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Medical Courses

Preeti GuptaUpdated On: November 11, 2022 01:17 pm IST | NEET

Some of the top medical courses can offer you bright careers in the medical field and opportunities for higher education. Take a look at the list of medical courses in India after 12th, fee structure and admission process in order to set targets for yourselves. 

List of Medical Courses in India After 12th: Entrance Exams, Fees, Admission Process

A career in medicine is one of the most sought-after and respected professions across the world. It is highly rewarding, satisfying, and gives you an opportunity to help others in need. Besides, one of the many reasons why people choose this career path is job security. So if you too are dreaming of a career in the field of nursing, paramedics, or medicine after the 12th Grade, now is the time to find out all about the best medical courses. Here in this article, we have compiled a list of medical courses after 12th for aspiring students. Read on to know all about the various medical field courses, entrance exams, fee structure, admission process and more.  

Medical Courses After 12th

List of best medical courses after 12th and make an informed decision:

  • Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
  • Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)
  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)
  • Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS)
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)
  • Bachelor of Nursing (BSc Nursing)
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
  • Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT)
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH)

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

An MBBS tops the list of medical courses in India after 12th as it is one of the most desired UG programs among aspiring doctors. It is a 5-year and 6-month long Undergraduate degree that covers a wide range of Clinical, Pre-clinical and Para-clinical subjects during the course. Candidates with a background in science can appear for the national-level NEET exam after the 12th to get admission to MBBS colleges in India. The minimum age criteria for applicants is 17 years.

The fee for MBBS in Government colleges ranges from INR 20,000 to INR 7.5Lakhs. For private colleges, this may be INR 20Lakhs or more. 

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Course Duration

5 years 6 months

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG)

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 20,000 – INR 7.5Lakhs

Private: ≥ INR 20Lakhs 

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

A BDS is a 5-year UG program that includes 4 years of classroom education and a year-long compulsory rotating internship. It is the only professional dental course approved in India. A Bachelor's degree in Dental Surgery is mandatory for students aspiring to work as dentists at private or government hospitals. The degree primarily focuses on introducing the students to and training them on dental surgeries and sciences. Like an MBBS, a BDS also requires candidates to have turned 17 years and qualified with the three main Science subjects. Admission is done based on NEET Cut-off. The average course fee ranges between INR 1Lakh and INR 6Lakhs. 

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

Course Duration

5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG)

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 1Lakh – INR 7.5Lakhs

Private: INR 25Lakhs – INR 30Lakhs

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)

BAMS is a 5.5-year undergraduate program designed to make students familiar with the concepts of Ayurveda and Ayurvedic Medicine. In the final year of the course, students are required to pursue a compulsory internship for 12 months. BAMS comes under the list of Ayush courses offered in India. The eligibility criteria is the same as for an MBBS or BDS degree.  To get admission, one has to clear NEET/KEAM/OJEE entrance exams. The average course fee ranges from INR 25,000 to INR 3.2Lakhs.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)

Course Duration

5.5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/KEAM/OJEE

Average Course Fee

INR 25,000 – INR 3.2Lakhs

Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery or BHMS is an Undergraduate program that focuses on the basic concepts of Homeopathy and Homoeopathic Medicine. It is a 5 ½ year course including a compulsory 12-month internship program. After the completion of the course, students with a BHMS degree are considered eligible to practice Homeopathy in India. The eligibility criteria is the same as for MBBS/BDS/BAMS. The various entrance exams conducted for admission to BHMS include NEET. The average course fee for BHMS varies between INR 20,000 and INR 1Lakh.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)

Course Duration

5 years 6 months 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 20,000 – INR 50,000

Private: ≥ INR 1Lakh

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)

A degree in Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery takes 5 years and 5 months. This includes 4.5 years of classroom education and a year of internship that is mandatory for all students. Candidates must be at least 17 years of age and have passed Grade 12 with 50% aggregate. Admission for BUMS is done based on NEET Score Card.  The average course fee for the degree is INR 6.5Lakhs.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)

