Master of Arts (MA)

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Feb 27, 2024 00:59AM IST

What is Master of Art (MA)?

Master of Arts is the full form of the MA. The Master of Arts (MA) degree is a two years postgraduate degree that can be pursued after an undergraduate degree and focused on the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Fine Arts. MA Course is available in various specialisation subjects, including Psychology, Sociology, History, English, Hindi, Political Science, Urdu, Economics, Tamil, Odia, etc. However, The syllabus for MA courses will differ significantly depending on the specialisation and course chosen. The Master of Arts (MA) syllabus includes core subjects taught in the first year and elective courses in the second year. 

The MA degree is available through correspondence, distance learning, full-time, or part-time study. To be eligible for MA courses, students must have a minimum of 50% in their BA degree in any field. Moreover, the applicant must meet the minimum score requirements on entrance exams to be considered for MA admission. Admissions to Master of Arts courses are mainly based on either merit or entrance exams. Some colleges accept students based on their 12th marks, whereas others accept entrance exam scores. The entrance exams used for MA admission at some colleges, including CUET PG, TISS, IPU CET. Top MA colleges and universities include LSR, Miranda House, Hindu College, and Hansraj College, Fergusson College, Christ University, among others. The MA course fee in India at various colleges ranges between INR 10k - INR 80k. 

Students with an MA degree will have a solid academic foundation that will be extremely beneficial to their future careers. It also offers students good job opportunities and serves as a springboard to pursuing a doctorate.

Master of Arts (MA) degree can lead to many different career options such as Social work, Teaching, Journalism, Project leadership, Art, Politics, Content writing, Administrative officer, Research associate, Lawyer, Manager, Digital marketer, Data scientist, Insurance executive. Following the MA course, candidates can pursue jobs after MA in respective disciplines and fields of study. Also, Graduates can earn an MA salary between INR 3 and 15 LPA. 

What is Master of Art (MA)?

In a nutshell, the MA full form is Masters of Arts, which is a two-year postgraduate degree programme. MA courses offer various kinds of specialisations, such as humanities, languages, and many others. Following the completion of a bachelor's degree, the MA course is one of the most popular and sought-after among candidates. The MA course provides theoretical understanding in various types of disciplines, including Psychology, Social Studies, Management, and Politics, among others. The MA course syllabus teaches both theoretical and practical components to students. Candidates for a Master of Arts degree must be dedicated and focused on their chosen subject. Since the candidate must conduct extensive research on the subject, a master's degree requires more willpower and fortitude than a bachelor's degree. Students can pursue a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in the same or a related field after an MA.  

Also Read: MBA after MA

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MA Course Latest Updates

MA admissions are based on the CUET 2024 entrance exam. The CUET PG 2024 will be held between March 11 and March 28, 2024, at 326 CUET PG exam centres. Before beginning their CUET PG 2024 preparation, candidates must carefully read the newly updated CUET PG exam pattern 2024 and then prepare according to the CUET PG syllabus 2024 that has been released by the exam authorities.

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MA Course Highlights 2024

Following are the major highlights of the Master of Arts (MA) degree programme: 

Full FormMaster of Arts
Course DurationMaster of Arts (MA) is 2 Years
AgeNo age limit
Eligibility Criteria

Bachelor's degree in any discipline

Minimum percentage: 45% to 55% (depending upon the institute)

Subjects RequiredAny (BA in any subject from a recognised university or any other degree with the minimum required aggregate marks)
Average Fees IncurredINR 10k - 80k per annum
Average Salary OfferedINR 3 - INR 15 LPA
Employment RolesContent Writer, High School Teacher, Secondary School Teacher, Primary School Teacher, HR Manager, Copy Editor, Editor, Executive Assistant, School Counselor, Data Analyst, Assistant Editor, etc.
Placement OpportunitiesAccenture, VIBGYOR High, International Justice Mission, HSBC, Crisil, EY (Ernst & Young), Wipro Technologies Ltd., Kotak Mahindra Bank, American Express Co. (AMEX), The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., etc.

Also Read: Part Time Language Courses at DU

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Why Choose Master of Arts (MA)?

