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Feb 07, 2024 14:53PM IST

MBBS Overview

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is a 5 year undergraduate medical degree that is pursued by students who aspire to become doctors. Preparing for an MBBS degree requires utmost dedication and hard work so candidates should be prepared for the challenges. The minimum eligibility criteria for the MBBS course is to pass higher secondary with at least 50% marks in aggregate. The compulsory MBBS subjects include Physics, Chemistry, and Biology at the 10+2 level. At the end of the 5th year of MBBS, candidates need to undergo 6 months internship period in order to complete the course. In India, a total of 91, 927 MBBS seats are available, of which 48% (43,915) and 52% (48,012) are Government College and Private College seats, respectively. 

For MBBS Admission, students need to pass the NEET UG exam which is conducted once every year at the national level. The minimum age of candidates before applying for an MBBS degree must be 17 years. The syllabus of MBBS is divided into pre-clinical, para-clinical, and clinical subjects like immunity, general pathology, introduction to medical practice, microbiology, etc. The coursework is spread across 9 semesters. Some of the popular specializations under MBBS are Pathology, Community Medicine, Anatomy, Physiology, etc. 

In India, the average course fee for an MBBS degree lies between INR 50,000 to INR INR 60 LPA depending on the type of institution, whether it is public or private. Some of the popular universities offering MBBS degree in India are All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS), CMC Vellore, Maulana Azad Medical College, and St Johns Medical College. After passing the degree, there are a number of MBBS jobs available for candidates to work both in the private and public sectors of the country. The average MBBS salary of professional graduates of lies between INR 55,000 to INR 20 LPA

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MBBS Course Highlights

MBBS Course Highlights

Here are the course highlights for MBBS so that students can understand the course program better:

Course NameBachelor or Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
Course typeUndergraduate 
Course duration5 years 6 months
Entrance examNEET (National eligibility cum Entrance Test) 
Top Medical Colleges in IndiaAIIMS New Delhi, CMC Vellore, PGIMER, NIMHANS, etc/
Average course feeINR 50,000  to INR 60 LPA
Eligibility Students must have Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their class 12 exam and should be at least 17 years of age to appear for the NEET entrance exam
Career optionsDoctor, healthcare professionals,specialisation, international education, defence service, private and government hospitals, MBA in medical field, clinical research, etc. 
Average salaryINR 55,000 to INR 20 LPA
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What Is the Full Form of MBBS?

What Is the Full Form of MBBS?

The full form of an MBBS degree is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is of Latin origin. MBBS degree is conducted for a period of 5 years. After MBBS is conducted, candidates have to complete a mandatory internship of 6 months. It is an undergraduate-level degree that is pursued by professionals who wish to work with Western medicines.

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Why Choose MBBS Course?

Why Choose MBBS Course?

Medical aspirants often wonder about choosing an MBBS course as a viable career option, based on a variety of reasons from personal calling to reaching financial stability. While everyone's understanding of judgment tor choosing MBBS course may be different, here are some practical reasons why students must purse an MBBS course for a brighter future:

  • A "doctor" in general is considered to be one of the noblest professions in the world. Therefore, studying medicine allows a candidate to serve society as well as gain a lot of respect in return. There is also a sense of satisfaction that is derived from being able to serve society in a meaningful way.
  • Financial stability is another important reason for many people to choose medicine as it is one of those professions which are hard hit in cases of any worldwide financial crisis. Although the gains might not always compare to other professions, the inherent stability makes up for it. 
  • The field of medicine is extremely diverse and vast and hence one can never cease to learn new things. MBBS is just the gateway or the initial stage of gaining knowledge for a bright future in medicine.
  • There are immense options to choose from and specialize in after the completion of the MBBS degree. One can move forward with medicine or choose other specializations like surgery, dermatology, neurology, nephrology, psychiatry, etc. 
  • Numerous job options are available for MBBS graduates across the globe, including positions in private practice, hospitals, clinics, and research organizations. 
  • Postgraduate programs like a Master of Public Health are also another option to choose from for students who complete their MBBS degree. 
  • The field of medicine and MBBS is also for those people who like to be challenged on a daily basis and possess strong decision-making skills. One needs to think very clearly and employ knowledge to save people’s lives. Compassion and having a strong belief system to help bring positive changes in society are also a part of the world of medicine.
  • With perseverance and dedication to the job, one can also reach the global stage since good doctors are required everywhere.
  • Additionally, doctors have been working along with eminent humanitarian societies such as Red Cross, and Amnesty International to provide access to medical and healthcare facilities to everyone across the globe. 
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Difference Between MBBS, MD, and BAMS

