Everything You Need to Know About GMAT Verbal Reasoning Section

By Gargi Tomar Updated On - Apr 29, 2022 07:45 PM

The GMAT Verbal Section is a test designed to assess your ability to analyse and communicate with others. This guide will help you get familiar with everything related to GMAT Verbal Section. 

The Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT test measures your ability to analyse and formulate logical arguments in standard written English. The verbal reasoning section of the test consists of 36 multiple-choice questions. It is designed to test your knowledge of logical arguments and how to formulate them in standard written English.

The section has a total of three question types including Critical Reasoning, Sentence Correction, and Reading Comprehension, which consist of 36 multiple-choice questions for which you are given 65 minutes. These sections are separated into three subsections so that you can never know the types of questions that will come next.

The GMAT, a widely-recognised test, is used for admission to 7,000 MBA and Masters programs across over 110 countries. Overall, the test consists of a total of four sections including Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning. Here, we will discuss everything about the GMAT Verbal Reasoning section, from question types to preparation tips.

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Division of Questions As Per Category in GMAT Verbal Reasoning

The categorization of all three types of questions is done by giving a certain amount of weightage to each category, which decides the total number of questions that will be asked under that category. The number of questions per category asked in the GMAT Verbal Reasoning Section are as follows:

  • Critical Reasoning: 9-10 Questions

  • Sentence Correction: 12-13 Questions

  • Reading Comprehension: 13-14 Questions

GMAT Verbal Reasoning: Critical Reasoning

In Critical Reasoning, students will be asked to critically evaluate and make arguments. They will also be presented with a short argument. You will be expected to find an answer that confidently addresses the argument's weaknesses and strengthen it. You will also be asked to identify an assumption that supports or undermines the argument.

Critical thinking is a process that involves identifying the structure of an argument and the supporting evidence to support it. Knowing the structure of an argument and the supporting evidence are the four things that are necessary to succeed on critical reasoning questions. Before going to the next step, make sure that the assumptions you make are based on the most probable conclusions.

Preparation Tips for GMAT Critical Reasoning Questions

These questions measure your skills in formulating a plan of action, analyzing an argument, and making an argument. The Critical Reasoning questions are based on materials that were drawn from various sources.

You will first read a short passage, then answer a question related to it. You can then identify an answer that supports or weakens an argument.

  • Be certain that the statement or set of statements that the question is based on are factual. Also, make sure that the claims are substantiated.

  • If the question is about an argument, identify the part of the argument that refers to the conclusion.

  • Before writing the question, read the passage or the material that it's based on to get a good idea of what the question is about.

  • Before answering the question, read the passage of the material that the question is based on to make sure that the answer is the right one.

GMAT Verbal Reasoning: Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension questions are typically part of the testing process for many standardized exams. They test your critical reading skills. They test how well you can summarize the main idea and differentiate between different ideas implied by an author. The test aims to test your ability to make logical inferences from a text. It also asks you to analyze a passage's logical structure.

Each question is based on a passage's content. After reading it, you will answer a series of questions that require you to interpret the text and draw inferences from it. The questions are focused on various subjects, such as social sciences, physical sciences, and business. The questions are focused on the main ideas of the passage. Students are not required to have the necessary expertise in these areas.

Preparation Tips for GMAT Reading Comprehension Questions

Reading Comprehension passages are generally long and can take up to 350 words to read. They're also designed to help students keep up with the material. You will then be asked to complete a reading passage that relates to these topics and then asks multiple questions about that text. When reading a passage, try to read it quickly to get a sense of the author's purpose, the main topic, and the scope of the text. Don't obsess over details.

  • Make sure that you understand what the question is being asked. An answer may not answer the question if it doesn't provide accurate information.

  • Before answering a question, read all the choices carefully. Having a good understanding of the passage will help you answer the questions correctly.

  • Having a good understanding of the passage's text and the question will also help you answer the questions correctly.

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GMAT Verbal Reasoning: Sentence Correction

Two broad aspects of language proficiency are measured in this section. This measure focuses on correct expression and structurally sound sentences. The second aspect of language proficiency is effective expression. It refers to the sentences that effectively communicate an idea or relationship.

Each sentence correction question presents a section or part of a sentence that has been highlighted. You must pay attention to the grammar, sentence construction, and word choice of the sentence to determine the most effective one.

Preparation Tips for GMAT Sentence Correction Questions

The sentence correction questions are designed to help you improve your English skills. They will teach you the grammar and stylistic rules of English. You will also learn how to handle long and contorted sentences. In these types of questions, the participant will have to find the most appropriate version of the sentence's underlined section.

  • Follow the sentence carefully and try to understand its intention. Analyzing and improving the sentence's underlined part will help you make better decisions.

  • Before you answer the question, try to identify the errors and corrections in the sentence. Then, make a list of the possible solutions to correct them.

  • Before you answer the question, try to identify the errors and corrections in the sentence. Then, make a list of the possible solutions that will fix them.

  • Before going through the list, consider the various aspects of the sentence's correctness, such as its grammar and usage.

  • For instance, if the question is about a certain topic, try substituting the answer with another word or phrase.

How Do GMAT Scores Work in the Verbal Reasoning Section?

Your total score is computed from the scores of the Quantitative and Verbal sections. The extreme scores are only allowed to allow for future expansion. Your total score is computed from the scaled scores from the verbal and quantitative sections. It ranges from 1 to 60.

The possible scores range from 11 to 51. They are intended to provide a timeless measure of skill. For instance, a Quant score of 40 in 2006 would still be the same level of ability as a 40 in 2016. The scale might seem arbitrary to some people. But, it's important to avoid confusion with other possible scales.

If the scale ranges from 0 to 100, it might confuse someone who correctly answered 70 per cent of the questions. The scores have remained the same since test takers started taking the test. However, Quantitative performance has increased while verbal performance has decreased.

In the past couple of years, a number of test-takers have received a 50 or higher on the Quant section. This is because the changes in the population have affected the distribution of percentiles. The most important score that the GMAT provides is the total score, which can range from 200 to 800. The population of these scores is distributed according to the average score of the test-takers. The average score of the top 10 business schools is very important to consider when applying. 

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