There are several reasons why it would be beneficial for aspirants to study MA courses in India across a range of disciplines and fields of study. From a higher level of expertise and knowledge in the respective fields to rising employment opportunities across different disciplines, industries and sectors. Here are some reasons why you should study Master of Arts courses:

  • Greater Expertise: MA courses open up opportunities for those looking to specialise in a specific subject area. Specialists in every discipline and subject area are considered with high regard since they possess the ability to reduce costs and improve results.
  • Enhanced Career Prospects: Candidates with increased knowledge, skills and understanding of different fields will usually see higher career prospects. Moreover, MA degrees allow individuals to pursue a career in teaching across different educational institutions as well.
  • Pathway to PhD: Those looking to earn a doctorate must apply for a Master of Arts or any other postgraduate degree programme to qualify for the PhD pathway. With a doctorate, students will be able to apply for better-paying jobs and seek out better career opportunities as well.
  • Increasing Job Opportunities: Over the years, a variety of different companies and organisations across different sectors and industries have displayed an increased demand for postgraduate degree holders, including MA degree holders.
  • Variety in Courses: As mentioned several times previously, aspirants will be able to choose from a range of different disciplines and fields of study like Psychology, Economics, Commerce, Language and Linguistics, Social Studies, and much more.
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Who Can Pursue MA Course?

Master of Arts can be pursued by applicants who must meet the following requirements:

  • Have a bachelor's degree in art or a related field
  • Have a minimum of 50% in their BA degree
  • Meet the minimum score requirements for entrance exams, such as CUET PG, IPU CET, or TISS
  • Have a bachelor's degree from an Indian university approved by the UGC (University Grants Commission)
  • SC/ST/OBC candidates are given a relaxation of 5% marks 

However, candidates who plan to pursue a PhD in the future can also pursue MA. For the chance to decide on their careers and future paths, students can also select their areas of specialisation and get in-depth knowledge of the subject. Because of the growing competition, students who want to succeed in their careers must be committed to their studies. 

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List of Popular MA Specialisations

As mentioned above, there are several types of MA specialisations and courses available in India for interested candidates. To begin their Master of Arts programme, a candidate must first select and validate the course or specialisation they want to take. Only then can they begin their master's degree.

 Top MA specialisations available to students are listed below:

MA Specialisation                        Description
EconomicsMA in Economics is designed to provide extensive knowledge of different economic topics like macro and microeconomics, finance and accounting, and much more.
EnglishCovering a range of English language topics, including its history, development, literary pieces of work and much more, an MA in English is one of the more popular options among students.
LiteratureMA in Literature is often paired with a language such as Hindi, French, Spanish, etc., wherein different literary works of art are evaluated, deconstructed and studied in detail.
HistoryAs the name suggests, an MA in History covers a range of topics, events and recorded moments in History that students must study in detail. The topics are not restricted to Indian history or popular moments but cover a range of different timelines, cultures, etc.
Political ScienceThe two-year course imparts specialised knowledge of Indian and international politics. Interested students will be able to pursue a career in politics, governance and international policy using the degree.
PsychologyAmong the popular course options, MA in Psychology trains and qualifies students in the science of evaluating and treating different mental illnesses and challenges that people face.
PhilosophyCovering a range of topics between classical and modern philosophy, an MA in Philosophy deals with the study of the nature of knowledge and reality, among many other complex theories.
LanguagesSimilar to English, MA courses in different languages are often a common option taken by those who wish to either teach the language or work in an environment where language proficiency is key.

It should be noted that the courses mentioned above are just a few of the many courses that students can choose from to earn an MA degree. Therefore, candidates are advised to first confirm the field of study in which they wish to build a career, before selecting a specialisation.

Also Read: Best Certificate Courses in India 

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Types of MA Courses

In addition to the courses and specialisations offered with the MA degrees, applicants will have several types of Master of Arts course options to select from in terms of the instructional strategies used. Here are a few of the most well-liked MA course options chosen by students throughout India:

Full-time MA Courses

The most popular course option among applicants, MA full-time courses need students to physically attend lectures in the classroom as well as other academic events hosted by the university awarding the degree.

Part-time MA Courses    

Part-time MA courses are popular among those who want to pursue higher education in addition to their jobs or other responsibilities. These courses typically require students to attend certain classes at certain times of the day or night.              

MA in Distance Learning

Distance learning is a popular option for aspirants to study their desired MA courses, more so than part-time courses. Since this mode requires students to attempt online classes outside of working hours, they are typically taken up by students who wish to study and work at the same time.

Integrated MA Course 

Following the completion of their 10+2 (high school diploma), students can pursue integrated MA courses. The duration of the integrated MA programme is five years. In India, a number of universities, including TISS and University of Madras, provide integrated MA courses. The combined MA degree combinations are listed below:

  • BA+MA
  • MA+ B Ed

Several different universities offer more than one type of Master of Arts course in India, including courses via distance learning. Therefore, candidates are advised to carry out a thorough research of the best institutes and courses available before sending in their application forms.

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MA Course Entrance Exams 2024

As stated above, many universities may employ entrance-based admissions to enrol the best students for their MA courses. To enrol in some of the more prestigious institutions, students will have to clear a standardised entrance exam for the two-year postgraduate courses and clear all the remaining steps in the admission process. Listed here are some of the popular MA entrance exams in India.

