MSc Agriculture

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Apr 01, 2024 15:44PM IST

MSc in Agriculture Overview

MSc Agriculture is a two-year post-graduate course that covers topics such as plant biology, agricultural machinery, plantation management, industrial fertilizers, and biochemistry. Pursuing an MSc in Agriculture may be helpful for people who want to work in the agricultural industry. For those with a keen interest in biochemistry and plant biotechnology, an MSc in Agriculture may be particularly fulfilling. Nonetheless, working on a range of agriculture-related research projects is one of the benefits of getting an MSc in Agriculture. 

The primary focus of the course is on agricultural studies and the different scientific methods used in agriculture. The MSc in Agriculture syllabus covers topics such as plant genetic resources and seed technology, agricultural statistics, basic plant breeding, plant biochemistry, crop production concepts, dryland farming, watershed management, and water management principles. To be eligible for the course, students must hold a BSc degree in forestry, horticulture, or agriculture from an accredited university. After completing a four-year BSc in Agriculture, the course can be taken. The MSc in Agriculture offers numerous specialisations, such as Entomology, Plant Physiology, Agronomy, Biotechnology, Agricultural Economics & Farm Management, and more.

MSc in Agriculture admission will be granted either directly or on the basis of the applicant's entrance exam results. Nonetheless, most colleges and universities require entrance exams as an criteria of admission. Candidates with an MSc in Agriculture can find numerous job roles in both the public and private sectors. In addition to furthering their education in the field, candidates can pursue career profiles such as Agriculture Officer, Production Manager, and Farm Manager. The average salary that an MSc Agriculture graduate earns ranges between INR 2 LPA and INR 5 LPA.

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MSc Agriculture Course Highlights

Check out some of the highlights of the MSc Agriculture course in the table below:

Course levelPostgraduate
Full-formMaster of Science in Agriculture
MSc Agriculture Course Duration2 years
MSc Agriculture EligibilityCompleted graduation in Agriculture, Horticulture, or Forestry from a recognized institute with a minimum of 50% marks.
MSc Agriculture Admission Process
  • Entrance Based
  • Merit Based
MSc Agriculture Course feesINR 20K - INR 5L
Average SalaryINR 2 LPA - 5 LPA
Job PositionsCorporate Sales Manager, Research Scientist, Lecturer/Professor, Field Officer, Breeder, Agronomist, Farm Manager
Top CollegesBanaras Hindu University, Calcutta University, Aligarh Muslim University, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, etc.
Top RecruitersNagarjuna Agrichem Ltd, Agrocel Industries Ltd,  Bayer Crop Science, Rallis India Coromandel International Ltd, EID Parry India Ltd, Nestle India, AMUL, Buhler India, Monsanto India, etc.
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Why Choose MSc Agriculture?

MSc Agriculture is a highly prosperous course in India as the country is an agro-based country.  Due to this, agricultural courses have always been in great demand in various universities across India. Here are some of the most important reasons for pursuing an MSc Agriculture degree:

  • The students will get to know about the various modern techniques involved in farming that will greatly help in the development of the farming industry.
  • Subjects in MSc Agriculture revolve around the scientific study of agriculture. This helps to improve the quality of the yield and also increases the production rate. MSc Agriculture course also provides an integrated understanding of economic and social considerations in the agricultural systems.
  • MSc Agriculture graduates will get excellent job offers from various popular countries. Some of the important job areas include Agriculture/Dairy Industries, Fertilizer Industries, and Food Processing Units.
  • The average salary earned by an MSc Agriculture fresher is around 1 LPA - 3.2 LPA. However, the salary will increase with experience.
  • The students may also go on to pursue research activities in various fields related to Agriculture.
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MSc Agriculture Entrance Exams

Various colleges in India conduct their own entrance examinations for admission to MSc agriculture. However, there are a few popular entrance examinations conducted at a national level for admission to MSc agriculture. Candidates can check the most popular entrance examinations for MSc agriculture course mentioned below:

  • AGRICET:  AGRICET is the common entrance test conducted by Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University for admission to the MSc Agriculture course. 
  • ICAR AIEEA: ICAR is an all-India entrance examination for admission to the Agriculture courses of the country. 
  • MCAER PG CET: The Maharashtra Council of Agriculture Education & Research conducts an entrance test for admission to the various postgraduate courses of Maharashtra colleges and MSc Agriculture is one of them. 
  • CUET UG 2024: CUET (Central university common entrance test) is a national-level test conducted for admissions into the various central universities under MSc Agriculture course available across India. 
  • PAU MET: Punjab Agricultural University admits MSc agriculture students every year through the PAU MET exam.  
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MSc Agriculture Admission Process in India

MSc agriculture admission process is both merit-based and entrance-based. However, the admission process for merit-based and entrance-based admission is conducted separately. The admission process consists of few rules and procedures that are to be followed by the students in order to secure their admission. 

