Bachelor of Veterinary Science

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Jun 24, 2023 07:34AM IST

About Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc)

BVSc, or Bachelor of Veterinary Science, is a five-year undergraduate programme in veterinary science that aims to impart the knowledge needed for animal care, treatment, and breeding. There are 47 BVSC colleges in India, including the West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, the College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, the Indian Veterinary Research Institute, the CSKHPKV, and others. Candidates who consider themselves to be animal lovers and who want to work for or own an organisation that specialises in caring for and breeding animals are best suited for the BVSc course.

The BVSc course should last 5.5 years, divided into 10 semesters, and include a one-year mandatory internship, according to the most recent Veterinary Council of India guidelines. The BVSc curriculum covers everything from animal anatomy and physiology to animal treatment and surgery. Animal nutrition, animal breeding and genetics, and animal pathology are among the major BVSc subjects. As per the eligibility criteria, candidates who have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as compulsory subjects from a recognised board are eligible to apply for BVSc Admission.

Following BVSc, there are numerous job opportunities in Agriculture Sectors, Government Animal, Defence Dog training centres, Zoological Parks, Aviaries, Wildlife Sanctuaries, and so on, with an average starting salary of INR 3.6 LPA. 

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Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) - Course Highlights

Candidates can go over the major highlights of the BVSc course.

Course NameBachelor of Veterinary Science
Short NameBVSc
Course TypeDegree Course
SpecialisationVeterinary Science
Relevant FieldMedicine/ Medical Science
Course Duration5.5 Years
Minimum Requirement10+2
Age Requirements17 Years
AdmissionEntrance Examinations
Course FeeINR 10,000 Per Annum - INR 2 LPA
Average Initial SalaryINR 5 LPA - INR 8 LPA
Employment OpportunitiesVeterinarian, Veterinary Consultant, Veterinary Surgeon, Professor, Researcher, etc.
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Why Choose BVSc?

Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) is an excellent course for animal lovers and caretakers. The course deals with several aspects of veterinary sciences like animal husbandry, taking care, etc. There are many reasons why one should do a BVSc course. Some of the common factors why a student should study BVSc are mentioned below.

  • The Veterinary Science course is well-liked because it pertains to the field. Soon after graduating, the students are hired by the sector. To ensure that graduates have a strong commitment to research and animal welfare, the curriculum is ingrained in the programme. In addition, students can request a higher salary if they start out with the right skill set
  • The students are taught and trained in management methods. They also research the development of diagnostic tools and procedures. Students studying veterinary science need to develop their clinical and business skills in order to benefit from the best market opportunities
  • Many Veterinary Science graduates research employment opportunities so they can provide their specialised services to farmers, livestock owners, and communities. They take pleasure in what they do, and because of their skills and knowledge, they are able to care for animals well and maintain cattle
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Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) Specialisations

Here is the list of Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) Specialisations:

  • BVSc Animal Genetics and Breeding
  • BVSc Veterinary Microbiology
  • BVSc Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • BVSc Veterinary Surgery and Radiology
  • BVSc Animal Production & Management
  • BVSc Animal Nutrition
  • BVSc Livestock Production and Management
  • BVSc Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene
  • BVSc Veterinary Pathology
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Types of BVSc courses

Following is a list of BVSc course types:

BVSc - Full -Time Course

  • The students must have completed a minimum of 17 years of age in order to pursue BVSc course
  • Bachelor of veterinary sciences is a top-rated medical course for those who loves animals and want to work as caretakers 
  • Students willing to pursue BVSc must obtain a minimum of 50 % marks in Science stream in class XII
  • The total duration of a full-time veterinary course in is 5 to 5.5 years

BVSc - Distance Learning Course

  • It is advisable that one should do BVSc course through campus learning as there are huge difference in learning through distance mode and learning through practical in the classroom scenario. However, working professionals and veterinary experts often choose to do this course online to enhance their educational qualification. They can update their knowledge and skills for a better and improved version of themselves
  • The colleges usually conduct examinations towards the end and students must obtain a minimum of 50% marks which is required for completing the course
  • The duration of the distance learning course varies from college to college. The average duration however starts from 14 weeks for some certificate courses

BVSc - Online course

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences is available online through different individual sites such as Edx, Coursera, etc
  • The duration of the course also varies with sites and students can choose varied specializations for doing this course
  • The entire course is not available to the students to complete on one. They can study multiple short courses in order to understand the nuances of Veterinary Sciences
  • The minimum duration for BVSc courses online can be from a few days to 3 months
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BVSc Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) has been mentioned below. 