There are various points of difference between an MBBS degree and an MD degree but the point of difference is the former is an undergraduate course and the latter, is a postgraduate program. One can pursue an MD degree only after completing the MBBS course. Let’s take a look at the difference between an MBBS and BDS degree

Full formBachelor or Medicine and Bachelor of SurgeryDoctor of Medicine
Course duration5.5 years3 years
Eligibility Candidates need to complete their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology or with PCMB. They also need to qualify the NEET exam.Candidates must complete their MBBS course, one year of training and qualify the NEET PG exam. 
Course focusGeneral study of medicineSpecialisation in medicine and/or surgery

Similarly, for MBBS vs BAMS

ParametersBAMS MBBS
Full formBachelor of Ayurvedic Medicines and SurgeryBachelor of Medicines,  Bachelor of Surgery
Duration5.5 Years5.5 Years
OverviewBAMS lets you gain knowledge on the ancient, traditional Indian system of AyurvedaMBBS enables you to gain in-depth knowledge of surgery and medicine
AdmissionOn the basis of entrancesEntrance-Based
Eligibility CriteriaMinimum of 50% scored in 10+2 standard with mandatory science subjectsMinimum 50% secured in 10+2 standard with physics, chemistry, biology/zoology, and English as compulsory subjects
SubjectsAyurvedic Philosophy, Toxicology, History of Ayurveda, Panchkarma, etcHuman Anatomy, Pharmacology,  Radio-Diagnosis, Anesthesia, Physiology, etc.
Examination TypeSemester basedSemester based
Average FeeINR 50,000 to 2,00,000 per annum INR 10,000 to 6,00,000 per annum
Best CollegesNational Institute of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, etc.AIIMS New Delhi, PGIMER, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Chandigarh, etc.
Job RolesLecturer, Pharmacist, Teacher, Therapist, Scientist, Panchakarma Practitioner, Ayurvedic Doctor, etc.General Physician, Medical Coder, Medical Officer, Dermatologist, etc.
Average Salary EarnedINR 1-3 Lakhs per annumINR 5-12 Lakhs per annum
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MBBS Eligibility Criteria

In order to study the MBBS course, students must appear for the NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency). Based on the rankings received in the entrance examination, candidates will be able to gain admission to various government and private MBBS colleges in India. 

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Here are the eligibility criteria for obtaining MBBS admission:

  • The applicant must be at least 17 years of age in order to be eligible for admission to an MBBS course.
  • While the minimum marks criteria for admission may vary, at least 50% of marks from candidates will be considered to be eligible for MBBS admission.
  • Passing the entrance examination i.e. NEET with the best possible scores increases the chances of getting placed in the top MBBS colleges in the country. 
  • NEET applicants should also have Physics, Chemistry and Biology as their 10+2 exam subjects.
  • For candidates belonging to the reserved category, 40% is the minimum percentage for eligibility. 

Skills Required for MBBS 

The path to becoming a doctor is one of the most daunting and challenging ones. And without a certain number of skills, students cannot successfully complete their MBBS course and become good doctors. Hence, here is the list of required skillsets for MBBS students:

Academic competence

This skill perhaps goes without saying. Any student without academic competence will not be able to survive in the field of medicine and medical science. Any practising doctor requires to have a strong and sound knowledge base which will be helpful for providing the best care to patients. For this same reason, medical students have to spend a huge chunk of their time studying where they learn about aetiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment for various diseases in medical colleges. 

Communication skills

Possessing good communication skills is considered to be a huge asset for medical students and doctors as it helps them to identify the problems of patients and provide them with proper remedies. Moreover, medical professionals rarely work in isolation. Hence when working in teams, it is absolutely essential to possess good communication skills. 

Leadership skills

In the field of medicine and medical science, doctors will be required to make important decisions within a short span of time and the outcome will affect someone’s health. Again, effective leadership skills are not limited to patient-related decisions, doctors are also often involved in administrative tasks where they make decisions for positive outcomes. Thus possessing effective leadership skills where one can take the role of a leader and guide a team of doctors and other professionals is crucial. 


Doctors need to work in teams, and when working in a group, it is important to understand that each and every team member has their own unique personality as well as perspectives. But with differences, frictions can arise. Hence, they need to be managed effectively. 


Doctors need to be empathetic towards their patients. In their years of clinical practice, instances may occur when they might only see the disease and not the person. Therefore, empathising with patients and their family members is a crucial part of the healthcare industry. 

