GNM Nursing

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Mar 01, 2024 08:03AM IST

GNM Nursing Overview

GNM stands for General Nursing and Midwifery. GNM Nursing is a three-year diploma course with a mandatory six-months internship period. GNM Nursing is designed for aspirants who want to pursue a career in clinical nursing. Candidates who have successfully passed their class 12 exam in the Science stream can pursue the GNM nursing course. The program teaches aspirants how to care for individuals who are sick or have been injured in order to help them attain full recovery. Candidates can secure GNM admission by appearing for state-level exams such as WBJEE ANM-GNM, Maharashtra GNM, Kerala GNM, etc. One may check out the GNM Syllabus to get an idea of the course curriculum. 

Candidates are required to complete their GNM nursing course through offline learning only. Distance learning for GNM Nursing has a very limited scope since most colleges prefer the in-person teaching route. Renowned colleges such as Christian Medical College, Jamia Hamdard University, SRM Institute Of Science And Technology, Kalinga Institute Of Industrial Technology, etc. offer admission into GNM nursing course. The GNM Nursing course fee ranges from NR 30,000 to INR 2.5 LPA. Once candidates complete the GNM nursing studies, they can apply for several GNM Jobs opportunities as Clinical Nurse Specialists, Forensic Nurse, Legal Nurse Consultants, Government/Private Hospital Practitioners, Travelling Nurse, etc. that offer competitive GNM salary packages.

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GNM Nursing Course Highlights

Some of the basic details of the GNM course are as follows:

GNM Nursing Course Highlights

Course LevelDiploma
GNM Full FormGeneral Nursing and Midwifery
Short NameGNM
GNM Nursing Duration3.5 Years
GNM Nursing Examination TypeSemester System/ Year-wise
GNM Nursing Eligibility10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with science subjects
GNM Admission ProcessMerit-Based/ Entrance Exam
GNM Course FeeINR 30,000 to INR 2.5 LPA
GNM Top Employment AreasHospitals, Nursing Homes, Universities, etc
GNM Job RolesClinical Nurse Specialist, Legal Nurse Consultant, Forensic Nursing etc.
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Why Choose GNM Nursing?

Why Choose GNM Nursing?

In today’s era, there is no shortage of courses for students. One can opt for any programme and pursue their studies in the same. To help students realize about the GNM nursing programme, given below are some of the key reasons why one should pursue a GNM Nursing course.

  • GNM Nursing course provides vocational training to students to help them assist the needs of the patients using advanced clinical methodologies.
  • The work demands addressing the patients’ needs and lending a helping hand to the doctors. The overall goal is to provide care for society.
  • Curriculum of the GNM Nursing course is specifically curated to transform learners into full-fledged nursing professionals. It comprises a mixture of both on-ground training and theoretical understanding for the aspirants which helps one acquire basic skills
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GNM Nursing - Course Comparison

Below given are some course comparisons to help students make a sound decision on which nursing course will be the best for them. 


The table below comprises the key differences between GNM vs ANM.

ParameterGNM NursingANM Nursing
Course OverviewGNM is focused on providing knowledge on all nursing training activities as well as equipments while helping students build several nursing-related skills.ANM Nursing course is primarily focused on community-level service only and helps students learn the basics of nursing. 
Course Full FormGeneral Nursing and MidwiferyAuxiliary Nursing and Midwifery
Duration3.5 years2 years
FeesINR 20,000-1,00,000INR 40,000-80,000
Eligibility10+2 with Science stream10+2 with Science stream    
Course LevelDiplomaDiploma
Top CollegesCMC Vellore, IPGMER Kolkata, CMC Ludhiana, SRM Chennai, KIIT Bhubaneswar, etc.Assam Down Town University, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, CMJ University, etc.
Best JobsForensic Nurse, Nursing Teacher, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.In-charge and Helper, Travelling Nurse, Junior Lecturer, Maternal Care Room Incharge, etc.
Average SalaryINR 2-5 LPAINR 2-5 LPA

