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    Bachelor of Dental Surgery Highlights

    • Average Duration

      5 years

    • Courses Type


    • Avg. Fees (Annually)

      50 K - 12 L INR

    BDS Course Overview

    BDS full form Bachelor of Dental Surgery, is a 5-year course that helps candidates become dental surgeons. It comprises 4 years of classroom education and 1 year of mandatory rotating internship. Aspirants have to successfully complete class 12 exam or hold an equivalent degree with at least 85% from a well-known, recognized institute. The programme covers various aspects of dental problems, denture, and surgery in the same fields. BDS or Bachelor of Dental Surgery is the most popular medical course after MBBS. Candidates who successfully complete this course are awarded the title of ‘Dr’ and can practice dentistry once they have acquired the license. To secure admission into the BDS course, aspirants have to clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Exam ( NEET ). This is the only entrance that acts as a gateway to the Bachelor of Dental Surgery programme.

    Candidates have to attend physical, in-person classroom lectures. Distance education or online setup is not supported for BDS courses. The programme is managed by the Dental Council of India (DCI). Top colleges such as Faculty of Dental Sciences, IMS BHU, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences King George's Medical University, Government Dental College and Hospital, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Government Dental College and Hospital, etc. offer admission to the BDS course. The college fee ranges from between INR 80,000 to INR 25,00,000, depending on the type of institution chosen. Moreover, pursuing BDS successfully opens up various opportunities for candidates in the government as well as the private sector of medicine. Students can work as Dentists, lecturers, Researchers, Dentists in Indian Railways, Dental officers at Indian Defense Services ( Army, Navy, Air Force), Territorial Army officers, and more.

    BDS Course Highlights

    BDS Courses Highlights

    Course Name


    BDS Full Form

    Bachelor of Dental Surgery

    Course Level


    Course Type

    Degree Programme

    Course Duration

    5 Years (4 Years for Academic Education + 1 Year for Internship)



    Course Mode

    Full Time/ Part-Time

    Minimum Qualification Required


    Selection Process

    Entrance Exams

    Course Fee

    INR 50,000 per month - INR 12 LPA

    Relevant Field 


    Starting Salary

    INR 4 LPA - INR 6 LPA

    Employment Sectors

    Private Clinics, Educational Institutions, Dental Clinics, Hospitals, Dental Products Manufactures, Pharmaceutical Companies

    Why Choose BDS course?

    BDS course allows candidates to study the art of dental care. Graduates who clear this course enjoy tremendous benefits, both professionally and personally. Some of the reasons to opt for BDS Course are:

    1. Bright job prospects

    2. High demand

    3. Starting salary can be up to INR 40,000 a month depending on the expertise

    4. Opportunities to pursue study abroad

    5. Top companies hire skilled graduates

    6. Candidates can start their own practice

    BDS Course Types and Specialization

    BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is a UG course that candidates study for five years. During this time period, aspirants learn topics and concepts for four years while one year is dedicated towards rotatory internship. The Dental Council of India (DCI) is the official body governing the course. Once aspirants clear the bachelor’s programme, they can opt for further studies or pursue a career.

    Here are some of the specializations offered post-BDS studies:

    • Dental Mechanic

    • Surgery

    • Prosthodontics

    • Conservative Dentistry

    • Periodontics

    BDS Course Entrance Exams

    Entrance exams are responsible for granting candidates admission to national as well as state-level colleges. These tests are mostly MCQ based to assess aspirants’ logical thinking and subject understanding. Similarly, to secure admission into the BDS course, aspirants have to clear the NEET UG exam. It is held every year pan India. 

    NEET UG is the biggest medical exam where lakhs of students appear to compete for AIQ seats. Based on the marks secured, the final merit list is curated. Those aspirants who clear the minimum cutoff criteria are allowed to appear for counselling rounds and secure admission in the college of their dreams.

    BDS Course Eligibility Criteria

    The eligibility criteria for the BDS course have been mentioned below.

    • Minimum Qualification Required for BDS: 10+2 (Chemistry, Biology & Physics)

    • Minimum Marks Required for BDS (Aggregate): 50% (for General category students) and 40% (for reserved category students)

    • Minimum Age Required for BDS: 17 years

    • Upper Age Limit for BDS: 25 Years

    BDS Course Admission Process

    The admission process for BDS course is through the NEET UG entrance exam. Candidates have to register online and appear for the test. Every year, NTA and MCC conduct this entrance test for all students. The syllabus of the NEET UG exam is 10+2 - PCMB. Aspirants must study all the concepts in-depth if they wish to secure higher marks. The test is held for 3 hours and 20 minutes. The total mark is 720 where 180 questions are asked under Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany) and Biology (Zoology) sections. Those who clear this entrance test are able to secure admission in the BDS course at a renowned university/ college.

    Top Colleges for BDS Courses

    There are several renowned institutes across India that grant candidates seat to BDS courses. Based on NEET UG marks, every college has different sets of cutoffs. Here are some of the topmost college that offer admission into BDS courses.

    Name of the College

    Admission Process

    College Location 

    Average Initial Salary

    Average Course Fee

    Faculty of Dental Sciences King George's Medical University 



    INR 8-9 lacs (approx.)

    INR 1.5 - 2 lacs

    Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences


    New Delhi

    INR 6-7 lacs (approx.)