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MBBS Course Entrance Exam

There is only one entrance exam for MBBS which is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET conducted by NTA. Here are the important details for the MBBS entrance exam: 

  • This entrance exam is held every year to allow students admission to 542 medical colleges, 313 dental, 47 BVSc and AH colleges, and 914 AYUSH colleges.
  • NEET is conducted in various languages- Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
  • The exam is conducted in offline mode and there are a total of 158002 seats available. 1257 colleges are participating in the NEET exam 2022. 
  • A candidate should also be at least 17 years of age when registering for the NEET exam. Recently the upper age limit for appearing in the exam has been removed. 
  • Students must also have PCB or PCMB in their class 12 exam in order to appear for NEET.

MBBS Cutoff

MBBS Cutoff marks is used to determine the eligibility of students for the purpose of admission to several MBBS colleges. The cutoff marks for MBBS is determined by the NEET UG Cut off marks. Each year, this cutoff mark varies. There are several factors that directly affect the MBBS Cutoff marks like the total number of students appearing for the NEET exam, the overall difficulty level of the question paper, the total number of seats available for admission, etc. 

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List of Popular MBBS Course and Specialisations

The MBBS course is a single course in itself which is divided into semesters. There are a number of MBBS subjects taught throughout the course. The MBBS course semesters can be divided into three stages: preclinical, para-clinical and clinical stages.

It is a professional course for doctors and after the completion of this course, students can choose a specialisation. Here is a list of specialities that one can choose from after completing his or her MBBS degree:

OrthopaedicsInternal Medicine
Obstetrics and GynaecologyGeneral surgery
Family MedicineENT
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MBBS Admission Process

Students wishing to pursue a course in MBBS after completing their 10+2, can do so in various ways. The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery courses offer admission to eligible candidates through two ways, entrance exams and merit-based admissions. 

MBBS Admission Process

  • Entrance exams: Candidates can get admission to MBBS Courses by appearing for entrance exams conducted by various institutes across India. Upon qualifying the same, aspiring candidates will be eligible to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree. Based on the results secured in the examination, candidates are allotted their desired colleges to pursue their MBBS. Candidates can appear for NEET UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) which is conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency), conducted once a year for MBBS admission.
  • Merit-based: Candidates can also be granted admission to MBBS at colleges and universities, which offer admission to MBBS Courses based on the marks secured in 10+2 or equivalent examination. Candidates are then selected based on the prescribed cut-off required for the admission process. 
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MBBS Syllabus

The MBBS syllabus is extremely vast and covers all the core concepts of medicine and surgery. The course has been designed by keeping in mind that students must be equipped with all medical-related topics and develop skills that are relevant to the industry.As we have stated above, the MBBS course curriculum is divided into three stages pre-clinical, para-clinical, and clinical stages, here we will discuss in detail the various MBBS subjects that are taught in the various stages of the MBBS syllabus:

Pre-clinical- The first two semesters of an MBBS course are dedicated to pre-clinical studies and include subjects such as anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, etc. It is an introductory phase where students get a headstart with intensive learning. They cover all majority concepts in their basic and fundamental form. It is compulsory to qualify in the first phase of the pre-clinical phase of the MBBS degree in order to move on to the next stage.

Para- Clinical- the second phase of the MBBS degree program which runs for three semesters. Some of the subjects that are taught at this level are forensic medicine, pathology, community medicine, pharmacology, microbiology, OPDs, clinical postings, etc.

Clinical- this is the final academic stage in the whole MBBS course and it comprises the clinical phase. It stretches from semester 5 to 9 where the course focus remains on the study of specializations in medicine and surgery. Subjects taught in the clinical phase are psychiatry, dermatology, obstetrics, gynaecology, and paediatrics. It also includes subjects such as orthopaedics, ophthalmology, ENT, anaesthesiology, surgery, and its allied subjects. 

Semester-wise MBBS Syllabus

Here we have provided the semester-wise syllabus for the MBBS degree course:

Semester I
Locomotor SystemIntroduction of Embryology and HistologyIntroduction to Molecular MedicineCell Biology
Introduction to Medical Practice IFundamentals of Disease and Treatment
Semester II
Healthcare ConceptsNeuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)Health and the EnvironmentRespiratory System
Basic Haematology
Semester III
Hereditary DisorderNutrition DisordersGeneral PathologyEnvironmental Pathology
Semester IV
Cardiovascular SystemAlimentary SystemSystemic PathologyHematology
Common Symptoms and Signs
Semester V
Special PathologyGrowth Disturbance and NeoplasiaGeneral PathologyImmunopathology
Clinical Pathology
Semester VI
Epidemiology of communicable diseasesReproductive and child healthEpidemiology of non?communicable diseases
Semester VII
Disease of Connective tissue Infectious diseaseHematology and OncologyGeriatric disease
Diseases of the immune system and jointsNutritional disease
Semester VIII
Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservationEmergency medicine and critical careMetabolic and Bone diseaseNervous system
Endocrine disease
Semester IX
SnakebiteKidney diseaseNervous systemEmergency medicine and critical care
Environmental disorders & poisoning

