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    MLT course Syllabus & Subjects 2023

    MLT Syllabus & Subjects Overview

    The Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) programme is a three-year Bachelor's degree that is divided into six semesters of approximately six months each. The MLT course syllabus and curriculum assist health workers by instilling the necessary skills for conducting laboratory tests and initiating the treatment process by detecting symptoms, which aids in diagnosing, treating, and avoiding disease. They are an essential component of the healthcare business. Medical laboratory technicians/technologists are critical components of the whole system since they collect, sample, test, report, and document medical investigations. They examine the cells, tissues, and fluids of the body using biochemical, pathological, and microscopic techniques.

    Graduates of this course work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals such as physicians, surgeons, nurses, dentists, and pharmacists to evaluate, monitor, and assess a patient's health situation, keeping doctors and others informed to devise a course of treatment and plan appropriate care arrangements for the patient.

    Moreover, Medical Laboratory Technician health professionals are concerned with disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention through the use of clinical laboratory tests. The MLT syllabus and subjects prepare students for rewarding jobs in hospitals, minor emergency centres, private laboratories, blood donation centres, doctor's offices, or clinics.

    MLT Course Structure

    The Medical Lab Technology or BSc MLT course syllabus is a three-year programme broken into six semesters of approximately six months each. The MLT course syllabus is divided into three sections: core courses, elective subjects, and practical lab subjects. The core subjects are those that universities believe are necessary for students to learn well. Furthermore, practical lab workshops aim to allow students to apply classroom knowledge in a practical situation. The practical lab workshops are intended to expose students to all areas of medical lab technology in a hands-on situation. This will ensure that they are not scared by the rapid shift in atmosphere when they start work. The following are the BSc MLT course's teaching methodology and techniques along with the course structure:

    • VI Semesters
    • Core Subjects
    • Elective Subjects
    • Practical Lab Workshops
    • Practical Workshops
    • Group Projects
    • Dissertation

    Theory Examination 

    • Each BSc MLT theory paper examination will be 3 hours long and of a maximum of 70 marks.
    • Each Theory paper will receive 30 marks in internal assessment.
    • The number of question papers will be determined by the various subjects/areas studied during each of the three years of the BSc degree.
    • To pass, a candidate must get at least 50% in each Theory paper, including internal assessment. This means that students will need to get at least 50% on each paper. This includes the 70-mark theory paper and the 30-mark internal assessment for that paper (Marks earned in Theory paper + Marks gained in internal assessment = Total Marks obtained in respect of each paper).

    Practical and Viva-Voce Examination

    • There will be one practical and one viva-voce examination per year. It will be held following the conclusion of the Theory examination.
    • Because the pattern of practical assessment in different years of the course is not standard, the BSc Medical Laboratory Technology degree course of different fields will differ.
    • To be declared pass, a candidate must achieve at least 50% marks in each Theory paper, including the internal assessment, and a minimum of 50% marks in the practical examination.


    Successful candidates pursuing the BSc MLT syllabus will be categorised as under:

    Those who achieve 50% or higher but less than 60% in their first, second, and third years combined.Pass 
    Those who obtain 60% or above but less than 75% in the aggregate marks of the first, second, and third years combined.Pass with I Division
    Those who obtain 75% or higher in the aggregate marks of the first, second, and third years combined.Pass with Honors

    MLT Year Wise Syllabus

    As previously stated, the MLT course syllabus and curriculum is divided into six semesters that are completed in three years. Furthermore, the MLT course material is developed in such a way that students may quickly appreciate the significance of their responsibilities in supporting others in obtaining credible assistance. Furthermore, students can gain a deeper understanding of the disciplines through theory, training, workshops, and volunteerism. As one's proficiency grows, it allows one to realise a few key variables. The MLT course syllabus may differ from one university to the next, but the basic disciplines stay the same. For those interested, below is a summary of the BSc MLT syllabus:

    First-Year MLT Syllabus 

    Semester ISemester II
    Human Anatomy-IHuman Anatomy-II
    Human Physiology-IHuman Physiology-II
    Health Education and Health CommunicationBio-Medical Waste Management
    PC Software LabPractical: Human Anatomy-II
    Practical: Human Anatomy-I Practical: Human Physiology-II 
    Practical: Human Physiology-I Practical: Biochemistry-II
    Practical: Biochemistry-ICommunication Lab

