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    MLT course

    MLT Course Overview

    Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) course is the branch of medical science responsible for performing laboratory investigations relating to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Candidates can pursue this 3-year programme after they have completed their 12th studies in the science stream and PCMB as the primary subject. Students learn to analyze human fluids, like Blood, Urine, Stool, Sputum, Synovial- fluid, Cerebro-spinal fluid, etc. under microscopic examinations to aid doctors in diagnosing the disease correctly. Aspirants can appear for entrance exams such as JEE main, JEE advanced, JNUEE, etc. to get admission into MLT course.

    Candidates can pursue the Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) course via classroom learning or distance education. However, aspirants need to check with the institute to see if they offer these options or not. Top colleges such as Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi - Delhi NCR, King’s George Medical University - Lucknow, Christian Medical College - Tamil Nadu, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, etc. offer admission to MLT course. The programme fee ranges between INR 17,970 to INR 1.45 Lakh. Students who graduate from the BLT course can find jobs in CT scan technician, MRI Technician, Pathology Technician, Optical Laboratory Technician, Dental Machine Technician, X-ray Technicians, Laboratory Technician, Medical Officer, Radiology Technician, Laboratory Manager, Research Associate, and more.

    Why Chosse MLT?

    MLT is one of the most upcoming fields in allied health services. Some of the reasons to choose MLT are:

    • Growing need in the healthcare industry – The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the world. Also, the onset of multiple and complicated diseases growing in the world due to changing lifestyles has created a huge demand for skilled MLT professionals.
    • Multiple work opportunities – Once a student gets a degree in MLT, he/ she gets exposed to an ocean of opportunities in global job markets. They can work in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pathology labs, blood and organ banks, diagnostic centres, etc.
    • Opportunities to work abroad – The international medical industry has a huge demand for allied health science professionals, especially MLT professionals. Therefore, the career opportunities available abroad for MLT graduates are enormous. The salary package offered abroad is high and the work environment is even much better.
    • High salary packages – With the increase in demand for MLT professionals in the healthcare industry, the salary packages offered to them are pretty decent. They are valued for their skills and recruiting organizations are ready to pay excellent salary packages for the right candidates.
    • Flexibility at the workplace – MLTs work in a wide range of facilities including hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pathology labs, diagnostic centres and more. Candidates can choose to work in a setting that they enjoy the most. Depending on the organization, they can also choose the schedule for working according to their needs such as weekdays, nights or even weekends.


    MLT courses can be divided into three levels:

    1. Certificate courses – Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology is a short term course, the duration of which varies from 3 to 6 months depending on the institute. CMLT concerns the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases through a clinical laboratory test.
    2. Diploma courses – Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology, also known as DMLT, is a two-year programme that can usually be completed after passing class 12th. It is a paramedical course that focuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease using clinical laboratory and other physical tests.
    3. Degree courses – Degree courses include bachelor’s and master's degrees in MLT. Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is one of the most preferred courses by the students. The duration of the course is 3 years. While pursuing this course, students can get specialization in many areas such as microbiology, haematology, pathology, clinical chemistry, immune pathology, biomedical techniques, virology, radiology, bacteriology, genetics, cytopathology, serology, histology, coagulation, toxicology, etc. Master in Medical Lab Technology is a 2 year PG programme that includes fascinating subjects like molecular biology, human anatomy and physiology, etc.


    The eligibility criteria of different levels of MLT courses are different. Some of the courses can be done just after the 10th, some require the candidate to have completed at least 12th standard while others ask for an undergraduate degree. However, the general eligibility requirements of MLT courses for each course level can be understood from the following table:



    MLT Certificate Courses

    Completed 12th from a recognized board or in some cases completed 10th with the required % by the institute

    MLT Diploma Courses

    Completed 12th with science from a recognized board and with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate

    MLT Undergraduate Courses

    Completed 10+2 with science from a recognized and with a minimum of 50% marks 

    MLT Postgraduate Courses

    Bachelor’s degree in MLT with at least 50%-55% marks from a recognized university


    Subjects in Medical Laboratory Technology courses include knowledge of the human physiology and anatomy, managing biomedical wastes and other related subject matter. Some of the most important subjects covered during the Medical Laboratory Technology course, for instance, are: 

    • Biochemistry
    • Health Education and Health Communication
    • Human Anatomy
    • Human Physiology
    • PC Software Lab
    • Bio-Medical Waste Management
    • Communication Lab
    • Pathology
    • Immunology and Serology
    • Microbiology
    • Histopathology and Histotechniques
    • Clinical Haematology
    • Immunohematology and Blood Banking
    • Parasitology and Virology
    • Clinical Enzymology
    • Diagnostic Cytology
    • Clinical Enzymology and Automation
    • Principles of Lab Management and Medical Ethics
    • Diagnostic Molecular Biology
    • Advanced Diagnostic Techniques
    • Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology 

    Certain semesters also include practical subjects such as Human Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Human Physiology. The final semester includes a mandatory Internship Project.


