List of Top Medical Courses After 12th in India

Preeti Gupta
Preeti GuptaUpdated On: February 12, 2024 06:34 pm IST | NEET

Students with Physics, Chemistry and Biology in class 12th can pursue various medical courses. Check out the List of Top Medical Courses After the 12th in India along with their eligibility, mode of application and much more!

Medical courses after 12th

List of Top Medical Courses After 12th in India includes Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), and Bachelor of Nursing (BSc Nursing). The average fee of the medical courses listed after Class 12th ranges from INR 5,000 to INR 55 LPA, depending on the institution and course type. Some of the popular colleges in India that offer 2-year medical courses after 12th are All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS), Christian Medical College, Banaras Hindu University, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, and Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham. Candidates can apply for medical courses after their CBSE Class 12 Result 2024 or ISC 12th Result 2024.

A career in medicine is one of the most sought-after and respected professions across the world since it is a highly rewarding and satisfying job. Another solid reason why people choose to pursue the best medical course after 12th in India is job security. So, to truly excel in a specialization, one must know what options are available in the medical field. Assisting students further in their learning journey, we have compiled what one should refer to. Keep Reading to check out the best medical courses after 12th and their fee structure, admission process, eligibility criteria and more. 

Top Medical Courses List After 12th in India

Below are the best medical courses after 12th along with their full forms, short forms, and other details related to the Medical Courses:

Sr. No.

Course Name

Course Details

1

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery- MBBS Course

This esteemed course serves as the gateway to becoming a medical doctor, providing the skills to diagnose, treat, and heal patients

2

Bachelor of Dental Surgery- BDS Course

BDS prepares individuals for a career in dentistry, focusing on the care of oral health and dental issues

3

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery- BAMS Course

BAMS centers on traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, emphasizing holistic well-being

4

Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery- BHMS Course

BHMS imparts knowledge in homeopathy, a natural healing system

5

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery- BUMS Course

BUMS emphasizes the Unani system of medicine, rooted in ancient wisdom

6

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery- BSMS Course

BSMS explores Siddha medicine, a traditional Tamil system for holistic healthcare

7

Bachelor of Pharmacy- B.Pharm Course

BPharm teaches the art and science of pharmaceuticals, focusing on drug formulation and delivery

8

Bachelor of Nursing-BSc Nursing Course

BSc Nursing trains individuals to provide high-quality healthcare and support to patients

9

Bachelor of Physiotherapy- BPT Course

BPT educates individuals on physical therapy techniques for healing and rehabilitation

10

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy- BOT Course

BOT equips individuals with skills to assist in regaining independence and improving quality of life

11

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences- BNYS Course

BNYS combines natural therapies and yoga to promote well-being and healing

12

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology- BMLT Course

BMLT prepares individuals for laboratory work in pathology, radiology, and clinical analysis

13

Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry- BVSc & AH Course

BVSc & AH is ideal for those passionate about caring for animals and ensuring their health and welfare

Top Medical Courses After 12th in India: Detailed

Best Medical Courses After 12th in India offer a distinct path to contribute to the medical and healthcare field. Choosing one that aligns with personal interests and career goals is a crucial step toward a fulfilling professional journey. Find out detailed information on Top Medical Courses in India After 12th below:

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

MBBS tops the medical courses list in India after 12th as it is one of the most desired UG programs among aspiring doctors. It is a 5-year and 6-month long Undergraduate degree that covers a wide range of Clinical, Pre-clinical, and Para-clinical subjects during the course. MBBS is one of the prominent medical entrance exams for those who wish to pursue one of the top medical courses after 12th in India. Candidates with a background in science can appear for the national-level NEET UG 2024 Exam after the 12th to get admission to MBBS colleges in India. The minimum age criteria for applicants is 17 years.

The fee for MBBS in Government colleges ranges from INR 20,000 to INR 7,50,000. For private colleges, this may be INR 20 LPA or more. 

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Course Duration

5 years 6 months

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG)

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 20k – INR 7.5 LPA

Private: ≥ INR 20 LPA

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

A BDS is a 5-year UG program that includes 4 years of classroom education and a year-long compulsory rotating internship. It is the only professional dental course approved in India. A Bachelor's degree in Dental Surgery is mandatory for students aspiring to work as dentists at private or government hospitals. The degree primarily focuses on introducing the students to and training them on dental surgeries and sciences. Like an MBBS, a BDS also requires candidates to have turned 17 years and qualified with the three main Science subjects. Admission will be based on NEET Cutoff 2024. The average course fee ranges between INR 1Lakh and INR 6Lakhs. 

