The first draft of National Educational Policy (NEP) 2019 has been submitted to the HRD Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' and Minister of State for HRD, Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre on 31st May 2019. There are around 19 changes recommended in the New Education Policy. Some of the recommendations in the new NEP has caused an uproar among the general public. The central government has received around 65,000 suggestions or comments from different stakeholders on the Draft of National Education Policy. Draft NEP 2019 has been uploaded on MHRD's website inviting suggestions from all stakeholders including the public, Government of India Ministries and State Governments.
Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank informed that the States and the UTs have an important role in the New Education Policy. The aim of the NEP is to bring reforms in the Indian education system so that India can play a major role in the global knowledge system.
Find out about all the changes in NEP 2019 below:
Changes in the Draft of National Education Policy (NEP) 2019
- To rename MHRD as the Ministry of Education (MoE).
- In school education, a major revamp of curricular and pedagogical with special emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE).
- The Extension of Right to Education Act 2009 to cover children between the age group of 3 to 8. A 5+3+3+4 curricular which will be based on social-emotional and cognitive development stages of the child.
- Aims to reduce the content load in school education
- There will be no segregation of learning areas on the basis of curricular/co-curricular/ extracurricular areas and all subjects such as fine arts, community services, yoga etc will be curricular.
- It promotes active pedagogy in school education which will focus on developing core skills of the children
- To transform Teacher Education, the committee has proposed to shut down all sub-standard teacher education institutes and to shift them to large multidisciplinary universities and colleges.
- The 4-year integrated B.Ed. the programme will be the minimum eligibility criteria for teachers.
- Revamp of higher education institutions, three types of higher education institutions have been proposed and they are as follows: Focused on world-class research and high-quality teaching, High-Quality Teaching which will primarily focus on UG Education and High-Quality Education across all disciplines with major focus and contribution to research.
- Re-Structuring of UG courses such as BA, B.Com, B.Sc to 4 years from 3 years and they will have multiple entry and exit options for students.
- Establishment of Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog is being proposed in the new draft which will implement all education initiatives.
- The National Research Foundation is proposed for promoting research culture across all disciplines.
- National Higher Education Regulatory Authority will be the only regulator for all higher education in the country. It will also include professional education.
- Creation of accreditation eco-system which will be led by NAAC
- UGC to transform to Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC).
- As per the new draft, the Private and Public institutions will be treated equally and education to remain a not profit activity.
- Various new policy initiatives- to strengthen distance education in India, to eliminate gender, caste, social and regional gaps in the education system.
- To promote Indian and classical languages. Three new National Language Institute for Pali, Sanskrit and Prakrit have been proposed.
- Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) has been recommended in the draft of NEP 2019.
The National Education Policy will revamp the education system in India and will help it at par with the global standards.The New NEP 2019 aims to provide quality education to all.