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UPSC Law Syllabus for Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam 2022- PDF Download, Important Topics, Weightage

Anmol Arora
Anmol AroraUpdated On: November 02, 2022 03:42 pm IST | UPSC Civil Services

Appearing for UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022 and chose Law as the optional subject? This article shall give you an idea of the syllabus of the UPSC Law Syllabus for IAS Mains 2022.

UPSC Law Syllabus

Chose Law as the optional subject for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2022? Before kickstarting your preparation for the section, you must have a fair idea of the UPSC Law Syllabus for IAS Mains 2022. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Civil Service Exam (CSE) at the national level to recruit candidates for different Civil Services of India like Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). The exam is held in three phases- Prelims, Mains, and Personality Test.

To make it easier for the exam takers, candidates may find the syllabus for IAS Mains Law 2022 which has been provided below in detail. This page shall also give you an idea of the marking scheme of the paper.

UPSC IAS Mains Law Syllabus 2022

Paper I

Constitutional and Administrative Law

Relationship between directive principles, fundamental rights, and fundamental duties

Governor and his powers

Emergency provisions

Constitutional position of the President

Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution

Constitutional relation with the Council of Ministers

Fundamental rights - Legal Aid; Public interest litigation

Principles of natural justice - Emerging trends and judicial approach

Supreme Court and High Courts:

  • Powers, functions and jurisdiction

  • Appointments and transfer

Centre, States and local bodies:

  • Eminent domain - State property - common property - community property and Local Bodies

  • Administrative relationship among State, Union, and Local Bodies

  • Distribution of legislative powers between the States and the Union

  • Legislative powers, privileges and immunities

Services under the Union and the States:

  • Recruitment and conditions of services; Administrative tribunals Constitutional safeguards
  • Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions - Functions and Power
  • Election Commission - Functions and Power

Separation of powers and constitutional governance

Amendment of the Constitution

Delegated legislation and its constitutionality

Ombudsman: Lokayukta and Lokpal

Judicial review of administrative action

Also Read: UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022

​International Law

Nature and definition of international law

Improvement and Protection of the human environment: International efforts

Relationship between international law and municipal law

Territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum

Law of the sea:

  • Inland waters

  • Contiguous zone

  • High seas

  • Exclusive economic zone

  • Territorial sea

  • Continental shelf

Individuals: Procedures and Human Rights available for their enforcement; Nationality, statelessness

Peaceful settlement of disputes - different modes

Fundamentals of international humanitarian law - contemporary developments and International conventions and

Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention

Nuclear - non-proliferation treaty, Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; CTBT, ban on the testing of nuclear weapons

United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform

Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation

State-sponsored terrorism, international criminal court, International terrorism, hijacking

WTO, TRIPS, GATT, New international economic order and monetary law: IMF, World Bank

Paper-II

Law of Crimes

Preparation and criminal attempt

Offences against the human body

General exceptions

Law of Crimes

Criminal liability General principles: Mens rea in statutory offences, Mens rea and actus reus

Offences against Property

Abetment

Joint and constructive liability

Offences against public tranquillity

Criminal conspiracy

Vicarious liability including State liability

Plea bargaining

Offences against the State

Emerging trends and Kinds of punishment as to abolition of capital punishment

Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988

Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments

Liability based upon strict liability and fault; Absolute liability

Defamation

Offences against women

-

Law of Torts

Consumer Protection Act, 1986

False imprisonment

Nuisance

Nature and definition

Joint tortfeasors

Defamation

General defences

Negligence

Conspiracy

Remedies

Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements

Contract of agency

False imprisonment

Quasi- Contracts

Factors vitiating free consent

Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance

Malicious prosecution

Performance and discharge of contracts

Nature and formation of contract/E-contract

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

Consequences of breach of contract

Standard form contracts

Formation and dissolution of the partnership

Sale of goods and hire purchase

1881 Negotiable Instruments Act

1996 Arbitration and Conciliation Act

Also Read: UPSC CSE 2022 Prelims Admit Card to be Out Soon at upsc.gov.in

Contemporary Legal Developments

, Purpose/Prospects of Information Technology Law Concept including Cyber Laws

Trial by media

Right to Information Act

Public Interest Litigation

Major statutes concerning environmental law

Competition Law- Concept, purpose/ prospects

Intellectual property rights - Concept, types/prospects

Alternate Dispute Resolution - Concept, types/prospects

Also Read: UPSC 2022 Mains Result (Soon)