GNM Nursing - Course Comparison

GNM Nursing vs BSc Nursing

ParameterGNM NursingBSc Nursing
Course OverviewGNM is focused on providing knowledge on all nursing training activities as well as equipments while helping students build several nursing-related skills.BSc is an UG degree designed to train nurses into the practical aspects of nursing comprising setting up equipment, providing first aid, briefing the patients, etc.
Course Full FormGeneral Nursing and MidwiferyBachelor of Science (Nursing)
Course LevelDiplomaGraduate
Duration3.5 years4 years
FeesINR 20,000-1,00,000INR 20,000-2,50,000
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized board10+2 from a recognized board
Top CollegesCMC Vellore, CMC Ludhiana, IPGMER Kolkata, KIIT Bhubaneswar, SRM Chennai, etc.AIIMS Delhi, Christian Medical college, Armed forces Medical college etc.
Best JobsForensic Nurse, Nursing Teacher, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.Govt and Private Hospitals, Dispensaries, healthcare Centres,etc.
Average SalaryINR 2-5 LPAINR 2-5 LPA

GNM Nursing vs BMLT

ParameterGNM NursingBMLT
Course OverviewGNM is focused on providing knowledge on all nursing training activities as well as equipments while helping students build several nursing-related skills.Bachelors in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT), aka Clinical laboratory Technology is a 3-year UG program.
Course Full FormGeneral Nursing and MidwiferyBachelors in Medical Laboratory Technology
Course LevelDiplomaGraduate
Duration3.5 years3 year + 6-month internship
FeesINR 20,000-1,00,000INR 20,000 - INR 3 Lakhs per annum
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized board10+2 with minimum 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
Top CollegesCMC Ludhiana, CMC Vellore, IPGMER Kolkata, SRM Chennai, KIIT Bhubaneswar, etc.PK university, Paramedical college, Madhav university, etc.
Best JobsClinical Nurse Consultant, Forensic Nurse, Travelling Nurse, Nursing Teacher, etc.Laboratory managers, Laboratory technologist, consultants, healthcare administrators, supervisors, etc.
Average SalaryINR 2-5 LPAINR 3 Lakhs

GNM Nursing vs DPharma

ParameterGNM NursingD Pharma
Course OverviewGNM is focused on providing knowledge on all nursing training activities as well as equipments while helping students build several nursing-related skills.Diploma in Pharmacy is a 2 years course that provide exposure to pharmaceutical sciences. 
Course Full FormGeneral Nursing and MidwiferyDiploma in pharmacy
Course LevelDiplomaDiploma
Duration3.5 years2 years
FeesINR 20,000-1,00,000 lakhINR 10,000-1,00,000 lakh
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized board10+2 from a recognized board
Top CollegesCMC Ludhiana, CMC Vellore, IPGMER Kolkata, SRM Chennai, KIIT Bhubaneswar, etc.Annamalai University, Chitkara university, MAHE Manipal, etc.
Best CareerForensic Nurse, Nursing Teacher, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.Medical Transcriptionist, Pharmacist, Quality Analyst, Scientific Officer, Production Executive, etc. 
Average SalaryINR 2-5 LPAINR 2-5 LPA

GNM Nursing vs B Pharma

ParameterGNM NursingB Pharma
Course OverviewGNM is focused on providing knowledge on all nursing training activities as well as equipments while helping students build several nursing-related skills.B.Pharmacy is a 4 years full time professional UG program that allows candidates to gain knowledge on preparing drugs, dispensing medicines etc.
Course Full FormGeneral Nursing and MidwiferyBachelor of Pharmacy
Course LevelDiplomaGraduate
Duration3.5 years4 years
FeesINR 20,000-1,00,000 lakhINR 15,000-1,50,000 lakh
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized board10+2 examinations with 50% and with mandatory subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics and English
Top CollegesCMC Ludhiana, CMC Vellore, IPGMER Kolkata, SRM Chennai, KIIT Bhubaneswar, etc.Punjab University, Jamia Hamdard University, Institute of Chemical Technology etc
JobsForensic Nurse, Nursing Teacher, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.Quality Control Manager, Drug Inspector, Entrepreneur, Professor, Medical Writer etc.
Average SalaryINR 2-5 LPAINR 2-3 LPA
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Types of GNM Nursing