Course Duration

5 years 5 months 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/

Average Course Fee

INR 6.5Lakhs

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS)

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS) is a 5-year undergraduate degree program that enables the student to learn about scientific knowledge of Siddha. Over the years the demand for the BSMS course is continuously increasing with the growing interest in AYUSH courses. Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery is handled by the Ministry of AYUSH under the Government of India, so the course is structured and designed by the experts in the Ministry. Admission to BSMS is carried out based on the entrance exam scores like NEET Exam and merit. The average course fee in Government colleges may range between INR 5,000 and INR 30, 000.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS)

Course Duration

5.5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 5,000 – INR 30,000

Private: INR 1 Lakh – INR 3Lakhs

Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)

A 4-year BPharm course is the desired degree course for students who want to join the pharmaceutical sector. Following this, students can practice as a Pharmacist or work in a Pharmaceutical company. The eligibility criteria remain the same as for other courses, like MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BUMS and BHMS. Various entrance exams are conducted at the state level for admission to BPharm courses.  The most common ones are AP EAMCET/AP EAPCET/EAMCET/WBJEE/MHT CET/OJEE/BITSAT/KCET/UPCET/GUCET/IPU CET. The average course fee is around INR 6.32Lakhs.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

AP EAMCET/AP EAPCET, TS EAMCET/ MHT CET/OJEE/BITSAT/KCET/UPCET/GUCET/IPU CET/WBJEE

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 40,000 – INR 1Lakh

Private: ≥ INR 6Lakhs

Bachelor of Nursing (BSc Nursing)

A Bachelor’s degree in Nursing is a 4-year program focusing on detailed knowledge in general nursing, midwifery and professional training. It is one of the commonly pursued medical courses after 12th without NEET. BSc Nursing admission is done through different state-level entrance exams. One of the most important entrance exams is the WB JENPAS for candidates in West Bengal. Candidates over age 17 and having 50% aggregate in Grade 12 are eligible for the entrance. The average annual course fee can range from INR 8,500 to INR 1.3Lakhs. 

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Nursing (BSc Nursing)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

WB JENPAS/PPMET/AIIMS Nursing Exam/PGIMER Nursing Exam/KGMU Nursing Exam/BHU Nursing Exam/JIPMER Nursing Exam/Indian Army Nursing Exam/RUHS Nursing Exam/Jamia Hamdard Nursing Exam

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 8,500 – INR 1Lakh

Private: ≥ INR 2Lakhs

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

BPT is a 4-year UG program that deals with the science of physical movement. Following the completion of the course, candidates can go on to become certified Physiotherapists and Sports Injury Physicians. A minimum aggregate of 50% is required to seek admission to BPT colleges in India. This again is one of the few medical courses after 12th without NEET. However, some of the prominent entrance exams conducted for BPT admission are JIPMER All-India Entrance Test, CET, Guru Govind Indraprastha University Physiotherapy Entrance Exam, and others.

 Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

JIPMER/CET/IPU CET BPT

Average Course Fee

INR 1Lakh – INR 5Lakhs

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

A Bachelor’s degree in Occupational Therapy is a 4½ year Undergraduate program that deals with the practice of prevention and cure along with rehabilitation of mentally, emotionally and physically challenged people. There are a whole lot of job opportunities for candidates with a BOT degree, some of the most notable ones including Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant, Speech and Language Therapist etc. In most colleges, admission is done based on merit. However, some may require candidates to crack BOT entrance exams. 

 Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

CMC Vellore Entrance Exam/Manipal University BOT Entrance Exam

Average Course Fee

INR 15,000 – INR 80,000

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT)

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT) is a 3-year degree program that enables you to get expertise in using laboratory equipment and laboratory diagnostic admission procedures. With the enhancement in the healthcare sector, the demand for BMLT courses and qualified professionals is continuously growing. One who needs to pursue career in this field must focus on the practical and laboratory related knowledge during their secondary classes. CBSE 12th Date Sheet 2023 will soon be released, which also indicates the dates of the practical examinations. 