Entrance ExamDescription
CUET PGConducted by the NTA, CUET PG is a national-level entrance exam to enrol applicants to PG courses offered at central or participating universities.
IPU CETAll Master of Arts courses offered by GGSIPU will also be done based on the scores achieved in the IPU CET. It is one of the more renowned entrance exams conducted in the country.
PU-CET PGPanjab University conducts the PU-CET PG enrol the best of the best in its PG courses, including the different Master of Arts programmes offered.
TISSNETConducted by Tata Institute of Social Sciences National Entrance Test, candidates must attempt the test to enrol in the MA programmes offered by the institute.

Note: The CUET PG score is considered for admission through the JNUEE (JNU) and BHU PET (Banaras Hindu University) entrance exams.

MA Entrance Exams Preparation 

The MA courses requires students to be competent in the subject they have selected. To make learning easier, the syllabus can be divided into separate modules. For the purpose of preparing for entrance exams, literary theory and criticism on the relevant subjects are equally important. It is necessary for students to practise answering factual questions. For a better understanding, they may look over past exams and sample papers for the important entrance exams.

Also Read:  DU PG Admissions 2024 

How to Prepare for CUET Syllabus 2024?

The National Testing Agency (NTA), which administers the CUET, makes the syllabus for the Common University Entrance Test (CUET) available. Candidates must ensure that they have a thorough understanding of the CUET syllabus in order to be aware of the important topics per section and subject. The CUET syllabus 2024 is divided into three sections: language, domain subject, and general test.

In the first section of the CUET, reading comprehension, literary ability, and vocabulary will be used to assess the candidate's language proficiency. The domain subject section evaluates a candidate's subject expertise for the course for which they wish to apply. The following component, the General Test, assesses the candidate's general knowledge, awareness of current events, and capacity for logical and analytical thought. 

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MA Admission Process in India

MA admissions procedures differ from one college to the next. Some universities require applicants to take an entrance exam, while others admit students solely on merit. Most colleges follow the standard admissions procedure, which is described in detail below. Many colleges rely on the Common Entrance Examination (CUET) results to make admissions decisions.

MA Admission 2024

The following steps are being taken for the MA admission process.

Step 1: Start by filling out an online MA application.
Step 2: Pay the registration fee as well as any additional fees (charged on a merit-based basis) incurred during the admissions process. Candidates must take and pass an exam to be considered for admission to the entrance-based MA programme.
Step 3: Those on the short list will be invited to the next round of interviews, group discussions, or counselling, depending on how the selection process is structured.
Step 4: After completing the previous steps, candidates must submit all required paperwork and fees in order to be accepted for admission to the MA.

MA Admission Process in India

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MA Course Eligibility Criteria

MA eligibility criteria will be determined by the type of MA course selected by the student as well as the institution offering the course, among other factors. However, much like various other postgraduate courses, there are general requirements that each MA aspirant should satisfy, some of which have been outlined below:

  • Applicants must hold a bachelor's degree, preferably in the Arts, with a minimum duration of three or four years, or its equivalent (10+2+3 or 10+2+4). The degree must come from an institution approved by India's University Grants Commission, or UGC
  • A minimum of 55% overall in order to graduate
  • For those pursuing a four-year degree programme, passing marks in every topic from the first to the sixth semester are required, while candidates pursuing a three-year programme must pass all papers covering topics from the first to the fourth semester

Apart from these MA eligibility criteria, universities and colleges offering the two-year postgraduate courses of choice may define additional requirements or specify the minimum requirements to qualify for enrolment. Therefore, all applicants are advised to thoroughly read through the admission guidelines before applying to any university.

Required Skills for MA Course

Students must possess a few skills that would place them among the best in the field, similar to other professional and postgraduate courses offered across the country. These skills not only improve a graduate's employability, but also help candidates understand the respective fields much better. The following are some required skill sets for MA courses that students should have.

  • Excellent communication skills
  • Time management skills
  • Critical and analytical thinking skills
  • Good people management skills
  • Technical skills in the respective fields
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Presentation skills

While students can learn these skills while studying for their desired MA courses in India, it is preferable to learn them before enrolling in the programme. These abilities are required for a lucrative career path and advancement up the career ladder.

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What is the Difference Between MA and MSc Degrees?

Among the popular degree options available in India, the differences and similarities between MA courses and MSc courses are often discussed, often to answer the question “Which is better: MA vs. MSc?”. To answer this question, we have detailed some of the major differences in the table below to help you determine which of the two is a better option for you.