    Second-Year MLT Syllabus 

    Semester IIISemester IV
    Clinical Haematology-IClinical Haematology-II
    Immunology and Serology-I Immunology and Serology-II
    Histopathology and Histotechniques-IHistopathology and Histotechniques-II
    Practical: Clinical Haematology-IPractical: Clinical Haematology-II
    Practical: Microbiology, Immunology and Serology-IPractical: Microbiology, Immunology and Serology-II
    Practical: Histopathology and Histotechniques-IPractical: Histopathology and Histotechniques-II

    Third-Year MLT Syllabus 

    Semester VSemester VI
    Immunohematology and Blood BankingClinical Endocrinology and Toxicology
    Clinical Enzymology and AutomationAdvanced Diagnostic Techniques
    Parasitology and VirologyDiagnostic Molecular Biology
    Diagnostic CytologyPractical: Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology
    Principles of Lab Management and Medical EthicsPractical: Advanced Diagnostic Techniques
    Practical: Clinical EnzymologyPractical: Diagnostic Molecular Biology
    Practical: Parasitology and VirologyInternship Project
    Practical: Diagnostic CytologyDissertation/Research Project 

    MLT Important Subjects

    Enlisted below are some of the main or core BSc MLT subjects that are part of the MLT syllabus or curriculum that students will study during their course:

    MLT Course Subjects Brief About the Subject
    Human AnatomyThe primary goal of this MLT subject is to master the vocabulary as well as basic knowledge of cells and tissues, as well as to grasp the anatomy of the human body. This class will teach you about the anatomy and function of organs and organ systems in the normal human body.
    Human PhysiologyThe primary goal of this syllabus is to integrate the fundamental understanding of cells, tissues, blood, physiological activities, and illnesses of the systems covered.
    BiochemistryThis subject has been designed to teach the fundamentals of biochemistry, apparatus, units, equipment, and volumetric analysis in Clinical Biochemistry.
    PathologyThe pathology curriculum is designed to provide students with a basic grasp of illnesses and their causes. Pathology's syllabus or curriculum complements and supplements the knowledge students learned in Physiology.
    Clinical HaematologyThis subject is intended to help students understand blood problems, lab diagnostics, and the numerous types of laboratory tests.
    MicrobiologyThis subject provides a general overview of the history and fundamentals of microbiology, as well as information about the equipment used in microbiology.
    Immunology and Serology This subject has been designed to teach the fundamentals of immunity, antigens, antibodies, diverse serological reactions, techniques, and their applications in the laboratory diagnosis of human diseases. This course will also teach you about serological techniques, autoimmune illnesses, their markers, and vaccinations.
    Histopathology and HistotechniquesStudents will learn about various histotechniques, tissue specimen handling and processing, and staining processes. This topic also attempts to comprehend the theory, process, and demonstration of diverse tissue constituents and advanced instruments.
    Immunohematology and Blood Banking The primary objective of this subject is to educate students on the concepts of blood grouping, blood collection, infectious marker determination, compatibility testing, and quality control as they relate to blood transfusion services.
    Clinical Enzymology and AutomationThis MLT subject has been designed to provide complete knowledge of enzymes and automation in the Clinical Laboratory.
    Parasitology and VirologyThis MLT subject will teach you about the general characteristics, life cycle, and laboratory diagnosis of numerous medically significant parasites.
    Diagnostic CytologyStudents will learn about staining processes for demonstrating various compounds and cytological examinations. This will cover unique staining techniques, as well as the handling and testing of diverse cytological specimens.
    Principles of Laboratory Management and Medical EthicsStudents will learn about basic ethics, appropriate lab techniques, and awareness/safety in a clinical lab.
    Clinical Endocrinology and ToxicologyThis MLT subject is designed to give fundamental knowledge of hormones and poisonous compounds, as well as procedures for determining them and diagnosing related illnesses.
    Advanced Diagnostic Techniques  This MLT Subject teaches the necessary abilities for disease detection, operation, and use of many advanced techniques.
    Diagnostic Molecular Biology  This MLT subject provides a basic introduction to molecular biology and its techniques like PCR, RTPCR etc.

    MLT Course Elective Subjects

    Every student must choose some elective subjects from the list of elective subjects listed below at the start of the academic year during the course duration. These topics' examinations will be held at the collegiate level. The following are some of the most well-known MLT electives that colleges provide to students:

    • Disaster Management 
    • Information and Communication Technology in Health Education
    • Clinical Nutrition
    • Yoga 
    • Effective English 
    • Health Care 
    • Constitution of India, etc. 