Best Books for MBBS Course 

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS is a highly demanding and competitive programme in the field of medicine. Every year, lakhs of candidates apply for admission to MBBS Courses through appearing in the NEET entrance examination. Mentioned below are some of the best books for MBBS:

  • B. D Chaurasia's Human Anatomy For Upper Limb, Lower Limb, Thorax And Abdomen
  • Clinical Anatomy By Snell
  • Gray's Anatomy For Students By Henry Gray
  • Textbook of Physiology By A. K. Jain
  • Medical Physiology By Guyton And Hall
  • Carbs, Proteins, and Fat Metabolism By Satyanarayan
  • Molecular Biology By Vasudevan
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Popular Colleges Offering MBBS Course in India

There are several MBBS colleges in India- both government and private that provide an excellent and top-notch education for their students. Check the list of top MBBS colleges in India here:

Name of College/ InstituteCityState
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)New DelhiDelhi
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhChandigarh
Christian Medical College (CMC)VelloreTamil Nadu
National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)BangaloreKarnataka
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowUttar Pradesh
Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreTamil Nadu
Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiUttar Pradesh
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)PuducherryPondicherry
King George’s Medical University LucknowUttar Pradesh
Kasturba Medical CollegeManipalKarnataka
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyThiruvananthapuramKerala
Institute of Liver and Biliary SciencesNew DelhiDelhi
St. John’s Medical CollegeBengaluruKarnataka
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and ResearchChennaiTamil Nadu
Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhUttar Pradesh
Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital, ChennaiChennaiTamil Nadu
Maulana Azad Medical College DelhiDelhi
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung HospitalNew DelhiDelhi
Dr. D. Y. Patil VidyapeethPuneMaharashtra
S.R.M. Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiTamil Nadu
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MBBS Seats in India

According to the latest statistics, there are about 648 medical colleges offering MBBS admission in India, wherein 355 are government institues and 293 are private institutes. Therefore, the total number of MBBS seats in India, as calculated in the year 2022, are about 96,077. Refer to the table below for a detailed insight into the same:

StatesNo. of Government MBBS Seats No. of Private MBBS Seats Total Seats
West Bengal 3,2251,0004,225
Karnataka 3,1506,99510,145
Gujarat 3,7002,0005,700
Andaman & Nicobar Islands100-100
Madhya Pradesh2,1801,9004,080
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Top MBBS Colleges in India by NIRF Ranking

Some of the top colleges in India offering MBBS Admissions to candidates as per the NIRF 2023 Ranking are mentioned below in the table:

Name of the InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023




CMC Vellore 


National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore


Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research


Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham


Banaras Hindu University


Kasturba Medical College, Manipal


Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital


King George's Medical University


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State-wise MBBS Colleges

Check out the list of top MBBS Colleges by state


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
DPU Pune- Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth19
Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha34
Dr DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai41
KIMS- Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences 42
GSMC Mumbai- Seth GS Medical College-
AFMC Pune- Armed Forces Medical College-
DYPMC Pune- Dr DY Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre-
Grant Medical College, Mumbai-
JNMC Wardha- Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College-
LTMMC Mumbai- Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College-
MGIMS Sevagram- Kasturba Health Society Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences-
BVMC Pune- Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College-
TMNC Mumbai- Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital-
BJMC Pune-
MGMUHS Navi Mumbai- MGM Institute of Health Sciences-
HBT Medical College and Dr RN Cooper Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai-
GMC Aurangabad- Government Medical College-

Tamil Nadu

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
CMC Vellore3
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore6
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai14
MMC Chennai- Madras Medical College16
SRM University Chennai20
SIMATS Chennai- Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences27
PSGIMSR Coimbatore- PSG Institute of Medical Science and Research 33
Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar40
Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli48
Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute Kelambakkam49
SRMCRI Chennai-
SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai-
Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram-
Stanley Medical College, Chennai-
Government Sivagangai Medical College and Hospital, Sivaganga-
Coimbatore Medical College,Coimbatore-