GNM courses are primarily of 2 types, namely, Basic and Post Basic Nursing. Let's take a quick look at each one of these in detail:

NameDetailsCourse Fees
Basic NursingBasic Nursing is the most common type of GNM Nursing, which is a 3-year bachelor’s degree course that helps students gain knowledge on nursing. It is a comprehensive study on treating an array of disorders and is designed to produce general nurses who can work effectively as part of a health team in a variety of hospitals and other organizations. Candidates should clear the class 12th examination with a Science stream and an aggregate of 40% marks to be deemed eligible for the degree. Candidates should also be between the ages of 17 and 35, and must be medically fit.INR 8,500 to INR 1.35 LPA
Post-Basic GNMPost-Basic GNM usually focuses on advanced knowledge in Nursing programmes. Candidates get to take a deep dive into the nursing syllabus and open new career opportunities after completing this course. The basic version of this programme lasts three years, while the normal one lasts for two years. Post-basic GNM has a lot of potentials and therefore, students pursuing the same can opt to work at nursing schools, clinics, and public health centers, among other places.INR 25,000 to INR 2.50 LPA
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GNM Nursing Eligibility Criteria

For GNM admission, there are certain criteria that the candidates need to fulfill. They are listed below: 

  • The eligibility criteria are uniform in all the states of India for this course, however, seat allotment might vary based on the reservation rules of a particular state. 
  • Candidates must have English as their compulsory subject and should have a science stream in their 12th standard. Also, they need to score a minimum of 40% aggregate marks and in English separately in their qualifying exam.
  • The candidate must be a 10+2 pass out with English as the compulsory subject and must have secured 40% in aggregate in Vocational ANM course from any Indian Nursing Council-recognized institute.
  • The candidate should have completed class 12th with English having 40% in aggregate in Vocational Stream Health Care Science from a CBSE-recognized board. 
  • The aspirant needs to be registered with ANM and must have a qualifying rank.
  • Candidates must have passed class 12th with Physics, Biology and Chemistry with an aggregate of 50% in overall.

Skills Required for GNM Nursing

Candidates require these skills to become successful after completing GNM nursing course:

GNM Nursing Eligibility Criteria
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GNM Nursing Entrance Exams

Some of the popular entrance exams are:

INI CETApril 29, 2023
  • The total marks of the exam is 200
  • The duration of exam is 3 hours
  • A total of 200 multiple-choice questions are asked
BHU Nursing Entrance ExamSeptember 13, 2023 (Tentative)
  • The total marks of the exam is 400
  • Students will get 2 hours to complete the exam
  • +4 for the correct answer
  • No negative marks
  • Objective-type total questions asked
RUHS Nursing Entrance ExamOctober 2023 (Tentative)
  • Total marks for the exam is 100
  • All questions will be multiple-choice based
  • The total marks of the exam is 100
  • The exam will be conducted for 120 minutes
  • The exam will be conducted in an online mode
PGIMER NursingJune 2023 (Tentative)
  • The exam will be conducted in an online mode
  • The medium of the exam is English only
  • The total duration of exam is 90 minutes
Assam GNM NursingJuly 2023 (Tentative)
  • This exam is conducted once a year
  • Minimum age of applicant must be 17 years
  • Only permanent residents of Assam can apply for this course
Maharashtra GNM NursingAugust 2023 (Tentative)
  • Admission done on basis of marks secured in higher secondary exam
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GNM Nursing Admission Process: How to Apply?

