The first engineering college in India was established in the Uttar Pradesh in 1847 for the training of Civil Engineers at Roorkee, which later become IIT Roorkee and an Institute of National Importance. There are 4000 engineering colleges in India with around 15 lakhs seats. Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu has the largest number of engineering colleges in India.
These engineering colleges and institutes are run by both government and private trusts. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, the Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are the renowned institutes in the country.
Besides these institutes of repute some of the other top rated engineering colleges in India are Jadavpur University (JU) Kolkata, the Indian School of Mines Dhanbad, The College of Engineering Guindy, VIT University Vellore, Thiagarajar College of Engineering Madurai, Punjab Engineering College University of Technology Chandigarh, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology Delhi etc.
Fees for the course in these institutes varies. Institutes like Symbiosis Pune, Sharda University, GNDU Amritsar, DIT Dehradun, IIIT Delhi and Mukesh Patel SoT in Mumbai charge anywhere between Rs. 1.4 to 2 lakhs per annum whereas others such as Jadavpur University, JNTU Hyderabad and CoE, Trivandrum offering the same in the range of Rs 3000 to 6000 per year.
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) has sixteen centers located in different parts of the country. The National Institutes of Technology (NIT) has 30 NIT Centers all over the country. In 2002 Government of India, upgraded all the original 17 Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs) as National Institutes of Technology (NITs).
Some of the popular engineering courses available in these engineering colleges are Aeronautical Engineering or Aerospace Engineering, Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering,
Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Mining Engineering and Petroleum Engineering etc.
The admission into these engineering colleges are through different examination both at All India level and regional level like- All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE) as Joint Entrance Examination (Main) (JEE (Main)) Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) ) Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) Birla Institute of Technology (BIT) to name a few.
These engineering colleges are doing yeoman service in the nation building process.
NIT Rourkela offers 31 undergraduate programmes and IIT Kharagpur is the leader in postgraduate studies with 58 programmes. MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology Bangalore awarded 1406 B. Tech degrees, Jadavpur University’s Faculty of Engineering has awarded 123 PhDs in the year 2012-13 alone. With 1035 women students, Government Engineering College Bhavnagar has the largest number of enrolled women engineering students. Amazingly Karunya University, Coimbatore have 7000 hostel residents of which 2582 are women.
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
VIT University, Vellore
National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli
Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Sambalpur
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai
Thapar University, Patiala
SRM University, Chennai
SASTRA University, Thanjavur
PSG College of Technology, Coimbator
National Institute of Technology, Warangal
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal
National Institute of Technology, Calicut
Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
Jadavpur University, Kolkata
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
Indian Institute of Technology, Indore
Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar
Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur
Delhi Technological University, Delhi
College of Engineering, Pune
College of Engineering, Anna University, Chennai
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Coimbatore
Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai
University College of Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad
SSN College of Engineering, Kalavakkam
Silicon Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar
School of Engineering, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Ernakulam
Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat
Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal
RV College of Engineering, Bangalore
Punjab Engineering College University of Technology, Chandigarh
Pondicherry Engineering College, Puducherry
PES University, Bangalore
Nirma University, Ahmedabad
Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Delhi
National Institute of Technology, Rourkela
National Institute of Technology, Raipur