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ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Which is the Best Course for You?

Shruti ChatterjeeUpdated On: September 01, 2023 07:06 pm IST

There are three nursing courses that students can opt for after class 12th - ANM, GNM and BSc Nursing. Each has its own advantages as well as disadvantages. We can help you decide which course to choose after class 12th, through a detailed analysis of ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing.  

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Which is the Best Course for You?

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: The Nursing sector is one of the most dedicated workforces found in the health industry across the globe. It is because Nurses are responsible for the primary treatment and day-to-day care of a patient, playing a vital role alongside doctors in saving lives. Taking up nursing as a career after the 12th is a great option for any student. While some dedicated students manage to get into one of the top Nursing colleges in India, some others also dream of pursuing nursing courses abroad. Therefore, if you are confused about choosing the right Nursing course for yourself, as well as deciding on the Institution, go through the content below to get a detailed analysis of GNM Vs ANM Vs BSc Nursing. 

ANM – Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery

ANM full form is Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery. It is a 2-year Diploma program that aims to prepare young aspirants to join as community health workers. During the course, students are taught about the various medical equipment, the knowledge of setting up an operation theatre, the process of administering medication to patients, and keeping a record of all patients. The ANM course mainly focuses on fundamental training. Therefore, students pursuing this program are expected to have a conceptual understanding of nursing along with certain skills, like first aid. Due to its short duration, the ANM course curriculum contains fewer subjects than the BSc Nursing and GNM programs.  

GNM – General Nursing Midwifery

Another alternative for aspiring nurses after completion of Grade 12 is the GNM or General Nursing and Midwifery program. Like the ANM course, GNM is also a Diploma program spanning over 3 and a half years, including a 6-month internship. Having completed this course, students are prepared to care for patients at large and not just a single community.  The GNM course aims to train students to work as nurses in hospitals and perform tasks, like assisting in research activities, delivering first aid and caring for wounds, and working in a team. The course may also prove beneficial for those who wish to pursue higher education in nursing. 

BSc Nursing

BSc Nursing is one of the most popular undergraduate nursing programs pursued after Class 12. It is a 4-year course during which students are trained in both theoretical and practical areas of nursing to be prepared to care for the sick and diseased. Alongside, they are also taught about how to provide primary medical treatment and first aid, assist doctors and surgeons during medical procedures, coordinate with the hospital staff, and brief patients about their conditions. 

Also Read: Government Jobs After Nursing Course

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Eligibility Criteria

Whether you are planning on pursuing an ANM, GNM or BSc Nursing course after the 12th, you should know that the eligibility criteria are different for each of them. 

ANM Nursing Eligibility Criteria

To enroll for an ANM course, aspirants will need to meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • The age of the candidate must be between 17 years and 35 years

  • As per the guidelines of the Indian Nursing Council (INC), the candidate must have passed (10+2) in Arts (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Biology, Political Science, Economics, Geography, History, Accountancy, Business Studies, Sociology, Home Science, Philosophy, and Psychology) and Elective English/Core English or Science or Healthcare Science – Vocational from a recognized Board.

  • The candidate must have qualified in 12th Grade with Arts/Science subjects from the National Institute of Open School 

  • The candidate must be physically fit 

GNM Nursing Eligibility Criteria

The minimum eligibility criteria for admission to the GNM course are as follows:

  • The candidate must be between 17 years and 35 years of age

  • The aspirant must have passed (10+2) with English and must have secured at least 40% aggregate marks in the qualifying test and English separately from any recognized Board.

  • Candidates passing from any State Open School recognized by the State Govt. and any National Institute of Open School recognized by the Central Govt., preferably with Science, are also eligible for the course. 

  • The applicant must have qualified in (10+2) with English having secured 40% aggregate marks in the Vocational ANM course from a school recognized by the Indian Nursing Council.

  • The candidate must have passed (10+2) with English having secured 40% aggregate marks in the Vocational Healthcare Science recognized by the CBSE Board. 

  • The candidate must be registered in ANM with the pass mark

BSc Nursing Eligibility Criteria

The following are the parameters that a candidate must fulfill in order to pursue BSc Nursing:

  • The minimum age of the applicant should be 17 years as of December 31, 2022

  • The applicant must have passed 12th Grade (10+2) with Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) and English/Elective English with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate from a recognized Board under HSCE/SSCE/ICSE/CBSE/AISSCE or any other equivalent Board. For candidates belonging to ST/SC/OBC Category, the required aggregate is 45% in Biology, Chemistry, Physics and English combined.