BMLT allows you to get practical and technical expertise in diagnosis. Upon completion of BMLT, one can plan a career in government or private hospitals, clinics, research laboratories, medical laboratories and more. Admission is based on the entrance exam/merit. The average course fee for BMLT colleges in India varies from INR 20,000 to INR 2 Lakhs.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT)

Course Duration

3 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

JNUEE/JIPMER/MET/NEET-UG/Manipal University Entrance Test/KEAM/AP EAMCET/Amity University Entrance Test/Jamia Hamdard Entrance Test

Average Course Fee

INR 20,000 – INR 2Lakhs

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)

Bachelors of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS) is a 5.5 years (4.5-year +1-year internship) long program that enables you to build a career in Ayurvedic or homoeopathy. Admission to BNYS is carried out based on the marks scored in the UP CPAT/NEET. Apart from that candidates also need to provide 10+2 certificates in chemistry, physics & biology from a recognised board with a minimum of 50% aggregate. The average fees for BNYS is between INR 1.5 Lakhs to INR 2 Lakhs and the fees vary depending on the type of college you select.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)

Course Duration

3 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/UP CPAT

Average Course Fee

INR 20,000 – INR 2Lakhs

Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH)

For students who are concerned about the welfare of animals, this is an ideal degree course. The duration of the BVSc & AH program is 5 years and 5 months, following which candidates can go on to become a Veterinary Physician, Animal Research Scientist, Livestock Development Officer or Lecturer. Admission is done through NEET and other state-level entrance exams.

 Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH)

Course Duration

5.5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/UP Veterinary Entrance Exam

Average Course Fee

INR 15,000 – INR 1Lakh 

Types of Medicine Courses

With the ever-increasing demand for doctors, paramedics and nurses, the competition among students is very high, as lakhs of them appear for the entrance exams every year. Admission to most of the esteemed medical institutions is done either through the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) or based on 12th merit keeping in mind the availability of limited seats.

NEET is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Authority (NTA). Through this exam, candidates can get admission to MBBS seats in various government medical colleges, and central and deemed universities. Admission to some of the most prestigious institutes, like JIPMER, AIIMS, BHU, AMU, MAMC and others is done through NEET. To be able to sit for the entrance exams and pursue a career in the medical field, students are required to have studied Physics, Biology and Chemistry in the 12th Grade. 

There are numerous Government and private colleges/institutions offering the top medical courses. However, the fee structure for the entire course duration may vary among private, public and deemed universities. For instance, private colleges charge higher fees as compared to Government or public colleges.

Diploma Courses in India After 12th

Apart from a Bachelor’s degree, students can also opt for a diploma course after the 12th Grade. A diploma course can also open up a promising career path in the field of medicine. Here is a list of diploma courses and total duration for your reference:

Name of Diploma Course

Duration

Diploma in Medical Nursing Assistant (DMNA)

1 year

General Duty Assistant (DGDA)

1 year

Diploma in Ophthalmic Assistant (DOA)

1 year

Diploma in Dental Technician and Hygiene

2 years

Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics

2 years

Diploma in Occupational Therapy (DOT)

2 years

Diploma in Naturopathy and Yogic Science (DNYS)

2 years

Diploma in CT Technician

2 years

Diploma in ECG Technician

2 years

Diploma in Cardiac Care Technology

2 years

Diploma in Optometry

2 years

Diploma in Dialysis Technician

2 years

Diploma in Physiotherapy

2 years

Diploma in Blood bank technician (DBBT)

2 years

Diploma in Radio Imaging Technology (DRIT)

2 years

Diploma in Sanitary Inspector (DSI)

2 years

Diploma in Optometry Technician (DOPT)

2 years

Diploma in Medical X-ray Technology (DMRT)

2 years

Diploma in Emergency Medical technician (DEMT)