    A candidate may take elective subject examinations at the college level before the University examinations at the end of the first, second, or third year. Only applicants who have passed their elective subject will be able to fill out the University examination form for the III year (final year). To pass the elective subjects, a minimum of 50% of the specified total marks (50 out of 100) must be obtained.

    Candidates who do not pass their elective subjects will be ineligible to submit their III year (final year) University examination form and, as a result, will not be authorised to appear in the University examination of the course's III year (final year).

    MLT Entrance Exam Syllabus

    In India, both private and public colleges offer the Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology or BSc MLT. Some colleges allow or administer an admission exam for this three-year programme. Students must take these admission tests. To appear in these tests, one must have completed intermediate education in a science background. Many universities hold entrance tests for admission to the BSc MLT course. Some of the most well-known MLT entrance exams are enlisted below:

    Here’s the syllabus for some of the MLT course entrance exams mentioned below:

    NEET UG Syllabus

    Class 11th Syllabus 

    Biology TopicsChemistry Topics Physics Topics
    Diversity in Living WorldSome Basic Concepts of ChemistryPhysical world and measurement
    Structural Organization in Animals and PlantsStructure of AtomKinematics
    Cell Structure and FunctionClassification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesLaws of Motion
    Plant PhysiologyChemical Bonding and Molecular StructureWork, Energy and Power
    Human PhysiologyStates of Matter: Gases and LiquidsMotion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
    -EquilibriumProperties of Bulk Matter
    -Redox ReactionsThermodynamics
    -HydrogenBehaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
    -s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)Oscillations and Waves
    -Some p-Block Elements-
    -Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques-
    -Environmental Chemistry-

    Class 12th Syllabus 

    Biology TopicsChemistry Topics Physics Topics
    ReproductionSolid StateElectrostatics
    Genetics and EvolutionSolutionsCurrent Electricity
    Biology and Human WelfareElectrochemistryMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
    Biotechnology and Its ApplicationsChemical KineticsElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
    Ecology and EnvironmentSurface ChemistryElectromagnetic Waves
    -General Principles and Processes of Isolation of ElementsOptics
    -p- Block ElementsDual Nature of Matter and Radiation
    -d and f Block ElementsAtoms and Nuclei
    -Coordination CompoundsElectronic Devices
    -Haloalkanes and Haloarenes-
    -Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers-
    -Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids-
    -Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen-

    Chemistry in Everyday Life


    IPU CET Syllabus 

    Physics Syllabus

    Topic/Subject IPU CET Syllabus
    Modern Physics
    • Experimental Physics,
    • Atomic Structure
    • Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity
    • Photoelectric effect and Electromagnetic Waves
    • Semiconductors
    • Electric Charges and Fields
    • Electric Current
    • Electric potential and Capacitance
    • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
    • Electrostatics, Magnetism
    • Centre of Mass and Momentum Conservation
    • Gravitation
    • Fluid Mechanics
    • Circular Motion
    • Simple Harmonic Motion
    • Rotation
    • Refraction and Ray Optics
    • Heat Transfer
    • Laws of Thermodynamics
    • Thermal Properties of Matter
    Mechanical Waves
    • Waves
    Mechanics – 1
    • Mathematics in Physics
    • Motion in 1-D, 2-D, and Projectile Motion
    • Unites and Dimensions
    • Work, Power, and Energy

    Chemistry Syllabus

    Topic/Subject IPU CET Syllabus
    Organic Chemistry
    • Chemistry in Action
    • Carbonyl Compounds
    • Alcohol and Ether
    • Biomolecules
    • Carbonyl Compounds
    • Isomerism
    • General Organic Chemistry
    • Carboxylic Acid, and its Derivatives
    • Haloalkanes
    Inorganic Chemistry
    • Chemical Bonding
    • Metallurgy
    • P-Block Elements
    • Qualitative Analysis
    • D-Block and F-Block Elements
    • Coordination Compounds
    Physical Chemistry
    • Chemical Equilibrium
    • Chemical Kinetics
    • Nuclear Chemistry
    • Atomic Structure
    • Electrochemistry
    • Gaseous State
    • Redox and Volumetric Analysis
    • Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry

    Mathematics Syllabus

    Topic/Subject IPU CET Syllabus
    • Binomial Theorem
    • Complex Numbers
    • Matrices and Determinants
    • Permutation and Combination
    • Progressions
    • Set Theory
    • Probability
    Integral Calculus
    • Definite and Indefinite Integration
    • Differential Equation
    Coordinate Geometry
    • Circle
    • Parabola
    • Hyperbola
    • Point and Straight Line
    • Vector
    • Inverse Trigonometry Functions
    • Trigonometric Ratio
    • Functions and Identities
    • Trigonometric Equations and Inequations
    • Mathematical Reasoning
    Differential Calculus
    • Continuity and Differentiability
    • Differential Coefficient
    • Functions
    • Limit

    MLT Subjects and Syllabus: Important Books

    In general, students following an MLT course syllabus always invest in reference and course books, as these can assist students to gain a thorough understanding of the subject. The reference books also assist students in easily completing the MLT subjects and syllabus. The following is a list of some of the most well-known and extensively used BSc MLT books that can assist students while they are studying the course:

    • J. C. Johari: The Constitution of India- A Politico-Legal Study-Sterling Publication, Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 
    • J. N. Pandey: Constitution Law of India, Allahabad, Central Law Agency, 1998. 
    • Granville Austin: The Indian Constitution – Corner Stone of a Nation-Oxford, New Delhi, 2000. 
    • Health Education – A new approach – L. Ramachandran & T. Dharmalingan 
    • Health Communication in the 21st Century, By Kevin B. Wright, Lisa Sparks, H. Dan O'Hair, Blackwell publishing limited, 2013, first edition 
    • Health Communication: From Theory to Practice, By Renata Schiavo, Published by Jossey Bash. 
    • Health Communication, R.D. Karma Published by Mohit Publications 2008. 
    • Counseling Skills for Health Care Professionals, 1st Edition, Rajinikanth AM, Jaypee Brothers, 2010. 
    • The Book of Hospital Waste Management: Dr D.B. Acharya & Dr Meeta Singh (Minerva Press, New Delhi) 
    • Hospital Waste Management & its Monitoring: Madhuri Sharma (Jaypee Brothers, Medical Publishers (P) Ltd. New Delhi)

    Related Questions

    Is there a microbiology course
    -Hirunathpatir -Updated on Jan-12-202334 Answers

    tanishka, Student / Alumni

    If you are looking for best university for http://B.Sc in biotechnology course,I would say Lovely professional University is best university. The curriculum has been designed in such a way that it makes it easier for the students to prepare themselves for giant exams like CSIR-NET, ICMR, ICAR, and GATE. With an experienced faculty of 30+ in the department who arw ready to help the students round the clock, seven days a week, this institute is one of the best options for the young population to opt for biotechnology. In addition to core curricula, course offers subjects like communication and soft skills to enhance personality and employability. She said,specializations may be offered in Dairy Technology or Fermentation Technology or Molecular Biotechnology (subject to minimum number of students and feasibility) The course offers specializations in Dairy Technology, Fermentation Technology and Bioinformatics.The curriculum offers prime focus on fundamental and applied aspects of biotechnology.Students can get a foreign degree through international collaborations (2 year in India and 2 years abroad or 2 year in India and 1 year abroad)

    Navneet, Student / Alumni

    The application process for LPU is completely online. The LPU admission process includes filling in the application form, appearing for the LPUNEST entrance test, result declaration and fee payment. Given below is the admission process of Lovely Professional University. Step 1: LPU Application Process 2023 Candidates are required to follow the below-mentioned steps to fill out the LPU application form: Step 1.1: Visit the official website of LPU and click on the ' Apply Now' tab at the top of the web page. Step 1.2: Register on the official admission portal of LPU i.e. LPUADMIT ( with basic details such as name, email-id, mobile no., state, gender and password). The email id used during registration will act as the username for the portal and the password needs to be set by the candidate while registering. Step 1.3: Candidates can continue to apply for LPUNEST (for scholarship purposes). Step 1.4 Pay the application fee and hit on the submit button to complete the application process.

    Mawal Ark, Student / Alumni

    Well, you can take admission in LPU subject to satisfying following eligibility conditions: Eligibility Criteria: Pass with 60% aggregate marks in 10+2 (with English, Physics, Chemistry, Maths /& Biology/ Biotechnology) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPUNEST.

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