BHM vs BBA (HM) vs BA Tourism: Best Option after Class 12th

Abhinav Chamoli

Updated On: May 09, 2024 05:58 pm IST

BHM, BBA(HM) and BA Tourism are three of the most popular undergraduate hotel management courses in India. These courses are somewhat related but they can give different directions to a student's career. Here is a comparison of BHM, BBA (HM) and BA Tourism to help you decide the best course for you.

BHM vs BBA (HM) vs BA Tourism

Choosing the right career path for your future can be exciting yet confusing. If you're passionate about hospitality or tourism, then pursuing a degree in this same field will give way to your future dreams. But with options including Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM) , Bachelor of Business Administration in Hospitality Management (BBA (HM)) , and Bachelor of Arts in Tourism (BA Tourism), how do you decide?

Each of these programs presents unique career opportunities and focuses on different aspects of the industry. However, to pursue these courses at undergraduate or postgraduate levels, students have to qualify for the entrance exams conducted at the national or state level. Though some colleges provide admission based on merit, it is important to check out the admission procedure before applying to any college. Keep reading to explore the differences between BHM vs BBA (HM) vs BA Tourism.

Also Read: How to choose a Hotel Management college after class 12th?

Best Hotel Management Course After Class 12th

To analyse which hotel management course is best for you after class 12th, check out these pointers below:

  • The hospitality industry carries its niche, areas of work and specialisation similar to other industries. It includes general management, kitchen management, food preparation and various other operations. This also demands specialists in different niches.
  • The first thing that students must concentrate on is knowing their interest in one specific domain. If you still are unable to land on that one domain, then try asking yourself below questions:
  • Are you interested in communicating with people and making friends as a General Manager?
  • Do you like to be less communicative with the customers and work behind the industry as a Chef?
  • Do you think travelling and exploring new places is your calling as a Tourism Consultant?
  • Want to be there in one place and manage the business as a Restaurant Manager or Owner?

Hope you were able to figure out through these self-asked questions!

Also Read: Hotel Management Admissions in India 2024

Once a candidate has decided the goals, it is time to talk about the courses. In this article, we compare three undergraduate hospitality courses that can be taken up after class 12th -- BA in Tourism, Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM), and BBA in Hotel Management. Candidates can check how important aspects of each of these courses compare and then decide which would be the best choice for them after class 12th.

BHM vs BBA (HM) vs BA Tourism

Candidates not sure of which course is the best for them out of BHM vs BBA (HM) vs BA Tourism must check out the differences in course duration, admission procedure, career scope and more below:
Factor BHM BBA (HM) BA Tourism
Full Name Bachelor of Hotel Management Bachelor of Business Administration in Hotel Management Bachelor of Arts in Tourism
Duration 4 years 3 years 3 years

All three courses are undergraduate courses available at the bachelor's level. The eligibility criteria for admission to these courses is as given below.

  • Candidate must have passed Class 12 (Standard XII / Intermediate / HSC) from a recognized board of education.
  • Candidate must have received 40% - 60% marks in the qualifying exam (depending upon the college, course and category of the candidate).
  • Candidates from any stream are eligible.
Age Limit 22 years (General)
25 years (Reserved category)
25 years No Age Limit
Top Colleges
Entrance Exam Hotel Management Entrance Exams such as NCHMCT JEE

No common entrance exam is conducted for admission. However, the college you are applying to may conduct its own entrance exam. The exact admission process is defined by individual colleges and universities.

Admission Process Admissions are based on counselling as per the criteria set by the exam conducting body and college of application. Admissions are based mostly on the basis of merit as per class 12th score or entrance test (if conducted).
Average Course Fee Rs. 4 - 6 lakhs INR 1 - 3 lakhs INR 50,000 - 1 lakh
Scope and Job Opportunities

BHM graduates are hired for the following job profiles:

The following positions are usually open for BBA (HM) graduates:

Given below are the popular job profiles of BA Tourism graduates:

Average Starting Salary INR 3 - 5 LPA INR 3 - 5 LPA INR 2 - 4 LPA
Who is it for? Candidates who wish to pursue a career in the hotel and hospitality industry as a manager, chef, caterer etc.
Since the course also involves the teaching of culinary skills, it is also great for restaurateurs.
Since this is a vocational course, it is a bit more expensive than the other two but also has better scope and salary prospects than the other two.
Candidates who wish to go into the business and financial management of hospitality establishments such as hotels, resorts etc. This is also a good course for any candidate who wants to take up an MBA (HM) course in future.
The course offers excellent prospects to students who wish to take up management level positions in top hotel management companies and organizations.
Candidates who wish to join the tourism industry in any role, including travel consultant, travel manager, travel marketer etc. It is also a great course for people who wish to take up jobs in the public sector and wish to pursue master's and research level courses in the travel and tourism sector.

This was a comparison of some of the important factors associated with BHM, BBA (HM) and BA tourism courses. If you have any queries or doubts, feel free to ask our experts on the CollegeDekho QnA Zone.

Also Read: Hotel Management vs Travel & Tourism Management

Hotel Management is one of the most popular streams of higher education in India. It offers great prospects in terms of making a career while enjoying a lavish lifestyle and travel around the globe. It is also relatively less intensive as compared to some other streams such as engineering and medicine.

However, it must be noted that a career in the field of hotel management can be very demanding and require immense levels of discipline, patience, and willpower. But for the students who do find success, the rewards are potentially unlimited. Here is some related information about hotel management education in India.

Related Articles:

Hotel Management Career Options in India Scope of Hotel Management Careers in India & Abroad 2024
Hotel Management Colleges in Jaipur List of Best Hotel Management Courses

If you have any doubts, ask our experts on the CollegeDekho QnA Zone . For help with admissions, fill our Common Application Form (CAF) or call our toll-free student helpline number 1800-572-9877. Stay tuned to CollegeDekho for the latest news and updates regarding hotel management education in India!

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Which program offers a broader perspective on the hospitality industry?

BHM covers various aspects of hospitality management including accommodation, food and beverage, event planning, and guest services, providing a comprehensive understanding of the industry.

How does BA Tourism differ from BHM and BBA (HM)?

BA Tourism emphasizes tourism-specific subjects like destination management, tour operations, and sustainable tourism, preparing graduates for roles in travel agencies, tourism boards, and tour companies.

What career opportunities are available with a BBA (HM) degree?

BBA (HM) graduates can pursue job roles in hotel administration, event planning, hospitality marketing, and restaurant management with their business skills and hospitality expertise.

Which degree is best for a career in the hospitality industry?

There are different degrees which are best for careers in the hospitality industry. One of the most popular is the BHM degree offering specialized training in hospitality operations and management, making it ideal for careers in hotels, resorts, and event management.

What is the main difference between BHM, BBA (HM), and BA Tourism?

BHM is about hospitality management, BBA (HM) is about business aspects with a hospitality focus, while BA Tourism highlights tourism industry knowledge and management. Three of these courses are different yet share similarities.

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Last date kya hai 1st year ka form bharna hai

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Priya Haldar, Student / Alumni

Dear Riya Gupta,

The last date regarding B.Com admission at Govt Kaktiya PG College is yet to be declared by the college. You can call the college admissions office or send an email to their admissions department and ask them directly about the deadline for filling the B.Com 1st year form, specifying the specialisation you're interested in. 


I want to know the Fy B.Com fee of Nutan Maratha College?

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Dear Student,

The FY B.Com fee for Nutan Maratha College is Rs 2165/-.

If you need any admission assistance please fill out our Common Application Form. Our admission experts will contact you and help you during the admission process of the college. For FREE advice you can also dial our toll-free number 1800-572-9877.

Thank you


Hello sir, I have 65% in 12th from commerce background. Can I get admission in Bcom course at LPU? Please tell me the fees and last date for admission.

-Sneha BardiaUpdated on June 14, 2024 12:31 AM
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Aditi Shrivastava, Student / Alumni

Dear Sneha, 

Yes, you are eligible for admission to B.Com at LPU with a 65% mark in Class 12 in the commerce stream. The eligibility criteria for the B.Com course at LPU is to score at least 50% marks in Class 12 with English as a subject. Therefore, you meet the eligibility criteria for admission to the B.Com course at LPU. You have a high chance of getting admission to this course. 

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