  • Students taking the 12th Grade (10+2) exams in Science under the National Institute of Open School must score 50% aggregate marks

  • Applicants can apply for admission only once a year

  • The applicant must be medically fit and healthy

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Course Curriculum 

Students looking to enrol for ANM/GNM/BSc Nursing programs may also want to know about the course curriculum to plan a career path ahead. For the ease of understanding, take a look at what all these courses include:

ANM Course Curriculum

GNM Course Curriculum

BSc Nursing Course Curriculum 


Nursing Administration & Ward Management


Health Centre Management

Medical-Surgical Nursing

Nursing Foundation

Primary Healthcare Nursing 

Nursing Foundation


Child Health Nursing



Medical-Surgical Nursing

Child Health Nursing


Health Promotion

Community Health Nursing


Mental Health Care

Medical-Surgical Nursing

Mental Health Nursing

Gynaecology and Midwifery

Behavioural Science

Child Health Nursing

Community Health Nursing

Nursing Education


Compulsory 6-month internship

Research & Statistics

Medical-Surgical Nursing


Compulsory 6-month internship

Paediatric Nursing


Midwifery and Obstetrical Nursing


Community Health Nursing

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Career Prospects 

Graduates of both GNM and ANM courses share a similar scope of employment. However, one major difference is that GNM offers a better opportunity for growth in terms of salary as well as work in a workplace environment. Since BSc (N) is a 4-year degree course, it has much better prospects when compared to Diploma courses, especially if you are considering pursuing postgraduate education. 

Since all of the three courses are quite similar, the places of employment of all three are similar too. However, BSc in Nursing graduates can expect to get into better organizations and can demand higher salaries than GNM and ANM graduates. Some of the places that hire ANM, GNM and BSc in Nursing students are:

  • Community Health Centres

  • Aanangwadi Programs

  • Government and Private hospitals

  • Dispensaries

  • Private clinics

  • Nursing homes

  • Government jobs

  • Educational institutes/industries

  • The Armed Forces

  • Nursing Schools & Associations

  • Indian Nursing Council and other State Nursing Councils

  • The Indian Red Cross Society

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing Starting Salary & Growth

Although the initial payscale for ANM and GNM nursing salaries is low as compared to BSc Nursing salary, there are plenty of scopes to grow once you have gained experience as a nurse. A lot also depends on the specialization and profession you choose. For instance, on average a Nursing Superintendent earns a whopping INR 7.5Lakhs per annum. This means one can earn up to INR 60,000 per month going up the career ladder. Nevertheless, here is what the starting salary would look like:

Course Name

Average Starting Salary 

ANM Nursing

INR 10,000 – INR 15,000 per month

GNM Nursing

INR 15,000 – INR 20,000 per month

BSc Nursing 

INR 15,000 – INR 25,000 per month

ANM, GNM, BSc Nursing Scope and Employment

ANM, and GNM Scope: ANM and GNM are both diploma degrees, and they offer similar options in the field of nursing. Students can continue their education after completing their ANM and GNM course or opt for job options. ANM and GNM graduate programmes are qualified to work in public and private sectors but since the GNM programme is longer than ANM programme, the growth opportunities and compensation is better.  Candidates who have completed their ANM diploma can also opt for the GNM course. There are many career prospects when it comes to candidates with GNM and ANM diplomas such as hospitals (both private and public), nursing homes, healthcare enterprises, assisted living facilities, orphanages, residential homes, sanatoriums and military forces. Once students complete their ANM or GNM diploma programme, candidates will be eligible for registering themselves under the State Nursing Council. 

BSc Nursing scope: when compared to ANM and GNM nursing courses, BSc nursing is a full-fledged four-year degree programme that puts emphasis on all the practical aspects of nursing. The number of opportunities available to candidates after completing a BSC Nursing course is much higher than ANM and GNM diploma .  Just like ANM and GNM graduates, the demand for BSc Nursing graduates is also very high in the industry and offers the most promising job opportunities when it comes to growth and compensation. Some of the common working fields for BSc Nursing graduates are the Indian Red Cross Society, the Indian Nursing Council, State Nursing Council, and various other nursing organizations along with government and private hospitals and nursing homes. 