Uttar Pradesh 

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
SGPGIMS Lucknow- Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences5
BHU Varanasi7
King George’s Medical University9
Aligarh Muslim University 15
JNMC Aligarh-
GSVM Medical College, Kanpur-
UPUMS Saifai- Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences-
Moti Lal Nehru Medical College Allahabad-
SNMC Agra- Sarojini Naidu Medical College-
BRD Medical College Gorakhpur-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
NIMHANS Bangalore4
Kasturba Medical College10
St. John’s Medical College13
KMC Mangalore23
JSS Medical College, Mysore24
MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore37
KSHEMA Mangalore45
JNMC Belgaum47
Shri B M Patil Medical College, Vijayapur50
BMCRI Bangalore-
Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
AIIMS Delhi1
Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences12
Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi17
VMMC Safdarjung Hospital 18
Lady Hardinge Medical College for Women22
Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi25
University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi 30
Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research -
ACMS Delhi-
Municipal Corporation Medical College-
Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, New Delhi-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
SCTIMST Trivandrum- Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology11
Amrita School of Medicine, Kochi-
Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram-
Government Medical College, Kottayam-
Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur-
Government Medical College, Kozhikode-
Government Medical College, Thrissur-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
Siksha O Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar21
AIIMS Bhubaneswar31
KIIT University36
SCB Medical College, Cuttack39
IMS and SUM Hospital Bhubaneswar-
KIMS Bhubaneswar-

Madhya Pradesh 

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal-
MGMMC Indore-
AIIMS Bhopal-
NSCBMC Jabalpur-
Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior-

West Bengal

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
Medical College, Kolkata32
IPGMER Kolkata-
RG Kar Medical College and Hospital Kolkata-
Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata-
Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
DMCH Ludhiana 26
CMC Ludhiana-
GMC Patiala-
GMC Amritsar-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
AIIMS Jodhpur28
SMS Medical College Jaipur38
SPMC Bikaner-
RNT Medical College Udaipur-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad -
Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Secunderabad-
KAMSRC Hyderabad-
AIMSR Hyderabad-

Jammu and Kashmir

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
GMC Srinagar-
SKIMS Srinagar-
GMC Jammu-

Andhra Pradesh

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Chinthareddypalem-
NRI Medical College-
Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
JIPMER Puducherry8
MGMCRI Puducherry46
PIMS Pondicherry-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
BJMC Ahmedabad-
Medical College, Baroda-
Government Medical College Surat-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
Government Medical College, Haldwani -
AIIMS Rishikesh-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
PGIMER Chandigarh2
GMCH Chandigarh29


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
MMU Ambala-
PGIMS Rohtak-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
RIMS Imphal43


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences-


Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
IGIMS Patna-

Himachal Pradesh

Name of College/University/InstituteNIRF Ranking 2023
IGMC Shimla-
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Average MBBS Course Fee in India

Before enrolling on an MBBS college, it is crucial for students to have a clear understanding of the MBBS fee structure. Here is a comprehensive view of the MBBS course fee structure for some of the top MBBS institutions in India:

Name of Institute Total Course Fee in INR
AIIMS DelhiINR 7,028 to INR 10,000
CMC Tamil NaduINR 2.2 LPA to INR 5 LPA
BHU Uttar Pradesh INR 1.5 LPA to INR 3.5 LPA
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Tamil NaduINR 50 LPA to INR 60 LPA
JIPMER Puducherry INR 24,850 to INR 45,000
KMC KarnatakaINR 55,000 to INR 1 LPA
King George’s Medical University Uttar PradeshINR 2.7 to INR 5 LPA 
MMC Government and General HospitalINR 68,200 to INR 80,000
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Tamil NaduINR 24 LPA to INR 35 LPA 
St. John’s Medical CollegeINR 60 LPA to INR 75 LPA 
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, AligarhINR 39,990 to INR 50,000
Institute of Medical Sciences, BHUINR 14,874 to INR 22,000
Lady Hardinge Medical College, New DelhiINR 1,355 to INR 4,000
University College of Medical Science, DelhiINR 5,295 to INR 7,000

MBBS Fees in private institutions and deemed colleges are comparatively higher and they can lie anywhere in the range of INR 2 LPA to 40 LPA. 

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Study MBBS Course Abroad

While deciding to study MBBS abroad, there are a few things that need to be kept in mind

Eligibility and requirements

Although each country has its own criteria and list of rules for international students who are willing to pursue MBBS abroad, here are some general guidelines for top countries across the world:


The student has to be at least 17 years of age on December 31 of the particular year of application for admission to study MBBS abroad.

