Finally, Rajya Sabha today has passed the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill for replacing the corruption-plagued Medical Council of India (MCI) with a new body, in what was described by the government as one of the biggest reforms for medical education in the country.
The NBC Bill, which was first presented in 2017 has been lapsed due to the dissolution of Lok Sabha. The NMC Bill was tabled in the ongoing parliamentary session. The Bill will replace the existing Medical Council of India (MCI) with a new regulator. The recommendations made by a Parliamentary Standing Committee and Ranjit Roychowdhury Committee were taken into consideration before approving the Bill. Both the committees clarified that the medical education regulator elected by the fraternity it would monitory could not be impartial and effective.
Reforms to be Taken as per NMC Bill
Major reforms in medical education, which can be taken up as per the NMC Bill can be checked below -
- NMC Bill replaces MCI with National Medical Commission (NMC)
- NMC will be responsible for approving and assessing medical colleges.
- Common MBBS entrance and exit exams will be conducted as per the new Bill.
- The final-year MBBS exam will now be known as NEXT (National Exit Test)
- The Bill also seeks to make NREET applicable for admission in Institutes of National Importance such as AIIMS etc.
- NMC Bill also proposes to set up Medical Advisory Council as a separate entity.
A senior government official pointed that the draft Bill enables the constitution of four autonomous boards, entrusted with conducting postgraduate and undergraduate education, to provide accreditation and assessment of medical institutions and registration of medical practitioners under National Medical Commission.
Highlights of National Medical Commission Bill: -
- The National Medical Commission will have Chairperson and members nominated by the Government of India.
- Cabinet Secretary’s Search Committee will select the board members.
- The National Medical Commission will have 12 ex-officials and five elected members.
- The draft Bill recommends a common entrance test and licentiate (exit) exam. All the medical graduates will have to clear the exam to get a participating license.
- According to the provisions mentioned in the draft Bill, no permission will be required to start postgraduate courses or add new seats.
- The exit (licentiate) exam will be implemented within three years of passage of Bill in the parliament.
- The Bill will empower the National Medical Commission to conduct annual inspections on infrastructural, physical and bed-patient norms in all the medical colleges across the country.
- Under National Medical Commission, medical colleges need permission only once, i.e., for establishment and recognition.
- NMC Bill will empower the commission to penalise the medical institutes over 10 times than the amount charged from students as fees if they violate the norms prescribed by the commission.
- NMC will have a Medical Advisory Council comprising of 64 members. One representative from each state will be a member of the council.
National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill will bring a radical reform in medical education in India and will also keep a check on the corruption. NMC is one of the biggest reforms for medical education in the country.