    BMLT course syllabus is divided into 6 semesters which is tabulated below-



    Human Anatomy I

    Human Anatomy II

    Human Physiology-I

    Human Physiology II


    Biochemistry II

    Health Education & Health Communication

    Bio-Medical Waste Management

    PC Software Lab

    Human Anatomy-II

    Human Anatomy-I Lab

    Practical: Human Physiology-II

    Human Physiology-I Lab

    Practical: Biochemistry-I

    Biochemistry-I Lab

    Communication Lab

      SEMESTER lll



    Pathology – II

    Clinical Haematology-I

    Clinical Haematology-II



    Immunology & Serology-I

    Immunology & Serology-II

    Histopathology & Histotechniques –I

    Histopathology & Histotechniques –II

    Clinical Haematology-I Lab

    Clinical Haematology-II Lab

    Microbiology, Immunology & Serology - I Lab

    Microbiology, Immunology & Serology – II Lab

    Histopathology & Histotechniques -I Lab

    Histopathology & Histotechniques -II Lab



    Immunohematology & Blood Banking

    Clinical Endocrinology &Toxicology

    Clinical Enzymology & Automation

    Advanced Diagnostic Techniques

    Parasitology & Virology

    Diagnostic Molecular Biology

    Diagnostic Cytology

    Clinical Endocrinology & Toxicology Lab

    Principles of Lab Management & Medical Ethics

    Advanced Diagnostic Techniques Lab

    Clinical Enzymology Lab

    Diagnostic Molecular Biology Lab

    Parasitology & Virology Lab

    Internship Project

    Diagnostic Cytology Lab


    MLT is a course for those who pay attention to detail and are comfortable working with bodily fluids like blood. Some of the important skills required are –

    • Communication skills
    • Reasoning and problem-solving skills
    • Time management skills
    • Working under pressure
    • Hardworking
    • Technical abilities
    • Sound abilities with mathematics and science


    The demand for medical laboratory technicians or technologists in India is considerably high, enough to support a wide range of applications and specialisations. Moreover, the MLT scope in India is likely to continue to rise in the coming years.

    • The scope of the MLT course is very broad and graduates with a Medical Laboratory Technology degree can find employment in a variety of industries all around the world.
    • A career in the field of medical laboratory technology is one of the most challenging and rewarding in today’s times. A technician or technologist learns something new every day, which is beneficial to their work.
    • Medical Laboratory Technicians can work in pathology labs, research labs, urologist offices, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, and a variety of other settings.
    • Apart from the aforementioned options, an aspirant can also work as a lecturer or teacher in the education field.
    • With the passage of time, the MLT course has grown in terms of what a student learns during the course, thereby expanding the scope.
    • Blood banking, clinical chemistry, haematology, immunology, microbiology, cytotechnology, urine analysis, and blood sampling are all part of the Medical Laboratory Technology sector. There are a plethora of sectors in which graduates can find acceptable employment.
    • MLT professionals have a variety of work prospects in the healthcare industry. Clinical lab technologists are needed in every hospital and healthcare facility to detect issues and diseases that cause patients to become ill.
    • Another particularly high-income option that is available to professionals who have gathered a few years of experience is to work self-employed. 

    The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the country.


    MLT course is offered by many reputed colleges and universities across the country. Some of these colleges with the courses offered are listed below:

    College/ University

    MLT Course Offered

    All India Institute of Public and Physical Health Sciences

    Certificate Course in Medical Laboratory Technology

    Bidar Institute of Medical Science 

    GMR Varalakshmi Community College

    IASE University

    Jaya College of Art and Science

    Sardar Patel University

    Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology

    Government Polytechnic, Lisana

    DIPS College, Nainital

    Rajeev Gandhi College, Bhopal

    Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata

    Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

    Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology

    Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi

    King’s George Medical University , Lucknow

    SRM Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu

    Chandigarh University, Chandigarh

    Government Medical College, Kerala

    Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore

    Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai

    Masters in Medical Laboratory Technology

    Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi

    Saveetha Medical College, Chennai

    Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

    Chandigarh University, Chandigarh


    Studying MLT abroad means you could gain access to the best programs and facilities the world has to offer. MLT courses aren’t offered in many countries, so if this is the degree for you then studying abroad could be your best option.

    Some of the popular universities and colleges abroad which offer MLT courses abroad are listed below:

    • Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Canada
    • Maryville University, USA
    • University of South Australia, Australia
    • University of Cincinnati, USA
    • Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
    • Queensland University of Technology, Australia
    • University of n\New Brunswick, Canada


    A candidate can work at various profiles after completing MLT courses. Some of the popular job profiles along with their job description are tabulated below-