ParametersMaster of ArtsMaster of Science
FocusFocus on arts and humanities of the society, where intricate knowledge of the socio-economic factors of society and culture is studiedFocuses on the scientific knowledge and facts of life, where extensive research and understanding of different STEM-based subjects is studied.
Entry Requirements

A Bachelor’s degree in arts or other streams in the respective field of study is the minimum requirement for an MA.

Admissions can be done either on entrance test scores or academic merit.

A Bachelor of Science degree in the respective disciplines or fields of studies is the minimum requirement for an MSc.

Entrance test scores are usually the commonly accepted mode of admissions, however, few may select candidates on academic merit.

Subject AreasEconomics, English, History, Political Science, Psychology, Social Work, Literature, Linguistics, etcPhysics, Chemistry, Biology, Biotechnology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Accounting, etc.
Teaching Methodologies

Variable across universities, MA courses are often taught in a balanced classroom with project-based methodology.

Students will be required to attend classroom sessions while conducting their research on different topics as part of the curriculum.

Common across universities, most MSc courses are taught to provide a more hands-on approach to different scientific principles and topics.

Students must participate in the laboratory lectures as well as conduct their research on different topics, on which they will be evaluated.

Graduate Outcomes

Graduates can take up roles such as professors/teachers, consultants and specialists in their respective fields.

The scope of career growth is also immense with a good payout as well.

Graduates can take up roles such as specialists, subject specialists, technicians, R&D executives, etc. in their respective fields.

The course often leads to further academics like PhDs, that position the graduates for greater recognition and better payouts.

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What is an Online MA Degree?

An online graduate degree is known as an online master's degree. Either an entirely online college with no in-person experience or a conventionally on-site university with particular online programmes can be used for this. Online MA courses are becoming more and more common because of their comfort and flexibility. Video conferencing is used to deliver lessons for the online MA course. One can enrol in an online MA course while residing in a different city because there are no on-site classes. Furthermore, it allows prospective workers to grow professionally and gain more knowledge at their own pace while learning.

Students can look at the table below to learn about some demanding Online MA Courses:

Online MA CoursesCourse ProviderFees (in INR)
Master of Arts in EnglishChandigarh UniversityINR 70,000
Online Master of Arts (Economics)Chandigarh UniversityINR 70,000
MA in Journalism and Mass CommunicationManipal University, JaipurINR 1,30,000
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Direct MA Admission Process Without Entrance Exam

Many universities, including some of the most prestigious and reputable institutions in the country, accept student applications solely on the basis of academic merit.

  • Candidates must submit all of their academic records, including degree-passing certificates, final examination results, and other documents, as proof of academic merit.
  • Candidates must also show proof of any academic awards they have received, either during or prior to their undergraduate studies. This may improve your chances of selection.
  • They may be required to submit Statements of Purpose and Letters of Recommendation as part of the document list required by the institution.

In addition, universities may add or remove processes and steps in their admission process based on their needs. Thus, candidates should thoroughly read and comprehend the admission policies and guidelines before submitting the application form this year.

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MA Degree Cut-Off

The student's merit for admission to an MA programme is determined using the Master of Arts, or MA, cut-off. The primary criteria that practically all universities accept for the MA admission process for courses is the CUET PG cut-off. The number of students taking the entrance exam and the question paper's difficulty are the two factors that determine the MA cut-off.

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MA Fees in India

MA course fees for various colleges range from INR 10,000 - INR 80,000 annually. The Master of Arts course fee will vary depending on a variety of factors, the most important of which is the specialisation chosen for the MA degree. Each university will have its own fee structure for various courses, and many of them will differ depending on the popularity of the course at the institution. 

However, there is a minor difference in MA course fees between government and private institutions in India, as shown in the table below.

Type of InstitutionAverage Course Fee 
Government CollegesINR 10,000 - 20,000 per annum
Private CollegesINR 15,000 - 80,000 per annum
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MA Syllabus/Subjects

MA Syllabus and MA subjects vary depending on specialisation and course. Most MA course syllabuses, on the other hand, include classroom instruction, lectures, group discussions, field trips, and a required dissertation submission. Humanities, Languages, and many other specialisations are available on MA courses. Following completion of a bachelor's degree, the MA programme is one of the most popular and sought-after courses among applicants. The MA programme provides theoretical knowledge in a variety of academic fields such as psychology, sociology, management, and politics.

Going through the syllabus for the desired courses is one of the helpful factors that can aid you in selecting the right course for your postgraduate studies. However, because MA is a degree, you will need to research the individual MA course syllabus in India before making that decision. Some of the subjects and topics covered in various Master of Arts courses in India are listed below.

