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Sep 21, 2023 07:47AM IST

BUMS Course Overview

BUMS is an undergraduate level programme, for candidates who wish to pursue the field of Unani Medicine and Surgery. It provides an extensive knowledge of the Unani system. The ones who successfully complete a BUMS degree are eligible to become a Hakim/Doctor in the field of Unani Medicine. They can also consider job opportunities in roles like Unani Consultant, Lecturer, and Unani Pharmacist.

To elaborate, the Unani Medicine System is an alternative to traditional medical practices wherein the patients are treated by enhancing the natural healing power of their body. The Unani medicine practitioners believe that the human body has a self healing power. It is capable of rejuvenating itself by enriching the self healing power of the human body.

All aspirants are eligible to apply for BUMS admission post completing their high secondary education, with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks, in the Science stream. There are many entrance exams that grant admission to BUMS courses, like, NEET UG, BVP CET, and IPU CET. The admission process for BUMS is entirely conducted in offline mode. Aspirants may check out the BUMS Syllabus for an elaborate idea of the course curriculum. Several colleges in India offer BAMS course admissions, such as, Chhatrapati Shahu ji Maharaj University, Allama Iqbal Unani Medical College, Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College and Hospital, etc. The average BAMS course fee ranges between INR 50,000 to INR 6.5 LPA. 

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BUMS Course Highlights

BUMS Course Highlights

Important highlights regarding the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery degree programme is listed below in the table

Full FormBachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery 
Short NameBUMS
Course LevelUndergraduate 
BUMS Course TypeRegular
SpecializationUnani Medicine
BUMS Course Duration5.5 Years (4.5 Years for Academics and 1 Year for Internship)
BUMS Course ModeRegular 
Minimum Qualification RequiredClass XII
Minimum Age17 Years
Selection ProcessAdmission Through Entrance Exams
BUMS Course FeeINR 50,000 to INR 6.3 LPA
Relevant Field Medicine
Job TypesConsultant, Scientist, Hakeem, Therapist, Medical Assistant, Spa Director, Public Health Specialist, Pharmacist, etc.
BUMS Average SalaryINR 2 LPA to INR 12 LPA
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Why Choose BUMS Course?

There are a lot of reasons for choosing a BUMS degree course. Some of the points are listed below:

  • Aspirants who are interested in building a career in the medical field can pursue this course.
  • This course gives in-depth knowledge about Unani medicine.
  • Students who wish to pursue their doctorate degree course can study Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery degree. 
  • After completing the degree, professional graduates will be open to avail a lot of career opportunities. 
  • Individuals with a Bachelor of Unani Medical and Surgery degree are eligible to find employment in both the private and public sectors of the country.
  • Recently, the government has also emphasized the growth and development of Unani medicine and its practice. So, there are several research grant opportunities associated with this course.
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BUMS Entrance Exam

Some of the popular BUMS Entrance Exam:

Exam NameFull FormDetails
NEET UGNational Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Undergraduate
  • National level test
  • Question paper available in more than 8 languages
  • Total duration of the test is 3 hours 20 minutes
  • Multiple choice questions asked
  • Total marks on the exam is 720
  • -1 for each incorrect answer
  • +4 for every correct answer
Assam CEET Entrance TestAssam Combined Entrance Examination
  • Total marks of the test is 480
  • Time duration is 3 hours
  • Question paper set in english language
  • Questions are divided into 3 sections
  • For each section, 160 marks is allotted
BVP CET Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test
  • Conducted in online mode
  • Total 200 questions are asked
  • Time duration is 3 hours
  • Questions are divided into 2 sections
AP-EAMCETAndhra Pradesh Common Entrance Test
  • 150 multiple choice questions
  • Duration of the test is 2 hours
  • No negative marking for incorrect answers
  • Question papers available in english and telugu languages
IPU CETIndraprastha University Common Entrance Test
  • Total duration of the test is 3 hours
  • Full marks of the exam is 720
  • Objective based questions
  • Test is conducted in.offline mode
  • Negative marking scheme for wrong answers
  • Total 180 questions are asked
OJEE Odisha Joint Entrance Examination
  • Total 180 questions are asked
  • Multiple choice based questions
  • Total marks of the exam is 540
  • Duration of the test is 2 hours
  • Conducted in online mode
TS EAMCETThe Telangana State Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test
  • Computer based exam
  • Total marks of the test is 160
  • No negative marking scheme
  • Duration of the exam is 3 hours
  • Multiple choice questions
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BUMS Course Eligibility Criteria

BUMS Course Eligibility Criteria

The minimum eligibility criteria required for the BUMS degree programme are mentioned below.

