Aarushi Jain
Updated on Sep 02, 2022 04:22 PM IST

The path of studying abroad has to always go through some exams. Scroll through to check out the full forms of IELTS, SAT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, PTE, ACT and DET.

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Full form of IELTS, SAT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, PTE, ACT, DET: Most of us have come across these exam names but we often forget their full forms, don’t we? So, here’s the deal!

You need to have a proper checklist to study abroad, the process/steps to follow and the right guidance or execution. One such important requirement is to clear study abroad exams that will make you eligible for your course and will help you get admission to your desired university. Each of these entrance exams is important when a candidate is planning to study abroad. 

So, we are here not only to tell you the IELTS full form and TOEFL full form, but also the full forms of SAT, GRE, GMAT, PTE, ACT, and DET along with the significance of each exam and their important details.


Let’s have a quick overview of the IELTS exam full form and full form of TOEFL, SAT, GRE, GMAT, PTE, ACT, and DET in the below-mentioned table along with their respective exam fees for Indian students:

Exam Name 

Full Form

Exam Fees 


International English Language Testing System

INR 15,500



(Previously known as Scholastic Aptitude Test or SAT Reasoning Test and SAT Subject Tests)

INR 8,073


Graduate Record Examinations 

INR 16,534


Graduate Management Admission Test

INR 21,346


Test of English as a Foreign Language 

INR 14,748


Pearson Test of English

INR 13,300


American College Testing

INR 4,890


Duolingo English Test 

INR 3,803

Our study abroad experts offer a wide range of test prep services keeping in mind the unique requirements and schedules of each student.

Find Out Which Entrance Exams to Take to Study Abroad!

IELTS Full Form

IELTS full form is International English Language Testing System. It is one of the most popular language proficiency tests for English that students take to study abroad in popular countries such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the USA. The exam is appropriate for those who want to relocate to an English-speaking country. 

The IELTS is a requirement for Indian students to demonstrate their understanding of the language. The exam focuses on the test taker's ability to communicate in four core English language abilities: listening, reading, speaking, and writing. Aside from knowing about the IELTS exam full form, candidates must also know the three different types of IELTS exams that can be taken. These are:

  • IELTS Academic: This test style is appropriate for students who desire to pursue higher studies in an English-speaking nation. It is also suitable for professional registration.

  • IELTS General Training: It is appropriate for candidates interested in pursuing education below the degree level, such as in schools and colleges. Apart from this, IELTS General Training can also be used for work experience or job training.

  • IELTS UKVI: This IELTS is a government-approved Secure English Language Test (SELT). The IELTS UKVI is required to demonstrate a candidate's command of the English language for UK visa and immigration purposes.

IELTS Exam Pattern

Now that we are aware of the IELTS full form in English, let us have a look at the IELTS exam pattern and what each section entails. Aspirants must note that the syllabus for all IELTS exams remains the same and only differs slightly. The table mentioned below will explain to you the exam pattern of IELTS:


Number of Questions 


Speaking Section

4 Recordings and 40 Questions

1 per question

Listening Section

3 Questions 


Reading Section

40 Questions

1 per question

Writing Section

2 Questions 

Each task is evaluated separately. Task 2 evaluation has more weight in marking than Task 1.

SAT Full Form

Earlier, the SAT exam full form was Scholastic Aptitude Test or SAT Reasoning Test and SAT Subject Tests, but now, the exam’s acronym meaning has been dropped. Every year, about 2 million students from 170+ countries take the SAT exam, according to recent statistics.

In addition, most universities and colleges in the United States require an undergraduate applicant to submit either the SAT or ACT scores, which we shall discuss shortly. In India, the SAT is conducted 5 times a year, in March, May, August, October, and December. Furthermore, there is no limit to the number of times an applicant can take the SAT. 

While there are no age restrictions, statistics show that candidates aged 17 to 19 are among are eligible to take the SAT exam. In brief, students who intend to apply for undergraduate studies abroad are required to take the SAT exam to advance to the next stage of their education.

