B.Sc in Agriculture vs B.Sc in Food Technology - Which is the Best Option after Class 12?

Neha Kumari
Neha KumariPublished: | May 22, 2020

B.Sc in Agriculture and B.Sc in Food Technology are the two most sought after courses in sciences and agriculture stream. Both courses are equally important and offer various career opportunities. 

B.Sc in Agriculture vs B.Sc in Food Technology, Scope of  B.Sc in Agriculture,  Scope of B.Sc in Food Technology

A B.Sc or an undergraduate degree in a specialisation under the agriculture stream is the combination of both theoretical and practical application in various activities that involves crop cultivation, food products manufacturing, packaging, quality analysis of soil and many more.

Many of these courses are industry-driven and offers huge opportunities for jobs, research and businesses. The development of the agricultural sector in India is ever-increasing and career options are numerous.

A degree in agricultural sciences will help student study the practice of farming and food manufacturing at both at a micro-level and macro level. It helps them explore environmental friendly solutions to provide enough and nutritious food to a global population.

In India, there are various courses that a student can opt under the agricultural stream. Among all the Agricultural courses, B.Sc in Agriculture and B.Sc in Food Technology are the two most sought after Class XII. Both the courses are equally important but they have a different curriculum and offer different career opportunities after the competition of course.

A student after Class XII may not be sure about which among the two-course B.Sc in Agriculture or B.Sc in Food Technology they should choose. To help such students take the right decision, we have come up with a comparison between B.Sc Agriculture and B.Sc in Food Technology course.

Course Comparison

Name of the Course

B.Sc in Agriculture

B.Sc in Food Technology


03 Years

03 Years


Class XIIth qualified from a recognised University from Science stream (PCB/M)

Class XIIth qualified from a recognised University from Science stream (PCB/M/Home Science)

List of Entrance Exams (Top 5)

  • Maharashtra B.Sc Agriculture Entrance Exam

  • Panjab Agricultural University Entrance Test

  • Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test


  • Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University Entrance Exam

  • JEE Main

Admission Process

Entrance test-based and merit-based both

Entrance test-based and merit-based both


INR 5,000/- per semester onwards

INR 20,000/- to INR 60,000/- per semester

Top Job Roles after Graduating

  • Farm Manager

  • Production Manager

  • Agriculture Officer

  • Quality Assurance Officer

  • Research Officer

  • Research Scientist

  • Home Economists

  • Food Technologists

  • Organic Chemist

Top Recruiting Organizations (top)

  • Infinium Solutionz

  • BIS Research

  • Kothari Agritech

  • Heritage Food


Career Growth (basic Details)

An Agriculture graduate does not have a dearth of job opportunities with a B.Sc degree plus he/she can go further with an even higher degree

Food Technology graduates have a plethora of option after completing studies from joining a company or go for higher studies

Highest Salary Range

INR 8,16,000/- per annum

INR 8,27,000/- per annum

Average Salary

INR 3,00,000/- LPA to INR 6,00,000/- LPA

INR 3,50,000/- LPA to INR 5,00,000/- LPA

Top Colleges (any 5)

  • Parul University, Vadodara
  • Lovely Professional University
  • SGT University, Gurgaon
  • The Neotia University, Kolkata
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Shoolinin University, Solan
  • Hindustan Group of Institutions, Tamil Nadu
  • D.A.V College, Jalandhar
  • Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Science, New Delhi
  • Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada

List of Government Jobs

  • SSC CGL jobs

  • Indian Forest Service (UPSC IFS)

  • Food Corporation of India (FCI) Jobs

  • IBPS Specialist Officer job

  • National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) jobs

  • NABARD jobs

  • Agriculture University jobs

  • Food Safety and Nutrition department jobs

  • Research Institution jobs

  • Food Technology professional jobs

List of Government Recruitment Tests

  • UPSC




  • FCI

  • NSCI


  • UPSC

Related Links (crosslink three related links)

Reasons to pursue B.Sc Agriculture?

Before choosing a B.Sc Agriculture course, ensure that you are interested in pursuing the course. For this, you can analyse the scope and subjects associated with the degree programme and make sure that you want to make a career in similar fields. Here are the some for reasons why you should opt B.Sc Agriculture course after Class XII:

  1. Students who are interested in the agriculture field and want to learn about the processes involved in farming and agriculture cam pursue B.Sc Agriculture course. It is also is a good alternative for B.Tech or B.E in Agriculture engineering.