AgeMinimum age of the applying candidate must be 17 as of 31st December of the applying year
Qualifying Exam
  • Aspirants must study Urdu/Arab/Persi language at their secondary level
  • Candidates must pass high secondary education from a recognized board/institution
  • They must secure 50% aggregate marks in their 10+2 level
  • For reserved category candidates, 40% aggregate marks are the necessary
  • It is mandatory to study English, physics, chemistry, biology, or mathematics as core subjects
Entrance ExamAs part of the eligibility criteria for admission to BUMS courses, applicants need to qualify for entrance exams like NEET UG and OJEE conducted at national and state levels.
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BUMS Admission Process: How to Apply?

AYUSH courses across India are among the most sought-after medical courses. As per government regulations, all candidates aspiring to pursue the course must appear for an entrance test. All admission, whether in private or government medical colleges in India, will be made on the basis of scores obtained in national-level, state-level, or university-level entrance tests, that the Ministry approves of AYUSH.
Check out the BUMS admission processes in India and the steps that you will be required to complete to successfully pursue a UG medical course in Unani in the country.

Entrance-Based BUMS Admissions

  • As mentioned, all candidates are required to attempt an entrance test, either at the National (NEET-UG), State Level (OJEE, TS EAMCET, etc), or University Level (BVP CET).
  • After attempting an entrance test, depending on the admission and selection policy of the entrance test-conducting body / State / University, all candidates will be asked to participate in a selection process.
  • The most common selection process includes a counselling-based selection process, wherein the respective conducting body will release merit lists containing the names of all candidates along with their respective marks and ranks obtained in the entrance exam.
  • Once the necessary merit lists have been released, each candidate will be asked to appear for the counselling rounds conducted by the competent authority on the stipulated date and time.
  • Here, each candidate will be called as per their ranks in the merit lists and asked to select the course and college per their choice and interests. This will be common in situations where there are numerous participating institutes offering the same course with limited seats.
  • On the basis of the choices made by the candidate, their respective ranks and scores as per the merit lists, and the availability of seats in the individual choices, the relevant competent authority will offer provisional admissions to the courses.
  • Note: It shall be noted that the competent authority may conduct several rounds of counselling to fill out the vacant seats in different courses. Per the guidelines outlined by each competent authority, candidates can participate in the counselling rounds if they wish to. 
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Advantages of BUMS Course

Aspirants interested to pursue a career after completing BUMS Course must know of the important details about the course programme. A career in Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery is based on ancient healing processes with herbal medications.

  • While the practice of Unani Medicine is calculated to be older than about 6000 years, it is primarily based on four pillars, namely, fire, water, earth and air as tracked by our ancestors. 
  • This powerful medicine science is believed to be greatly effective in the treatment of infertility, vitiligo, diabetes, kidney stone, and numerous other disorders. 
  • A Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery is an undergraduate program that provides numerous career opportunities in the field of Unani medical science. 
  • Thus, BUMS graduates have an array of career opportunities to opt for after completing the programme, for example, professor, therapist, Unani consultant, pharmacist , and various other roles.
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Popular Colleges Offering BUMS in India

With constant efforts of the government, education on Unani medicine is developing throughout the country. There are many educational institutions that now have introduced Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery degrees for interested students. A few prominent names in this domain are given below for your convenience

Jamia Hamdard UniversityNew Delhi
Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj UniversityKanpur
Pt Deendayal Upadhyay Memorial Health Sciences and Ayush University of ChhattisgarhRaipur
Dr. NTR University of Health SciencesVijayawada
Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarh
Kerala University of Health SciencesThrissur 
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved UniversityJodhpur
Aryabhatta Knowledge UniversityPatna
Eram Unani Medical College and HospitalLucknow
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Colleges Abroad Offering BUMS

A few colleges in foreign countries that offer BUMS degrees to applicants are 

London Metropolitan UniversityUnited Kingdom
University of BridgeportUnited States of America
Universiti SainsMalaysia
Torrens UniversityAustralia
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Colleges Offering BUMS in India (State and City-Wise)

The state and city- wise distribution of colleges that offer BUMS degrees to their students are listed below for your reference

Uttar Pradesh

Eram Unani Medical College and HospitalLucknow 
Glocal UniversitySaharanpur 
Jamia Tibbiya DeobandDeoband 
AUAMC AligarhAligarh
Hakeem Rais Unani Medical College and HospitalMoradabad 
Allama Iqbal Unani Medical CollegeBamanheri 