To be eligible for MSc Agriculture admission 2024, candidates must meet the eligibility criteria mentioned below

MSc Agriculture Eligibility Criteria

MSc agriculture eligibility criteria are defined as a set of parameters that must be met by the students in order to be eligible for the admission process. The eligibility criteria for MSc agriculture is based on various factors such as previous academic scores, age limit, nationality, previous courses of study, and more. Candidates are advised to check the MSc Agriculture eligibility criteria before applying since candidates who do not meet the requirements are directly disqualified from admission. 

Therefore, the following eligibility criteria should be fulfilled:

  • The students must complete their graduation in courses like Horticulture, Forestry, or Agriculture from a recognized university to purse MSc Agriculture course.
  • The student must also have a minimum of 50% marks in their graduation. Relaxation of marks is given to the SC/ ST/ OBC/ PwD candidates in order to take admission in MSc Agriculture.
  • In case of admission based on entrance exams, the candidate must clear the cut-off marks in order to be eligible for admission in MSc agriculture course.

MSc Agriculture Admission 2024

MSc agriculture admission process is mentioned below:

For Entrance Based MSc Agriculture Admission

Candidates can apply for MSc Agriculture courses by following the steps outlined below:

Step 1: Check into the MSc Agriculture admission form requirements and deadlines listed by various colleges and universities if you want an admission to a MSc Agriculture programme.

Step 2: Register for the entrance exams required for MSc Agriculture admissions at the colleges and universities you want to attend

Step 3: Once confirmed, save the application process for future use. Also, for admission and other important notifications, keep an eye on the exam or the university's official website

Step 4: After appearing and passing the MSc Agriculture entrance examination, candidates must fill out an application form for their desired university with personal information such as academic details, entrance examination results, and so on

Step 5: Candidates who successfully meet the university's eligibility requirements are shortlisted for the counselling round (if any) to finalise the admissions process

Step 6: After clearing the counselling session, candidates must pay the university's entrance fee in order to be confirm their admission to the MSc Agriculture course

For Merit Based MSc Agriculture Admission 

Candidates can apply for MSc Agriculture courses by following the steps outlined below:

Step 1: Fill out the online MSc Agriculture admission application form

Step 2: Pay the registration fee and any additional fees if admission is granted based on merit

Step 3: The shortlisted applicants will receive invitations to the subsequent phases of the hiring process, such as individual interviews or counselling

Step 4: Candidates must submit all the required documents and fee in order to confirm their admission to MSc Agriculture course

Required Skillset for MSc Agriculture

Before pursuing a career in agriculture, candidates have to acquire certain basic abilities. Students enrolled in the MSc agriculture degree programme must have both scientific and critical thinking skills. MSc agriculture students must understand MSc agriculture, which necessitates having hold of a number of skills that will assist them in their success as agricultural graduates. The MSc Agriculture course can help people advance their careers in agriculture and plant development. It opens up a wide range of career opportunities for aspiring agriculturists at various international organisations. 

Candidates can review the list of top skills required below:

  • Observation skills
  • Critical Thinking skills
  • Numerical Skills
  • Interest in agriculture and farming
  • Analytical skills
  • Knowledge of plant biology
  • Problem Solving Ability
  • Communication skills
  • Team Player
  • Leadership skills
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MSc Agriculture Specialisations

MSc Agriculture has a number of specializations like Agronomy, Horticulture, Forestry, Genetics and Plant Breeding, etc. Here are some of the important specializations in MSc agriculture:

MSc Agronomy

MSc in Agronomy is a postgraduate agriculture course that mainly focuses on providing sustainable agricultural methods for the betterment of the environment as well as for human beings who consume agricultural products. 

MSc in Horticulture

MSc in Horticulture is another specialization for the agricultural course that deals with the cultivation of plants, management techniques, quality assurance, marketing, etc. The program is designed to produce a deep knowledge of horticultural sciences in students. 

MSc in Forestry

MSc in Forestry mainly revolves around the different types of forests and forest ecology. You will also be learning about forest inventory models, wood harvesting, and the proper utilization of forest resources. 

MSc in Genetics and Plant Breeding

MSc in Genetics and Plant Breeding is about various methods of improvement in the quality of production of crops. It teaches students how to apply genetics to protect the environment. Check the top MSc Genetics & Plant Breeding Colleges in India.