Key Roles and Responsibilities of a Nurse

The following are the duties that a nurse has to perform daily:

  • Providing first aid

  • Observing a patient for existing or new symptoms

  • Creating and maintaining medical records

  • Ensuring a patient is getting the required medication as prescribed by the doctor

  • Interacting with a patient on a day-to-day basis and guiding a patient on the best practices that might help them

  • Assisting doctors and healthcare specialists in setting up equipment and carrying out medical procedures

Skills Required for a Nursing Career

Nursing can, by no means, be considered an easy job. It is a demanding career pathway and requires a person who is dedicated to taking care of the unwell. A nursing aspirant must already have or be prepared to develop the following skills if he/she wants to build a successful career in Nursing.

Strong Communication Skills

Nurses need to communicate with doctors and patients throughout the day.

Ability to Work Under Pressure

Nurses should be able to look beyond the long working hours and unfavorable working conditions in their line of work.

Ability to Think in a Critical Situation

Nurses are often the first responders in a hospital and the action that they take can sometimes make all the difference between life and death.


Since nurses spend the most time with a patient, they are the best person to judge if there is any change in the condition or symptoms of a patient.

Empathy and Compassion

Nurses have to take care that they do not insult a person's pain, religion, physical and mental condition, etc.

Also Read: List of Nursing Entrance Exams in India 2023

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Which One to Choose

If you've completed your 12th Grade in a non-science field, pursuing an ANM program is your sole pathway to enter the nursing profession. Upon completing the ANM program and obtaining nursing registration, candidates have the opportunity to undertake a GNM course, which will grant them eligibility for enrollment in a BSc (N) Post Basic program. Conversely, if you come from a science background and aim to gain practical experience and launch your career before pursuing advanced education, opting for a GNM course would be your most suitable choice. GNM graduates can subsequently opt for either a BSc (N) Basic or BSc (N) Post Basic program. Furthermore, GNM candidates with a minimum of two years of work experience are also qualified to enroll in B.Sc (N) Distance programs.

For science stream candidates desiring to complete their studies before entering the workforce, a BSc in Nursing program should be seriously considered, as it offers opportunities to pursue an MSc program. Following the completion of an MSc program, candidates can then explore further educational opportunities such as a Ph.D. or seek employment opportunities.

ANM Vs GNM Vs BSc Nursing: Key Highlights


ANM Nursing Program

GNM Nursing Program

BSc Nursing Program

Full Form 

ANM Full Form – Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery

GNM Full Form – General Nursing and Midwifery

Bachelor in Nursing


2 years

3.5 years

4 years

Educational Qualification Required

10+2 from a recognized Board

10+2 from a recognized Board

10+2 from a recognized Board

Age Criteria

17-35 years

17-35 years

17-35 years

Entrance Exams

Conducted by State Nursing Examination Boards

Conducted by State Nursing Examination Boards

State-level or University level Examination

Average Starting Salary

INR 10,000 – INR 15,000

INR 15,000 – INR 20,000

INR 15,000 – INR 25,000

Top ANM, GNM and BSc Nursing Colleges in India

Some of the top GNM, ANM, and BSc Nursing colleges in India are listed below:

Top ANM/GNM/BSc Nursing Colleges in India



For BSc Nursing

LNCT University

Bhai Gurdas Group Of Institutions

Acharya Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangalore

KIIT University

Sankalchand Patel University

R.V. College of Nursing, Bangalore

Bhai Gurdas Group Of Institutions

IIMT University

Sree Sastha Group of Institutions (SSGI), Chennai

Sigma Group of Institutes

Yamuna Group of Institutions 

Rayat Bahra University (RBU), Mohali

Swami Rama Himalayan University

Mansarovar Group Of Institutions

Krupanidhi Group of Institutions, Bangalore

Parul University

Noida International University

Apex University, Jaipur

Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research

GCRG Group of Institutions

Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies (BUEST), Solan

NIMS University

Teerthanker Mahaveer University

University of Technology - Sanganer (UOT), Jaipur

Rayat Bahra University

Parul University

T. John Group of Institutions, Bangalore

Indian Academy Degree College

RP Indraprastha Institute of Technology

G.C.R.G Group of institutions (GCRG), Lucknow

Hiring Places for BSc, ANM & GNM Graduates

Some of the top employment areas for the ANM & GNM graduates are listed below
  • Armed forces of the country
  • Dispensaries
  • Private Clinics
  • Government Agencies
  • Private and Public Hospitals
  • Central and State Nursing Council
  • Indian Red Cross Society
  • Educational Institutions

If you have any doubts or queries regarding which of the three courses would be the best for you, call us at 1800-572-877 or fill out our QnA form. Our education experts will provide you with all the relevant information and help you find the right college. 