SAT Exam Pattern

Post knowing about SAT full form, here is a brief overview of the SAT exam pattern that will help aspirants to know more about this test.

  • SAT-I (Reasoning Test): The SAT-I is a 3-hour MCQ-based examination designed to assess verbal and quantitative reasoning abilities. The SAT-I is required for the majority of universities.

  • SAT-II (Subject Test): The SAT-II is a 1-hour MCQ-based test that assesses knowledge of certain subjects as well as the ability to apply that information. Aside from the SAT-I, a few universities also require this score.

Here is an updated exam structure for SAT which aspirants should know after knowing about the SAT full form:


Number of Questions 

Duration (in mins)

Reading Section



Writing and Language 



Math (No Calculator)



Math (With Calculator)



Note: The SAT includes sections such as critical reading, mathematical ability, and writing and language section to assess the knowledge required to access and solve problems.

GRE Full Form

After knowing about the IELTS full form and SAT full form, the next test on our list to know is the GRE full form. The GRE stands for Graduate Record Examinations and is conducted by Educational Testing Service (ETS). It is majorly required by US universities and a few other countries for postgraduate level admissions and is valid for 5 years. The test offers schools a common metric for comparing the qualifications of candidates. The GRE are of two types: 

  • GRE General Test: Prospective graduates and business school applicants who want to pursue degrees such as MBA, MSc, specialised master's in business, doctoral, or law degrees take the GRE General Test. It consists of questions based on the abilities and thinking required to succeed in today's competitive business school and graduate programs.

  • GRE Subject Test: The Subject test assesses your knowledge of a specific topic of study. This exam is designed for students with a strong foundation or an undergraduate degree in Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, or Psychology. GRE Subject test scores are used by institutions for fellowship or admissions panels to supplement your past college/education qualification and records, other qualifications, and Letters of Recommendation (LORs).

GRE Exam Pattern

After knowing about the GRE exam full form, let’s also take a quick look at the GRE (General Test) exam pattern for computer-based test and paper-based tests:

GRE Computer-Based Test


Number of Questions 


Verbal Reasoning


30 minutes 

Quantitative Reasoning


35 minutes

Analytical Writing


60 minutes







GRE Paper-Based Test


Number of Questions 


Verbal Reasoning


35 minutes 

Quantitative Reasoning


40 minutes

Analytical Writing


30 minutes

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GMAT Full Form

The GMAT full form is Graduate Management Admission Test. It is a 3-hour 7 minutes long computer adaptive test. It is one of the most common entrance exams that aspirants give to study MBA abroad in a prestigious b-school is none other than GMAT. The test measures analytical, quantitative, verbal, and writing abilities. Test takers are evaluated based on these abilities and are assigned a GMAT score between 200 and 800 in 10-point increments. 

When candidates apply to business schools for MBA programmes, admissions committees use this GMAT score. GMAC administers the GMAT exam to provide business schools with consistent measurements of applicants' readiness for graduate-level academic work. The GMAT is a computer adaptive examination, which means that the software adapts to your performance as you proceed through the exam. 

As a result, the score is computed based on your skill level, i.e., the difficulty level of questions that you successfully answer rather than the number of questions that you correctly answer.

GMAT Exam Pattern

Now that you know about the GMAT exam full form, let us take a look at the below table to get an idea about the GMAT exam pattern:


Number of Questions 


Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

1 essay 

30 minutes

Integrated Reasoning

12 MCQs

30 minutes

Quantitative Reasoning

31 MCQs

62 minutes 

Verbal Reasoning

36 MCQs

65 minutes 

Read through these articles to learn more about study abroad exams:

1200 Most Commonly Repeated Spellings of Words in the IELTS Listening Test Universities in Canada Accepting IELTS Band 6 for Masters (MS)
What to Do After Taking the SAT and ACT Exams? How to Score a Perfect 800 on GMAT?

TOEFL Full Form

TOEFL full form is Test of English as a Foreign Language. It is among the most widely accepted exams to prove English language proficiency at American and Canadian universities and other colleges across the globe. 

