HRD Minister, Prakash Javadekar informed that for the first time ever, there is an equal number of girl students in undergraduate science courses as men and their dominance in the master’s programme is highest till date.
According to the latest AISHE edition, the ratio of female students until the last five years in pure science course was 95 for every 100 male students. However, there has been a great improvement in the ratio this time. There are 100 women for every 100 male students in the B.Sc programmes. Over 48.19 lakh students enrolled in the B.Sc programme last year out of which 50.7% were male students and 49.3% were female students.
The AISHE survey also reveals that not only are more females enrolling in pure sciences programmes but most of them are planning to pursue further studies with M.Sc courses. Around 11 lakh students completed B.Sc and B.Sc (Hons.) programme last year, out of which 52% were female students.
Also, the present GER of India in higher education is 25.8%. However, there has been a significant increase in the last five years. The enrolment of the students has increased from 3.20 crore in the 2013-14 year to 3.66 crores in the 2017-18. There has been an overall growth of 13.3% in the past five years. Out of 3.66 crore students in 2017-18 (higher education), over 1.92 crores students were male and 1.74 crores were female. The percentage of students in different courses in 2017-18 is as follows:
- Undergraduate Level - 80%
- Postgraduate Level - 11.23%
- Ph.D. Scholars - 0.5%
Apart from that, the survey also found out that are 903 universities in India until last year. The highest number of student enrolment in higher education is in Maharashtra with 9.51 lakh students followed by Tamil Nadu with 8 lakh students and then Delhi.