Stay tuned to CollegeDekho for information on the best courses and colleges in India. 


Can students from Arts stream apply for the GNM Nursing exam?

The question paper set for the WB ANM GNM exam will consist of questions from Life Science, Physical Science, Arithmetic, English Grammar, General Knowledge and Logical Reasoning. Students belonging to Arts, Science, Commerce as well as vocational backgrounds are also eligible to apply for this entrance exam.



Every year WBJEE conducts OMR based entrance exam- ANM(R) and GNM for admission to various colleges and institutes in West Bengal. This year’s common entrance exam will be held for the academic year of 2022-23. 


How many seats are available for the WB ANM nursing examination?

WBJEEB has taken over the process of conducting the exam and facilitated the admission for the West Bengal ANM Nursing course. There are a total of 500 seats out of which 263 are reserved and 237 are unreserved. 


Which course is better- ANM or GNM?

Candidates who graduate with ANM and GNM degrees are qualified enough to work in the private and public sectors. However, the GNM programme is longer in duration and more intensive in comparison to the ANM program and hence the former offers more job opportunities and growth.

How many seats are available in the GNM nursing programme West Bengal?

The total number of seats available in the GNM Nursing programme is 2817 out of which, 2692 are for female candidates and 125 are for male candidates.


How can I get admissions in the GNM Nursing in West Bengal?

One can get admission to ANM/GNM course West Bengal by appearing for the entrance exam conducted by WBJEEB. This OMR-based entrance test is held in the state of West Bengal every year.

Can boys study GNM nursing?

Both male and female candidates can study this course. The GNM course is a three-and-a-half-year diploma course where the minimum eligibility is passing 10+2 in subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The minimum age for applying to this course is 17 years and the maximum age limit is 30 years. 


Can someone open a clinic after completing a GNM course?

Yes, a GNM candidate can open a clinic after completing the course but it will only be legal if one is appointed by a qualified doctor. 


Is NEET compulsory for a GNM course?

NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is conducted for providing admission to MBBS and BDS courses in medical colleges in India. This test is not necessary for the GNM course.

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-mariappanUpdated on September 20, 2023 11:54 AM
  • 1 Answer
Shikha Kumari, Student / Alumni

Hello, if you are interested in BSc at Annasamy Rajammal College of Nursing you must go through the eligibility criteria. Once you are eligible you can further take part in the admission process. The average fee for BSc at the institute is Rs 2,42,000. The duration for this course is 3 years. You can also check the official website to get the latest information regarding the fees.


Want direct admission in bsc nursing in Saraswati College of Nursing for 2021 academic session

-premlata bhatiUpdated on September 20, 2023 12:41 AM
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Rahul Raj, Student / Alumni

Dear Student, 

In order to get direct admission in B.Sc Nursing at Saraswati College of Nursing, Udaipur, you need to fulfil the following eligibility criteria mentioned below:-

  • Must have passed Class 10+2 from any recognized Board with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as the main subject.
  • Secured at least 50% marks in the subject mentioned above (45% for SC/ST candidates).
  • The Minimum age for the admission is 17 years and the Maximum age for male candidates is 25 years and for female candidates is 28 years.

In order to apply, you need to fill the Saraswati College of Nursing …


Hlo sir mujhe bsc nursing me admission chahiye kamla nehru nursing college me kya mai abhi admission le sakti hun or admission lene ke liye kya krna padega kya kya ability honi chahiye admission ke liye please sir help me please please please sir.....thankfully sir

-aradhyaUpdated on September 19, 2023 05:23 PM
  • 1 Answer
Saniya Pahwa, Student / Alumni

Dear Aradhya

Kamla Nehru Nursing College does not offer B.Sc Nursing course. The college offers only 2 courses at the undergraduate level which include ANM and GNM. The duration of these courses is 3 years each and these are offered in the full-time mode. In order to get admission to Kamla Nehru Nursing College in any of the courses, you must fulfill the minimum eligibility criteria as the first step. Next, you can fill out the application form for your course through the official website of the college or by visiting the campus. 

We hope this resolves your query! For …


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