Criminal Law

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Mar 13, 2023 19:31PM IST

About Criminal Law

Criminal Law is one of the most popular specialisations of law. The study of Criminal Law includes the statutes, rules, and regulations which define conduct that is prohibited by the law due to the threat it poses as well as the harm it can cause to public safety and welfare. Apart from that, Criminal Law also lays down the punishment that can be imposed on any individual or group of people if they break any law.

In practical terms, Criminal Law deals with offences that are committed against the society or the state. One of the oldest branches of law, Criminal Law is the top choice of specialisation of many law aspirants. Candidates who pursue the specialisation of Criminal Law have to interrogate witnesses, interview clients, conduct trials, correlate proofs and findings, prepare a case for the defence of his/ her client and he/ she also has to examine as well as cross-examine witnesses in court.

Criminal Law is offered at the undergraduate and postgraduate level both. Candidates who wish to specialise in the field can seek admission at both the levels provided they meet the eligibility criteria for the same. Those who have to get enrolled in an undergraduate course of Criminal Law will be required to pursue integrated law programmes for specialising in the field of Criminal Law. However, if the candidate is taking admission at the postgraduate level, he/ she can specialise in Criminal Law straight away. Some popular courses offered in postgraduation in the field of Criminal Law include LLM (Master of Law) in Criminal Law, LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and Administrative Law, LLM in Criminal and Security Law, LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, LLM in Criminal and Business Law, etc.

Due to the ever increasing demand for the course of Criminal Law, many universities and institutes have also started offering diploma and certificate programmes in the course. Candidates also have the option of pursuing a diploma or certificate course in Criminal Law. Certificate in Criminal Litigation and Trial Advocacy, Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Justice, Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Law, etc. are a few popular additional courses in the field of Criminal Law.

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Criminal Law Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for admission to Criminal Law course are explained in detail below. Candidates who meet these criteria are eligible to apply for Criminal Law.

  • In order to get admission to an undergraduate course of Criminal Law, the candidate must have completed class 12th from a school of a recognised state or central board of education with at least 50% to 60% marks in aggregate.
  • For getting admission to the postgraduate course of Criminal law, the aspirant needs to have an undergraduate degree in law from any recognised university or institute. It is mandatory for the candidate to have scored at least 50-60 per cent marks in graduation.
  • Some institutes have their own set of eligibility criteria that the candidate has to fulfil in order to be considered for admission to the Criminal Law programme. Students must check the individual conditions set by the college or university they target for admission.

Criminal Law Admission Process

  • The admission of students to the course of Criminal Law is usually done on the basis of their performance in the entrance exams.
  • Some law colleges accept common entrance exams for shortlisting students while some conduct their own, individual entrance tests.
  • The selection of candidates is also based on merit in some institutes, The marks obtained by the applicant in the qualifying examinations are considered while shortlisting them.

Criminal Law Entrance Exams

Here are some of the common law entrance exams that are accepted for Criminal Law admissions in the colleges of India.

  • Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)
  • Law School Admission Test (LSAT)
  • All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
  • All India Bar Exam (AIBE)
  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)
  • Delhi University Law Entrance Exam
  • Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test (BHU UET)
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Criminal Law Syllabus

Criminal Law Undergraduate (BA LLB) Syllabus:

Legal Language and Legal Writing

Trial Advocacy (Clinical 3)

Language Lab (Clinical 2)

General English

Political Science 1

Family Law 1

Company Law 1

Business Economics 2 (Macro)

Political Science 2

Computer Fundamentals and its Applications

History 1

Business Economics 1 (Micro)


Political Science 3

Law of Contracts 1

History 2

Law of Contracts 2

Legal Method and Legal Reasoning

Constitutional Law 1

Prop. law incl. Trans. of Prop. Act & Easement Act

Fundamentals of Moot Court- (Clinical 1)

Torts and Consumer Protection Law

Law of Crimes (IPC)

Client Counselling

Crim. Proc. Code, Juv. Justice Act & Prob. of Off. Act

Administrative Law

Elective 1

Company Law 2

Interpretation of Statutes

Family Law 2


Elective 2

Constitutional Law 2

Open elective 1

Labour Law 1

Civil Drafting

Air and Space Law

Civil Procedure Code and Law of Limitation

Comparative Criminal Procedure (Honours 2)

Labour Law 2

Open elective 2

Aviation Law

Human Rights and International Law

Law of Evidence

Criminal Drafting

Taxation Law

Environmental Law

Financial and Systemic Fraud (Honours 3)

Criminal Psychology (Honours 1)

Private International Law

Open Elective 3

Forensic Science & the Law (Honours 6)

Drafting of Writs and Conveyance

International Economic Law

Open Elective 4

Drafting Conveyance

IT Offences (Honours 7)

Penology and Victimology (Honours 8)

White Color Crime (Honours 5)

Drafting, Pleading and Conveyance- (Clinical 2)

Information Technology Law

Open Elective 5

Right to Information

Prof. Ethics, Acc. for Lawyers and Bar Bench Relation

Clinical 12

Intellectual Property Law

International Criminal Law (Honours 4)

Competition Law

Criminal Law Postgraduate Syllabus:

Course Syllabus

LLM in Criminal Law

  • Indian Constitutional Law: The New Challenges
  • Comparative Criminal Procedure
  • Legal Education and Research Methodology
  • Penology: Treatment of Offenders
  • Privileged Class Deviance
  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
  • Drug Addiction
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • Law and Social Transformation
  • Collective Violence

LLM in Criminal Law, Criminal Justice and Administrative Law

  • Criminal Justice System In India
  • Juvenile Justice - Law And Policy
  • Cyber Crimes
  • Narcotic Drugs- Law And Policy
  • Comparative Criminal Procedure (Optional Paper 4)
  • Medical Jurisprudence And Forensic Science (Optional)
  • Collective Violence And Criminal Justice System (Optional Paper 5)
  • Privileged Class Deviance (Elective)

LLM in Criminal and Security Law

  • Comparative Public Law
  • Elective 1
  • Law and Justice in a Globalized World
  • Research Methods and Legal Writing
  • Elective 2
  • Principles of Criminal Law
  • Comparative Criminal Procedure
  • Human Rights and the Criminal Justice System
  • Forensic Science and Criminal Investigation

Criminal Law Diploma Syllabus:

Indian Penal Code

Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice Research And Advocacy

Challenges to Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice Administration

Criminal Justice Processes

Criminal Law Certificate Syllabus:

Working of the Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System

Case Management

Career Opp. and Emerging Area in Criminal Litigation

Criminal Drafting

Building your Practice

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Criminal Law Career Options and Job Prospects

Criminal Law falls in the category of the oldest and extremely popular specialisations in the field of law. Students who have a degree of law with a specialisation in Criminal Law can start working professionally or aim for higher studies as well. Some of the most sought after law job profiles that candidates are eligible to pursue after completing a Criminal Law course are given below.

  • Legal Advisor
  • Criminal Lawyer
  • Government Advocate
  • Government Pleader
  • Standing Counsel
  • Criminal Law Practitioner
  • Additional Public Prosecutor
  • Lecturer
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FAQs about Criminal Law

Which institutes offer the best Criminal Law courses?

The best institutes for Criminal Law course are Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur, LNCT University, Bhopal, Apex College For Girls, Jaipur, SRM University Delhi-NCR, Sonepat, Jagannath University, Jaipur etc.

Are certificate courses available in Criminal Law?

Yes, Certificate courses are available in Criminal Law that are spread across the duration of 12 months to 18 months.

Can I do an LLB specialisation in Criminal Law?

Yes. Generally, an integrated BA LLB degree is provided with the Criminal Law specialisation.

What is the average fee for a Criminal Law course?

The average course fee of Criminal Law depends on the degree and the level of the course. It may range from Rs 9,000 and 18,000 (full-time) for certificate and diploma courses. However, for degree courses, it falls between Rs 60, 000 and Rs 5 lakh per annum.

What is included in the syllabus of Criminal Law?

The syllabus of Criminal Law includes various important topics such as Legal Language and Legal Writing, Trial Advocacy, Family Law, Law of Contracts, Torts and Consumer Protection Law, Law of Crimes, Client Counselling, Comparative Criminal Procedure, Taxation Law, Drafting, Pleading and Conveyance, White Collar Crime, IT Offences etc.

What are the popular entrance exams to study Criminal Law?

The popular entrance exams for Criminal Law are Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), All India Law Entrance Test (AILET), Law School Admission Test (LSAT), Delhi University Law Entrance Exam, Symbiosis Law Admission Test (SLAT), Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test (BHU UET) and many more.

What job profiles can I opt for after a Criminal Law course?

The job profiles that are open for a candidate after completing a Criminal Law course are Criminal Lawyer, Legal Advisor, Government Pleader, Government Advocate, Additional Public Prosecutor, Criminal Law Practitioner, Law Lecturer etc.

Can I do a Diploma in Criminal Law?

Yes, numerous Diploma in Criminal Law courses are available in India. They are spread across a duration of 1 Year to 2 Years.

Does an LLM degree provide a specialisation in Criminal Law?

LLM does provide a Criminal Law specialisation and plenty of aspirants go for it in order to enhance career opportunities. Some top-notch institutes that are offering the course are IIMT University (IIMTU), Meerut, Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University - JVWU, Jaipur, Sandip University, Nashik, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chengalpattu, Jagran Lakecity University (JLU), Bhopal etc.

How much salary can I extract after completing a Criminal Law course?

The average salary earned after completing a Criminal Law course is ?6,00,582 per annum. Initially, an aspirant makes around ?1,97,000 and it may go up till ?30,00,000 per annum.
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Related Questions


Anil kumar, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Dec-28-2023
1 year ka h sir

shailesh kumar, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Dec-21-2023
12th pass with pcm (2010)

Navneet, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Oct-24-2023
LPU offers an integrated Law program, and LPU offers BBA-LLB and BA-LLB. The fee structure of the programme is Rs. 120000 per semester without any scholarship for the 2023 session. However, LPU provides very good scholarships to bright students based on good academic records, sports, or extracurricular activities achievement, etc. I recommend you visit the LPU website for more details of scholarships. The online application has already been started for this programme for the 2023 session. You can visit for an online application. Thanks

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