  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 50%
  • Minimum Age Required: 19 Years
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BVSc Admission Process

There are two ways to get accepted into the BVSc programme: on the basis of merit or by taking an entrance exam. Depending on the admissions process, the BVSc application process varies. However, candidates can submit an online application to their top BVSc colleges. To apply for BVSc courses online, students must complete the necessary fields in an online application form on the official university website of their respective institutions.

Entrance Based BVSc Admission

Candidates should follow the procedures listed below to apply for BVSc courses:

Step 1: If you want to be admitted to a BVSc program, look into the application requirements and deadlines listed by various colleges and universities.

Step 2: Register for the entrance exams necessary to be admitted to the colleges and universities you want to attend with a BVSc.

Step 3: Once the application process has been approved, save it for later use. Additionally, keep an eye on the test or the university's official website for admission updates and other important notifications.

Step 4: After taking and passing the entrance exam for the BVSc, applicants must complete an application form for the university of their choice and provide personal information such as academic information, entrance examination results, and so forth.

Step 5: Candidates who satisfactorily satisfy the university's eligibility standards are shortlisted for the counselling round (if any), which concludes the admissions process.

Step 6: To confirm their admission to the BVSc programme after passing the counselling session, candidates must pay the university's entrance fee.

Merit Based BVSc Admission 

Candidates can apply for BVSc courses by completing the following steps:

Step 1: Complete the online BVSc application form. 

Step 2: Pay the registration fee as well as any additional fees if admission is granted on merit.

Step 3: Shortlisted candidates will be invited to the next stages of the hiring process, such as individual interviews or counselling.

Step 4: Candidates must submit all required documents and fees in order to be admitted to the BVSc course.

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Steps to Apply for BVSc Course

Steps to apply for BVSc Course are listed below:

Step 1: Application Form - Candidates must complete the required application form for the BVSc course.

Step 2: Take the Entrance Exam - Following the application process, candidates must sit for the relevant entrance exam. In the case of programs that offer direct admission, this step can be skipped.

Step 3: Making a merit list - Based on the results of the entrance exam or other qualifying exam, merit lists will be made by admissions officials.

Step 4: Seat Allocation - The candidate's merit rank will be taken into consideration when allocating seats. It should be noted that if there are multiple participating institutes, the candidate may be asked to choose their preferred academic institution during counseling and seat allocation.

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BVSc Entrance Exams

For admission to bachelor's programmes in Veterinary Sciences, the 'All India Pre Veterinary Test' (AIPVT) was used. However, since 2017, NEET scores have been taken into account for admission to BVSc. The following is a list of some of the entrance exams that are used to determine admission to BVSc programmes.

  • NEET
  • OUAT
  • RPVT

Following are some other BVSc entrance exams:

  • All India Common Entrance Examination
  • College Of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Entrance Exam
  • Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute Entrance Exam
  • Kerala Agricultural University Entrance Exam
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research Entrance Examination
  • JNU Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science
  • Kerala Engineering Agricultural and Medical Entrance Test
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BVSc Syllabus

Mentioned below is the semester-wise syllabus of the Bachelor of Veterinary Science course.

BVSc 1st Year Syllabus

Semester I
Introductory Animal HusbandryVeterinary Anatomy in General and Osteology
Scope and Importance of BiochemistryOsteology
Introduction and Importance of StatisticsLivestock in India
Semester II
Importance of Grasslands and Fodders In-Livestock ProductionSense Organs and Receptors Physiology of Special Senses
Demonstration of Embalming of the Carcass and PreservationMyology
Muscle PhysiologyEnzymes: Definition and Classification

BVSc 2nd Year Syllabus

Semester III
Factors Affecting the Digestibility of a FeedIntroduction and History of Microbiology
Introduction and Scope of Veterinary PathologyParasites and Parasitism
General HistologyIndian Poultry Industry
Semester IV
Spermatogenic Cycle and WaveThe Biting Midges
Concepts in Veterinary and Medical ImmunologyBiochemical and Genetic Determinants of Growth
Introduction and General Description to Protozoa and their DevelopmentGross Morphological and Topographical Study of Various Organs of the Digestive System

