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Most Dropouts from IITs and IIMs are from Reserved Categories: Here is what the Numbers Say

Published: | August 13, 2019
Mental Stress as IIT IIM Dropout Reason?

Most numbers of Dropouts from IITs and IIMs belonged from the reserved categories where the numbers were at par or more than open category dropouts while the admissions of the general category are much higher.

In a written reply to the parliament, the Union Ministry Human Resource Development (MHRD) Minister Mr Ramesh Pokhrial Nishank has presented a data where it is shown that out of 2,461 students who dropped out from these prestigious institutes of IITs in last two years belong to the reserved category mostly. The recent data suggests, out of the total number of dropout students in last two years, 371 belonged from the SC (Scheduled Caste), 199 from ST (Scheduled Tribe) and 601 from OBC (Other Backward Class) categories. While speaking on IIMs, the minister has put light on the statistics, that there were 14 Scheduled Caste, 21 Scheduled Tribe and 27 Other Backward Class Category students from the total number of 99 dropout students.

IIT and IIM Dropout Comparison in the last 2 years

Institutes

SC Dropouts

ST Dropouts

OBC Dropouts

Unreserved Dropouts

Total Dropout

IIT

371

199

601

1290

2416

IIM

14

21

27

37

99

This indicates that nearly 48% of IIT dropouts and over 62.6% of IIM dropouts are from the reserved categories. The dropout percentage for SC, ST and OBC category candidates is equal or more than the percentage of unreserved or general category, while the number of admissions of reserved candidates is far lower than unreserved category candidates. This is raising concerns among the experts. While this can be taken as a hint towards discrimination against these reserved category candidates, there are also questions raised against a caste-based seat reservation system in India that allows reserved candidates with much lower marks to take admission in an eminent institute.

The maximum dropouts among all the top IITs happen in IIT Delhi, where 782 candidates dropped out in las two years, of which 111 were Scheduled Caste, 84 Scheduled Tribe and 161 belonged from OBC candidates. Among all the IIMs most number of dropouts were seen in Indian Institute of Management - IIM Indore. A total of 17 students dropped out from IIM Indore in the past two years, among which 9 belonged from the reserved categories. IIM Indore is followed by IIM Kashipur where all the 13 dropouts belonged from the reserved category of which 2 year ST category and 11 were OBC category candidates.

The ministry of human resource development cited academic pressure as one of the prime reasons behind the dropouts. The experts wonder if the reserved category students face problems being in the academic race as lower cutoffs are accepted for them but once the admissions are done, the parameters for them become at par with the unreserved category students. There may be a lag for the reserved category students in coping up with the students who scored higher in merit previously.

Also Read: IISc Bangalore Takes Initiative to Assess Mental Health Issues of Students of the Institute

The director of IIM Indore, Prof Himanshu Rai has not rejected the claim but also said that even general category students drop out from the institutes. The gap in cut-offs gets eradicated in higher academics during the programme.

Mr Rai suggested there are several reasons for dropouts which include not being able to meet up with the high academic standards, disinterest in the programme. Also, for some students, living alone far from home for the first time also take a toll. Stating that highest dropout statistics as ‘normal,’ Mr Rai said as IIM Indore enrols the most number of students there is nothing absurd that the dropout numbers are also high.

An IIT Delhi official said that the dropouts are mostly seen in the postgraduate classes as the students leave studies midway due to some lucrative job offers. Students who take admissions in IIT M.Tech courses after cracking GATE leave the institute as they get a handsome PSU Job offer or chance to study in foreign universities.

Also Read: IITs Witness Full Occupancy of B.Tech Courses after 6 Years

The same reasons as above were also cited by the report of HRD presented in the parliament including the reason for personal health issues as well. Te ministry suggested a bunch of policies including family counselling, peer learning, psychological motivation, extracurricular activities for addressing the issue of dropouts by de-stressing the students.

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