Courses after 12th Science: Top B.Sc. and B.A. Courses, Scope and Salary

Published: | September 07, 2019
A human preserving a sapling in soil with a projection of the DNA molecule over it
  • Check out the best courses to take up after 12th science. Some popular courses include B.Sc Agriculture, B.Sc Zoology, B.A. English (Hons.) etc.
  • B.Sc and B.A. courses after 12th class are popular options for a science student apart from medical and engineering.

Science is one of the most popular streams of study in India and for good reason. Not only it is the gateway to some of the most lucrative and well-paid careers in India such as Engineers, Doctors, Architects, Scientists etc. but it also broadens the scope of career choices for students.

This can be said to be one of the reasons why the science stream is preferred by many students even in a day and age when the notion that commerce is for non-performing students is fast becoming extinct.

While at one point of time Engineering wore the crown for the most popular choice for science students, it is fast approaching saturation point. Nowadays, science students are not only taking more interested in Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) programmes, they are also seeking admission in courses that were otherwise though pretty unconventional choices such as Arts, Design, Fashion, Animation etc.

So, if you are confused about which course would be the best to take up after 12th in science, read on to gain more insight on some of the best courses for science students after 12th class

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc)

Some of the most popular course choice after Engineering and Medical are the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) programmes. Many students seek to take admission in the best B.Sc colleges in India in different fields as there is a good demand for science graduates in the market.

Bachelor of Science is a 3-year programme and students can apply for this course after class 12. Although all the major B.Sc. programmes are offered in the field of core science, there are some that are available for commerce and art students as well. In this article, we have covered the most popular BSc courses after class 12th that are available for science aspirants.

In this article, you can find details about what courses can be taken up after 12th in science along with the major subjects that they cover, scope and salary and a list of top B.Sc colleges in India.

Also Read: Delhi University B.Sc Admission Guide 2019

B.Sc Admission Eligibility Criteria

To take admission into BSc courses in India, you need to fulfil the following criteria.

  • Class 12th with PCM, PCB or PCMB, as required by the specialization that you choose.

  • Colleges may also specify a certain minimum percentage for eligibility. While it is around 50% (with relaxation for reserved category students), the college’s admission guidelines need to be consulted for accurate information.

B.Sc Entrance Exams in India

Admission into B.Sc colleges in India is done on a merit-based system according to Class 12th marks. However, depending on the course and college/university you opt for, you may have to sit for an entrance exam for B.Sc admissions.

Some of the most popular B.Sc Entrance exams include:

Exam Conducted by Exam Date (Tentative)
All India Entrance Exam for Admission (AIEEA) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) June 2020
Uttar Pradesh Combined Agriculture & Technology Entrance Test (UPCATET) Banda College of Agriculture and Technology May 2020
BHU Undergraduate Entrance Test (BHU UET) Banaras Hindu University May 2020
Pantnagar University Entrance Exam GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology May/June 2020
Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET) Delhi University June 2020

Popular BSc Courses after Class 12th

Following are some of the most popular B.Sc specialisations that students opt for after 12th in Science.

Name of the course Objective Major Subjects Salary Scope List of Colleges
B.Sc. Agriculture The aim of the course is to educate students regarding the best agricultural practices. The course also involves research for coming up with agriculture methods for increasing productivity and yield.
  • Agriculture (Agronomy)

  • Forestry

  • Veterinary Science

  • Fisheries

  • Home Science

  • Horticulture

Starting salary after this course varies from Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,50,000. Government jobs pay higher salaries than the corporate sector.
B.Sc. Nursing This course is designed to enhance critical thinking skills and provide training for practising professional nursing and midwifery in compliance with the national health policies.
  • Nutrition

  • Psychology

  • Biochemistry

  • Pharmacology

  • Microbiology

  • Child Health Nursing

  • Anatomy

Salaries in the early stages of practising nursing will be around Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 per annum. With experience, the packages will reach up to Rs. 4,50,000 per annum.
B.Sc. Horticulture The course deals with the study of plant cultivation. Students are taught about different plants and methods of gardening to enhance productivity.
  • Crop Physiology

  • Soil Conservation

  • Pest Management

  • Agro Informatics

  • Farm Machinery

  • Renewable Energy

  • Water Management

The salaries depend on the type of jobs. Government jobs will pay salaries between Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 per annum. Private jobs will pay much less than this.
B.Sc. Zoology The course deals with animal biology and environmental biology. The aim of the course is to prepare students to work in fields like biodiversity prospecting, ecosystem monitoring, etc.
  • Animal Biotechnology

  • Environmental Management

  • Animal Bioinformatics

  • Biodiversity Studies

  • Ecosystem Monitoring

Graduates can expect a starting package from Rs. 1,50,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 per annum. Salary prospects are better after M.Sc.
B.Sc. (Hons.) Computer Science In this course, students learn about computer applications and programming languages in order to learn software development and coding. The course prepares students for various roles in the IT Industry.
  • Website Designing

  • Object-Oriented Programming

  • Software Engineering

  • Algorithms

  • Computer Organisation

Since IT is a thriving field, students can start out in the market with a package ranging from Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 depending on the college of graduation.
B.Sc. (Hons.) Physics The aim of the course is to educate students in all the basic fields of physics including, electromagnetics, optics, mechanics and electronics.
  • Semiconductors

  • Wave and Optics

  • Statistical Physics

  • Nuclear Physics

  • Electromagnetic Theory

  • Electricity Magnetism

The salaries may vary between Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 5,00,000.