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

Course Duration

5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG)

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 1 LPA – INR 7.5 LPA

Private: INR 25 LPA – INR 30 LPA


Also Read: 

MBBS Vs BDS

Career as a Dentist

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)

BAMS, a 5.5-year undergraduate program, is designed to acquaint students with Ayurveda and Ayurvedic Medicine concepts. In the final year, a mandatory 12-month internship is required. BAMS is part of the Ayush courses in India, falling under the category of medical courses. Eligibility criteria match those of MBBS or BDS degrees. Admission requires clearing NEET/ KEAM/ OJEE entrance exams. The average course fee ranges from INR 25,000 to INR 3.2 LPA. For those exploring 2-year medical courses after 12th or a comprehensive medical courses list, BAMS stands as a prominent option in India.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)

Course Duration

5.5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/KEAM/OJEE

Average Course Fee

INR 25,000 – INR 3.2 LPA

Also read: 

Does BAMS have Better Scope than MBBS?

Is BAMS a Good Course? How is BAMS as a Career Option?

Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery or BHMS is an Undergraduate program that focuses on the basic concepts of Homeopathy and Homoeopathic Medicine. It is a 5 ½ year medical course including a compulsory 12-month internship program. After the completion of the course, students with a BHMS degree are considered eligible to practice Homeopathy in India. The eligibility criteria is the same as for MBBS/BDS/BAMS. The various entrance exams conducted for admission to BHMS include NEET. The average course fee for BHMS varies between INR 20,000 and INR 1 LPA. For those considering medical courses after 12th, BHMS provides a distinctive path within the field of alternative medicine. Exploring the all medical courses list available in India, BHMS stands out as a valuable option for those interested in pursuing a career in homoeopathic medicine.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)

Course Duration

5 years 6 months 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 20,000 – INR 50,000

Private: ≥ INR 1 LPA

Also read: BAMS vs BHMS

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)

A degree in Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery takes 5 years and 5 months. This includes 4.5 years of classroom education and a year of internship that is mandatory for all students. Candidates must be at least 17 years of age and have passed Grade 12 with a 50% aggregate. Admission for BUMS is done based on NEET Score Card.  The average course fee for the degree is INR 6.5 LPA.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)

Course Duration

5 years 5 months 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/

Average Course Fee

INR 6.5 LPA 

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS)

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS) is a 5-year undergraduate degree program that enables the student to learn about the scientific knowledge of Siddha. Over the years, the demand for the BSMS course has continuously increased with the growing interest in AYUSH courses. This is one of the doctor courses after 12th that students can pursue. Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery is handled by the Ministry of AYUSH under the Government of India, so the course is structured and designed by the experts in the Ministry. Admission to BSMS is carried out based on the entrance exam scores like the NEET Exam and merit. The average course fee in Government colleges may range between INR 5,000 and INR 30,000. For those exploring medical courses in India, BSMS offers a unique perspective in the realm of traditional medicine.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (BSMS)

Course Duration

5.5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 5,000 – INR 30,000

Private: INR 1 LPA – INR 3 LPA

Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)

A 4-year BPharm course is the desired degree course for students who want to join the pharmaceutical sector. Following this, students can practice as a Pharmacist or work in a Pharmaceutical company. The eligibility criteria remain the same as for other courses, like MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BUMS and BHMS. Various entrance exams are conducted at the state level for admission to BPharm courses.  The most common ones are AP EAMCET/AP EAPCET/EAMCET/WBJEE/MHT CET/OJEE/BITSAT/KCET/UPCET/GUCET/IPU CET. The average course fee is around INR 6.3 LPA

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

AP EAMCET (EAPCET), TS EAMCET/ MHT CET/OJEE/BITSAT/KCET/UPCET/GUCET/IPU CET/WBJEE

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 40,000 – INR 1 LPA

Private: ≥ INR 6 LPA

Bachelor of Nursing (BSc Nursing)

A Bachelor’s degree in Nursing is a 4-year program focusing on detailed knowledge in general nursing, midwifery and professional training. It is one of the most commonly pursued medical courses after 12th without NEET. BSc Nursing admission is done through different state-level entrance exams. One of the most important entrance exams is the WB JENPAS UG 2024 for candidates in West Bengal. Candidates over age 17 with 50% aggregate in Grade 12 are eligible for the entrance. The average annual course fee can range from INR 8,500 to INR 1.3 LPA. 