Academic requirements

All candidates willing to pursue an MBBS degree abroad have to meet up to these requirements:

  • Candidate must complete his or her 10+2 from a recognised board. An aggregate percentage of 50% must be achieved in Physics, Chemistry and Biology along with English as a compulsory subject in their 10+2 exam.
  • Candidates are also required to qualify for the NEET exam even if they are planning to study MBBS abroad. The NEET score for each candidate will be valid for a period of three years.
  • Students must also produce an Eligibility Certificate from the Medical Council of India during the time of admission to any foreign medical university.
  • Based on the English requirements of the university or college, students could also be required to appear for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE or OET. 
  • Students cannot suffer from any contagious diseases at the time of admission and need to submit a medical certificate for the same.
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MBBS Abroad Top Colleges

Willing candidates would be interested in knowing more about MBBS abroad at top colleges and universities. Here is the list of top medical universities to pursue MBBS for Indian students:

MBBS Course in USA, UK, and Sweden

Candidates can refer to these institutes to pursue MBBS courses in UK, Sweden, and USA.

Name of College/ University Location 
Harvard University United States of America
University of Oxford United Kingdom
University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom
Stanford UniversityUnited States of America
John Hopkins UniversityUnited States of America
Karolinska InstituteSweden
University of California (UCLA)United States of America
University College London (UCL)United Kingdom
Yale University United States of America
Imperial College LondonUnited Kingdom
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)United States of America

MBBS Course in Russia

Candidates can refer to these institutes to pursue MBBS course in Russia.

First Moscow State Medical UniversityRussia
Pavlov UniversityRussia
Pirogov Medical UniversityRussia
Bashkir State Medical UniversityRussia
OMSK State Medical UniversityRussia
Novosibirsk State UniversityRussia
Kazan State Medical UniversityRussia
Ryazan State Medical UniversityRussia
Orenburg State Medical UniversityRussia
Siberian State Medical UniversityRussia

MBBS Course in Philippines

Candidates can refer to these colleges to study MBBS course in Philippines.

College NameLocation
Brokenshire College School of MedicinePhilippines
UV Gullas College of MedicinePhilippines
Liceo College of MedicinePhilippines
Davao Medical School FoundationPhilippines
Our Lady of Fatima UniversityPhilippines
Cebu Institute of MedicinePhilippines
University of Santo TomasPhilippines
Central Philippine UniversityPhilippines
Angeles University FoundationPhilippines
Manila Central UniversityPhilippines


MBBS Course in Canada

Students can refer to these institutes to pursue MBBS programme in Canada.

University of TorontoCanada
McGill UniversityCanada
McMaster UniversityCanada
Queen’s UniversityCanada
University of SherbrookeCanada
Memorial University of NewfoundlandCanada

MBBS Course in Georgia

Students can refer to these colleges to study MBBS course in Georgia.

College NameLocation
Tbilisi State Medical UniversityGeorgia
David Tvildiani Medical UniversityGeorgia
Georgian National University (SEU)Georgia
New Vision UniversityGeorgia
Batumi Shota Rustaveli State UniversityGeorgia
East European UniversityGeorgia
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State UniversityGeorgia
Geomedi Medical UniversityGeorgia
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Scholarship for MBBS Students

Government and private institutions have lined up several scholarship programmes for students. However, it can be availed after candidates fulfill certain eligibility criteria. Check them in the section below.

Name of the ScholarshipEligibility for MBBS ScholarshipsTotal Amount
Bharati Scheme for EducationBrahmin families belonging to Andhra Pradesh can apply for this scholarship. The family income of the applicant must not be more than INR 3 lakhs.INR 20,000
Nationwide Education and Scholarship TestThe scholarship can be availed by the 1st or 2nd-year students, who have enrolled in either BHMS, MBBS, BDS, or BAMS degree. Aspirants clearing their 12h standards in the science stream can feel free to apply. The scholarship can be given to the 3rd and 4th-year students in case they apply under the Senior II category.INR 50,000
Vijayalakshmi R.L. Jalappa ScholarshipThe aspirants must be of the Arya Idiga origin and should be a resident of either Bangalore Rural or Urban Chikkaballapura, Ramanagara, Kolar, Mandya, Tumkur, Mysore, Chamarajanagar, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Hassan, or Bellary. The aspirant must secure minimum aggregate marks of 60%, and both members of the candidate’s family must comprise BPL cards.Provides financial assistance to the selected ones.
Vahani ScholarshipThe aspirant must be a class 12 applicant and should have faced challenging circumstances. Entire course fee of the bachelor's program.
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Bridge Courses Offered for MBBS

BDS to MBBS Bridge course allows dental science graduates to practice just like a general physician in several clinics, hospitals, and organizations. After completing the bridge course, aspirants must mandatorily spend at least 3 years in rural arena.