GNM Nursing Admission Process: How to Apply?

Nursing aspirants can apply for the General Nursing and Midwifery programme once they have completed their class 12 exams with Biology, Chemistry, and Physics as compulsory subjects. Admissions in GNM courses are done mostly on the basis of marks secured by a candidate in class 12 exams. Colleges release a merit list on the basis of candidates' performance in the 10+2 exam. 

Few of the institutes also conduct their own entrance exams for these courses or take students on the basis of state-level diploma entrance exams. Those candidates who qualify the entrance exams will be eligible for admissions to the GNM course. 

GNM Nursing Application Form 

Many entrance exams provide admission to the GNM course. Candidates have to fill out the respective exam application form and clear the test to pursue the programme. Here is how to fill GNM Nursing Application Form: 

  • Stay updated with all the important dates related to the GNM application form release. 
  • Once the forms are out, register on the official website. 
  • Fill out the form and enter all your details carefully. 
  • Upload authentic signature, ID proof, and photographs. 
  • Pay the application fee.
  • Print out all the documents along with the payment reciept.
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GNM Nursing Fees in India

GNM Nursing fees in India usually varies depending on the type of institution, location of the institution, and candidate's category. Therefore, GNM Nursing fees in India varies from one college to another. However, the average GNM Nursing Fees may range from anywhere between INR 30,000 to INR 2.5 LPA. Students who intend to apply for GNM Nursing Admissions must carefully analyze the fee structures of various institutions in order to select the one that is financially feasible for them. Thus, for a detailed insight into the admission fees in India for this course, students must visit GNM Admission Process by CollegeDekho. 

GNM Nursing Course Fee: Government College

Institute NameAverage Course Fee
GMCH Chandigarh INR 40,000
Baba Farid University of Health SciencesINR 20,000
Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical SciencesINR 25,000
GMC KozhikodeINR 10,000

GNM Nursing Course Fee: Private College 

Institute NameAverage Course Fee 
Sharda University INR 80,000
Era University INR 90,000
Noida International UniversityINR 72,000
National Institute of Management and TechnologyINR 85,000
Hind Institute of Medical SciencesINR 65,000
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GNM Nursing Course Syllabus

First Year:

Anatomy and PhysiologyNutritionCommunity Health Nursing
PsychologyMicrobiologyPersonal and Environmental Hygiene
Health EducationSociologyFundamentals of Nursing
First AidPersonal HygieneEnvironmental Hygiene
Health Education and Communication Skills

Second Year:

PharmacologyMedical Surgical NursingPsychiatric Nursing
Medical Surgical NursingPharmacologyMedical Surgical Nursing II (Specialties)
Orthopedic NursingCommunicable DiseasesOphthalmic Nursing
Community Health NursingMental Health and Psychiatric NursingComputer Education

Third Year:

Advanced Community Health NursingPaediatric NursingMidwifery and Gynaecology
Community Health Nursing - IIEducational Methods and Media for Teaching in Practice of NursingPediatric Nursing
Introduction to ResearchAdministration and Ward ManagementProfessional Trends and Adjustment
Health EconomicsInternship Period

Fourth Year: 6-month Internship

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Top GNM Nursing Colleges

Candidates pursuing GNM studies need to ensure that they secure admission in the topmost colleges. These institutions offer quality education and comprise experienced tutors. Here are some of the best GNM nursing colleges in India.

