The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-M) has recently launched a Centre of Excellence which will focus on the impact of climate change on the coastal infrastructure as well as the adaptation of different strategies to combat the same. The Centre of Excellence (CoE) was initiated under the Indo-German Centre for Sustainability. with the help of the Department of Science and Technology. The CoE was inaugurated by the Director of IIT Madaras, Bhaskar Ramamurthi along with officials from DST as well as stakeholders, sources state.
The Centre of Excellence was set up keeping in mind the 7,500 km long coast region of India. They will help prepare cautionary steps and methods that are focused on preparing for the impact of climate change on the coastline of India like increasing cyclones as well as rising sea levels. It is also responsible for undertaking various research oriented activities that will help in predicting the impact of climate change on the communities living in the coastal region of India. They will also be researching about strategic placements of various coastline infrastructures such as industries, powerplants and ports.
The Centre of Excellence will also aim at studying the frequency and the intensity of extreme rainfall and tropical cyclones that may arise due to the warmer atmosphere that is present currently and may increase in the future. It will also study the effects of climate change on the infrastructure situated on the coastline. To create the necessary adaptive measure as a defensive measure for climate change, the CoE will also work on researching the risk involved because of climate change on the infrastructure as well as the communities present in the area.
They also aim to investigate various matters such as the availability of water resources and the quality of water that can be affected by climate change and the rising sea levels. They will also investigate the enhanced saltwater intrusion.
In a statement made by Akhilesh Gupta, Head of Strategic Programmes Large Initiatives and Coordinated Action Enabler Division in the Department of Science and Technology, this initiative is a one of a kind centre that exists in all the South Asia which focuses on the impact of climate change on coastline infrastructure. Bhaskar Ramamurthi has stated that to tackle climate change, there needs to be a multi-disciplinary approach. This is possible only if there is a collaboration between various institutes in Tamil Nadu along with their linkages with the society and the policymakers so as to combat this issue of the impact of climate change on coastline infrastructure.