List of Topics to Score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG)

Soham Mitra
Soham MitraUpdated On: November 08, 2023 09:00 am IST | GATE

Appearing for the GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG) 2024 exam? Check out the list of topics to score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 in this article.


 
List of Topics to Score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG)

List of Topics to Score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG): Candidates appearing for the GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 exam must have a fair idea about the GATE Geology & Geophysics Important Topics 2024 so that they can move ahead with a well planned approach for the exam keeping into consideration the level of competition and the overall difficulty level of the exam. Candidates will be able to secure good marks in the GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 exam  only if they have chalked out an effective preparation strategy well in advance of the GATE 2024 examination. It is for this reason that candidates need to be aware of the GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 important topics. In this article, we have laid down the list of topics to score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG) for the benefit of the candidates.

Before checking out the GATE Geology & Geophysics Important Topics 2024, it is essential for the candidates to ensure that they possess detailed knowledge about the GATE Geology and Geophysics syllabus 2024. The syllabus of GATE Geology & Geophysics can be downloaded by clicking on the link provided in the table below.

GATE Geology & Geophysics Syllabus 2024

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The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) Geology & Geophysics exam is a standardized national level entrance examination conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on behalf of the National Coordination Board - GATE (NCB-GATE), Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India. 

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List of Important Topics in Common Section

The list of important topics under the common section of the Geology & Geophysics (GG) syllabus 2024 have been provided in the table below.

Important Topics

elements of seismology

Geomagnetism and paleomagnetism

Weathering and soil formation

Crystallography

Stratigraphic principles

Principles and applications of gravity

Engineering properties of rocks and soils



List of Important Topics in Geology

The list of important topics under the Geology section of the Geology & Geophysics (GG) syllabus 2024 have been enumerated in the table below.

Sections

Important Topics

Geomorphology

  • Tectonic geomorphology

Structural geology

  • Forces and mechanism of rock deformation
  • Stereographic projection
  • Interpretation of geological maps

Crystallography and mineralogy

  • Crystallographic projection
  • Classification of minerals

Geochemistry

  • Cosmic abundance of elements
  • Distribution of major, minor and trace elements in crust and mantle

Igneous petrology

  • Classification, forms, textures and genesis of common igneous rocks
  • Magmatic differentiation

Sedimentology

  • Texture, structure and sedimentary processes
  • Cyclicities in sedimentary succession

Metamorphic petrology

  • Structures and textures of metamorphic rocks
  • Chemographic projections
  • Role of bulk composition including fluids in metamorphism

Paleobiology

  • Basic concepts of ecology/paleoecology
  • Diversity of life through time, mass extinctions- causes and effects
  • Fossils and paleoenvironments

Stratigraphy

  • Principles of stratigraphy and concepts of correlation
  • Principles of sequence stratigraphy and applications

Resource geology

  • Ore-mineralogy
  • Coal and petroleum geology
  •  Distribution of mineral, fossil and nuclear fuel deposits in India

Global tectonics 

  • Plate motions
  • Driving mechanisms

Applied geology 

  • Rock failure criteria 
  • Physico-mechanical properties of rocks and soils
  • Principles of climate change
  • Natural hazards (landslide, volcanic, seismogenic, coastal) and mitigation

Hydrogeology

  • Groundwater flow and exploration

Basic principles of remote sensing

  • GIS – basic concepts, raster and vector mode operations
  • Energy sources and radiation principles
  • Multispectral remote sensing in visible, infrared, thermal IR and microwave regions

List of Important Topics in Geophysics

The list of important topics under the Geophysics section of the Geology & Geophysics (GG) syllabus 2024 have been listed in the following table.