    Job ProfilesJob Description
    Lab TechnicianA lab technician works in a laboratory performing analytical or experimental procedures, maintaining lab equipment.
    Medical Record TechnicianA Medical Record Technician maintains medical records operations by following policies and procedures, reporting needed changes. They also initiate medical record by searching master patient index, ensure medical record availability by routing records to emergency departments, etc. 
    Lab AssistantA Lab Assistant take notes, records data and results, and organizes documentation and data transfer to computer formats. They organize and maintain lab storage, samples, etc. Lab Assistants follow all health and safety regulations when handling laboratory specimens. They identify and label samples and prepare equipment and workspace.
    Laboratory ManagerThe Lab Manager's responsibilities involve conduct testing in a timely manner, personally reviewing any abnormal results to find the root of the irregularity, etc. The laboratory quality manager also hires and manages staffs, ensuring all employees are receiving proper training.
    Anaesthesia TechnicianAnaesthesia Technicians help anaesthesiologists or other medical staff in cleaning, preparing and maintaining anaesthesia equipment for use in a surgical procedure.
    MRI TechnicianMRI Technicians run MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scanners at hospitals and diagnostic facilities, working directly with patients and explaining to them what to expect and understand from the results, giving drugs to patients for better contrast on scanned images.
    Pathology TechnicianPathology Technicians perform lab tests on human cells, fluids and tissues to diagnose illnesses. They also assist pathologists and work with chemicals and lab machinery.
    CT Scan TechnicianThey use Computerised Tomography (CT) scanners to produce cross-sectional images of the internal organs of a patient to detect medical issues.
    X-ray TechnicianX-ray Technicians work on imaging methods by using cutting-edge technology to view the inside of the human body, create pictures to help physicians diagnose and treat injuries or health complications.
    Operation Theatre technicianThey maintain and prepares the operation theatre and the necessary equipment for operations. They also assist surgical and anaesthetic teams during operations and provide support to patients in recovery.


    The annual salary of the various job profiles available to candidates who have completed an MLT course depends on various factors like recruiting organizations, work experience, qualifications, etc. However, the average annual salary of popular job profiles can be understood from the following table-

    Job Profiles

    Average Annual Salary (INR)

    Lab Technician

    2 LPA

    Medical Record Technician


    Lab Assistant


    Laboratory Manager


    Anaesthesia Technician


    MRI Technician


    Pathology Technician


    CT Scan Technician


    X-ray Technician


    Operation Theatre Technician



    Some of the top recruiters of MLT graduates are listed below:

    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
    • Forensic Science Laboratory
    • Apollo
    • Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi
    • Columbia Asia Referral Hospital
    • Manipal Hospital
    • Fortis
    • Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai
    • Paramount Health Services
    • Cactus Global 

    FAQs about MLT Course

    What is CMLT?

    CMLT is the course of Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology which can be pursued after class 10th.


    What is the average salary of an MLT graduate?

    The starting salary of an MLT graduate can be INR 30,000 per month which can rise up to 50,000 with an increase in experience.

    Can I do DMLT after class 10th?

    No, only the candidates who have passed class 12th can apply for the DMLT course.


    What is the duration of Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology?

    The duration of DMLT in India is 2 years.

    What is the eligibility of MLT course at the UG level?

    To be eligible for MLT bachelor level courses, a candidate must have completed 12th with science subjects and with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized board.

    Show More

    Related Questions

    Is there a microbiology course
    -Hirunathpatir -Updated on Jan-12-202334 Answers

    tanishka, Student / Alumni

    If you are looking for best university for http://B.Sc in biotechnology course,I would say Lovely professional University is best university. The curriculum has been designed in such a way that it makes it easier for the students to prepare themselves for giant exams like CSIR-NET, ICMR, ICAR, and GATE. With an experienced faculty of 30+ in the department who arw ready to help the students round the clock, seven days a week, this institute is one of the best options for the young population to opt for biotechnology. In addition to core curricula, course offers subjects like communication and soft skills to enhance personality and employability. She said,specializations may be offered in Dairy Technology or Fermentation Technology or Molecular Biotechnology (subject to minimum number of students and feasibility) The course offers specializations in Dairy Technology, Fermentation Technology and Bioinformatics.The curriculum offers prime focus on fundamental and applied aspects of biotechnology.Students can get a foreign degree through international collaborations (2 year in India and 2 years abroad or 2 year in India and 1 year abroad)

    Navneet, Student / Alumni

    The application process for LPU is completely online. The LPU admission process includes filling in the application form, appearing for the LPUNEST entrance test, result declaration and fee payment. Given below is the admission process of Lovely Professional University. Step 1: LPU Application Process 2023 Candidates are required to follow the below-mentioned steps to fill out the LPU application form: Step 1.1: Visit the official website of LPU and click on the ' Apply Now' tab at the top of the web page. Step 1.2: Register on the official admission portal of LPU i.e. LPUADMIT ( with basic details such as name, email-id, mobile no., state, gender and password). The email id used during registration will act as the username for the portal and the password needs to be set by the candidate while registering. Step 1.3: Candidates can continue to apply for LPUNEST (for scholarship purposes). Step 1.4 Pay the application fee and hit on the submit button to complete the application process.

    Mawal Ark, Student / Alumni

    Well, you can take admission in LPU subject to satisfying following eligibility conditions: Eligibility Criteria: Pass with 60% aggregate marks in 10+2 (with English, Physics, Chemistry, Maths /& Biology/ Biotechnology) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPUNEST.

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