The exam evaluates international students' knowledge and comprehension of English as it is spoken, written, and heard in college and university contexts. ETS (Educational Testing Services) is the organisation in charge of administering the TOEFL exam. Due to the pandemic, students can now take the TOEFL exam from the comfort of their own homes, owing to the introduction of the TOEFL at Home Edition.

The TOEFL Essential Test, a shorter but equally effective version of the TOEFL test, was also issued by ETS. TOEFL is administered approximately 50 times per year, and candidates can take the test after passing the 12th-grade exam from a reputable board or university. It allows you to take the exam as many times as you want, but there must be a 12-day interval between prior and current tests.

TOEFL Exam Pattern

Post knowing about TOEFL full form, let’s now go through the TOEFL exam pattern of the TOEFL iBT test:


Number of Questions 


Reading Section


54-72 minutes 

Listening Section


41-57 minutes 

Writing Section

2 Tasks

50 minutes 

Speaking Section

4 Tasks 

17 minutes

PTE Full Form

After knowing about the TOEFL full form, the next English Proficiency Test that is on the list is PTE. The PTE full form is Pearson Test of English exam. It is an exam undertaken by students and aspirants who aim to study/settle abroad in an English-speaking country. The PTE evaluates your overall English language ability. It tests your English speaking, reading, writing, and listening skills as a computer-based English language test to verify that you can study in an international setting. The PTE results are quickly delivered, ie, within 48 hours.

The PTE test is powered by AI technology and is intended to give quick and efficient testing solutions while minimising human bias. The PTE exam is less stressful as compared to the IELTS exam and TOEFL exam as it gets over in 2 hours. The PTE booking can be done till the last moment and is not heavy on the pocket.

There is a PTE Academic online version that can be taken from the comfort of the home and without the hassle to reach the PTE test centre. The PTE scores are accepted by more than 3,000 institutes across the world. The PTE exam is also recognised by the UK, Australia and New Zealand governments.

PTE Exam Pattern

Let’s now examine the PTE exam pattern after getting to know about the PTE full form: 


Number of Segments


Reading Section 

5 segments

32-41 minutes

Listening Section

8 segments

45-57 minutes

Speaking Section & Writing Section

6 segments

77-91 minutes

ACT Full Form

Another exam on our list that most aspirants give to study abroad, especially in the USA is the ACT exam. The ACT exam full form is American College Testing. The ACT is a standardised test that analyses your college preparation and takes your scores into account during the admissions process. This is one part of determining your eligibility for admission to a college or university. 

The ACT exam is divided into five sections: English, Maths, Reading, Science, and the optional Writing (essay). Students applying to undergraduate programs in the United States and Canada must take the ACT exam. The ACT exam is computer-based and is for 2 hours and 55 minutes.

The ACT exam is scored on a scale of 0-36 and a high score increases the probability to enter a prestigious university as well as receive a scholarship.

ACT Exam Pattern

After knowing about the ACT full form, the below-mentioned table will let you know about the ACT exam pattern


Number of Questions 


English Section


45 minutes 

Mathematics Section


60 minutes 

Reading Section


35 minutes 

Science Section


35 minutes

Writing (Optional) Section

1 essay prompt 

30  minutes 

DET Full Form

Last but not the least, on our list is the DET exam. The DET full form is Duolingo English Test. The Duolingo English Test is an English proficiency assessment designed for today's international students and institutions. 

The test is available on-demand online. Students do not need to book an appointment or drive to their respective test centres. They can easily take the test from the comfort of their homes using a computer and a webcam. The test is given utilising computer adaptive technology, which means that the question difficulty is tailored to each test taker. When you submit your results, a video interview and writing sample are forwarded to a university along with your proficiency score. 

The complete exam experience lasts for less than an hour. The results of the DET exam are validated within 48 hours and can be shared with an unlimited number of universities or colleges abroad.

DET Exam Pattern

Let’s take a quick overview of the DET exam pattern after knowing about the DET full form, with the help of the table mentioned below:



Adaptive Test - Graded Portion

45 minutes 

Video Interview - Ungraded Portion

10 minutes 

Note: The first 5 minutes of the test are an introductory part that walks test-takers through the setting of the Duolingo English test.