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Nursing (BSc Nursing)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

WB JENPAS/PPMET/AIIMS Nursing Exam/PGIMER Nursing Exam/KGMU Nursing Exam/BHU Nursing Exam/JIPMER Nursing Exam/Indian Army Nursing Exam/RUHS Nursing Exam/Jamia Hamdard Nursing Exam

Average Course Fee

Government/Public: INR 8,500 – INR 1 LPA

Private: ≥ INR 2 LPA

Also read: B.Sc Nursing Vs B.Pharm Vs BPT

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

BPT is a 4-year UG program that deals with the science of physical movement. Following the completion of the course, candidates can go on to become certified Physiotherapists and Sports Injury Physicians. A minimum aggregate of 50% is required to seek admission to BPT Colleges in India. This again is one of the few medical courses after 12th without NEET. However, some of the prominent entrance exams conducted for BPT admission are JIPMER All-India Entrance Test, CET, Guru Govind Indraprastha University Physiotherapy Entrance Exam, and others.

 Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

JIPMER/CET/IPU CET BPT

Average Course Fee

INR 1 LPA – INR 5 LPA

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

A Bachelor’s degree in Occupational Therapy is a 4½ year Undergraduate program that deals with the practice of prevention and cure along with rehabilitation of mentally, emotionally and physically challenged people. There are a whole lot of job opportunities for candidates with a BOT degree, some of the most notable ones including Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant, Speech and Language Therapist etc. In most colleges, admission is done based on merit. However, some may require candidates to crack BOT entrance exams. 

 Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

Course Duration

4 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

CMC Vellore Entrance Exam/Manipal University BOT Entrance Exam

Average Course Fee

INR 15,000 – INR 80,000

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT)

The Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT) is a three-year degree program that equips students with the skills needed to operate laboratory equipment and perform diagnostic procedures. With the healthcare sector continuously advancing, the demand for BMLT courses and qualified professionals is on the rise. To pursue a career in this field, students should focus on practical and laboratory-related knowledge during their secondary education. The CBSE 12th Date Sheet 2023, which includes practical examination dates, will be released soon.

BMLT offers practical and technical expertise in diagnosis. Upon completing the program, graduates can embark on careers in government or private hospitals, clinics, research laboratories, medical laboratories, and more. Admission to BMLT programs is typically based on entrance exams or merit. The average course fee for BMLT colleges in India varies from INR 20,000 to INR 2 LPA.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory & Technology (BMLT)

Course Duration

3 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

JNUEE/JIPMER/MET/NEET-UG/Manipal University Entrance Test/KEAM/AP EAMCET/Amity University Entrance Test/Jamia Hamdard Entrance Test

Average Course Fee

INR 20,000 – INR 2 LPA

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)

Bachelors of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS) is a 5.5-year (4.5-year +1-year internship) long program that enables you to build a career in Ayurvedic or homoeopathy. Admission to BNYS is carried out based on the marks scored in the UP CPAT/NEET. Apart from that candidates also need to provide 10+2 certificates in chemistry, physics & biology from a recognised board with a minimum of 50% aggregate. The average fee for BNYS is between INR 1.5 LPA to INR 2 LPA and the fees vary depending on the type of college you select.

Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)

Course Duration

3 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/UP CPAT

Average Course Fee

INR 20,000 – INR 2 LPA

Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH)

For students who are concerned about the welfare of animals, this is an ideal degree course. The duration of the BVSc & AH program is 5 years and 5 months, following which candidates can go on to become a Veterinary Doctor/ Veterinarian, Animal Research Scientist, Livestock Development Officer or Lecturer. Admission is done through NEET and other state-level entrance exams.