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Difference Between MSc Agriculture and MBA in Agri-Business

Students can choose to pursue MBA Agri-business as well for their higher studies. There are a few key differences between MSc Agriculture and MBA in Agri-Business that are mentioned in the table below. Comparisons in MSc Agriculture and MBA Agri-Business are made on the basis of qualification, eligibility, admission process, course fees, salary, job options, recruiting companies, and colleges offering these programs.

ParametersMSc AgricultureMBA in Agri-Business
QualificationMSc Agriculture or Master of Science in AgricultureMaster of Business Administration in Agri-business
Course overviewMSc Agriculture mainly centers around various advanced techniques of farming and the scientific study of agriculture.Master of Business Administration in Agri-business deals with the application of administrative principles in agro-based industries.
EligibilityBSc in Agriculture, Horticulture, or Forestry with minimum 50% marks.Minimum 50% score in graduation in any stream
Admission ProcessBased on marks scored in graduation and entrance testEntrance Exams like CAT, GMAT & Interview process
Average feeINR 20K - INR 5LINR 85,000- INR 7,00,000
Average Salary2 LPA - 5 LPA8 LPA- 9.5 LPA
CollegesUniversity of Calcutta, Kolkata, Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Chandigarh UniversitySymbiosis Institute of International Business, University of Lucknow, Lovely Professional University, Amity University, IMTS, KIIT School of Rural Management
Job AreasAgriculture/Dairy Industries, Academic Institutions, Fertilizer industries, Food Processing Units, Agricultural Products Marketing firmsBanking and Finance sectors, various management sectors in the agricultural process.
Top Job ProfilesCorporate Sales Manager, Research Scientist, Lecturer/Professor, Field Officer.Rural development officer, Relationship manager, Banking Executive, Finance manager.
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Top MSc Agriculture Colleges in India

There are numerous colleges and universities in India that offer an MSc Agriculture degree. We have listed some of the best MSc Agriculture Colleges in India based on NIRF rankings, along with their MSc Agriculture fees.

MSc Agriculture CollegeCityMSc Agriculture Fees
University of CalcuttaKolkataINR 26,000
Tamil Nadu Agriculture UniversityChennaiINR 90,000
Punjab Agriculture University, LudhianaLudhianaINR 147,000
Cochin University of Science and TechnologyCochinINR 37,000
Anand Agriculture UniversityGujaratINR 40,000
Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Science UniversityChennaiINR 66,000
Chandigarh UniversityChandigarhINR 192,000
Junagadh Agriculture UniversityJunagadhINR 80,000
Acharya NG Ranga Agriculture University, GunturGunturINR 60,000
Shivaji UniversityKolhapurINR 3,500

Candidates can also look at Top Colleges in Delhi University (DU) Based on NIRF Ranking 2024 here!

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MSc Agriculture Abroad Top Colleges

Now that you are familiar with the basic details pertaining to the MSc Agriculture course, let’s take a quick glance at some of the popular universities offering MSc Agriculture abroad.

  • University of Hull
  • University of British Columbia 
  • The University of Queensland
  • University of Glasgow 
  • University of Nottingham
  • The University of Western Australia
  • Lincoln University
  • University of Canterbury 
  • The University of Adelaide 
  • Macquarie University
  • Swinburne University of Technology
  • Curtin University
  • The University of Otago 
  • The Australian National University
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What is MSc Agriculture Course Fees?

The MSc agriculture fee structure is different for every college. The average fee structure for MSc agriculture degree is between INR 20K - INR 5L for the entire course. The fee structure for MSc agriculture course is decided on the basis of the types of facilities provided by the university such as lodging, food, industrial training, and more.

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MSc Agriculture Syllabus

MSc Agriculture course is a two-year program consisting of 4 semesters. It covers Agronomy, Biotechnology, Agricultural Economics & Farm Management, Plant Physiology, Entomology, Extension Education, etc. However, the MSc agriculture curriculum is more or less the same for every university and is designed on the basis of industrial requirements and academic requirements. MSc agriculture syllabus contains core subjects from the field of agriculture and farming. Candidates can find the complete MSc agriculture course curriculum mentioned in the table below:

MSc Agriculture Subjects Semester 1MSc Agriculture Subjects Semester 2
Principles and practices of water managementPlant Genetic Resources and Seed Technology
Principles and practices of soil fertility and nutrient managementModern concepts in crop production
Micro Economic Theory and ApplicationDryland farming and watershed management
Agrometeorology and Crop Weather ForecastingAgricultural Statistics
Plant BiochemistryCropping systems and sustainable agriculture
Principles of NematologyPrinciples of Cytogenetics
Basic Plant BreedingPrinciples of Quantitative Genetics
MSc Agriculture Subjects Semester 3MSc Agriculture Subjects Semester 4
Agronomy of major cereals and pulsesAgri marketing basics
Agronomy of Fodder And Forage CropsPractical Training
Cropping System And Sustainable AgricultureAdvances in Crop Production
Irrigation ManagementResearch Project
Basic HorticultureInternship
Toxicology of Insecticides-
Integrated livestock farming system-
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MSc Agriculture Subjects

MSc Agriculture syllabus may differ from college to college. However, the main topics will remain the same. These are some of the main topics of the MSc Agriculture course:

Agricultural Economics & Farm ManagementPlant Physiology
EntomologyExtension Education
HorticulturePlant Breeding & Genetics
Plant PathologySoil Science & Agricultural Chemistry
ForestryFood Science & Technology
Seed TechnologyFood Sustainability
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Career After MSc Agriculture Degree

MSc agriculture graduates have several career options. Educational institutes provide several kinds of research programmes in the agriculture department, as well as higher education opportunities. MSc Agriculture graduates can also prepare for government jobs in the agriculture department or as private actors. There are numerous companies dealing with agricultural products and marketing. To obtain government jobs, students must pass a variety of government-sponsored entrance exams, including UPSC, State Forest Exam, UGC NET, and others.

Here is list of some of the most popular MSc Agriculture job profiles, including their descriptions and average salaries.

Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary
Corporate Sales ManagerThe primary responsibility of the corporate sales manager is to oversee the sale of products such as fertilisers, hybrid crop seeds, and other equipment to farmers.INR 5 LPA
Research ScientistA research scientist's primary responsibility is to develop advanced technologies, hybrid crop seeds, and improved farming equipment.INR 5 LPA
Lecturer/ProfessorA lecturer teaches students about various advancements in agriculture. This profession is intended for students interested in a career in education.INR 4.9 LPA
Field OfficerA field officer works with farmers and oversees the Backward Integration Programme.INR 3 LPA
BreederA breeder conducts breeding programmes to develop high-quality seeds.INR 3 LPA
AgronomistAn agronomist is responsible for a variety of tasks, including soil mapping, product training, fertiliser consumption patterns, cropping schedules, technical queries, farmer education, and so on.INR 4.5 LPA
Farm ManagerA farm manager manages and maintains the farm. He is also in charge of cultivating, harvesting, and spraying crops.INR 3.5 LPA
Agriculture ManagerAn agriculture manager is a professional who is responsible for handling all different types of agricultural goods produced in a certain season. An agriculture manager supervises the distribution and supply of agricultural goods along with managing their products. They are also responsible to manage the daily operations of commercial agricultural operations, such as nurseries and large farms, or they may look over farming operations for absentee landowners or farmers in need of management assistance.INR 4.5 LPA
Agricultural ScientistA scientist ensures proper functioning of the farmland by inspecting the scientific aspects of crop production. They are also responsible for developing strategies for smart farming using technology, organic farming, and preservation techniques.INR 5 LPA
Food InspectorA food inspector is a professional who is responsible for inspecting and supervising different professionals involved in any kind of food or agriculture business. A food inspector ensures that the professionals adhere to all the guidelines specified by the government such as hygiene standards. Quality of crops produced, and more. A food inspector also inspects the food processing entities, manufacturing companies, restaurants and dairy farms to collect samples for investigating the quality of food ingredients and preservatives being used in the food product to be sold in the market.INR 5 LPA

Note: The salary mentioned above is subject to change.

MSc Agriculture Salary 

MSc Agriculture is a course that helps with specialisation in the field of agriculture. The salary for an MSc Agriculture qualification varies depending on the sector (government or private), the type of job, and the aspirant's skills. For a candidate with less than one year of experience, the average annual salary ranges from INR 2 lakh to INR 5 lakh. The salary increases gradually as one gains experience in this field. MSc Agriculture graduate salaries in India are:

Job ProfileAverage Annual Salary
Corporate Sales ManagerINR 5 LPA
Research ScientistINR 5 LPA
Lecturer/ProfessorINR 4.9 LPA
Field OfficerINR 3 LPA
BreederINR 3 LPA
AgronomistINR 4.5 LPA
Farm ManagerINR 3.5 LPA
Agriculture ManagerINR 4.5 LPA
Agricultural ScientistINR 5 LPA
Food InspectorINR 5 LPA

Note: The salary mentioned above is subject to change.