We hope that after knowing the IELTS full form, TOEFL full form along with the full form of exams like SAT, GRE, GMAT, PTE, ACT, and DET, you must have got a fair idea about the above-mentioned exams and their exam patterns. Having said that, one must know that exams like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, and DET are English Language Proficiency Tests that are required by universities as proof of your understanding of the English language. 

Apart from this, these exams are also used in the immigration process for applying for a student visa to study abroad. On the contrary, exams like SAT, GRE, GMAT and ACT evaluate or assess the analytical ability of the aspirants to seek admission to foreign universities for undergraduate or postgraduate studies.

Also, one must keep in mind that those who are preparing/appearing for SAT, GRE, GMAT and ACT exams have to also appear for English Language Proficiency Tests to study in a foreign university.  

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Is the GMAT score accepted worldwide?

Yes, the GMAT exam scores are accepted worldwide by different universities and educational institutions. GMAT scores are accepted in more than 114 countries. Colleges such as Harvard, Stanford, and INSEAD generally prefer students with 700+ GPAs. According to the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), these scores are accepted in over 2300 business schools for their 7000 programs.

Can I give SAT after the 12th?

Yes, you can give the SAT exam after completing your 12th examination or after high school. The SAT is used for admission to college schools, and candidates can take it in 11th or 12th grade or after graduating from high school.

Who is eligible for the GRE exam?

The GRE exam has no specified eligibility requirements. Anyone can register for the GRE, and there are no age or qualifying requirements for the GRE exam 2022. The scenarios mentioned in this article, on the other hand, are critical. As a result, one must adhere to the guidelines provided on the ETS website.

What is the TOEFL exam?

The TOEFL exam, also known as the TOEFL iBT (internet-based test) is one of the most widely recognised English-language tests in the world for study, work, and immigration. It is chosen by more universities and institutions, so you can rest assured that you will stand out to admissions staff where it matters.

Do colleges require SAT?

Yes, there are a plethora of colleges that require SAT exam scores for granting admission to students for their bachelor’s programs. You cannot apply to nearly all four-year universities unless you submit admission test scores. The SAT is accepted by practically all US colleges and universities, as well as a few Canadian ones. Some four-year and open-admissions universities, including community colleges, do not require test scores but may use them for placement or awards.

Who can take the SAT exam?

Anyone who aspires to pursue higher education (bachelor's) in the United States or Canada can take the SAT exam. However, if you are 21 or older, you cannot use a student ID to get admission on exam day. You must carry official, government-issued identification with you, such as a driver's license or passport. Furthermore, if you are 21 or older, you cannot be added to an SAT testing waitlist.

Is the GRE exam given for MS?

Yes, the GRE exam is given for MS or by aspirants in order to study MS degree abroad. GRE full form is Graduate Record Examinations. ETS administers a standardised test (Educational Testing Services). Most top graduate-level schools accept ETS GRE results for master's degree programs such as Master of Science or MS degrees in a variety of nations such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, New Zealand, and others. 

What are the ACT and SAT exams?

SAT and ACT are admission tests for aspirants who wish to study abroad in countries like the USA and Canada. The ACT exam assesses a student's existing knowledge and skills. It covers subject matter that the student should have learned in high school. The SAT exam is primarily used to estimate what a student is capable of learning. It covers content that the student may or may not have learned in high school. The SAT has a reading test that lasts 65 minutes, a writing and language test that lasts 35 minutes, and an 80-minute math section. The ACT consists of a 35-minute reading section, a 45-minute English section, a 60-minute math component, and a 35-minute science section.

What are IELTS, TOEFL, GRE, and GMAT?

TOEFL and IELTS exams are English language proficiency tests taken by people who desire to go to countries where English is the primary language of communication. The GRE or GMAT exams, on the other hand, are for aspirants who want to pursue master’s abroad and assess aspirants' reasoning skills.

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