: A student from an economically developed and politically stable country might have a higher chance of getting their US student visa application accepted. However, according to the 2021 Open Doors Press Release, the number of Indian visa applicants are at an all-time high in the US.

Previous US Visa Denial: The consul will definitely review the reason for any visa denials if any, but in many cases, any reason for recent visa rejections may lead to a visa denial now. In case the previous denial was recent, the current consul might even contact the previous consul to understand why your visa application was rejected before. 

Note: Once your interview is over, the consular officer will let you know if your visa application requires further administrative processing or additional time. You will also be told when and how your passport with your visa will be given back to you through a courier service.

What to Do If Your US Student Visa Gets Rejected?

The first thing you need to know about US student visa denials is that you cannot appeal if you are denied a student visa. However, there are other things you can do, which are given below:

  • Ask the consular officer the exact reason why your student visa application was rejected. This would help you correct the problem the next time you apply for a US student visa. 

  • Start over and reapply. If you reapply for a visa after being found ineligible for it, you should submit a new application and pay the visa application fee again (with the exception of 221(g) refusals).

  • If your student visa was refused under section 214(b) of the INA, you would be required to present evidence of significant changes in your circumstances since the last time you applied.

  • Figure out if you can produce additional forms of evidence to support your reapplication. The consulate would be looking for something new such as a source of financial support, your recent wedding to someone or a home purchase indicating your plans to live permanently in your country of origin. 

Reasons for Rejection of Visa in Other Countries
Reasons for Rejection of a German Student Visa Reasons for Rejection of Student Visa for Canada
Reasons for Rejection of the UK Study Visa

Going through these reasons for US student visa rejections might put you in dilemma but what do you do to get your visa approved the first time itself? Well, our team of visa experts can ensure that there is no scope of mistakes in your visa application process, that you are confident right from the beginning of your entire study abroad process. Write to us now at abroad@collegedekho.com and find expert answers to all your queries.

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