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DM Course

Updated By Dinesh Dahiya on 27 Jun, 2022
Average Duration
3 years
Average Fee
2 L-4 L INR annual

DM (Doctorate of Medicine) Course Overview

A Doctorate of Medicine or DM is an advanced course in the field of medicine. Upon completing this course, a candidate is awarded a Post Graduate Super Speciality Degree. The duration of the Doctorate of Medicine course is three years and this period is inclusive of the exam time as well. This course enables candidates to gain theoretical knowledge along with clinical and practical skills, they develop the correct approach and attitude for communicating while being trained for research methodology.

After completing 3 years or 6 terms, candidates need to attend the DM exam. Each year, recognized postgraduate teachers in departments allow one student to be admitted to each course. The department too must constitute at least three faculty members who are a professor, an assistant professor or a reader, and a lecturer or an assistant professor.

The pattern of training for the Directorate of Medical course is similar to that of the MD in various clinical disciplines, practical training as well as advanced diagnostics, therapeutic and laboratory methods as per their specialisations.

Doctorate of Medicine Course Highlights

A Doctorate of Medicine course is one of the most competitive courses in terms of the eligibility criteria required to be fulfilled by candidates. Here is a quick look at the highlights of the Doctorate of Medicine program:

Course Level


Course duration

3 years

Eligibility criteria

State government conducts a competitive exam, merit on the basis of national level centralised competitive test, a minimum score of 50% for general candidates and 40% for SC, ST and OBC candidates in the DM exam. 

Admission process

Entrance exams like NEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER exam, PGIMER

Average course fee

INR 2000 to INR 20 lakh

Average salary

INR 10 lakh and above

Top colleges offering Doctorate of Medicine courses in India

CMC Vellore, St Johns Medical College, Bangalore, AIIMS New Delhi, KMC Manipal, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, AFMC Pune, IMS BHU, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, Grant Medical College, Mumbai, VIMS Bangalore, DYPMC Pune, BMCRI Bangalore, JIPMER Puducherry, SMT NHL Municipal Medical College Ahmedabad, SRMCRI Chennai, IPGMER Kolkata.

Common job positions

Clinical pharmacologist. Endocrinologist, Immunologist, Cardiologist, Clinical Haematologist, Gastroenterologist, Neuro-radiologist, Physician, Oncologist, Neonatologist, Geneticist, Nephrologist.

Who should do a DM Course?

Doctors who have an MD degree are eligible for pursuing the DM program. The selection of this course is heavily dependent on the academic merit of candidates. There are many other criteria to fulfil in order to do a Doctorate of Medicine course such as possessing skills like leadership, teamwork, paying attention to details, problem-solving skills, etc. that are required to be successful at gaining a Doctorate of Medicine degree.

List of popular Doctorate of Medicine courses/ specialisations

There are various popular Doctorate of Medicine courses depending on the DM subjects. Take a look here:

DM in Cardiology

DM in Clinical Pharmacology

DM in Clinical Haematology

DM in Immunology

DM in Medical Gastroenterology

DM in Medical Genetics

DM in Medical Oncology

DM in Neonatology

DM in Nephrology

DM in Neurology

DM in Neuro-Radiology


Doctorate of Medicine Course Eligibility Criteria

The DM degree is one of the most ambitious degrees and is only awarded to the most deserving and meritorious candidates. Here are the eligibility criteria for a Doctorate of Medicine:

  • Doctors who are MDs are eligible to apply for the course and the academic merit of students is considered to be the most important criteria for Doctorate of Medicine admission.
  • Marks scored by candidates in the competitive exams (general candidates a minimum of 50% and SC/ST/OBC a minimum of 40%) conducted by the state government or similar conducting bodies appointed by the state government. Universities also appoint a body for conducting exams.
  •  Centralised competitive tests at the National level
  • Candidates who have completed from the same university can be allowed Doctorate of Medicine  admission on the basis of the first two along with the MBBS exam performance
  •  Non-government institutes have the option of filling half of their seats and the other half is filled by the management. But this is also done on the basis of merit.