BVSc 3rd Year Syllabus

Semester V
Concept of SociologyGeneral Pathology of Viral Infections
Layout and Management of Rural, Urban and Modem AbattoirsMilk Industry in India
Milk Hygiene in Relation to Public HealthHistorical Development Branches and Scope of Pharmacology
Semester VI
Drugs acting on the Autonomic Nervous SystemParasitic Diseases
Introduction to Aquatic AnimalsViral Diseases
Retrospect and Prospect of Meat Industry in IndiaDefinitions and Aims of Epidemiology

BVSc 4th Year Syllabus

Semester VII
Antibacterial AgentsHistory and Scope of Veterinary Medicine
Clinical Evaluation and Abnormalities of Reproductive Tracts in Domestic AnimalsClinical Manifestation
Principles of Viewing and Interpreting X-ray FilmsPre-anaesthetic Considerations and Pre anaesthetics
Semester VIII
General ToxicologyMan-Animal and Society
Dystocia - Types of DystociaValuation of Acid-Base Balance and Interpretation
Types and Functions of Placenta in Different SpeciesAetiology, Clinical Manifestations

BVSc 5th Year Syllabus

Semester IX
Definition of Animal Welfare and EthicsBreeds of Dogs- International Pedigree Breeds and those Commonly seen in India
Introduction to AndrologyLivestock Entrepreneurship
Taxonomy of Various Genera of Wild/Zoo Animals of India along with their DescriptionsDefinition, Scope and Importance
Semester X - Internship

BVSc Course Structure 

The academic session begins after the entrance examination is over and the list of selected students are released and the counseling process is also completed.  There are many BVSC courses that are included in the curriculum.  Several BVSc subjects are included in the curriculum. The entire course is divided into ten semesters including both theoretical and practical sessions. The course also incorporates experience in animal treatment training and care. The students can check the course structure as mentioned below.

Veterinary anatomyVeterinary physiology
Veterinary Gynecology and obstetricsVeterinary surgery and radiology
Veterinary biochemistryVeterinary pharmacology and toxicology
Veterinary medicineVeterinary and animal husbandry extension education
Veterinary pathologyVeterinary public health and epidemiology
Animal nutritionAnimal genetics and breeding
Veterinary parasitologyVeterinary microbiology
Livestock production managementLivestock products Technology
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BVSc Top Colleges in India

There are numerous Veterinary colleges in top cities of India such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, etc. Here we have compiled the list of some of the best BVSc Colleges in India:

College name Fees for 1st Year (INR)
College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, BikanerINR 15,000
Indian Veterinary Research InstituteINR 29,000
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityINR 21,000
Junagadh Agriculture UniversityINR 28,000
West Bengal University of animal and fishery SciencesINR 16,000
Orissa University of agricultural technologyINR 21,000
Govind Ballabh pant University of agriculture and TechnologyINR 41,000
Anand Agricultural University (College of Veterinary Science and animal husbandry)INR 13,000
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and TechnologyINR 4,00,000
Navsari Agricultural UniversityINR 45,000
Bihar Agricultural UniversityINR 12,000

Note: The figures mentioned above are subject to change. 

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BVSc Career Options and Job Prospects

The career options after pursuing a BVSc course is bright as veterinarians are in demand amongst the common people, pet lovers, social organizations for pets, etc. Government jobs are also available for BVSc graduates in rural as well as urban departments. Awareness and welfare of animals are being promoted by various social organisations that recruit B.V.Sc graduates who can treat animals. There is also a great scope in starting private vet clinics to cure household pets.

Job Profiles
  • Veterinarian Assistant
  • Veterinary Physician
  • Veterinarian Technician
  • Veterinarian Food Inspection Specialist
  • Veterinary Surgeon
  • Associate Veterinarian
  • Veterinary Pharmacologist
  • Veterinary Neurologist
  • Veterinary Epidemiologist
  • Veterinary Dermatologist
Employment Areas
  • Hospitals
  • Private Clinics
  • Educational Institutes
  • Research Centres
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Jobs Roles after Pursuing BVSc

After graduating from BVSc, students can pursue careers based on their interests, preferences, and specialisation. They can always work as a veterinarian after obtaining a valid licence. BVSc course graduates have numerous options and can pursue careers in a variety of fields.