  2. Those who want to make a career in Agriculture sector and are interested in job roles like Agronomist, Agriculture Scientists, Plants breeding, Soil Analysts etc can opt B.Sc Agriculture course after Class XII.

  3. India is an agrarian country and B.Sc Agriculture is one of the courses which will never run out of job opportunities. The qualified professionals are always valued and needed in the when agriculture sector.

  4. After B.Sc Agriculture there are ample opportunities in research and technology-driven jobs roles in public and private sectors like you can go civil services, opt a job in ICAR, bank or insurance companies and even work in dairy and poultry farms.

Also Read: B.Sc Agriculture Admissions in India

Scope of B.Sc Agriculture

Candidates who hold a B.Sc Agriculture degree have numerous job opportunities and they can choose the job role based on their interest. Some of the job roles available for B.Sc Agriculture graduates are as follows:


An agronomist acts as a middle man for farmers and researchers. The nature of job role for an agronomist varies. An agronomist performs experiments in agricultural labs. They also look after the health of crops and their nutrition values. They do research and use their knowledge to recommend farmers related to agriculture activities.

They also guide farmers about the latest scientific developments in the field of agriculture and help them practice the best activities for agriculture production.

Indian Forest Service- IFS Officer

Indian Forest Service is one of the civil services in India. A candidate can with a B.Sc Agriculture degree can clear UPSC IFS examination and choose to become an IFS officer. It is the reputed post that an agriculture graduate can hold.

Agriculture Field Officer in Banks- AFO

B.Sc Agriculture candidates can opt for bank job as an Agriculture Field Officer. For job role in public banks in India, the candidate can appear in IBPS SO examination which is conducted in by IBPS every year. AFO is a scale post and such professionals are responsible to lend and disburse agriculture loans.

Soil Scientist

A soil scientist is a professional who is highly qualified to analyse and interpret the quality of soil for agriculture. The quality of soil is essential for environmental sustainability and quality production of food crops.

Through research and analysis, a soil scientist ensures that the fertility of the soil is maintained for farming and they have enough minerals for the production of food crops.

List of B.Sc Agriculture Colleges in India

Reasons to pursue B.Sc Food Technology

Analyse the scope, career options and your interest before choosing the B.Sc Food Technology. Here are some of the reasons which will help you to analyse whether you should pursue the B.Sc Food Technology course after Class XIK or not:

  1. Students who wish to possess knowledge of diet, fitness, nutrition and processing of food products before packaging can pursue B.Sc Food Technology course.

  2. B.Sc Food Technology is a good degree choice for candidates who want to make a career in food manufacturing and packaging sector. The knowledge about various processes of food production like hygiene marketing and finance helps a student achieve a successful career.

  3. There are thousands of food industries in India. These industries need professionals who could check the quality of food manufacturing and packaging. Thus, the demand of food technology graduates is always high.

  4. After the completion of B.Sc Food Technology course, candidates can pursue M.Sc in Food Technology from top institutes in India like Central Food Technological Research Institute, Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology etc. These institutes will offer them a better platform for research work and help them emerge as experts scientists in the field.

Also Read: B.Tech Agriculture Engineering Admission in India

Scope of Food Technology

Candidates who successfully complete the B.Sc Food Technology course can opt for various job roles Some of the job roles available for B.Sc Food Technology graduates are as follows:

Food Technologist/ Food Scientist

A Food Technologist/ Scientist is a professional whose job role is to ensure the safety, hygiene and nutrition of food products is maintained. They are also involved in various research activities on food additives and develops substitutes to make sure that the food item is healthy and safe for consumption.

Food Production Manager

A food production manager acts as in- charge of the production unit and oversees procedures involved in food production. They look after the standards, quality of raw material and safety and hygiene of employees.

They ensure that all the procedures of production comply with the standard rules and regulations defined for food production.

Food Handler

A food handler is a person who looks after all the phases of food distribution until it reaches the final consumer. He is involved with the preparation, manufacture, processing, packaging, storage, transportation, distribution, supply and sale of the product.

Food handling is an important job role to ensure that food products do not tamper in any way before it reaches the consumer.

Food Inspector

A Food Inspector is responsible to inspect raw materials like grains prior to its usage in the production of food items. They inspect the hygiene of ingredients, containers used for production and ensure that the food packed in free from any kind of contamination.

It is an important job role to ensure the quality, standards and hygiene of food items

List of B.Sc Food Technology Colleges in India

Hope the above comparison will help you choose the right course. For latest Educational News and Updates, Stay tuned to CollegDekho!


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