Sections

Important Topics

Soild-Earth Geophysics

  • Clairaut’s theorem
  • Geothermics and heat flow
  • Different motions of the earth

Geodesy

  • Geodetic Reference Systems
  • GPS and DGPS

Earthquake Seismology

  • Generalized Hooke’s Law
  • Reflection and refraction of elastic waves
  • Eikonal Equation and Ray theory
  • Elements of Seismic Tomography

Potential and Time Varying Fields

  • Green’s theorem
  •  Image theory
  • Scalar and vector potential fields

Gravity Methods

  • Absolute and relative gravity measurements
  • Tensorial Gravity sensors and surveys
  • Bouguer and isostatic anomalies

Magnetic Methods

  • Poisson’s relation of gravity and magnetic potential field
  • Applications of gravity and magnetic methods for mineral and oil exploration

Electrical Methods 

  • Concept of Negative Apparent Resistivity and Negative Apparent Chargeability
  •  Electrical Resitivity Tomography (ERT)
  • Theory of Reciprocity

Electromagnetic Methods

  • Biot Savart’s Law
  • Maxwell’s Equation
  • Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Methods
  • Helmotz Equation

Seismic methods

  • Elastic properties of earth materials
  • Reservoir geophysics- Rock Physics and Petrophysics

Geophysical signal processing

  • Sampling theorem
  • Fourier and Hilbert transform

Geophysical Well Logging

  • Principles and techniques of geophysical well-logging
  • Lithology and Porosity Estimation
  • Saturation and Permeability Estimation

Radioactive Methods 

  • Application of radiometric for exploration

Geophysical Inversion 

  • Backus-Gilbert method
  • Bayesian construction of posterior probabilities
  • Tikhonov’s regularization method

GATE Geology & Geophysics Exam Pattern 2024

Candidates appearing for the GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 exam can check the detailed exam pattern of Geology & Geophysics 2024 exam as provided in the table below.

Particulars

Details

Mode of the Exam

Computer Based Test (Online)

Duration of the Exam

3 Hours

GATE Geology and Geophysics Sections

  • General Aptitude (GA)

  • Geology & Geophysics

Type of Questions

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

  • Multiple Select Questions (MSQs)

  • Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

Number of Questions

65 Questions (including 10 questions from General Aptitude)

Distribution of Questions 

Questions from Geology & Geophysics - 85 Marks

General Aptitude - 15 Marks

Total Marks

100 Marks

Marking Scheme

1 or 2 marks

Best Books to Score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics

The list of best geology and geophysics books to secure good marks in the GATE GG paper have been mentioned in the table below.

Name of the Book

Name of the Author 

Principles Of Engineering Geology

K M Bangar

Structural Geology

Marland P Billings

Engineering Geology

R. Nagarajan , A. Parthasarathy , V. Panchapakesan

Geophysics

Telford

Quantitative Geophysics and Geology

Louis Lliboutry

Fundamentals of Geophysics

William Lowrie

Complete Master Guide GATE

Amresh Singh

A textbook of Geology

G. B. Mahapatra

Engineering and General Geology

Parbin Singh

GATE Geology & Geophysics Previous Year Question Papers

Previous year question papers of GATE Geology & Geophysics are one of the best sources that candidates can rely upon to prepare themselves for the GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 exam. After carefully analyzing the previous year question papers of GATE Geology & Geophysics, candidates can easily identify the topics accounting for the highest weightage. In addition, preparing the GATE Geology & Geophysics important topics 2024 enables candidates to successfully score above the GG cutoff marks. Candidates can take a look at the Gate Geology previous year question papers from the table below.

How to Prepare for GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024?

Candidates can effectively navigate the GATE exam by referring to the list of topics to score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG) and a well planned preparation strategy. To prepare to the best of their capacities, candidates can take a look at some of the preparation tips mentioned below.

  • It is advisable for the candidates to chalk out a preparation plan and adhere to it completely
  • Candidates need to have clarity about the syllabus and exam pattern of GATE Geology and Geophysics exam 2024 to be aware of the important topics that they need to study
  • Candidates should study from good quality textbooks and study materials available in the market. Reliable online study materials come in handy for the preparations.
  • It is necessary for the candidates to solve the previous year question papers of GATE Geology and Geophysics to have a clear idea about the frequently asked questions in the exam as well as the overall exam pattern. 
  • Candidates should undertake mock exams to get themselves habituated with the real time experience of appearing for the GATE 2024 exam. It will help them to evaluate their performance and work on their weak points accordingly.