Top GNM Government Colleges in India 

Refer to the best government colleges with GNM courses:

College Name NIRFRankings
GMC Kozhikode31
GMCH Chandigarh27
TD Medical College-
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences-
Bankura Sammilani Medical College38
IRT Perundurai Medical College6
Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences151

Top GNM Private Colleges in India 

Check out the best private colleges with GNM courses:

College NameNIRF Rankings
Sharda University87
HML Group of Institutions-
Integral University56
Era University89
Hind Institute of Medical Sciences-
Institute of Paramedical Technology54
Noida International University63
IIMT University19
National Institute of Management and Technology24
Rama University-
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GNM Nursing Top Colleges Abroad

Studying abroad is preferred by many students. Quality education, exposure to a new culture, and high-paying packages are some of the key factors that attract individuals to abroad studies. Students can continue their GNM studies outside India if they possess grit and determination. So, here are the best colleges that one should aim for:

College NameCountryGNM Nursing Course Fee
University of PennsylvaniaUnited StatesINR 40.6 LPA
University of WashingtonUnited StatesINR 26.3 LPA
John Hopkins UniversityUnited StatesINR 45.5 LPA
King’s College LondonUnited KingdomINR 24.5 LPA
Yale UniversityUnited StatesINR 41.5 LPA
University of Technology SydneyAustraliaINR 20 LPA
University of SouthamptonUnited KingdomINR 20 LPA
University of North Carolina, Chapel HillUnited StatesINR 27.6 LPA
University of ManchesterUnited KingdomINR 23.3 LPA
University of TorontoCanadaINR 30 LPA
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GNM Career Options and Job Prospects

Nursing is a full-time occupation and candidates who have acquired the required skills and education in the field of care-taking and nursing can take up jobs at hospitals, clinics, health departments or can work as a private health care-taker. GNM diploma holders can also take up community services and can work for NGOs that spread medical awareness or help the sick. The salaries offered after the GNM courses can vary from INR 1.5 lakh to INR 3 lakh. Some government jobs pay better packages to freshers who complete this course. Following are some of the job profiles that a GNM diploma holder can apply for:

Staff NurseHome Nurse
Health VisitorCommunity Health Worker
Clinical Nurse SpecialistLegal Nurse Consultant
Health Care NurseCertified Nursing Assistant
Nursing TutorSenior – Nurse Educator
Forensic NurseEmergency Room Nurse

Since GNM is a diploma programme, most of the candidates apply for advanced nursing courses after completing the GNM course in order to enhance their career prospects. There are various courses that candidates can pursue after this diploma programme including the Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery (ANM), B.Sc. in Nursing, M.Sc. in Nursing, PG Certificate in Nursing and Doctorate (Ph.D.). Job options after pursuing these courses along with GNM are better than the career options and salaries offered after the GNM alone.

Salaries offered after pursuing GNM followed by PG diploma or master courses in nursing are lucrative. Nurses working in forensics, ICU and private home care, can earn up to INR 4.9 LPA to INR 5 LPA. Salaries also increase with the job profile of the nursing professional. Specialists, consultants and professors in this field get packages varying from INR 5.5 LPA to INR 9.13 LPA.

GNM Nursing Course Salary 

Candidates graduating from the GNM course can bag salaries mentioned below based on experience and skillset.

Job ProfileAverage Annual Salary
Forensic NurseINR 5 LPA
Legal Consulting NurseINR 5.3 LPA
Clinical/Hospital NurseINR 4.5 LPA
TeachersINR 9.1 LPA
Home NurseINR 2.4 LPA
GNM Career Options and Job Prospects

GNM Nursing Top Recruiters 

Candidates can refer to the table below to find the best GNM Nursing recruiters in India that offer lucrative salary packages:

Community Health CentresManipal Hospital
Fortis HealthcareMax Hospital
The Indian Red Cross SocietyIndian Nursing Council and various State Nursing Councils
Apollo Hospitals EnterpriseMedanta Medicity
Manipal HospitalGlobal Hospitals
Columbia Asia HospitalWockhardt Hospitals
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FAQs about GNM

Is GNM nursing tough?

Yes, GNM nursing can be challenging to study at times because candidates have to learn medical terminologies while learning the art of caring for families and patients. One of the most difficult parts of nursing college is understanding how to think like a Nurse.

Can I do GNM after 12th commerce?

Yes, aspirants studying commerce can pursue GNM course. However, the admission process varies from college to college. 

