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BSc in Agriculture vs BSc in Food Technology - Which is the Best Option after Class 12?

Kumari Neha
Kumari NehaUpdated On: July 27, 2022 08:04 am IST

BSc in Agriculture and BSc in Food Technology are the two most sought-after courses in sciences and agriculture stream. Both courses are equally important and offer various career opportunities. 

B.Sc in Agriculture vs B.Sc in Food Technology, Scope of  B.Sc in Agriculture,  Scope of B.Sc in Food Technology

A BSc or an undergraduate degree in a specialisation under the agriculture stream is the combination of both theoretical and practical application in various activities that involves crop cultivation, food products manufacturing, packaging, quality analysis of soil and many more.

Many of these courses are industry-driven and offer huge opportunities for jobs, research, and businesses. The development of the agricultural sector in India is ever-increasing and career options are numerous.

A degree in agricultural sciences will help students study the practice of farming and food manufacturing at both the micro-level and macro levels. It helps them explore environmental friendly solutions to provide enough nutritious food to a global population.

In India, there are various courses that a student can opt for under the agricultural stream. Among all the Agricultural courses, BSc in Agriculture and BSc in Food Technology are the two most sought-after courses after Class XII. Both the courses are equally important but they have a different curriculum and offer different career opportunities after the competition of course.

A student after Class XII may not be sure about which among the two-course BSc in Agriculture or BSc in Food Technology they should choose. To help such students take the right decision, we have come up with a comparison between BSc Agriculture and BSc in Food Technology course.

Course Comparison

Name of the Course

BSc in Agriculture

BSc in Food Technology


03 Years

03 Years


Class XIIth qualified from a recognised University from Science stream (PCB/M)

Class XIIth qualified from a recognised University from Science stream (PCB/M/Home Science)

List of Entrance Exams (Top 5)

  • Maharashtra BSc Agriculture Entrance Exam

  • Panjab Agricultural University Entrance Test

  • Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test


  • Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University Entrance Exam

  • JEE Main

Admission Process

Entrance test-based and merit-based both

Entrance test-based and merit-based both


INR 5,000/- per semester onwards

INR 20,000/- to INR 60,000/- per semester

Top Job Roles after Graduating

  • Farm Manager

  • Production Manager

  • Agriculture Officer

  • Quality Assurance Officer

  • Research Officer

  • Research Scientist

  • Home Economists

  • Food Technologists

  • Organic Chemist

Top Recruiting Organizations (top)

  • Infinium Solutionz

  • BIS Research

  • Kothari Agritech

  • Heritage Food


Career Growth (basic Details)

An Agriculture graduate does not have a dearth of job opportunities with a BSc degree plus he/she can go further with an even higher degree

Food Technology graduates have a plethora of option after completing studies from joining a company or go for higher studies

Highest Salary Range

INR 8,16,000/- per annum

INR 8,27,000/- per annum

Average Salary

INR 3,00,000/- LPA to INR 6,00,000/- LPA

INR 3,50,000/- LPA to INR 5,00,000/- LPA

Top Colleges (any 5)

List of Government Jobs

  • SSC CGL jobs

  • Indian Forest Service (UPSC IFS)

  • Food Corporation of India (FCI) Jobs

  • IBPS Specialist Officer job

  • National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) jobs

  • NABARD jobs

  • Agriculture University jobs

  • Food Safety and Nutrition department jobs

  • Research Institution jobs

  • Food Technology professional jobs

List of Government Recruitment Tests


  • UPSC

Related Links 

Reasons to pursue BSc Agriculture?

Before choosing a BSc Agriculture course, ensure that you are interested in pursuing the course. For this, you can analyze the scope and subjects associated with the degree programme and make sure that you want to make a career in similar fields. Here are some of reasons why you should opt BSc Agriculture course after Class XII:

  1. Students who are interested in the agriculture field and want to learn about the processes involved in farming and agriculture can pursue BSc Agriculture course. It is also a good alternative for BTech or BE in Agriculture engineering.

  2. Those who want to make a career in the Agriculture sector and are interested in job roles like Agronomist, Agriculture Scientists, Plants breeding, Soil Analysts etc can opt BSc Agriculture course after Class XII.

  3. India is an agrarian country and BSc Agriculture is one of the courses which will never run out of job opportunities. Qualified professionals are always valued and needed in the when agriculture sector.

  4. After BSc Agriculture there are ample opportunities in research and technology-driven jobs roles in public and private sectors like you can go civil services, opt for a job in ICAR, bank or insurance companies, and even work in dairy and poultry farms.

Also Read: BSc Agriculture Admissions in India

Scope of BSc Agriculture

Candidates who hold a BSc Agriculture degree have numerous job opportunities and they can choose the job role based on their interests. Some of the job roles available for BSc Agriculture graduates are as follows:


An agronomist acts as a middle man for farmers and researchers. The nature of the job role for an agronomist varies. An agronomist performs experiments in agricultural labs. They also look after the health of crops and their nutrition values. They do research and use their knowledge to recommend farmers related to agriculture activities.