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MBBS Scope in India

The scope of MBBS graduates post the completion of the degree is inarguably vast in India, as well as abroad. While one can futher opt for higher studies in the field by taking up postgraduate courses such as MD and MS degrees, others can easily focus on gaining practical experiences in the field through work experiences. Some candidates also prefer to begin practising medicine by opening up private clinics. The scope of taking up various paramedical courses and jobs in administration are also common options.

Best Companies for MBBS Graduates :-

Here are some of the topmost organizations offering lucrative packages to fresh graduates.

  • Fortis Health care
  • Max Health Care
  • Columbia Asia
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • Medanta
  • Wockhardt Hospitals
  • Global Hospitals
  • Dr. Lal Path Labs, and
  • Care Hospitals
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Career Options and Job Prospects After MBBS

Career Options and Job Prospects After MBBS

There are various options available after MBBS along with clinical practice and teaching. Some of the best options include MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), Masters in Hospital Administration, MS in Clinical Pathology, Masters in Public Health, MTech in Biomedical Engineering, Biological Sciences, Diploma courses in Sports Medicine, Paediatrics, Psychology, Occupational Health, etc. Some more alternative career options would be Clinical Forensics, Medical Researcher, and Academic Medicine. 

Here is a comprehensive list of career options for students after the MBBS course:

Career options availableAbout the job or courseAverage MBBS Salary
Medical OfficerMedical officers, also known as chief medical officers, are essentially doctors responsible for taking charge of the clinics. They provide medical assistance to those in need, assist in detecting problems of a patient, and provide explanations on medical conditions and illness control.INR 25,000 - INR 1.5 Lakhs
General PhysicianMBBS graduates may opt for a job role as a general physician post completing their degree. A General Physician researches, diagnoses and treats patients in the early stage of the disease. INR 20,000 - INR 45,000
SurgeonA surgeon is responsible for all kinds of surgeries related to the patient's essential diagnosis. It is considered one of the best career options after MBBS as it provides a lot of csreer prospects with handsome salary packages. A surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. INR 15,000 - INR 80,000
PaediatricianA Paediatrician is in charge of diagnosing and treating kids with diseases, and examining their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, paediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children to evaluate their health and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications.INR 30,000 - INR 90,000

What is MBBS Salary?

What is MBBS Salary?

The average MBBS Salary may range between INR 5 LPA to INR 20 LPA, however, MBBS salary depends on a number of factors such as the college or institute from which one has completed their MBBS degree. For example, MBBS graduates from AIIMS who opt for PG studies are offered the position of junior residents for a period of three years and receive a stipend of INR 64,000. Again the average internship money falls within a range of INR 15,000 to INR 21,000. Students who choose government bodies for job posting such as the army and railways get paid anywhere between INR 9.4 LPA to INR 11 LPA.

Who are the Top Recruiters of MBBS Graduates?

The list of recruiters of MBBS graduates includes:

  • Medanta Hospitals
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd
  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd
  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre
  • Wockhardt Ltd
  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd
  • Cipla Ltd
  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
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MBBS Courses One can Pursue Other than Medicine and Surgery

Oftenly, candidates wish to pursue a course other than medicine and surgery after completing MBBS course. For such aspirants, there are several other options available. Students can explore the below-given fields for their desired specialization.

  • Medicine in the Community
  • Microbiology
  • Pathology
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Depression Counselling
  • Occupational Therapy (OT)
  • Criminal Justice
  • Anatomy
  • Psychology of Social Interaction
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FAQs about MBBS

Can I complete MBBS in 4 years?

 No, in India, the course duration for MBBS is 5.5 years which includes an internship.

Is there any entrance exam for MBBS other than NEET?

There is only one entrance exam in India for MBBS which is NEET.


Which is the best medical college in India to study MBBS?

AIIMS New Delhi is the top institute in India to study for an MBBS degree and it has gained the 1st position in NIRF ranking ‘21.

How long does it take to complete the MBBS course?

The course duration for MBBS is 5.5 years.


Where can I study MBBS outside India?

Some of the top choices for Indian students to study MBBS outside India are China, Russia, Ukraine, Nepal, the Philippines, the Caribbean, Poland, etc.

Do I have to qualify NEET for studying MBBS abroad?

Yes, Indian students have to qualify for NEET even if they choose to study MBBS abroad.