 Course Overview

Parameters

Details

Name of Course

Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH)

Course Duration

5.5 years 

Minimum Age

17

Eligibility

Appeared or passed 12th Grade exams with a minimum of 50% aggregate 

Mode of Admission

NEET-UG/UP Veterinary Entrance Exam

Average Course Fee

INR 15,000 – INR 1 LPA

Also Read:

DMLT vs BMLT

Best Career Options After BMLT

BMLT Entrance Exams in India

List of Government Jobs after BMLT

Top Medical Courses After 12th in India Without NEET

While many prospective medical students are familiar with the challenging NEET exam as the primary gateway to medical courses, achieving the demanding cutoff scores for esteemed colleges can prove to be a formidable obstacle. For individuals who may not attain these high marks or opt not to retake the exam, there are alternative pathways available to pursue top medical courses after completing their 12th grade in India, without relying on NEET scores. Here are some compelling options:

  • Bachelor’s in Audiometric Technology

  • B.Sc. Cardiac Technology

  • B.Sc. Blood Banking Technology

  • Bachelor’s in Anesthesiology & Intensive Care Technology

  • B.Sc. Blood Transfusion Technology

  • B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology

  • B.Sc. Cardiovascular Technologies

  • B.Sc. Emergency and Critical Care Technologies

  • B.Sc. Dialysis Technologies

  • B.Sc. Endoscopy & Gastrointestinal Imaging Technologies

These courses encompass various specializations within the medical field, ranging from diagnostics and imaging to life-saving technologies. They present an excellent opportunity for students with a profound interest in healthcare who may not have achieved the required NEET scores. These programs offer pathways to fulfilling careers and the chance to make meaningful contributions to the medical industry.

Top Medical Colleges in India After 12th

As per the ranking by the National Institutional Ranking Framework, here is a list of the top courses after 12th medical offering medical courses list after 12th at the UG/ Diploma degree for doctor courses/medical courses based on the cut-off.

Name of College/Institute

NIRF Ranking 2023

AIIMS Delhi – All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi)

1

CMC Vellore - Christian Medical College (Vellore)

3

JIPMER Puducherry - Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research (Puducherry)

5

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Coimbatore)

6

SGPIMS Lucknow - Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (Lucknow)

7

BHU Varanasi - Banaras Hindu University (Varanasi)

8

KMC Mangalore -  Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 

10

Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital, Chennai

11

King George’s Medical University – Lucknow 

12

AIIMS Jodhpur

13

Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital

14

Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth

15

Apart from a Bachelor’s degree, students can also opt for a diploma medical course after the 12th Grade. Diploma in Medical Nursing Assistant (DMNA), General Duty Assistant (DGDA), and Diploma in Ophthalmic Assistant (DOA), Diploma in Dental Technician and Hygiene, Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics, Diploma in Occupational Therapy (DOT) etc. are few of the many Diploma level top medical courses After 12 in India.

Medical courses after 12th provide multiple career opportunities in the field of healthcare. Aspirants can become a Doctor, Physiotherapist, Nurse, Pharmacist, Occupational Therapist, Dentist and Medical Laboratory Technologist, to name a few. The career opportunities completely depend on the medical course after 12th an individual selects based on their personal preference.

Are you feeling lost and unsure about what career path to take after completing 12th standard?

Say goodbye to confusion and hello to a bright future!

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FAQs

Is NEET required for admission in MBBS?

Yes, NEET is mandatory for admission to any of the medical courses after 12th in India. To get admission in MBBS course, candidates need to meet the minimum NEET cutoff.

 

How to get admission to the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)?

To get admission in the Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS) course, you need to appear for NEET-UG and qualify the entrance examination by meeting the minimum cutoff for NEET. Apart from that, candidates also need to provide completion of 10+2 certificate in Physics, Chemistry and Biology from a recognised board or university. 

 

Which medical course is best depending on the salary?

When it comes to listing the best medical courses after 12th depending on the salary, the MBBS always tops the list. But there are other medical courses list that can offer you a high salary like: 

  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • B.Sc Nursing
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) 
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharma)
  • Bachelor of Hospital Management/Administration

Is there any medical course that does not require NEET exam clearance?

There are several medical courses after 12th that do not require NEET exam clearance. Some of them are Biomedical Engineering, Occupational Therapy, Biotechnology, Microbiology, etc. 

Which is the best government college that offer the best medical courses after 12th?

AIIMS (Delhi) is the best college that allows aspirants to pursue doctor courses after 12th or other medical courses as they see fit.

Which one programme is considered the best among different medical courses after 12th?

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is the best doctor course offered to students and is pursued by lakhs of aspirants every year.

View More

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