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Aligarh Muslim University Entrance Exam (M. Tech) - GG Geology and Geophysics Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

Aligarh Muslim University M.Tech Entrance Exam Take GATE Exam pattern for all branches that have 3 hours duration.

  • The question paper will consist of both Multiple choice questions (MCQ) and Numerical answer type (NAT) questions.

  • In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA).

  • In the papers bearing the codes GG: Geology and Geophysics, The Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) -GG: Geology and Geophysics   would contain questions of two different types in various papers:

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).

(ii) Numerical Answer Questions of 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad. No choices will be shown for this type of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 (an integer only).

General Aptitude (GA) Questions

In all papers, GA questions carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 10 marks).


Paper General Aptitude (GA) Questions Subject Marks     Total Marks Total Time
GG: Geology and Geophysics 15 85 100 3 hours 


Test duration- 3 hours 

Total Marks- 15+85= 100

Total Question- 65

Marking System – For 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark multiple-choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

Syllabus Summary

No. Of Subject 4
No. Of Unit 30
No. Of Chapter 132
  1. Composition, Structure and Thickness
  2. Weathering and Soil Formation
  3. Landforms
  1. Silicate Crystal Structure
  2. Determinative Mineralogy of Common Rock Forming Minerals
  1. Size, Shape, Internal Structure and composition of Earth
  2. Concept of Isostasy
  1. Geochronology and Absolute Time
  2. Stratigraphic principles
  3. Geological and Geographical Distribution
  4. Introduction to Remote Sensing
  5. Engineering properties of Rocks and Soils
  6. Ground Water Geology
  1. Mineralogy and Classification of Rocks
  1. Earthquakes
  2. Volcanism and Mountain Building
  1. Stress, Strain and Material Response
  2. Brittle and Ductile Deformation
  3. Nomenclature and Classification of Folds and Faults
  1. Basic Crystal Symmetry
  2. Concept of Point Groups
  1. Body and Surface Waves
  2. Propagation of Body Waves in Earth’s Interior
  3. Gravitational field of the Earth
  4. Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism
  5. Continental Drift
  1. Elements of Earth’s magnetic field
  2. Marine Magnetic Surveys
  3. Poisson’s Relation
  4. Magnetic Anomalies
  5. Interpretation of processed Magnetic Anomaly Data
  1. Geophysical Signal Processing
  2. Fourier series
  3. Z-transform and Wavelet Transform
  4. Geophysical well-logging
  5. Quantitative Evaluation
  6. Application of Bore Hole Geophysics
  1. Elastic properties of Earth Materials
  2. Land and Marine Seismic Sources
  3. Seismic Noises and Noise Profile Analysis
  4. 2D and 3D Seismic Data Acquisition
  5. Reservoir Geophysics
  1. Electromagnetic Induction in the Earth
  2. Various Electromagnetic Methods
  3. Earth’s natural Electromagnetic field
  4. Processing of Electromagnetic Data and Interpretation
  5. Geological Applications
  1. Laplace, Maxwell and Helmholtz Equations
  2. Green’s Theorem
  3. Image Theory
  4. Eikonal Equation and Ray theory
  1. Gravimeters
  2. Gravity data Reduction
  3. Density Estimates of Rocks
  4. Data Enhancement Techniques
  5. Gravity Maps
  6. Gravity Anomalies
  1. Different Motions of the Earth
  2. Paleomagnetism
  3. Geothermics and heat flow
  4. Earthquakes-Causes and Measurements
  5. Seismotectonics and Seismic Hazards
  6. Digital Seismographs
  1. III-Posedness of Inverse Problems
  2. L1, L2 and Lp norms
  3. Tikhonov’s Regularization Method
  4. Backus-Gilbert method
  1. Radioactive Equilibrium
  2. G M Counter
  3. Application of Radiometrics
  1. D.C. Resistivity Measurement
  2. Type-curves over multi-layered structures
  3. Dar-Zarrouck Parameters
  4. Coefficient of Anisotropy
  5. Interpretation and applications of IP
  1. Numerical computation
  2. Numerical Estimation
  3. Numerical Reasoning
  4. Data Interpretation
  1. English grammar
  2. Sentence Completion
  3. Verbal Analogies
  4. Word Groups
  5. Instructions
  6. Critical Reasoning
  7. Verbal Deduction
  1. Ore Forming Processes
  2. Fluid Inclusions
  3. Coal and petroleum geology
  4. Marine Mineral Resources
  5. Economic Mineral Deposits
  6. Ore dressing and Mineral Economics
  1. Sedimentary processes and Environments
  2. Sedimentary Facies, Provenance and Basin Analysis
  1. Energy Sources and Radiation Principles
  2. Aerial-Photo Interpretation
  3. Digital processing of Satellite Images
  4. GIS – Basic Concepts
  1. Metamorphism and Metamorphic Facies
  2. Metamorphism of pelitic
  3. Role of Fluids in Metamorphism
  4. Metamorphic P-T-t paths
  5. Morphology
  1. Rocks as Construction Materials
  2. Role of Geology
  3. Natural Hazards
  4. Ground Water Geology
  5. Well Hydraulics
  1. Principles of Stratigraphy
  2. Indian Sstratigraphy – Precambrian and Phanerozoic
  3. Himalayan Geology
  1. Geomorphic Processes and Agents
  2. Development and Evolution of Landforms
  3. Slope and Drainage
  4. Processes in Deep Oceanic
  5. Quantitative and Applied Geomorphology
  6. Mechanism of rock deformation
  7. Cleavage, Schistosity and Lineation
  8. Methods of Projection
  9. Tectonites and their Significance
  10. Basement-Cover Relationship
  1. Classification, Forms and Textures
  2. Magmatic Differentiation
  3. Binary and Ternary Phase Diagrams
  1. Crystal Chemistry
  2. Optical Mineralogy
  3. Cosmic Abundance of Elements
  4. Meteorites
  5. Geochemical Evolution of the Earth
  6. Geochemical Cycles
  7. Geochemical Thermodynamics
  8. Isotope Geochemistry