What can I do after completing the MBBS course?

Students can choose to go for postgraduate studies like MD or MS courses, begin private practice or opt for other courses like DNB, MPH, CMS, MHA, courses.


Is MBBS worth studying?

MBBS is a course for anyone who is willing to dedicate the majority of their lives to learning new things on a daily basis and changing the course of life for other people. There are lots of responsibilities when one chooses to become a doctor, and the decision to study medicine should be well thought out. 


What are some of the common MS specialisations after completing an MBBS course?

Some of the most common specialisations after completing an MBBS course are: 

ENT, General surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, otorhinolaryngology, traumatology and surgery.


Is MBBS from China recognised in India?

Yes, the MCI recognises some of the MBBS courses from certain Medical colleges in China.

What is the full form of MBBS?

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is an undergraduate program in Medicine and Surgery.

What's the duration of the MBBS course?

The duration for an MBBS course is 5 years.

What is the average course fee for MBBS?

The average course fee for MBBS ranges between Rs 1,00,000/- to Rs 10,00,000 per year.

Is NEET required for an MBBS course?

NEET is the most only entrance exam accepted in India to get a confirmed MBBS admission. More than 15 lakhs students appear for NEET exam each year.

What is the minimum eligibility required for an MBBS course?

The student should have passed 10+2 examinations with minimum 50% marks with physics, biology/zoology, chemistry and English as their compulsory subjects and should have cleared NEET exam of the respective year.

What is the difference between an MBBS and MD?

MBBS is an undergraduate program designed to practice surgery and medicine around the world. While MD, on the other hand, is a medical postgraduate course offered to applicants who have completed their MBBS degree in India.

What is the minimum age to apply for MBBS?

Candidates need to be a minimum of 17 years of age as on 31st December of the year of admissions, to be eligible for MBBS admission.

What are higher education prospects after MBBS?

Students can choose to pursue either an MD or MS in different specialisation such as Optometry, Ophthalmology, Paediatrics, Anaesthesiology and many more.

What is the average salary of MBBS graduates?

The initial salary of an MBBS graduate will be in between Rs 25,000 to Rs 35,000/- per month, initially. Depending upon the experience and knowledge of the person, the salary can be range between Rs 8 LPA to Rs 65 LPA.

Name some of the popular colleges which offer MBBS course?

Maharishi Markandeshwar (Ambala), Swami Rama Himalayan University (Dehradun), Parul University (Gujarat), Jaipur National University (Jaipur), Sankalchand Patel University (Visnagar) etc are some of the popular colleges that offer MBBS course.

What is the difference between Bachelor of Surgery and Bachelor of Medicine?

The Bachelor of Surgery degree allows graduates to practice surgery. Meanwhile, the Bachelor of Medicine degree covers all the subjects pertaining to the practice of Internal Medicine.

How difficult is being a surgeon?

Surgery is the most challenging medical specialty. It requires individuals to put in long hours, indulge in plenty of practice, focus on heavy reading, and invest a lot of mental energy. Surgery is not a field for the faint of heart. 

Can an MBBS doctor do surgery?

No, you cannot. By becoming an MBBS graduate, you can practice as a physician. But, to conduct surgeries, you need an MD degree.

Can I become a cardiologist without MBBS?

No. Aspirants have to mandatorily complete their MBBS studies to pursue a career as a cardiologist.

Which is the highest degree in Doctor?

MD is the highest level of degree in Doctor.

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Related Questions


chaudhari vilasbhai gulyabhai, Student / Alumni

-Answered on June-15-2023
Can i do correspondence mbbs course
-Murugan -Updated on July-08-20201 Answers

Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

-Answered on July-08-2020

Dear Student,

No, you cannot pursue the MBBS course in Distance/ Correspondence mode.

Also Check: Alternative Courses for Medical Students apart from MBBS/BDS​

If you wish to know more about alternative courses for medical students and colleges offering the same, fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.

What is the MBBS course fee?
-Ankitha -Updated on June-23-20201 Answers

Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

-Answered on June-23-2020


Fees will differ from college to college. Private colleges will charge a higher fee as compared to government-run colleges.

Do you have a specific college in mind? For instance, MBBS at AIIMS will cost you around Rs. 6000 a year, at Maulana Azad Medical College it will be around Rs.10,000 while for private colleges it may even go up to Rs. 30-40 lakh in total.

With changing times, the demand for Paramedics is increasing in India, check out the List of Top Paramedical Courses 2020:Admission Process, Eligibility, Scope & Jobs for a successful career

Also, if you wish to know more fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.