Luqman Unani Medical College Hospital and Research CenterBijapur 
Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College and HospitalGulbarga
Secab Group of InstitutionsVijayapura


Rajputana Unani Medical College Hospital and Research CenterJaipur 
Rajasthan Unani Medical College and Hospital Jaipur
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurveda UniversityJodhpur


Mohammadia Tibbia College and Assayer HospitalMumbai
Shivaji UniversityMumbai
Abdul Razzak Kalsekar Tibbia HospitalMumbai
Iqra Unani Medical CollegeMumbai
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BUMS Course Fees

The average course fee for studying BUMS degree in India lies within the range of INR 50,000 to INR 6.5 LPA. The course structure varies from college to college. The course structure of a few colleges is mentioned below:

College/UniversityAverage Course Fee
Mohammadia Tibbia CollegeINR 1 LPA
Zulfequar Haider Unani Medical College and HospitalINR 3.4 LPA
Jamia Tibbiya Deoband, SaharanpurINR 2.2 LPA
Jamia's Ahmad Garib Unani Medical CollegeINR 1.1 LPA
Aligarh Unani Ayurvedic Medical College & ACN HospitalINR 2.3 LPA
Dr. NTR University of Health SciencesINR 70,000
Maharashtra University of Health SciencesINR 30,000
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BUMS Course Syllabus

First Year:

History of Unani SystemAnatomy (Tashreeh-ul-Badan)Physiology (Munafe-Ul-Aza)
YogaPathology (Ilmul Amraz)Bedside Clinic (Saree Fiyat)

Second Year:

Dissertation 1Toxicology (Ilmul Samoom)Medical Ethics
Advanced YogaSocial Medicine & Preventive (Tahaffuzi-Wa-Samaji-Tib)Medical Jurisprudence (Tib-E-Qanooni)

Third & Fourth Year:

Dissertation 3Regimental Therapy (Ilaj Bil Tadbeer)Gynecology, Pediatric (Qabala Niswan Wa Atfal)
Advanced Principles of Unani Medicine (Kulliyat-Umoor-E-Tabiya)ENT (Amraz-E-Ain)Surgery
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Subjects Under BUMS Course

Some of the core subjects of study under BUMS coursework are

VenesectionIn this subject, learners are taught the procedure of removing bad blood from circulation
DiaphoresisThis subject teaches students various methods to control the side effects of drugs
DiuresisLearners are introduced to the process of controlling excessive urination problems in patients
EmesisIn this subject, students learn about the procedure for controlling vomiting issues in patients
SurgeryInstructors demonstrate basic surgical procedures that are involved in Unani medical treatments
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Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S) Similar Courses

The BUMS course is the branch of medical science where students learn the diagnosis procedure of several diseases, infections, and disorders involving Unani methods of healing techniques. There are other undergraduate courses that are similar to BUMS degrees. Those are

  • MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
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BUMS Career Options and Job Prospects

Various employment opportunities are available for BUMS graduates in both public and the private sector. Graduates can even start a private practice or self-practice as hakims. Unani pharmaceutical and pharmacy are also hiring BUMS graduates as there is a dearth of professionals in the Unani sector. The job profiles available for Unani graduates are the following:

Employment Areas
  • Govt. and Private Hospitals
  • Research Labs
  • Educational Institutes
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Personal Clinic
  • Government Jobs
  • Life science industries
  • Healthcare Communities
  • Dispensaries
  • Unani Charitable institutions
Job Profiles
  • Hakim
  • Pharmacist
  • Unani Distributor
  • Lecturer/ Professor
  • Unani Consultant
  • Drug Inspector
  • Therapist
Salary Package
  • The salary of a fresher in the Unani field is between Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 4 lakh annually.
  • With years of experience and knowledge about the respective field, an hakim can earn up to Rs. 6 lakh - Rs. 8 lakh annually.
  • With experience, the salary can increase up to INR 12 LPA.
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Top BUMS Recruiters

The top BUMS recruiters are listed below in the table:

Unani Medical CollegesUnani Clinic
Life science industriesUnani Consultancies
Unani dispensariesUnani Pharmaceutical industries like Hamdard
Research Center and LabouratiesUnani Nursing Homes
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What is Average BUMS Salary?