They also guide farmers about the latest scientific developments in the field of agriculture and help them practice the best activities for agriculture production.

Indian Forest Service- IFS Officer

Indian Forest Service is one of the civil services in India. A candidate can with a BSc Agriculture degree can clear the UPSC IFS examination and choose to become an IFS officer. It is the reputed post that an agriculture graduate can hold.

Agriculture Field Officer in Banks- AFO

BSc Agriculture candidates can opt for a bank job as an Agriculture Field Officer. For a job role in public banks in India, the candidate can appear in IBPS SO examination which is conducted in by IBPS every year. AFO is a scale post and such professionals are responsible to lend and disburse agriculture loans.

Soil Scientist

A soil scientist is a professional who is highly qualified to analyze and interpret the quality of soil for agriculture. The quality of soil is essential for environmental sustainability and the quality production of food crops.

Through research and analysis, a soil scientist ensures that the fertility of the soil is maintained for farming and they have enough minerals for the production of food crops.

Also Read:List of BSc Agriculture Colleges in India

Reasons to pursue BSc Food Technology

Analyse the scope, career options and your interest before choosing the BSc Food Technology. Here are some of the reasons which will help you to analyze whether you should pursue the BSc Food Technology course after Class XIK or not:

  1. Students who wish to possess knowledge of diet, fitness, nutrition and processing of food products before packaging can pursue a BSc Food Technology course.

  2. BSc Food Technology is a good degree choice for candidates who want to make a career in the food manufacturing and packaging sector. The knowledge about various processes of food production like hygiene marketing and finance helps a student achieve a successful career.

  3. There are thousands of food industries in India. These industries need professionals who could check the quality of food manufacturing and packaging. Thus, the demand of food technology graduates is always high.

  4. After the completion of the BSc Food Technology course, candidates can pursue MSc in Food Technology from top institutes in India like Central Food Technological Research Institute, Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology etc. These institutes will offer them a better platform for research work and help them emerge as expert scientists in the field.

Also Read: B.Tech Agriculture Engineering Admission in India

Scope of Food Technology

Candidates who successfully complete the BSc Food Technology course can opt for various job roles Some of the job roles available for BSc Food Technology graduates are as follows:

Food Technologist/ Food Scientist

A Food Technologist/ Scientist is a professional whose job role is to ensure the safety, hygiene, and nutrition of food products are maintained. They are also involved in various research activities on food additives and develop substitutes to make sure that the food item is healthy and safe for consumption.

Food Production Manager

A food production manager acts as in-charge of the production unit and oversees procedures involved in food production. They look after the standards, quality of raw material, and safety and hygiene of employees.

They ensure that all the procedures of production comply with the standard rules and regulations defined for food production.

Food Handler

A food handler is a person who looks after all the phases of food distribution until it reaches the final consumer. He is involved with the preparation, manufacture, processing, packaging, storage, transportation, distribution, supply, and sale of the product.

Food handling is an important job role to ensure that food products do not tamper in any way before it reaches the consumer.

Food Inspector

A Food Inspector is responsible for inspecting raw materials like grains prior to its usage in the production of food items. They inspect the hygiene of ingredients, and containers used for production and ensure that the food packed in free from any kind of contamination.

It is an important job role to ensure the quality, standards and hygiene of food items. 

Also Read:List of BSc Food Technology Colleges in India

Hope the above comparison will help you choose the right course. For the latest Educational News and Updates, Stay tuned to CollegDekho!


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Related Questions

Sir I'm from Telangana and I'm interested to take admission in this college what is the procedure I have to follow

-AnushaUpdated on September 15, 2022 10:02 PM
  • 2 Answers
Lam Vijaykanth, Student / Alumni

Dear Student  

Sorry to inform you that you are not eligible for admission in CSMSS college. You must appear for MHT -CET in order to pursue your B.Sc course in Agriculture in CSMSS college. According to the eligibility criteria provided by MHT CET, unfortunately,  you are not eligible.


I am a SC category student. And i want a govt. seat in agriculture college through JET . What is the minimum score that i need to get a selection in the govt. college out of 480 ?

-diya bhadoriaUpdated on September 04, 2022 07:07 PM
  • 2 Answers
Lam Vijaykanth, Student / Alumni

Dear Student  

According to Rajasthan JET 2021 cutoff marks, students did get a seat in government colleges who secured 178+ marks for the requested category.  In Rajasthan JET 2022, the cutoff marks may increase. To be on the safer side, you must try to achieve a score of 200+ in your examination. For your reference, the cutoff marks link provided, click here to know more details 


Annual Fees Of B.Sc Agri for open Category

-PoojaUpdated on August 29, 2022 07:37 PM
  • 5 Answers
Lam Vijaykanth, Student / Alumni

Dear Student,

The fee structure for B.Sc Agriculture in CSMSS College is as follows 

Approximately per annum 1 lakh to 1.35 lakh. 


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