Doctorate of Medicine Course Types

Here is a comprehensive view of the various types of DM degrees available based on the specialisation:


Pulmonary medicine

Pulmonary medicine and critical care

Paediatrics gastroenterology

Paediatrics cardiology

Paediatrics oncology

Paediatrics nephrology

Paediatrics hepatology

Organ transplant anaesthesia and critical care







Medical genetics

Medical gastroenterology

Infectious diseases



Haematology pathology

Geriatric mental health


Critical care medicine

Clinical pharmacology

Clinical immunology

Clinical haematology

Child and adolescent psychiatry


Reproductive medicine

Difference between Doctorate of Medicine (DM) and Doctor of Medicine Degree (MD)

The Doctorate of Medicine and Doctor of Medicine degrees are often confused with each other but there are some major differences between them.


Doctorate of Medicine (DM)

Doctor of Medicine (MD)

Degree type

Post Doctorate

Post graduate 


3 years

3 years





AIIMS New Delhi, PGIMER Chandigarh, JIPMER Pondicherry, King George’s Medical College

CMC Vellore, St Johns Medical College, Bangalore, AIIMS New Delhi, KMC Manipal, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, AFMC Pune, IMS BHU

How to Get Admission for a Doctorate of Medicine Course?

Doctorate of Medicine is a course that is only ideal for highly meritorious students. The candidate needs to have an MD degree and pass entrance exams. The process of admission is strictly based on academic merit and various entrance exams like NEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER exam, and PGIMER exam.

Doctorate of Medicine Entrance Exams

Several entrance exams are conducted for gaining admission in DM courses like NEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER exam, and PGIMER. NEET SS or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Super Speciality Course) is conducted by the NBE or National Board of Education. The NEET SS is conducted annually and is a computer-based mode of exam.

Doctorate of Medicine Top Colleges in India

Here is the list of the top Doctorate of Medicine colleges in India course:

Doctorate of Medicine Course Fees

The duration of a Doctorate of Medicine is three years and below is the list of Doctorate of Medicine fees for various specialisations:


Rs 5000- Rs 10 lakhs

Clinical Haematology

Rs 50000- Rs 1 lakhs

Clinical Pharmacology

Rs 30,000- Rs 3.2 lakhs


Rs 10,000- Rs 15 lakhs


Rs 25,000- Rs 2.4 lakhs

Medical Gastroenterology

Rs 10,000- Rs 7 lakhs

Medical Genetics

Rs 10lakhs- Rs 15 lakhs

Medical Oncology

Rs 50,000- Rs 2 lakhs


Rs 30,000- Rs 1 lakhs


Rs 5000- Rs 20 lakhs

Required skills set for Doctorate in Medicine Course

In order to gain a Doctorate in Medicine degree, candidates need some particular skill sets. Take a look at the skills required to successfully earn a DM degree and have an amazing career:

Problem-solving skills

As doctors, the primary skill that one needs to possess is the capability of solving problems. You need to gather all kinds of clues from the patient’s reports about their symptoms and their history while running different tests to identify the cause of illnesses. You might need to do some out-of-the-box thinking in order to find out the cause of the disease as not all presentations are very clear. Treating kids comes with its own challenges as they are not always good with communication.


More often doctors will find themselves working in teams with other doctors and with people from various disciplines. So the importance of working in teams and collaborating with people is crucial as a doctor.

Paying attention to details

A good doctor is mindful of all details. In spite of having busy schedules and workloads, treating every patient with the same level of attention and not neglecting any patients in the process.

Decision-making skills

Doctors need to make decisions and having a logical, analytical personality is very important. It helps them to rely on data and test results to make the best decision. Making quick decisions while remaining calm and professional is crucial for doctors.