  • Veterinary Surgeon – The job description includes all aspects of animal surgery. They specialise in the treatment and healing of bone and joint wounds and injuries. A veterinary surgeon's annual salary ranges between INR 5.5 and 6 lakhs
  • Veterinary Officer – A veterinary officer's primary role is to provide an overview of veterinary services provided to animals by medical professionals. They are responsible for the department of agriculture's animal healthcare rules and policies. Their pay varies according to state and federal government policies
  • Animal caretaker – They care for all animals, whether in a private organisation or a government organisation. They also provide treatment and care for various non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that work to improve the lives of animals. The annual salary range for this position ranges from INR 3.5 lakhs to INR 4 lakhs
  • Social Workers for Animals – Working for the betterment of animals is part of the job description. In NGOs, they typically provide care and treatment for animals as well as advocate for animal welfare. Their annual salary is approximately INR 4 lakhs
  • Animal Care Specialist – They provide the best possible care for animals. They are specialists in their field and work in animal hospitals and government departments. Their annual salary ranges between INR 5.5 and INR 6 lakhs
  • Animal Breeder - Animal breeding is very important and one needs an expert hand to do the same. They take care of all the animals in the best possible manner. The average salary is INR 3.54 lakhs per annum
  • Animal Scientist – Animal scientists are accountable for carrying out research and ensuring increase in food productivity. They also help in the spread of any diseases. Their average salary structure is INR 5 - 6 lakhs per annum
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Salary After BVSc

One of the most important aspects of any profession is the pay. Self-employment might or might not result in significant, legitimate salary benefits. However, depending on experience and the field of work, the top veterinarian salaries can reach INR 9 LPA.

Veterinarian salaries are based on experience. Average annual total compensation for entry-level Vets with less than one year of experience is around INR 4,94,000 (tips and bonuses included). The pay scale may vary a little as experience levels rise. The details are as follows:

Years of ExperienceSalary
1 year or lessINR 4,00,000 LPA
Up to 4 yearsINR 4,91,000 LPA
Up to 9 yearsINR 5,24,000 LPA
Up to 19 yearsINR 9,00,000 LPA
20 years or moreINR 10,00,000 + LPA
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Advantages of Pursuing BVSc

BVSc is a five-year undergraduate course in Veterinary Science, and students who complete it can expect good job opportunities. They also look for better growth opportunities because this course takes 5 years to complete. Students are looking for benefits from taking this course.  Some of the most common benefits of taking a BVSc course are:

  • The student gets an opportunity to work as veterinarian and other related fields at both national and international levels. The job opportunities are increasing because the lifestyles of the people are changing and the numbers of pet lovers are also increasing
  • The students of BVSc graduates also get to work in the military department of the government of India for the caretaking and treatment of military dogs. These dogs need special treatment that assists in the defense services
  • Most of the students after graduating from BVSc opt for self-employment as they can generate significant benefits
  • The students of BVSc can choose a better career option and can opt for surgeries and the treatment of animals
  • The students can opt for doing MVSc after completing the undergraduate program. The students can easily find a great job profile after completing their BVSc course
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Scope After BVSc

Following their five-year graduation from the BVSc programme, students anticipate appropriate career opportunities and growth.  Due to the five-year program's division into a diverse course curriculum, there are many opportunities. After completing the BVSC, one can pursue a master's degree to increase their employment options. After completing an undergraduate programme, numerous additional opportunities exist on a national and international level. 

Name of the Course Course fees
MVSc Veterinary parasitologyINR 50,000 to 3 Lakhs
MVSc Veterinary biochemistryINR 1 to 6 Lakhs
MVSc Veterinary and animal husbandry extensionINR 28,000 to 3.25 Lakhs
MVSc Animal nutritionINR 8,000 to 3 Lakhs
MVSc Veterinary surgery and radiologyINR 50,000 to 2 Lakhs
MVSc Pharmacology and toxicologyINR 5,000 to 5 Lakhs
MVSc Veterinary microbiologyINR 50,000 to 5 Lakhs
MVSc Livestock products TechnologyINR 10,000 to 50,000
MVSc Animal genetics and breedingINR 10,000 to 2 Lakhs

Note: The figures mentioned above are subject to change

Students can also pursue the most prestigious level of veterinary education, which is a doctoral programme or PhD. Students can gain admission to the PhD programme in Veterinary Sciences through an entrance examination and counselling process. Students can pursue a variety of specialisations in fields such as surgery, microbiology, pathology, and many others. Other major specialisations in the Veterinary Sciences referral programme include Radiology, Veterinary Surgery, and Veterinary Parasitology. It is one of the highest-paid specialties in the field of veterinary sciences.