The salary scale for professional graduates of Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery differs depending on the designations. Other determinants of salary for these graduates are the highest qualification of the professional, their total work experience in this field, whether they have any eminent contributions or not, the location of their job, and many more. The salary scale for some of the designations is listed below

DesignationJob ProfileAverage Salary Scale
Unani ConsultantProfessionals of this designation follow Unani medical principles and treatment procedures to treat patientsINR 1 LPA to INR 3.5 LPA
Unani TherapistUnani Therapists provide therapeutic care following Unani methodologiesINR 2.5 LPA to INR 4 LPA
HakeemThey follow Unani medical procedures to perform surgeries and treat serious illnessesINR 4.5 LPA to INR 6 LPA
Unani Medicine PharmacistFor selling Unani medicines, professionals are given licenses. Unani Medicine Pharmacists are such professionals with licenses to handle medical storesINR 4 LPA to INR 4.5 LPA
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Comparison of BUMS and BAMS

Comparison of BUMS and BAMS

There are certain differences and similarities between BUMS and BAMS. These are demonstrated in the table below

Full formBachelor of Unani Medicine and SurgeryBachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
Duration5 years5 years and 6 months
Average FeesINR 50,000 to INR 6.5 LPAINR 20,000 to INR 5 LPA
EligibilityHigher Secondary EducationHigher Secondary Education
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Skills Required for BUMS Course

People graduating with BUMS courses are highly trained medical professionals in Unani medicine. They are compared with allopathy doctors and diagnose serious illnesses in patients. Possessing a few skills is crucial to excelling in this course of education and profession. Some of the required qualities are 

  • The professionals should have a great command over their communication skills. They must have the ability to explain things clearly to their patients.
  • To be an hakim, it is necessary to possess great emotional intelligence. They must be intellectual to handle any medical case properly.
  • Professional graduates of BUMS courses should keep an eye out for minute details. It is a necessary skill for diagnosis purposes.
  • Leadership is a desirable skill for graduates of BUMS degrees. They must have enough competency to conduct training sessions whenever necessary.
  • It is vital that the graduates of BUMS should be able to make the correct decisions in any medical emergency while staying calm.
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Best Books for BUMS

Some of the popular books among students of BUMS are listed below

Rehbare il mul jarahatDr.Mohd Anzar Husain
Mubadiat E Mantiq Wa FalsafaHkm.Taskheer Ahmad
Ilmul us SaidlaHkm.Wasim Ahmed Azmi
Kulliyat e Advia Kulliyat e ILajHkm. Kabiruddin
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FAQs about BUMS

What are some skills to become a good Unani doctor?

Some skill sets to become a good Unanii medical practitioner are: 

  • Communication skills
  • Patience
  • Professionalism
  • Team Work
  • Good decision-making ability

What is the highest-paying job after BUMS?

There are a lot of options available after completing a BUMS degree. The highest-paying job with a BUMS degree is Hakim. They have the license to open their personal chamber.

Can I do Pediatrics after a BUMS degree?

No, it is not possible to pursue Pediatrics or any other modern medical degree after BUMS. There are no such bridge courses available yet.

What is the course fee for the BUMS course in India?

The course structure of the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery degree is different from one college to another. It depends on a lot of factors. However, the average course fee for BUMS in India lies between 50,000 to 6,50,000 INR

What are some core subjects of the BUMS course?

There are many subjects that are taught under this undergraduate degree. A few core subjects consisting of BUMS coursework are

  • Venesection
  • Diaphoresis
  • Diuresis
  • Cupping
  • Pharmacotherapy

Is BUMS equal to MBBS?

No, BUMS is the Bachelor's degree in Unani Medicine while MBBS is the Bachelor's degree in modern medicine or allopathy medicines. It is not possible to pursue an MBBS degree after completing BUMS.

Can Unani doctors perform surgeries?

Unani doctors or surgeons can only perform surgical procedures that are included in the Unani medical education and approved by the Indian Medical Association. However, they cannot perform any modern-day surgeries.

Who is eligible for a BUMS degree?

Students who have passed their high secondary exam with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate are eligible to apply for BUMS courses. It is also mandatory for the students to have a science stream background.

Is internship mandatory during the BUMS course?

Yes, completing a 1-year in-house internship is part of the mandatory coursework of a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. This internship includes case studies, assisting senior hakims, visiting clinics, and many more.

What is the full form of BUMS?

The full form of BUMS is Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. This is a 5-year undergraduate course in Unani Medicine.

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Related Questions


Saima, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Nov-02-2021
Sir I'm not qualify to n neet I'm eligible for private college Or not

BUMS Colleges by College Type