MA Economics Syllabus
Micro EconomicsOpen-Economy Macro Economics
StatisticsPublic Economics
Time Series AnalysisIndustrial Organisation
International TradeAgricultural Economics
MA English Syllabus
Structure of Modern EnglishTradition English Drama
English FictionIndian Prose Works
American LiteratureLiterary Criticism and Theory
Works of ShakespeareBritish Literature
MA Psychology Syllabus
Experimental PsychologyCognitive Psychology
Biological Bases of BehaviourPsychological Assessment
Basics of Guidance and CounsellingPsychodiagnostics
Organisational PsychologyCounselling Techniques and Strategies
MA History Syllabus
Aspects of Ancient IndiaState and Society of Medieval India
Modern IndiaWorld History
HistoriographyIndian Government and Politics
History through LiteratureThe Economic History of India
MA Political Science Syllabus
Indian Political ThoughtPublic Administration
Contemporary Political PhilosophersModern Political Theory
Issues of Indian PoliticsForeign Policy in India
Indian AdministrationInternational Law

The subjects and topics covered above are just for reference purposes only and candidates should thoroughly read through the individual syllabus and curriculum of each course at each university to understand what you will be studying for your MA courses in India.

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Top NIRF Ranked MA Colleges in India

The top NIRF-ranked MA colleges in India are listed below. 

1Miranda HouseDelhiDelhi74.81
2Hindu CollegeDelhiDelhi72.39
3Presidency CollegeChennaiTamil Nadu71.18
4PSGR Krishnammal College for WomenCoimbatoreTamil Nadu71.05
5St. Xavier`s CollegeKolkataWest Bengal70.80
6Atma Ram Sanatan Dharm CollegeNew DelhiDelhi70.78
7Loyola CollegeChennaiTamil Nadu70.46
8Rama Krishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary CollegeKolkataWest Bengal69.53
9Kirori Mal CollegeDelhiDelhi69.32
9Lady Shri Ram College For WomenNew DelhiDelhi69.32
11Shri Ram College of CommerceDelhiDelhi68.86

Candidates can also look at Top Colleges in Delhi University (DU) Based on NIRF Ranking 2024 here!

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Top Private MA Colleges in India

Popular private colleges that offer MA courses include:

Name of MA Private CollegeMA Private College Fees
Amity University, NoidaINR 84,000- INR 7,00,000
Christ University, BangaloreINR 40,000-INR 2,00,000
CMR University, BangaloreINR 2,00,000
Chanakya University, BangaloreINR 2,00,000
Loyola College, ChennaiINR 45,000 - INR 96,000
Lovely Professional University, JalandharINR 80,000 - INR 2,00,000
Mount Carmel College, BangaloreINR 2,00,000
Mithibai College of Arts, MumbaiINR 97,000
Stella Maris College, ChennaiINR 54,000 – INR 1,00,000
Thapar University, PatialaINR 1,00,000

Note: The figures mentioned above are subject to change. 

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Top Government MA Colleges in India

A number of government colleges also offer MA courses. Students who are interested in learning about the top government colleges and their fees structures should continue reading. Students can shortlist their preferred institutes based on their qualifications and then prepare for the entrance exams to gain admission.

Popular government colleges that offer MA courses include:

Name of MA Government CollegeMA Government College Fees
Daulat Ram College, DelhiINR 35,000 - INR 40,000 
Gargi College, DelhiINR 29,000
Hindu College, DelhiINR 36,000 - INR 37,000
Hansraj College, DelhiINR 18,000
Jamia Millia Islamia, DelhiINR 13,000 - INR 24,000
Lady Shri Ram College for Women, DelhiINR 36,000
Miranda House, DelhiINR 29,000 - INR 38,000
Sri Venkateswara College, DelhiINR 27,000
Ramjas College, DelhiINR 29,000

Note: The figures mentioned above are subject to change.

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Top MA Colleges Offering Admission in India

Being one of the more popular degree options in India, hundreds of universities and colleges across all states in India offer MA courses. However, students will still need to rigorously research and find the most suitable courses and universities for themselves. Listed here are some of the best MA colleges in India that you can apply to this upcoming academic year.

Top MA Colleges in India - State-wise
MA Colleges in DelhiMA Colleges in Mumbai
MA Colleges in KolkataMA Colleges in Bangalore
  • Presidency University
  • St. Xavier's College
  • Lady Brabourne College
  • Jadavpur University
  • Maulana Azad College
  • Acharya Prafulla Chandra College
  • Ramakrishna Mission Residential College
  • University of Calcutta
  • Amity University
  • University of Engineering and Management
MA Colleges in Pune

Top Colleges for MA Distance Education

MA in Distance Education is one of the more popular options among aspirants, simply because of the flexibility students have, in terms of their study times. Here are some of the top distance education colleges for Master of Arts in India:

University NameLocationAverage Course Fees 
IGNOUNew DelhiINR 12,600
Mahatma Gandhi UniversityNew DelhiINR 2,475
University of MumbaiMumbaiINR 6015
Saraswati Distance EducationMumbaiINR 27,000
Rabindra Bharati UniversityKolkataINR 6,800
Netaji Subhas Open UniversityKolkataINR 7,600
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Career Options After MA

Master of Arts courses in India, which cover a wide range of subjects and disciplines, can lead to extremely lucrative job opportunities for candidates who have prepared for them. Specialists are in high demand across industries and sectors, particularly in finance, political science, psychology, and education. Students enrolled in an MA course in India have numerous job, career, and academic opportunities. The following jobs, career opportunities, and recruiters are known to hire MA degree holders in India. MA candidates have numerous opportunities in industries such as railways, banking, insurance, education, hospitality, research and education, and government. MA graduates can work as a social worker, teacher, journalist, project manager, artist, politician, content writer, administrative officer, research associate, and other positions.

The average salary is between INR 3 and 15 LPA. Because the education market is always busy and expanding, careers after MA Education are in high demand, which raises the salary for MA Education roles. Students who want to improve their chances of finding work and growing professionally can further their education.

MA Job Profiles 

Following the completion of an MA degree programme, candidates have two options: they can choose to work for a job or pursue an MPhil or PhD programme. Candidates should be aware, though, that depending on the field they studied, they may receive a job offer following their completion of an MA course.

Following their completion of an MA course, candidates can pursue the following popular job profiles:

Job ProfileDescriptionAverage Annual Salary 
TeacherA teacher must also mentor students on a daily basis so that they can not only study their curriculum but also mature into responsible adults.INR 4-5 LPA
Administrative OfficerAn administrative officer manages office supplies, prepares expense reports and office budgets, and organises the company's records.INR 5-7 LPA
Social WorkerIn this type of job, one must identify and then assist people in dealing with problems.INR 6-8 LPA
JournalistA journalist is expected to conduct research, write articles, and present news in an honest, unbiased, and ethical manner.INR 4-7 LPA
CounsellorIn such a job, one must speak with individuals who are experiencing personal or professional difficulties and assist them in overcoming their difficulties and making appropriate changes in their lives.INR 6-8 LPA
ProfessorRegardless of the discipline or field of study that you choose, you will be able to pursue a career in teaching, provided you take the necessary steps to become a teacher/professor in India.INR 4-5 LPA
ConsultantIn fields like economics, political science, history, languages, etc., where in-depth knowledge is crucial, graduates will be able to find consultant jobs that are also high-paying.INR 2-5 LPA
SpecialistEvery discipline and field of study under a Master of Arts degree will qualify students to take up jobs in their specialisation. Every field will have individual specialist jobs, with different payrolls and career prospects.INR 3-5 LPA

Top MA Recruiters

One of the most significant benefits of the MA course is that it provides students with opportunities in a variety of fields. Graduates can find work in the media, publishing, universities, non-governmental organisations, banks, and even multinational corporations. Candidates' pay scales rise as they gain experience and time.

Companies that frequently hire MA graduates include:

Top Recruiters for MA Graduates
The Times of IndiaAmazon
Hindustan TimesMyntra
TajHDFC Bank

MA Scope After Graduation

Master of Arts courses in India have a wide range of applications because the degree trains and qualifies students for positions such as specialists, consultants, and even teachers/professors. Graduates, on the other hand, have the option of furthering their education. Among these alternatives are:

  • PhD: The doctorate in Arts is the highest academic qualification that anyone can obtain in India, but it is also one of the most difficult to obtain. Regardless, the degree qualifies and places degree holders in a unique position to be highly regarded and demanded by academic institutions and others alike.
  • Skill-oriented courses: Those who want to broaden their knowledge and skill sets can pursue skill-oriented courses such as marketing or finance, where candidates can expand their career prospects as well as their knowledge. This will prepare them for a life of great career opportunities that await them after graduation.

MA Salary After Graduation

Salary and package expectations for MA degree holders after graduation will be heavily influenced by the discipline chosen as well as the type of job role available. However, the job opportunities for MA graduates in India are currently vast and immense. Here is a breakdown of the salary ranges that different MA course graduates can expect to earn in India based on their specialisation.

MA CourseSalary Package 
MA EconomicsINR 3 - INR 15 LPA
MA EnglishINR 2.5 - INR 6 LPA
MA PsychologyINR 3 - INR 7 LPA
MA HistoryINR 3.5 - INR 5 LPA
MA Political ScienceINR 3 - INR 37 LPA

Note: The salary packages mentioned above should only be used as a guideline because actual salaries will vary depending on a variety of factors, including the employer and the graduate's work experience. Furthermore, the above salaries are for candidates who have recently graduated from MA course in India and can expect to see a significant increase in their salaries with more experience.

