UPSC CSE Prelims Subject-wise Weightage 2024

Pratha Shishodia
Pratha ShishodiaUpdated On: January 10, 2024 01:08 am IST | UPSC Civil Services

Knowing the weightage of subjects in UPSC CSE Prelims 2024 will help candidates excel in the examination. Check out the UPSC CSE Prelims Subject-wise Weightage to prepare a solid strategy for exam day. 

UPSC Prelims Subject wise Weightage

UPSC CSE Prelims Subject-wise Weightage: To prepare well for UPSC Prelims, candidates must be familiar with the UPSC Prelims subject-wise weightage. The prelims exam consists of two papers, General Studies and CSAT. The marks for the prelims exam are not counted since they are qualifying in nature. Candidates are selected through a set cut-off, which is based on the score of the General Studies paper that counts to a total of 200 marks. This paper includes questions from various UPSC subjects namely History, Geography, Environment, Polity, Current Affairs, and more. On the other hand, in the UPSC Mains examination, candidates have to score more than 33% or 66 marks to qualify for the Mains Examination. Here, we will take you through the UPSC Prelims subject-wise weightage for each of the papers based on previous-year trends.

The UPSC Civil Services Prelims exam 2024 is scheduled for May 26, 2024. Every year, lakhs of candidates appear for the exam to achieve their dreams of becoming civil servants. To pursue a career in Civil Services in India, candidates have to go through three phases of the UPSC CSE 2024exam. The Prelims is the first step, after which candidates have to appear for the Mains examination. The qualifying candidate can then appear for the personality test/ Interview round. 

Also Read: 

UPSC Prelims Passing Marks 2024UPSC Mains Passing Marks 2024


UPSC Subject-wise Weightage for Civil Services Prelims Exam (2012-2021)

The table mentioned shows the total number of questions from different UPSC subjects. The data, available from the year 2012 to 2021, will provide a sufficient idea of important topics to aspirants. Accordingly, candidates can prepare for each of the subjects in the UPSC CSE Prelims exam:

Year

Current Affairs

History

Economics

Geography

Polity

Science and Technology

Environment

2021

14

20

15

10

14

12

15

2020

18

20

15

10

17

10

10

2019

22

17

14

14

15

07

11

2018

14

22

18

10

13

10

13

2017

15

14

16

09

22

09

15

2016

27

15

18

07 

07

08

18

2015

26

17

13

16

13

08

11

2014

08

22

10

14

14

16

18

2013

0

16

19

18

16

14

17

2012

1

19

17

17

20

9

17


UPSC CSE Prelims Exam Pattern & Syllabus 2024

In the UPSC Prelims, lakhs of candidates appear but only thousands get selected for the UPSC Mains exam. It is important for students to get familiar with the syllabus and prepare well. A comprehensive understanding of the subjects with the weightage of marks covered in this exam can help students plan a strategy. Here is an analysis of the trends in mark distribution for various subjects covered in the exam for past years.

UPSC CSE Prelims Exam Pattern 2024

The prelims exam mainly consists of objective-type questions. For each of the wrong answers, a negative marking will be done. The table below shows the structure of the UPSC CSE Exam Pattern 2024:

Paper

Total Marks

Type

No. of Questions

Duration

Nature

Negative Marking

General Studies Paper 1

200

Objective

100

2 hours

Merit Ranking

Yes

General Studies Paper 2 (CSAT)

200

Objective

80

2 hours

Qualifying

Yes


UPSC CSE Prelims Syllabus 2024

Knowing the UPSC CSE Syllabus 2024 for Prelims is equally important to understand the weightage given to different subjects in the examination:

General Studies Paper I

General Studies Paper II

Current events that are of national and international importance

Comprehension

Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution

General mental ability

Climate Change,
General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity
Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level); Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of Magnitude, etc.) - (Class X level)

Geography of India and World

Decision-making and problem-solving

History of India and Indian National Movement

Interpersonal skills including communication skills

Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic

Logical reasoning and analytical ability

Political System, Public Policy, Panchayati Raj, Rights Issues, etc.

-

Economic and Social Development - Sustainable

-

Development, Demographics, Social, Poverty, Inclusion

-

Sector Initiatives, etc.

-

General Science

-

Also Read: List of NCERT Books Required for UPSC Preparation 2024

Analysis of Subject-wise Important Topics in UPSC CSE Prelims (2011-2020)

In the UPSC Civil Services Prelims, Current Affairs is one of the most important subjects followed by History and Polity. Read on to know the preparation tips and important topics for each of the UPSC subjects:

Current Affairs 

This is a wide subject as the question can appear from diverse sections including science & technology, government initiatives, security issues, defence, and international relations. Hence, it needs candidates to stay tuned to all the updates of different segments. 

History

According to the previous years’ trend, history is one of the most popular subjects among UPSC candidates. A lot of questions are asked from this subject. Questions from different topics such as heritage, art & culture are asked in UPSC prelims. While preparing, candidates can focus on NCERTs and other books to study these topics. 

Geography

In the prelims exam, questions are asked from the physical geography of India and the world. To prepare the best, candidates can rely on NCERT Geography books recommended for classes VIII to XII. 

Polity

Indian constitution is a highly important subject for UPSC CSE Prelims. The candidates preparing for UPSC CS Prelims examination need a thorough reading of Indian Polity. They can also use NCERTs and other materials to strengthen the foundation before going for the exam.

Science & Technology

Questions related to recent developments in science & technology are commonly asked. Candidates with a good command of current affairs, specifically the Science & Technology portion can score high marks. 

Economy

Economy is also one of the important sections of the UPSC Prelims syllabus. Questions can be asked from diverse topics such as national income, fiscal and monetary policies, fiscal deficit, inflation-deflation, taxes, and so on. 

Environment

Questions related to ecology, environment and biodiversity, climate change can appear in the exam. Candidates can learn from NCERT books and other online study material to prepare for this portion of the exam. 

It is rightly said that UPSC CSE is one of the toughest exams in the world, with only around 25% of test-takers getting through every year. However, with the right amount of dedication and smart preparation, you can certainly achieve your goal. Instead of wasting your time on irrelevant topics, invest your time in the most important topics or the ones that carry the highest weightage. 

Must Read:


Stay tuned to CollegeDekho for the latest updates on UPSC CSE Examination 2024!

FAQs

Name some important books to prepare for the UPSC GS Paper 1 Exam?

Candidates can refer to India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra, General Science by Editorial Board, and more to prepare for UPSC General Studies Paper 1.

Which subjects are important for UPSC General Studies Exam 2024?

Candidates should focus on Current Affairs and History. They are the important subjects to prepare for UPSC Prelims exams.

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