2.5 years

Top Medical Colleges in India  

As per the ranking by National Institutional Ranking Framework, here is a list of the top 10 medical colleges in India offering UG/Diploma courses based on the cut-off:

Rank

Name of College/Institute

1

AIIMS – All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi)

2

PGIMER – Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (Chandigarh)

3

Christian Medical College (Vellore)

4

National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences (Bengaluru)

5

Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (Lucknow)

6

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Coimbatore)

7

Banaras Hindu University (Varanasi)

8

JIPMER – Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research (Puducherry)

9

King George’s Medical University – Lucknow 

10

Kasturba Medical College – Manipal 

Pursuing a career in medicine requires a lot of hard work and dedication. Cracking the entrance exams is certainly not easy, but once you get there you can rest assured that there are ample job opportunities in India and abroad. Now that you know about the list of medical courses in India after 12th, start preparing for entrance exams, like NEET 2022 and WB JENPAS. 

FAQs

Which are the best colleges for MBBS in India?

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • St. John’s Medical College, Bengaluru
  • Dr D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • JSS Medical College, Mysore
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore

What is the eligibility criteria for BPharma Course?

To qualify for BPharma, candidates need to pass 10+2 or equivalent examination with minimum 50% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Age limit for the candidates who want to apply for BPharma is 20 years of reserved category and 22 years for others. 

 

Is NEET required for admission in MBBS?

Yes, NEET is mandatory for admission to any of the medical colleges in India. To get admission in MBBS course, candidates need to meet the minimum NEET cutoff.

 

How to get admission to the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)?

To get admission in the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS) course, you need to appear for NEET-UG and qualify  the entrance examination by meeting the minimum cutoff for NEET. Apart from that, candidates also need to provide completion of 10+2 certificate in Physics, Chemistry and Biology from a recognised board or university. 

 

What are the best colleges for B.pharma in India?

Here is the list of best B.Pharma colleges in India:

  • Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
  • ICT Mumbai - Institute of Chemical Technology
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • BITS Pilani - Birla Institute of Technology and Science
  • NIPER Mohali - National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research SAS Nagar
  • MCOPS Manipal - Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty
  • JSS College of Pharmacy, Mysore
  • Amity University, Noida
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
  • NMIMS Mumbai - Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies

What is the fees of the MBBS Course in India?

The minimum fees for an MBBS course starts from Rs. 4-5 Lakhs and can go up to Rs.15 Lakhs based on the medical college you choose. 

 

What is the eligibility criteria for an MBBS course?

To be eligible for admission in MBBS course, candidates need to appear for NEET and clear the cutoff. Based on their NEET Cutoff and performance in the counselling round, candidates will be given admission to a medical college. Students planning to appear for NEET must be Indian nationals with an age limit of 17+ years and must have passed 12th class with Physics, Chemistry and Biology. 

 

Which medical course is best depending on the salary?

When it comes to listing the best medical courses depending on the salary the MBBS always tops the list. But there are other medical courses that can offer you a high salary like: 

  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • B.Sc Nursing
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) 
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharma)
  • Bachelor of Hospital Management/Administration

Which AYUSH course is best in India?

There are a total of 5 different Ayush courses BAMS, BHMS, BNYS, BUMS & BSMS. Among them, BAMS and BHMS are considered to be the most preferred course by most of the students.

 

What are the best colleges for Dental courses?

Here is the list of the best dental colleges in India: 

  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences
  • Nair Dental College and Hospital
  • Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences
  • Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur
  • Mahatma Gandhi PG Institute of Dental Sciences
  • Faculty of Dental Sciences King George’s Medical University
  • Faculty of Dental Sciences, Banaras Hindu University

How to get admission to a Dental course?

To be eligible for admission into BDS (Bachelor of Dental Studies) candidates need to provide a 10+2 certificate with a minimum of 50% aggregate from a recognized state/central board with physics, chemistry and biology as the main subjects. Apart from that candidates also need to appear for the NEET examination.

 

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