In addition, for your reference, the range of salaries and related jobs for MA graduates are tabulated below, taking into account the different job profiles that are available to them.

Job ProfileAverage Salary
Content WriterINR 2.87 LPA
JournalistINR 3.46 LPA
Social WorkerINR 3.88 LPA
TeacherINR 5 LPA
ConsultantINR 5.5 LPA

Note: The figures mentioned above are subject to change.

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Courses After MA Degree

Students can choose to pursue PhD studies in their relevant fields after completing their MA. While the requirements for admission to PhD programmes vary, there is no merit-based selection process, so candidates must pass an entrance exam to be considered for a PhD.

Students can choose to start their professional careers by joining corporations and other organisations in addition to continuing their education. They could also get ready for different government exams and jobs.

PhD After MA 

PhD also known as Doctor of Philosophy degree is a 5-year course that deals with an in-depth and intrinsic study of research for any relevant subject. Aspirants are eligible to pursue a PhD course only if they have completed their master’s degree in a similar course/ field/ stream in which they want to pursue a PhD. Some colleges also specify that candidates need to have completed an MPhil to pursue a PhD course offered by them.

Also Read: PhD Admissions 2024

Apart from this, many colleges state that candidates meet the eligibility criteria for PhD programmes offered by them if they have cleared UGC NET. Candidates who want to pursue a PhD in Engineering need to possess a valid GATE score.

Among the most popular PhD subjects that are pursued are

PhD in EnglishPhD in HistoryPhD in Economics
PhD in Political SciencePhD in PhilosophyPhD in Philosophy

The following are a few of India's best PhD educational institutions:

Name of the CollegeAverage Fees (INR)
Banaras Hindu UniversityINR 5,000 - 8,000
University of CalcuttaINR 5,000 – 10,000
Delhi UniversityINR 12,000 – 15,000
Jamia Millia IslamiaINR 23,100

Note: The figures mentioned above are subject to change.

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Scope After MA (Master of Arts)

The scope of a Master of Arts (MA) program depends on the individual's skills, interests, and career aspirations. MA graduates have many career opportunities, including: Teaching, Research, Journalism, Public relations, Advertising, Media, Civil services, Diplomacy, NGO sector, etc. Every area of study offers a wide range of opportunities for pursuing an MA. Students who got an MA, for instance, are likely to have a unique perspective on a given topic.

  • Students who pursue a master of arts will develop a solid academic foundation that will help them in the professional arena. Additionally, it provides students with excellent job opportunities.
  • Students who have finished their master's degree are qualified to pursue a doctorate since admission to doctoral programmes requires the completion of a master's degree.
  • Students can specialise in any subject they choose or are interested in, in addition to politics, public relations, economics, history, archaeology, education, philosophy, psychology, and sociology.
  • Pursuing a master of arts degree opens up a world of opportunities for students both academically and professionally. An MA degreeallows one to pursue more fulfilling career options.
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FAQs about M.A

Can a BSc student do an MA?

Yes, a BSc student can do an MA course. As for the master’s programme, students can have a background from any stream i.e., science, arts and commerce. So, as long as you have the zeal and meet the eligibility criteria to study any subject, you can apply for a master’s in any field or subject.

What is MA fee?

MA course fees for various colleges range from INR 10,000 - INR 80,000 annually.

Which MA course is best?

Some of the top MA courses pursued by candidates are MA in Social Sciences, MA in Political Science, MA in International Relations, MA in Area studies, MA in Cultural Studies, MA in Social Work, MA in Development Studies, MA in Sociology, etc.

What is the MA course?

Master of Arts is a postgraduate course that typically takes two years to complete. Graduate students can only take MA courses. MA is a professional course that provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the topic they have chosen. Applicants can pursue an MA as part-time or full-time courses.

What to do after the MA course?

After the MA course, you can land a job role of your choice or interest. As this higher education will train you for the employment sector, you can start your career as a teacher, lawyer, journalist, digital marketer, manager and various other roles. However, if you are someone who wants to gain more knowledge and experience, then you can go ahead with higher degrees such as a doctorate.

Can I do a PhD without an MA?

Yes, you can do a PhD without an MA. Though the traditional education system enables us to first qualify BA, then a Master's to be eligible for a PhD, students can even pursue a PhD after their BA. However, this traditional path enables many valid reasons to go for a master's before applying for a research or doctoral degree.

What is an integrated MA course?

An integrated MA course is a combination of a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. These integrated courses are of a total of five years duration. These courses can be pursued after completing class 12. Though the general master’s course is similar to this integrated course it includes a bachelor's for the first three years followed by two years of the period for a master’s degree.