Medical professionals have the responsibility of treating all patients in a courteous manner. One has to show emotional maturity while interacting with patients. It is the professionalism of doctors that makes them exceptional at their jobs.

Leadership skills

As doctors, there might be a time in life when you would need to take up a leadership role. So being confident with your role and responsibility when required while being empathetic will help you bring out the best in your team.

Communication skills

While building one’s career as a doctor, you will be interacting with people from all walks of life. Again medicine is a complex subject that needs to be communicated clearly with patients when explaining symptoms, diagnosis, and plans for treatment. So it is important to inculcate strong communication skills for building effective relationships with colleagues and patients.

Doctorate of Medicine Course Syllabus

The doctorate of medicine syllabus depends completely on the course specialisation opted for by the candidate. Take a look at the patterns of exam:

Theory paper

There are four papers including Basic Medical Science and Recent Advances. There is also a gap between Clinical exams that ensures that the answer books have been checked and evaluated. After that is the clinical and oral exam.

Practice and oral paper

During the practical exam, candidates are required to perform diagnosis with the help of various special investigative methods for diagnosis and therapy. The oral exam tests the candidate’s knowledge of subjects. Students need to score at least 50% marks in their theory papers as well as practical, clinical and viva.

Doctorate of Medicine Scope in India

After successfully completing the Doctorate of Medicine candidates can work in these areas:

  • Hospitals
  • Laboratories
  • Medical colleges
  • Biomedical companies
  • Polyclinics
  • Non-profit organisations
  • Health centres
  • Private practice
  • Nursing homes
  • Research institutes
  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnological companies

What is a Doctorate of Medicine Salary?

The average salary for a Doctorate of Medicine specialisation depends on some important factors like experience and specialisation. The choice of career path in terms of a government and private hospital and a government hospital along with a private clinic also dictates the salary of doctors with a DM degree. But on average, the salary range lies between INR 1.5 LPA to 30 LPA.

Career Options and Job Prospects after Doctorate of Medicine

Candidates after the completion of the Doctorate of Medicine degree have a lot of prospects and opportunities to choose from:

Clinical Pharmacologist.




Clinical Haematologist.










FAQs about Doctorate of Medicine

What is the scope of doing DM or Fellowship in Infectious diseases in India?

Eligibility for a Doctorate of Medicine in Infectious Disease in India is:

M.D. in Medicine/Paediatrics/Microbiology/Tropical Medicine from any University recognized by the MCI. AIIMS, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow, and Dr. M.G.R. Medical University offer these courses. Candidates are also required to clear the entrance exams in order to gain admission to colleges offering a DM degree.


What degree is best for a DM course?

In order to pursue a DM course, one needs to have an MD degree in the field of medicine. Admission to DM courses is based on entrance exams scores and merit.

What is the pay scale for a DM doctor in India?

The pay scale of a DM doctor in India is based on the specialisation of candidates. But on average, the pay ranges between 20 to 30 lakh per annum.

What is the full form of DM?

The full form of DM is Doctorate of Medicine.


What are the best colleges to study a DM course?

CMC Vellore, St Johns Medical College, Bangalore, AIIMS New Delhi, KMC Manipal, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, AFMC Pune, IMS BHU, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, Grant Medical College, Mumbai are some of the colleges offering DM courses.

Can I gain admission to a DM course without an entrance exam?

No, in India, admission to a DM course is strictly based on merit and entrance exams like NEET SS, AIIMS SS, PGIMER exam and JIPMER exam.

Can I pursue a teaching career after the DM course?

Yes, academically inclined candidates can teach after completing the DM course.

What is the difference between an MD and DM course?

DM is a postdoctoral course while MD is a postgraduate course. One cannot pursue a DM course without completing the MD course.

What entrance exams are there for DM courses?

NEET SS, AIIMS SS, JIPMER, and PGIMER are the entrance exams for studying DM courses.


How long does it take to complete a DM course?

It takes three years to complete a DM course in India.


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