How to prepare

Preparation Strategy

Make a proper Time Table

It is very important that you make a time table and stick to it and you will have an exact idea of what you are required to study and the time required for it.

Concept clarity rather than rote learning

It is essential that you have a clear idea of the formulas and concepts rather than rote learning of things for the papers. While you might require it for memorizing formulas it is important that for other stuff you make sure you clear your basis and concepts before moving on.

Prepare Notes

It is very important make small notes or a comprehensive list of formulas on each covered topic and chapter which will come in handy at the time of revision. This will require you to be regular with your work but will surely make things easy at the time of revision.

Revision of Class XI and XII concepts

Make sure that you revise your concepts from the syllabus of these classes before starting anything new as most of the engineering exams will be for admission to undergraduate courses and so the syllabi from class XI and XII becomes the testing ground to check students.

Seek guidance

It is not possible for you to know everything in your syllabus, at least not at the time of preparation. Sooner or later you will run into a concept or so which will give you trouble and then it is best you seek guidance from an instructor or a teacher. It is necessary that you clear your doubts at regular intervals and don’t prolong things for long. Getting into a good coaching class is nothing to be ashamed off and if anything a regular coaching class will enable you to avoid roadblocks in your preparation.

Sample Papers

Even though there may be a complete change in the exam pattern or the expected questions altogether,it is important that you practice on the sample and previous years question papers available for the engineering exam you’d be attempting. You will know the existing pattern and have a fair idea of the type of questions to expect in the paper along with the time constraint.

Mock tests

The paper pattern, duration of the paper and the number of questions to be attempted in the given amount of time is not something you will be able to pick up on the day of the examination. A Mock Test tests a student’s abilities as it not only provides a similar feel of real exams but also helps in building speed and confident to face the exam. Furthermore, they can improve their performance to get an extra edge in actual exams. Try to build up an Engineering Entrance Exam Test Prep MCQ Question Bank

Time management

Time management can be learned through thorough practice and regular test taking. So it is important that you practice it and practice it well.

Negative marking

Most the entrance examinations will have negative marking and everyone would suggest you stay clear of questions are not sure about. But some experts are of the opinion that you answer the questions in which you are confused between an option or two because there will also be a chance of getting it right.

Duration : 2 Hours

Important Instructions

The candidate who applies for admission is advised to carefully read the same and it shall be presumed that he/she agrees to abide by the same. 1. Admissions to all courses of study as detailed in this Guide are open to Indian Nationals only. Candidates having other nationalities should refer to the relevant Guide for them. 2. The intake to all courses of study as detailed in this Guide, except those specifically mentioned for AMU Centres at Malappuram, Murshidabad and/or Kishanganj, implies intake at Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh only. However, the intake may change with the approval of the competent authority. 3. The University reserves the right not to admit any candidate to a course of study even though a notification inviting applications for admission to the same has been issued. 4. The candidate shall not be entitled to claim admission as a matter of right even if he/she is otherwise eligible. The University reserves the right to refuse admission to any individual without assigning any reason. 5. Canvassing in any manner for securing admission shall render a candidate disqualified. 6. Eligibility rules as specified for each course shall be strictly followed and shall not be relaxed under any circumstance. Candidate should satisfy himself/herself that he/she fulfills the eligibility requirements prescribed for admission to the concerned course of study. 7. A candidate shall be eligible to apply for admission to a course of study if he/she has passed the qualifying examination and also fulfills all other eligibility requirements in terms of subjects studied, percentage of marks, age, etc. The percentage of marks secured by a candidate at the qualifying examination, falling short by even a decimal fraction shall not be rounded off to the next whole number. Similarly, if the age falls short or exceeds even by a single day, the candidate shall not be eligible for admission. 8. Candidates awaiting result of qualifying examination may also apply for admission with the clear stipulation that in the event of their selection they will be entitled to admission only if they fulfill all eligibility requirements of concerned course of study at the time of admission. 9. Physically challenged candidates are provided a relaxation in age up to a maximum of five years in admission to courses which prescribe a maximum age limit, except for those courses where such limits are prescribed by statutory/regulatory councils governing such admissions. 10. Changes, if any, made in the Admission Rules and/or in the eligibility criteria from time to time, shall be applicable to candidates seeking admission in the University even after notification.