Textile Engineering

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Feb 07, 2024 16:07PM IST

Textile Engineering Course Overview

Textile engineering deals with materials like fibers, cotton, yarns, and other materials used in clothing by-products and accessories. It is mainly concerned with the growth and manufacture of textile fabric used in the garment industry. Textile engineering is a field that involves creating and controlling different aspects of clothing and fabric production. It's a very important field because people all over the world have different customs and needs when it comes to clothing. Textile engineers work on things like designing and controlling the processes used to create fibers, fabrics, and clothing items. They might help with research and development, quality control, and sales. 

To gain admission in Textile Engineering, candidates have to score at least 50% marks in class 10+2 with a subject combination of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Many universities and colleges offer courses in textile engineering such as IIT Delhi, Anna University, ICT Mumbai, and NIT Jalandhar. The Textile Engineering course fees are INR INR 3,00,000 to INR 8,00,000 Per Annum. After the completion of the course, candidates are offered jobs in roles such as Medical Textile Engineer, Production Engineer, and Operation Trainee. The average Textile Engineering Salary is INR 10 Lakh Per Annum.

Quick Facts About Textile Engineering

  • Textile engineering involves the study of how to make better fabrics and materials that are more eco-friendly than plastic products. It's a field that combines different types of engineering to create new and innovative fabrics. 
  • This industry has a long history, starting from ancient times when people first started weaving and dyeing fabrics. 
  • Today, textile engineers are working on making "smart" fabrics that can have electronics built right into them, which can have applications in healthcare and fashion. 
  • They are also using nanotechnology to make fabrics stronger and more durable, while also looking for ways to make the industry more sustainable and environmentally friendly. 
  • Textile engineers test fabrics to make sure they are strong enough and can withstand wear and tear.
  • The industry isn't just about clothes, it also includes medical textiles and fabrics used in construction and even automotive industries. 
  • The textile industry is a global industry that affects many different parts of the economy.
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Textile Engineering Course Highlights

The highlights table below contain some of the most important details regarding the various types of textile engineering courses which are available in reputed colleges and institutes - 

Type of Programmes Offered
  • Diploma
  • Undergraduate
  • Postgraduate
  • Doctorate/Research Level
Duration of Programmes
  • Diploma - 3 years
  • Undergraduate - 4 years
  • Postgraduate - 2 years
  • PhD - 3 to 5 years
Minimum Academic Criteria
  • Diploma - 12th qualified candidates who have studied Physics, Mathematics/Biology and Chemistry
  • UG - 12th qualified candidates who have studied Physics, Mathematics/Biology and Chemistry
  • PG - B.Tech in textile engineering or in a relevant discipline from a recognized university
  • PhD - M.Tech in textile engineering or a relevant discipline 
Admission ProcessEntrance test based and merit based
Average Annual Course Fee (In INR)
  • Diploma in Textile Engineering - 10k to 2 Lakhs per annum
  • B.Tech - 5k to 5 lakhs per annum
  • M.Tech - 2k to 3.18 lakhs per annum
  • PhD - 1 lakhs to 2 lakhs per annum
Major RecruitersMysore Silk, Raymond Group, Grasim Industries, RIL Textiles, JCT Mills etc
Job ProfilesQuality Control Supervisor, Process Improvement Engineer, Medical Textile Engineer, Production Engineer etc
Textile Engineering Course Highlights
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Why Choose a Textile Engineering Degree?

If you are interested in a career in the textile industry and want to learn about making clothes and fabrics, then Textile Engineering might be the course for you. This course can teach you how to use machines and procedures to make fibers, yarns, and fabrics. It can also help you get a job in textile plants or production units, or even in research and development. 

After completing this course, you can become a textile manager, or production officer, or work in marketing and sales. You can also work in corporate offices or industrial units, performing a variety of roles in the textile industry. There are many different career options available to you, making Textile Engineering a promising field to pursue.

Why Choose a Textile Engineering Degree?
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What is an Online Textile Engineering Degree?

An online textile engineering degree is a program that allows students to learn about textile engineering in online mode. This type of program is great for people who can't go to a campus to study, or for those who have other commitments in their lives. 

What will you learn in an online Textile Engineering program?

  • In an online textile engineering degree program, students learn about many different things related to making textiles. 
  • For example, they learn about the science of fibers, how to make textiles, how to make things with plastic, and how to make sure that the textiles are good quality. 
  • In their classes, students learn about things that are happening in the real world of textiles.
  • They learn about things like smart textiles (which have special properties like changing color or temperature), nanotechnology (which is really small technology), and how to make textiles in ways that are good for the environment. 

Students take classes online, where they watch videos of their teachers and do assignments. They also work with other students online to do group projects. Some online textile engineering programs also have virtual labs where students can do experiments and design things, even if they don't have access to a real lab. 

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What is the Difference Between Textile Engineering and Textile Design?

Candidates willing to get involved in the textile industry are often confused about which course will be better for them. Therefore the major confusion lies between textile engineering and textile design. To get rid of any confusion, candidates can refer to the following table.