MSc Agriculture Top Recruiters 

MSc Agriculture graduates can find jobs in India's public and private sectors, depending on their interests, abilities, and preferred fields of employment. Both have advantages in the workplace.

Some of the top recruiters that employ MSc Agriculture graduates are listed below:

Top Recruiters
Nagarjuna Agrichem LtdAMUL
Agrocel Industries LtdBonn Nutrients
Rallis India Coromandel International LtdBayer Crop Science
EID Parry India LtdBuhler India
Nestle IndiaMonsanto India
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Courses After MSc Agriculture Degree

MSc Agriculture graduates can pursue a career in education, teaching at various educational institutions. He/she may also pursue a Ph.D. in a chosen specialisation. Students may also seek employment in various government and private sectors. Numerous companies offer high-paying jobs to MSc in Agriculture students. Students who want to work in government sectors must take a variety of entrance exams. They will also sit for the UPSC. Government banks are also looking for MSc in Agriculture students to work on agricultural loans for farmers.

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FAQs about M.Sc Agriculture

Can I study agriculture without learning math?

Mathematics is not a required subject for the BSC in Agriculture. You can skip math, but you must be proficient in physics, chemistry, and biology. You must be a science student with PCB or PCM to be admitted to BSC Agriculture. But you should score minimum 50% or 60% ( depending on Institute) .

What is the duration of MSc agriculture?

MSc Agriculture is a two year full time master’s degree programme segregated into four semesters.

Do I have to sit for an entrance test for the MSc Agriculture course?

Yes, most colleges and universities organize entrance tests for admission to the different MSc Agriculture colleges of India.

What are the top entrance exams for MSc agriculture?

AGRICET, CUCET, ICAR AIEEA are some of the top entrance exams for MSc agriculture.

What are the eligibility criteria for MSc Agriculture?

You require a minimum of 50% in BSc. Also, it is preferred that you have a BSc in Agriculture, Horticulture, or Forestry.

Can I seek government jobs after my MSc Agriculture?

Yes, based on MSc Agriculture course you can definitely seek jobs in the government sector. You can apply for jobs as a professor in government colleges. You can also look for jobs in government banks.

Is an MSc Agriculture course difficult?

No, MSc Agriculture is not a difficult course. It’s quite easy and has more practical applications than learning. Besides this, field experience is much more valued here than qualification.

What are the different specializations for MSc Agriculture?

MSc Agriculture has a number of specializations like Agronomy, Horticulture, Forestry, Genetics and Plant Breeding, etc.

What are the top colleges offering M.Sc in Agriculture courses ?

Following are some of the top colleges offering Agriculture courses : College of Agriculture (Junagadh) , Indian Agricultural Research Institute (Delhi) , TAMILNADU AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY (Coimbatore) , Veterinary College and Research Institute (Chennai) , Cochin University of Science and Technology (Kochi). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer M.Sc in Agriculture or not.

I want admission in M.Sc in Agriculture. Do I have to clear any exams for that ?

Delhi University Science , Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Engineering Entrance Exam , Presidency University Master's Degree Entrance Test , National Entrance Screening Test , Institute of Engineering & Management Joint Entrance Examination are some of the exams that you can appear for to get admission in M.Sc in Agriculture courses.

What is the average fee for the course M.Sc in Agriculture ?

The average fee for M.Sc in Agriculture is INR 50,000 per year.

What are the popular specializations related to M.Sc in Agriculture ?

Some of the popular specializations for M.Sc. (Master of Science) are : Cyber Forensics and Information Security , Maternal Health Nursing , Computer Application , Chemistry , Molecular Oncology.
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Related Questions


laiba noor, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Dec-27-2023

riya, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Feb-03-2023
You can take admission let me tell you the eligibility criteria candidate need to pass with 60% aggregate marks in B.Sc. Agriculture or B.Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) or B.Sc. Biotechnology (Hons.) (4 years) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPUNEST.
I want to read in IARI
-Moumita -Updated on July-31-20221 Answers

Abhinav Chamoli, CollegeDekho Expert

-Answered on July-31-2022

Dear Student,

The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Delhi offers the Master of Science (M.Sc.) programme in a wide range of specializations.

The eligibility critieria for these programmes include a bachelor's / B.Sc degree in a related discipline.

Admissions to these programmes are granted on the basis of merit created on the marks scored in an entrance exam conducted by the education division of ICAR.

Please feel free to write back to us if you need information about any particular M.Sc specialization in IARI.

Thank you.