B.Sc. Biotechnology Being an applied science, this course is compiled of genetic study and environmental biotechnology. The purpose of the course is to train students to make human life better with a high level of microbial research.
  • Cell Biology

  • Genetics

  • Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

  • Molecular Biology

  • Industrial Biotechnology

  • Plant Biotechnology

Job scope is better after completing M.Sc. Starting Salary will range from Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 5,00,000.
B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry In this course, students are taught about various atoms, molecules and substances. It also covers the combined study of matter, the concept of energy and entropy.
  • Inorganic Chemistry

  • Organic Chemistry

  • Physical Chemistry

Salary may vary between Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 5,00,000 depending on the college of graduation.
B.Sc. Biochemistry The course covers the study of chemicals and processes related to living organisms. This course prepares the student for research in the field of physio-chemical processes.
  • Biomolecules

  • Enzymology

  • Intermediary Metabolism

  • Molecular Biology

  • Clinical Biochemistry

  • Immunology

Rs. 1,20,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 p.a. is the starting salary after graduating in this field. Salary improves after post-graduation.
B.Sc. (Hons.) Mathematics This course covers the basic topics of mathematics as well as the advanced calculative concepts in the field of applied mathematics. Students are prepared for applied research and masters in this field.
  • Integral Calculus and Trigonometry

  • Differential Equations

  • Abstract Algebra

  • Numerical Analysis

  • Differential Geometry

  • Vector Analysis

Graduates can expect the average salary to be around Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000 per annum

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) is a 3-year undergraduate programme that can be studied after class 12th. Many disciplines of study such as liberal arts, social sciences, languages etc. are offered under this programme and it offers great career pathways especially for people who want to pursue higher studies or research.

B.A. Admission Eligibility Criteria

To eligible for admission into most B.A. courses in India, you need to fulfil the following criteria.

  • Passed (10+2) from a recognized board in Science, Commerce or Arts Stream.

  • The minimum percentage for admission into B.A. courses in 50% for most of the colleges (with relaxation provided for reserved category candidates). Refer to the college admission guidelines for more details.

Also Read: Comparison of BAMH and BHMS courses

B.A. Entrance Exams in India

Admission to B.A. programmes is generally done on a merit-based system with colleges and universities releasing their cut-off criteria during the admission season. Class 12th marks are considered for admission in B.A.

However, some of the top colleges for B.A. in India may require you to sit for entrance exams for B.A. admissions. Some of the most popular B.A. entrance exams include the following.

Exam Conducted by Exam Date (Tentative)
Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET) Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University May 2020
Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam (JNUEE) Jawaharlal Nehru University May 2020
Delhi University Joint Admission Test (DU JAT) Delhi University June 2020
Tata Institute of Social Sciences Bachelor’s Admission Test (TISS BAT) Tata Institute of Social Sciences April 2020
Symbiosis Entrance Test Symbiosis International University May 2020

Popular B.A. Courses after Class 12th

Some of the most popular B.A. specialisations opted for by students after 12th in Science are listed in the following table.

Specialisation Major Subjects Scope Colleges
B.A. English
  • Classical Literature

  • Victorian Prose and Poetry

  • Indian English Literature

  • Drama

  • English Poetry and Fiction

A B.A. English graduate can opt for jobs such as Content Writer, Technical Writer, Proofreader, Reporter, English Teacher etc.

The starting salaries can be from anywhere around Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 p.a.

B.A. English Colleges in India
B.A. in Political Science
  • Political Theory

  • Indian Government and Politics

  • Indian Political Thought

  • Western Political Thought

Graduates of this course can find jobs in the field of Politics, Journalism, Writing, Social Work, Marketing etc.

The starting salaries can be from Rs. 1,50,000 to Rs. 5,00,000 p.a.

B.A. Political Science Colleges in India
B.A. LLB
  • Legal Methods

  • Political Science

  • Business Law

  • Advocacy Skills

  • Human Rights Law

Most B.A. LLB graduates opt to start their private practice as a lawyer. However, jobs such as Business Advisor, HR Manager, Law Officer etc. are also open for them.

Starting salaries in this field can be from Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 p.a.

B.A. LLB Colleges in India
B.A. Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Print Journalism

  • Television and Radio

  • Film Studies

  • Advertising

  • Public Relations

Mass Comm freshers can opt to take up in fields such as Journalism, Content Writing, Film Production, Press Information Bureaus etc.

Starting salaries after this course can lie between Rs. 1,20,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 p.a.

Journalism and Mass Communication Colleges in India
B.A Geography
  • Human Geography

  • Geography of India

  • Regional Planning and Development

  • Geomorphology

Cartographer, Urban Planner, Surveyor, Metrologist are some of the jobs open for B.A. Geography graduates.

Their starting salaries usually lie between Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 5,00,000 p.a.


B.A. Geography Colleges in India

Apart from B.A. and B.Sc., science students can also opt for courses such as B.Des, B.F.Tech, Hotel Management, ITI courses etc.

Also Read: Top 10 Science Colleges in Delhi University

The scope of a course also depends on the college or university you are graduating from. Admissions to most of the universities are done on the basis of marks secured by a candidate in the science subjects i.e. Physics, Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics. Once you complete your bachelor's degree after class 12th, you can take admission in M.Sc colleges in India and then later opt for some of the best research institutes in India that can pave the way for a lucrative career.

However, salary and scope are not the only things that define which course you take up. Your willingness to study and excel in a field can take you a great way in building a good career.

Other Courses after 12th:

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