Is maths required for an MA?

No, maths is not required for an MA degree. The subjects covered in this degree are mostly from the arts or humanities stream. However, if you are interested in maths, you will have to complete your bachelor’s in maths or a relevant subject with a minimum of 50% aggregate to be eligible for a master's in maths.

Is an MA possible without a BA?

No, an MA is not possible without a BA. You can only pursue a master’s after completing your bachelor’s or you can do an integrated course which is a blend of both bachelor's and master's comprising of the five-year programme. So, to step in the next path you have to follow the set qualification hierarchy.

How many subjects are there in MA?

There are mainly four to eight subjects in the MA programme. This same number of core subjects will be present across every specialisation and subject. Apart from the main subjects, you also have to choose from elective subjects, as per your interest. However, the subjects will be different in each course such as English, Economics, Philosophy, or others.

Can I do my MA in two subjects?

Yes, you can do your MA in two subjects. However, when two different subjects are pursued in postgraduate degrees you cannot do both of them together. It will be considered invalid to do so. So, the only option is to pursue one after another. Many students go for dual master’s to upscale their knowledge and skills.

What is the easiest subject in MA?

While there are many easy subjects to study, the most common subjects in an MA degree in India that are considered to be the easiest include Creative Writing, Liberal Arts, Psychology, Criminal Justice, Sports Management, Organisational Leadership, HR Management, Accounting, Marketing, Communication, Social Work, Education, Teaching, Nursing, and Second Language Acquisition.

In what job profiles do MA students find work?

MA students can find work in different job profiles such as teacher, professor, social worker, project manager, author, content writer, administrative officer, journalist, research associate, digital marketer, economist and various other roles. As it involves the arts stream, the job roles are also related to the degree course you pursue.

Can I do my MA directly after 12th?

No, you cannot do MA directly after 12th. As class 12, is a school-level qualification, after passing this, you have to first pursue a bachelor’s or undergraduate degree, only then you can study any master’s or postgraduate programme. Also, the eligibility criteria for a master’s required a bachelor’s degree in any discipline.

What is the salary of an MA graduate in India?

The salary of an MA graduate in India ranges between INR 30,000 and INR 50,000 per month depending on various factors such subject of graduation, the organisation, sector, experience, skills, etc. So, before applying for a job role, check the average market demand and average salary package.

Can I do an MA in one year?

Yes, you can do an MA in one year. However, it will be an online and distance course. The core curriculum and syllabus will be covered for one year. Candidates who have qualified for their bachelor’s degree are eligible for an online master’s programme of one year.

How many years is a Master of Arts?

Master of Arts is a two-year postgraduate or master’s programme. This programme can be opted for, post the completion of a bachelor’s degree in any relevant discipline. This postgraduate degree is offered by many different colleges and universities. It is also half the duration of the undergraduate degree, though it is a higher level than undergraduate.

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Related Questions


priyal gogna, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Mar-26-2022
Hi there, yes you can do MA after BA. Howeer you need to fulfill all the eligibility conditions for enrolling in a course.

Poonam Angural, Student / Alumni

-Answered on June-08-2021
Hi, Hi, Post Graduate programmes have been designed for preparing our students to join various professions as per the subject they have chosen. The curriculum is designed to provide the global issues and inspire students to exposure to research/higher study. Let me share the details of the course Emphais on in depth coverage of syllabus following UGC Model Curriculum. • Case/study/ dissertation/ experimentation- based lectures, assignments and projects are included to sharpen analytical skills in all PG Programmes. • Use of audio/video lectures • The syllabus is prepared keeping in focus of various competitive examinations and higher education • Specialized Courses • Use of audio/video lectures • GIS and Remote sensing Courses • Development of Psychometric Tests and Psychological Assessmen t • Social Impact assessment • Disaster Relief Management • Emphasis on Research Method/Tools/Tec hniques • Field/Educational Visit • Research Paper Writing and Publication • Visit to NGO’s • Debate on current issues • Emphasis on Personality Development and life skills Some companies where students are working are Ajit Newspaper • Punjabi Jagran • The Tribune • Zee Punjabi-TV Channel • PAHAL (NGO) • Fortis Hospital • Columbia Asia Hospital • IVY etc…

Abhik Das, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Nov-11-2020

Dear student, once the M.A Sanskrit admission merit list for the academic year 2020-21 is released on the official website of Babu Shivnath Agrawal (PG) College Mathura, you have to go to the official website and check for the merit list link under the “Notice Board” tab. Upon clicking on the link, you will be redirected to a new page comprising of the subject-wise admission merit list links. You have to click on the M.A Sanskrit merit list 2020-21 link.