UPSC Law Syllabus for IAS Mains Marking Scheme

The UPSC Optional subject list comprises a total of 48 subjects, out of which the candidate is required to choose any one amongst them for both papers. Each optional subject includes two papers- Paper I and Paper II). Each paper shall be 250 marks, making it a total of 500 marks for only the Law paper.

Hope the above-mentioned information was helpful. Stay tuned to CollegeDekho to get more updates on exams in various streams. In case of any query, you can head to our QnAZone. 

FAQs

Which is a better optional subject Law or PSIR under the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam 2022?

Law or PSIR optional both are equally good and scoring. The answer to this question depends upon one’s interest if one is comfortable with political science concepts one should definitely take PSIR and if one is well aware of the law then one should definitely choose Law as an optional in the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam 2022. However, the law being tougher, it is always recommended to choose Law Optional only when one has studied it in his/her graduation so that the technicalities can be easily dealt with. 

What are the important topics under Contenporary Legal Developments that one must study to qualify the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

The important topics under Contemporary Legal Developments that one must study to qualify for the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 are as follows:

  • IT Law & Cyber Law
  • Right to Information Act
  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • Public Interest Litigation
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution 
  • Competition Law
  • Trial by Media

What is the syllabus of Paper II in the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

The syllabus of Paper II in the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 is given below:

  • Law of Crimes
  • Law of Torts 
  • Constitutional Legal Developments

What is the syllabus of Paper I in the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

 The syllabus of Paper I in the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 is given below:

  • Constitutional & Administrative Law
  • International Law

What are the important topics under Constitutional & Administrative Law that one must study to qualify the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

The important topics under Constitutional & Administrative Law that one must study to qualify for the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 are as follows:

  • Relationship Between Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties & Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Emergency Provisions
  • Centre, State & Local Bodies
  • Legal Aid & Public Interest Litigation
  • Supreme Court & High Court
  • Services Under Union & States
  • Governed & His Powers
     

What are the important topics under Law of Crimes that one must study to qualify the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

The important topics under Law of Crimes that one must study to qualify for the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 are as follows:

  • Preparation & Criminal Attempt
  • Abetment 
  • Offenses Against the State
  • Criminal Conspiracy
  • Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
  • Defamation
  • Plea Bargaining 
     

What are the important topics under Law of Torts that one must study to qualify the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

The important topics under Law of Torts that one must study to qualify for the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 are as follows:

  • Consumer Protection Act, 1986
  • General Defences 
  • Conspiracy
  • False Imprisonment 
  • Quasi Contracts
  • Malicious Prosecution
  • E-Contract

What are the important topics under International Law that one must study to qualify the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022?

The important topics under International Law that one must study to qualify for the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 are as follows:

  • Nature & Definition of International Law
  • Relationship between International Law & Municipal Law
  • United Nations
  • State Sponsored Terrorism
  • Law of the Sea
  • Peaceful Settlement of Disputes

What are the important topics of the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 Syllabus?

The Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 Syllabus is as follows:

  • Constitutional & Administrative Law
  • International Law
  • Contemporary Legal Developments
  • Law of Torts
  • Law of Crimes
     

When was the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 held?

The Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022 was held on 25 September 2022. The result of the Civil Services (IAS) Mains Exam for Law Optional 2022  is expected to be released in November or December. Candidates can check their results online on the official website by providing the necessary requisites.

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