    INR 1 - 1.5 lacs

    Faculty of Dental Sciences, IMS BHU



    INR 4-6 lacs (approx.)

    Below 1 lacs

    Government Dental College and Hospital



    INR 3-8 lacs (approx.)

    INR 2 - 2.5 lacs

    Government Dental College and Hospital



    INR 3-8 lacs (approx.)

    INR 2 - 2.5 lacs

    Manipal College of Dental Sciences 



    INR 4-8 lacs (approx.)

    INR 25-30 lacs (approx.)

    Dr R Ahmed Dental College and Hospital 



    INR 3-6 lacs (approx.)

    Below 1 lacs

    What is BDS Course Fees?

    BDS course varies from one college to another. While the government institutes admission fee is on the lower side, private institutions charge higher amount for the same. The type of college one chooses is a determinant of what the BDS course fees will be. Based on the preference, BDS course fees can range anywhere between INR 50,000 to 12,00,000 LPA.

    BDS Course Syllabus

    Year I

    General Anatomy

    Embryology and Histology

    General Human Physiology

    Dental Anatomy and Embryology

    Oral Histology

    General Biochemistry 

    Year II

    Dental Materials

    General Pathology and Microbiology

    General Pharmacology and Therapeutics

    Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics & Crown & Bridge

    Preclinical Conservative Dentistry

    Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

    Year III

    Oral Pathology 

    General Medicine

    Oral Microbiology

    General Surgery

    Year IV

    Oral Medicine


    Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

    Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

    Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge

    Public Health Dentistry


    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

    Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry

    Year V - Mandatory Internship

    Best Books for BDS Course 

    Books comprise all the crucial components that a student needs to grasp concepts. Thus, it is of paramount importance that one refers to the right set of study materials. Here are the best BDS course book for candidates’ reference:

    Name of the Book

    Name of the Author 

    Orbans Oral Histology and Embryology 14th Edition 2015

    G A Kumar

    Phillips Science of Dental Materials 10th Edition

    Kenneth J. Anusavice

    Human Physiology for BDS Students 1st Edition


    Essentials of Physiology for Dental Students 2nd Edition, 2016


    Functional Histology, Churchill Livingstone, Edition 2

    Weather, Burkitt and Daniels

    BDS Course Career Options and Job Prospects

    The medical field has expanded in the past decade such that there are various job opportunities in the private sector as well. Most of the good colleges offer placement opportunities in private hospitals and dental healthcare centres. Dentists are also hired in government hospitals and other government departments on the basis of the entrance exam. Aspiring candidates can apply for these courses after completing their graduation, however, some jobs are available after pursuing MDS. Here are some of the employment areas and job profiles that students can explore.

    Employment Areas
    • Research Institutes 

    • Private Practice 

    • Pharmaceutical Companies

    • Hospitals

    • Educational Institutes

    • Dental Products Manufacturers

    • Dental Equipment Manufacturers

    • Dental Clinics

    Job Profiles/ Types
    • Private Practitioner

    • Dental Lab Technician/ Ceramist

    • Medical Representative/ Sales Representative

    • Dental Surgeon

    • Professor

    • Oral Pathologist

    • Public Health Specialist

    • Dental Assistant

    • Consultant

    • Dental Hygienist

    Salary After BDS

    Graduates also have the options to start their own dental clinic to treat patients. With enough capital and proper research, a dental clinic can help you earn decent money. After pursuing MDS the chances of earning a better salary are high as an MDS usually takes 4 to 6 lakh per annum. Salaries can also vary from city to city as medical expenses and dental charges in metro cities are more than in small cities and towns.

    Initial Salary Range at Average Organisations INR 15,000 per month to INR 30,000 per month
    Initial Salary Range at Top-tier Organisations INR 6 LPA to INR 12 LPA

    Specialised Fields After BDS Course

    • Public health Dentistry

    • Oral Medicine & Radiology

    • Paedodontics & Preventive Dentistry

    • Oral Pathology & Microbiology

    • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

    • Periodontology

    • Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

    • Prosthodontics, Crown& bridge

    • Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics

    Skills Needed to Become a BDS Professional

    BDS professionals are directly responsible for taking care of an individual’s dental issues. It is a challenging profession and one must be ready to tackle challenges head-on. Here are some of the skills a BDS graduate must possess:

    1. Empathy towards the patients

    2. Ability to work under pressure

    3. Possessing insights and knowledge

    4. Excellent communication skills

    5. Quick decision-making

    6. Attention to detail

    7. Business awareness

    8. Dexterity

    Degree Specialization

    B.D.S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) colleges by college Type

    FAQs about BDS

    What is BDS?

    A BDS course is a 5-year programme that mainly focuses on training and introducing students about dental sciences and surgeries.

    Who regulates BDS course education in India?

    The curriculum of the BDS couse is set and managed by the Dental Council of India.

    Should I opt for BDS course?

    Surely, candidates should enroll for the BDS course. It is one of the top medical courses chosen by students in India.

    What is the minimum eligibility criteria required for BDS?

    Aspiring students should have passed the 10+2 qualifying exam with a minimum of 50% aggregate from a recognized institute. One must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology compulsorily in their 10+2.

    Where can we pursue DDS?

    Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) can be pursued abroad in countries such as the US and Canada. Aspirants need to clear exams like NBED, NDEB, etc. to secure admission.

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