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FAQs about B.VSc

What is the full form of BVSc?

The full form of BVSc is Bachelor of Veterinary Science.

Can I pursue B.VSc course after class 10th?

No, you can not pursue BVSc course after class 10.You must have completed 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as your main subjects and passed with a minimum of 50% of marks.

What is the duration of the BVSc Course?

The duration of the BVSc course is five years.

What is the minimum eligibilty for BVSc course?

Must have completed 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as your main subjects and passed with a minimum of 50% of marks. You must have a minimum of 17 years of age in order to apply for the entrance exam.

What is the average fee for BVSc course?

The average fee for BVSc course ranges between Rs 10,000/- to Rs 2,00,000/ annually.

How many subjects are there in BVSc?

The BVSc course comprises a detailed study of animal anatomy, nutrition, diseases, and physiology. The five-year course will comprise both theoretical subjects as well as practical examinations.

Is BVSc a good course to study?

Yes, BVSc is a good course to study for the student who wants to become successful veterinarians and animal specialists. If you are an animal lover and like to make a career in treating and caring for animals, then this course is a perfect choice for you.

Name some of the popular entrance exams for BVSc Course?

Some of the popular entrance exam for BVSc admissions in India are AAU VET, UP Veterinary Entrance Exam, BHU UET and RPVT

Is the BVSc course available in distance education?

No, BVSc course is not offered in distance education

I have passed Class 12th in commerce apply for BVSc course?

No, You can not apply for BVSc Course. In order to be eligible the students need to pass Class 12th with PCB as their main subjects.

What is the minimum age to apply for the BVSc course?

In order to be eligible, the candidates need to be at least 17 years of age.

How do I fill the application form for the BVSc course?

In most of the colleges, the application forms for BVSc can be filled from the official website of the college. On the official website of the college, you can fill in the application form by providing your personal and education details such as name, email id, phone number, class 10th and 12th marks etc. In addition to this, the candidates also need to upload certain documents. Some college also accept offline application

What are the career opportunities after BVSc?

After the completion of BVSc course, one may work in the Government/ Private veterinary hospital and may start working as a Veterinary Doctor or Surgeon. You can even start your own clinic.

What is the starting salary of BVSc graduates?

The starting salary of BVSc graduate ranges between Rs 3,50,000/- to Rs 4,00,000 annually.

What is the highest salary offered to a BVSc graduate?

The highest salary package offered to a student after the completion of BVSc course ranges between Rs.8 to Rs.15 LPA

Name some of the popular BVSc Colleges in India?

Some of the popular BVSc colleges in India are Mahatma Gandhi Veterinary College, Apollo College of Veterinary Medicine, Mayurakshi Institute of Engineering & Technology, Vivekananda Institute of Technology & Science, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Rajiv Gandhi College Of Veterinary And Animal Sciences etc
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Related Questions


tejpal, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Dec-26-2022
सर हम भी बी वी एस सी में प्रवेश लेना है आप भी हमें बताया कि इस के फार्म कब भरे जाते हैं
Can I learn it without science????
-Somnath -Updated on Feb-17-20224 Answers

Neha V, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Feb-17-2022
kcet rank for admission is?

Diksha Nautiyal, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Aug-11-2020

Dear student, 

Both BVSc in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology and Bachelor of Veterinary Science [BVSc] & A.H are different courses. Where the first one three-years long degree programme, the duration of the latter one is 5 years. To know more about the B.V. Sc. in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology course, Click Here.

For admission-related information and assistance, please fill our Common Application Form and avail expert assistance throughout the admission process. You can also try our toll-free student helpline number - 1800-572-9877 to get instant assistance.

Good Luck!