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UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022

Updated By Vaibhav Bansal on 17 Feb, 2022 16:51

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UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022

The UPSC Civil Services 2022 Syllabus is decided by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) each year. As part of the Prelims syllabus, candidates are evaluated based on their knowledge and aptitude in current affairs. In the Civil Services Mains exam, a candidate is evaluated based on his/her academic expertise in his/her specialised subject. It also looks at an individual's overall intellectual traits and understanding of concepts. Basically, the questions that are asked in the Civil Services examination tests the candidate’s understanding and clarity of concepts related to a variety of subjects, which is relevant for a career in Civil Services.

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam Syllabus

Paper IPaper II
Current events of national and international importanceComprehension
History of India and Indian National MovementInterpersonal skills including communication skills
Indian and World Geography-PhysicalLogical reasoning and analytical ability
Social, Economic Geography of India and the WorldDecision-making and problem-solving
Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.General mental ability
Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level)
General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation---
General Science---

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus

Qualifying PapersMarks

Paper - A

(One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included

in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution).         

 300 Marks

Paper - B

English

300 Marks

Papers to be Counted for Merit

Paper - I

Essay

250 Marks

Paper - II

General Studies-I

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

250 Marks

Paper - III

General Studies – II
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

250 Marks

Paper - IV

General Studies – III
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and

Disaster Management)

250 Marks

Paper - V

General Studies – IV
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

250 Marks

Paper - VI

Optional Subject – Paper 1

250 Marks

Paper-VII

Optional Subject – Paper 2

250 Marks
Sub Total (Written test)1750 Marks
Personality Test275 Marks
Grand Total2025 Marks

PAPER-I Essay

Candidates are required to write essays on a varied range of topics. Aspirants have to write two essays in under 3 hours with a 1000-1200 word limit. Each essay is of 125 marks for a total of 250 marks. You are expected to arrange your ideas in an orderly fashion and write concisely. The syllabus also states that credit will be given for effective and coherent expression.

PAPER-II General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature & Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  2. Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  3. The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  5. History of the World will include events from the 18th century, such as the Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc., - their forms and effects on the society.
  6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women's organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society - Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  7. Salient features of the world's physical geography.
  8. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  9.  Important Geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location - changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  5. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  6. Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  7. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  8. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  9. Development processes and the development industry - the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  10. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Center and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  11. Issues related to development and management of Social Sector/Services in the field of Health, Education, Human Resources.
  12. Issues related to poverty and hunger.
  13. Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance - applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  14. Role of Civil Services in a democracy.
  15. India and its neighborhood - relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  16. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  2. Government Budgeting. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
  3. E-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;
  4. Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  5. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  6. Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  7. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  8. Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievement of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  9. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  10. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.
  11. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  12. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  13. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  14. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

PAPER-V General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

The following broad areas will be covered. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

  1. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  4. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  5. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  6. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
  7. Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case Studies on the above issues.

Want to know more about UPSC Civil Services

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Dear Student,

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