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The most awaited National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET 2022), the entrance test for admissions to different medical courses, which is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), adheres to the reservation quota as specified by the Government of India. All the candidates who come under the various reservation categories as specified by Central Government and State Governments will be able to avail of the facility for the NEET examination.
The medical examination, apart from the different reservation category, also enforces another reservation quota, viz. All India Quota and State Quota, which can be availed by all NEET 2022 aspirants. In this article, we will discuss the reservation quota that has been divided among different categories.
NEET All India Quota and State Quota
The discipline of Medicine is among the top-most chosen disciplines in the country, where there are hundreds of medical colleges offering a variety of courses. To ease up the process of admissions and to allow more medical aspirants to pursue the course from the top medical colleges in India, the NTA has defined a set of reservation policies, which keeps aside a number of seats in the colleges for different reservation categories. The first set of reservation policies dictates the All India Quota and State Quota which can be availed by NEET candidates across India.
As per NTA, students can avail of both State and All India Quota under the NEET examination, which will allow them to pursue a medical course not only in their own state but also in other states. Here is a breakdown of the percentage of seats allotted under All India Quota and State Quota.
Percentage of Seats Allotted
All India Quota
As per the information provided by the Agency, 15% of the total seats in every state will be allocated to the students who have applied under the All India Quota. This means, that students, irrespective of the state they belong to or have chosen to sit the examination in, will be eligible for 15% of the medical seats in all medical colleges in the state, provided they have selected the option during the application process.
Under the State Quota, students will be offered 85% of the medical seats in the medical colleges of the respective state. Here, the students, who are a domicile of the State or Union Territory, will be able to try and take admission under the state quota.
Earlier in 2019, NTA had released a notification clearing the doubts of the applicants, on whether they can apply for both quotas. As per the notification, all candidates are eligible for the All India Quota, irrespective of the state or Union Territory they have chosen. Therefore, all candidates will be able to take admission under the All India Quota and State Quota as well. Students who are not able to secure a seat under the All India Quota will be eligible for one of the medical seats under the State Quota.
As per the NEET 2022 Counselling sessions, the allocation of medical seats will be done for the All India Quota initially, following which, those who have not been able to take admission in the college of their choice will be able to sit for the admissions under their respective state quota policies.
Further, seats that remain vacant under the All India Quota will be equally distributed among the medical seats under the State Quota.
During the admission process under the State Quota will be subject to the reservation policies that have been defined by the Government in the respective State or Union Territory. Candidates will have to adhere to the rules and regulations pertaining to the admissions to the medical seats in the respective states and UTs, which also include the eligibility criteria and the reservation policy.
Also Read:- NEET 2022 MBBS Seats in Govt Medical Colleges
NEET 2022 Reservation Policy for Different Categories
The NEET conducting body, NTA, apart from the ALL India Quota and State Quota, has defined a set of NEET 2022 Reservation Policy for Different Categories. As per the reservation policy for NEET 2022, the candidates from different reservation categories will be able to take admissions the medical courses in India, with lower admission criteria and fees.
The reservation policies have been designed by the National Testing Agency, keeping in mind the reformations formed by the Indian Government. The objective of the reservation policy has been to allow aspirants, who would otherwise find it difficult to take admissions to various medical course due to different reasons, to take admissions in a much easier manner.
Here is the reservation policy that has been mentioned by NTA for the NEET 2022 examination:
General Economically Weaker Sections
Scheduled Caste (SC)
Scheduled Tribe (ST)
Other Backward Classes (Non-Creamy Layer) (OBC-NCL)
The reservation policy that has been mentioned by the National Testing Agency will be applicable to those candidates who will be able to take admission to the respective medical courses under the All India Quota. For the case of seats being filled under the State Quota, the reservation policy that is followed by the State or Union Territory will be considered for admission to the courses.
NEET 2022 PwD Reservation Policy
The National Testing Agency has designed the reservation policy which is applicable to all candidates who are eligible to fall under the category. Students under the PwD category will be offered a 5% reservation with respect to the number of seats in medical colleges. However, to be eligible for the quota, candidates will be asked to meet certain requirements and adhere to the specified rules and regulations by NTA.
Here are the regulations specified by NTA for the PwD reservation quota:
Candidates will be eligible to avail of the quota if the minimum degree of disability is 40% or more.
Candidates must hold a “Certificate of Disability”, which should be issued in accordance with the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Rules 2017.
The Degree of the “specified disability” should be assessed as per the “Guidelines for the purpose of assessing the extent of specified disability in a person included under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 (49 of 2016)”
The “Certificate of Disability” must be made in one of the 12 designated centers according to the formate specified by NTA for NEET PwD Reservation, in order to avail of the 5% PwD reservation.
All the candidates who wish to avail the PwD reservation quota, they must get themselves examined at any Government Hospital, Government Medical College, or District Hospital. The respective Government Hospital, Government Medical College, or District Hospital will issue a Disability Certificate with reference to Chapter-VII under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Rules 2017. The Disability Certificate does not confer any right to the candidate to take admission in any medical course under the PwD quota. The Certificate will be used as a measure to verify if the candidate is eligible to apply under the PwD category.
Further, once the candidates have been selected under the PwD category for the NEET-UG admission processes, they will be required to present a Disability Certificate that has been issued by the Disability Assessment Board. The Disability Certificate issued by the Disability Assessment Board will have assessed the candidate as per the criteria specified in the Regulations on Graduate Medical Education, 1997, (amended on 14th May 2019).
All candidates must go through the regulations that have been defined in detail by the National Testing Agency. They must abide by the regulations in order to successfully take admissions to the course.
NEET 2022 Reservation for Application Fee
The National Testing Agency has, as per the Centre’s rules and regulations, provided reservation and relaxation for the payment of the application fee. As per the reservation policy for the payment of the application fee, candidates belonging to the different reservation categories will be asked to pay a subsidised application fee. Here is the subsidised application fee, as per NTA.
General-EWS and OBC-NCL
SC, ST, PwD, and Transgender
All candidates, irrespective of the reservation category will be required to pay an application fee for NEET-UG 2022, while they are filling out the application process. The payment of the application fee will confirm the submission of the application form.
Candidates must note that in case they wish to avail the reservation quota that has been provided by NTA, then they must provide the required documents in the format that has been defined by the Agency. Candidates are also advised that present documents and certificates that have been issued by Competent Authorities, recognised by the National Testing Agency, for the purpose of admissions to the medical courses like MBBS and BDS and other medical courses, offered in India.
Candidates will be allowed to avail of the reservation facility only if they are found to be eligible as per the criteria mentioned by NTA. The NEET conducting body has provided the necessary formats for different certificates and applications, which are to be submitted by the interested candidates. They must refer to the format if they wish to avail of any form of subsidy or reservation offered by NTA for the purpose of admissions.
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