Who can study GNM nursing?

Any aspirant who has finished 10+2 studies from a recognized board with PCB subjects (Physics, Biology, and Chemistry) is deemed eligible to apply for the GNM nursing course.

Is GNM a good career?

Once a student completes the GNM course, they can easily get jobs in both governments as well as private sectors.

Can a GNM nurse become a doctor?

Yes, one can pursue MBBS and become a doctor even after completing the GNM course. Candidates have to appear for NEET UG and clear the test to secure admission at a decent medical college.

What are the roles and responsibilities of GNM nursing?

GNM is a short form for General Nursing and Midwifery. It is a paramedical diploma course that is of the duration three and a half years. GNM emphasizes teaching Nursing aspirants the importance of the community health care, community, and Midwifery. One can opt for this course if they wish to serve the society while making a stable career around the same.

Is GNM nursing good for girls?

GNM course is great for both male and female candidates. Once a student successfully completes the GNM course, they get access to higher study options as well as a bright career scope. Nurses bag jobs easily in the government and private sectors.

What is GNM Nursing Subjects?

GNM Nursing Subjects include four major categories, namely, Bioscience, Behavioral Science, Nursing Foundations and Community Health Nursing. Anatomy, Physiology and Microbiology are included under Bioscience, and Psychology and Sociology are included under Behavioral Sciences.

How to prepare for GNM exam?

Aspirants need to solve all the GNM previous year question papers, and sample papers and attend GNM mock tests. Regularly solving the papers will help the students evaluate their level of preparation. They can identify their weak areas and work on those parts.

What is GNM Salary in India?

The average GNM salary for nurses in India may range anywhere between INR 1 LPA to INR 5 LPA.

Which is better GNM or ANM?

While both courses have their own unique benefits, GNM graduates have better career prospects and higher earning potential than ANM graduates. Registered nurses are in high demand in both public and private healthcare sectors, and the demand is expected to grow in the coming years.

Which is better GNM or BSc Nursing?

For students who wish to secure a better career prospect in the healthcare industry, BSc Nursing is undoubtedly the better choice. However, for those who wish to pursue a professional nursing course post their 10+2 qualification, they may opt for a General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) course. 

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Related Questions


Ranjana Soren, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Oct-12-2023
Can I take gnm course
Gnm nursing course available here?
-Srabani -Updated on May-20-20231 Answers

Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

-Answered on May-20-2023

Dear Student,

The institute does not offer GNM course. However, there are many GNM colleges in India which offer admission to the respective course. If you wish to know about these colleges fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.


Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

-Answered on Apr-25-2023

Dear Student,

Please contact the college directly they will provide you with the exact information. Click on the link given below to know more GNM Admissions:

GNM Admission in India 2020 - Dates, Application, Entrance Exams, Selection, Colleges

Top GNM Colleges in India

Here is a list of best colleges in India offering the GNM course. You can apply to these colleges without going through a daunting experience by simply filling our Common Application Form (CAF). After filling this form, you will be assigned an expert to guide you through the admission process. You can also try our toll-free number - 1800-572-9877 to avail instant guidance.

GNM Colleges


T. John Group of Institutions, Bangalore

INR 40,000 Per Annum

SEA Group Of Institutions (SEA College), Bangalore


Biyani Group of Colleges (BGC), Jaipur

INR 50,000 Per Annum

P P Savani University, Surat

INR 75,000 Per Annum

IIMT University (IIMTU), Meerut

INR 72,500 Per Annum

G.C.R.G Group of institutions (GCRG), Lucknow


Noida International University - NIU, Greater Noida

INR 80,000 Per Annum

Universal Group of Institutions (UGI), Mohali

INR 70,000 Per Annum

Yamuna Group of Institutions (YGI), Yamunanagar

INR 70,500 Per Annum

Sapphire Group of Institutions (SGI), Indore

INR 65,000 Per Annum