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Preparing for GATE calls for involvement of strategy and in-depth planning since it is regarded as one of the most competitive entrance exams of the country. With not much time left for the exam, candidates might feel puzzled about the required preparations. We have curated the list of topics to score 60+ in GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG)  to help the candidates prepare methodically for the GATE Geology & Geophysics 2024 exam. We hope that the GATE Geology & Geophysics important topics 2024 as listed above along with the best textbooks and previous year question papers benefit the candidates with their preparations.

For more information and updates about the GATE GG paper, stay tuned with Collegedekho.

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FAQs

From where can candidates download the GATE Geology & Geophysics previous year question papers?

Candidates can check the previous year question papers of GATE Geology & Geophysics exam which have been attached in this article. Moreover, GATE previous year question papers are also accessible from the GATE official website in the form of PDFs.

 

How many questions are asked in the GATE Geology and Geophysics exam?

A total of 65 questions are asked in the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam.

 

How can candidates download the GATE Geology & Geophysics previous year question papers?

Candidates can download the previous year question papers of GATE Geology & Geophysics exam in the form of PDFs from this article and also from the GATE official website.

 

As per the syllabus of GATE Geology and Geophysics, is Section 1 of the exam compulsory for all?

Yes. According to the syllabus of GATE Geology and Geophysics, section-1 is a common section which is mandatory for all candidates. This section accounts for 15% weightage of the total marks of the prescribed syllabus.

 

Which are some of the best books for candidates preparing for the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam?

Some of the best books that candidates can refer to for their preparations of the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam are Quantitative Geophysics and Geology by Louis Lliboutry, Principles Of Engineering Geology by K M Bangar, Engineering and General Geology by Parbin Singh, and Fundamentals of Geophysics by William Lowrie amongst others.

 

What is the point of commonality between the GATE GG Geology and GATE GG Geophysics paper?

Both the Geology & Geophysics papers have a common section, comprising core subject questions for 25 marks, and a general aptitude section accounting for 15 marks. Hence, both papers have 40 marks worth of common questions.

 

What is the marking scheme of the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam 2024?

The GATE Geology & Geophysics exam paper comprises 65 questions which have to be answered within 180 minutes. The total marks is 100. The common section to both papers (with core questions), carries 25 questions of 1 mark each. The optional section, where candidates are required to opt between Geology and Geophysics accounts for 30 questions of 2 marks each. The General Aptitude section comprises 5 questions of 2 marks each and 5 questions of 1 mark each, making it a total of 25 marks.

 

What type of questions are asked in the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam?

There are two types of questions asked in the GATE Geology & Geophysics paper: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions. The general aptitude section comprises only MCQs, whereas the core sections consist of both MCQs and NATs. 

 

Which are some of the GATE Geology and Geophysics important topics that candidates need to study for the exam?

As per the trend of the previous years, some of the most important topics from which questions are frequently asked in the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam are Metamorphic petrology, Crystallography and mineralogy, Hydrogeology, Stratigraphy, Igneous petrology, Geomorphology, Basic principles of remote sensing etc.

 

Is there any negative marking in the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam?

Negative marking for the incorrect answers in the GATE Geology & Geophysics exam applies only to the multiple-choice questions and not to the NAT questions. For every incorrect answer for an MCQ, a candidate would lose 1/3rd of the marks the question carries, i.e. -1/3 for 1 mark questions and -2/3 for 2 mark questions.

 

What are the sections of the GATE Geology & Geophysics (GG) Syllabus?

GATE syllabus of Geology & Geophysics is divided into 2 parts i.e. Part A and B which are further divided into two sections. Part A is the common section whereas Part B section 1 comprises Geology and Part B section 2 comprises Geophysics.

 

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