Basis Textile EngineeringTextile Design
  • Textile engineering primarily concentrates on the technical and scientific aspects of textile production. 
  • It involves the application of engineering principles to the design and manufacturing of textiles, addressing processes such as spinning, weaving, knitting, dyeing, and finishing.
  • Textile design is more centered around the creative and artistic aspects of textiles. 
  • Designers focus on the aesthetic and visual elements of fabrics, patterns, and surface designs.
Skills required 
  • Textile engineers develop expertise in areas like fiber science, polymer engineering, chemical processes, and quality control. 
  • They are involved in optimizing production methods, ensuring product quality, and often work towards improving the efficiency and sustainability of textile manufacturing.
  • Textile designers develop skills in drawing, color theory, pattern creation, and computer-aided design (CAD). 
  • They explore various techniques for surface ornamentation, printing, and embellishments to create visually appealing and unique textiles.
  • Textile engineering is essential for creating functional and innovative fabrics, including those used in apparel, medical textiles, geotextiles, and technical textiles for various industries.
  • Textile designers contribute to the fashion and home decor industries, creating patterns and designs for clothing, interior furnishings, and other textile products. 
  • They collaborate with manufacturers to translate their designs into production-ready formats.
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Types of Textile Engineering Programs

A candidate can select any of the diploma, Undergraduate degree, postgraduate degree, and doctoral courses with Textile Engineering as a stream in India. Textile Engineering can be pursued by candidates of various types. These include a Diploma Course in Textile Engineering, an Undergraduate Course (Bachelor of Technology in Textile Engineering), a Postgraduate Course (Master of Technology in Textile Engineering), and a Doctoral Course (Ph.D. in Textile Engineering).  Details of Textile Engineering courses offered by various universities and colleges are listed below.

Diploma in Textile Engineering

  • It is a 3-year full-time course that candidates can seek after passing their Class 10
  • After concluding the Diploma Course in Textile Engineering with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks, candidates will be qualified for direct admission to a second-year UG engineering degree course (BTech)

Undergraduate Course

  • A bachelor’s degree in Textile Engineering course highlights conceptual learning, theory, and applications
  • BE or BTech in Textile Engineering will enable candidates to gain comprehensive, technical training which is necessary for industrial works
  • The duration of the Bachelor of Technology in Textile Engineering course is four years

Postgraduate Course 

  • A postgraduate course can be pursued as M.Tech Textile Engineering that would help the candidates to specialize in the field of their interest within Textile Engineering and progress industry knowledge
  • It is a two-year course after completion of graduation in respective fields from a recognized university

Doctoral Course (Ph.D. in Textile Engineering)

The Ph.D. course is for candidates who have completed their post-graduation in Textile Engineering with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate throughout the Ph.D. in Textile Engineering course.

Also, Check - Best Ph.D Textile Engineering Colleges in India

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Textile Engineering Eligibility Criteria

The degree-wise textile engineering courses’ eligibility conditions are mentioned in the table below - 

DegreeEligibility Criteria
Diploma/B.Tech10+2 qualified candidates who have studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics subjects at the +2 level and have obtained at least 50% overall aggregate marks are eligible
M.TechB.Tech graduates in textile engineering or a relevant discipline with an overall aggregate score between 50% and 55% are eligible
PhDPostgraduate degree holders (like M.Tech) with an overall aggregate score of 55% from a recognized university are eligible
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Textile Engineering Entrance Exams

  • JEE Main - The Joint Entrance Examination Main commonly known as the JEE Main is a national-level entrance examination conducted for candidates all over India for admission into the Top Engineering Institutes in India
  • JEE Advanced - The Joint Entrance Examination Advanced commonly known as the JEE Advanced is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the top IITs for candidates who are willing to pursue Engineering Courses. Every year more than 2.5 Lakh candidates register for the entrance exam.
  • GATE - The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering or GATE is a post-graduation national-level entrance exam conducted for candidates willing to be admitted into the MTech course across the institutes of India.
  • BITSAT - BITSAT is an entrance exam exclusively for admissions into the Birla Institute of Technology and Science. A specific BITSAT cutoff is fixed. Roughly around 5,00,000 candidates appear for this entrance exam with less than 3000 seats.
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List of Popular Textile Engineering Specializations

Textile engineering can be pursued under several domains. These domains are referred to as the specializations. Candidates are provided with diverse options from these categories. The popular textile engineering specializations are-

  • Fiber Science
  • Textile Chemistry
  • Textile Manufacturing
  • Nonwovens Engineering
  • Technical Textiles
  • Textile Process Engineering
  • Textile Quality Control
  • Textile Nanotechnology
  • Apparel Engineering
  • Sustainable Textile Engineering
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Textile Engineering Admission Process in India

The following table contains the degree-wise admission process for various textile engineering courses in India - 

DegreeAdmission Highlights
DiplomaAdmissions are offered based on some entrance exam scores (state-level and institute-level) like JEXPO etc OR based on their previous qualifying exam scores
B.TechAdmissions are offered based on some entrance exam scores like JEE Main, Goa CET, KCET, WBJEE etc OR based on their previous qualifying exam scores
M.TechAdmissions are offered based on the GATE exam score (or other institute-level exams) OR based on their previous qualifying exam scores
PhDAdmissions are offered based on the entrance exam scores (institute-level or otherwise) and GD/PI round performance OR based on their previous qualifying exam scores and GD/PI round performance

Textile Engineering Admission Process in India

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Direct Textile Engineering Admission Process Without Entrance Exam

  • Qualifications - Candidates are required to have a strong academic background in physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
  • Eligibility Criteria - Institutions may have specific eligibility criteria, such as a minimum GPA or percentage in the qualifying exams. 
  • Application Process - Interested candidates usually need to fill out an application form provided by the institution that includes details about academic achievements, personal statements, and sometimes letters of recommendation.
  • Counselling - Some institutions might conduct interviews or counseling sessions to assess the candidate's suitability for the program. This could involve discussing the candidate's interest in textile engineering, career goals, and relevant experiences.
  • Direct Admission Offer - Based on the application and any additional assessment processes, the institution may offer direct admission to eligible candidates.
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Textile Engineering Fees in India

Minimum FeesMaximum Fees
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Textile Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

The Textile Engineering subjects are designed in such a way that the graduates are equipped with the knowledge and skills to pursue various career opportunities in the textile industry. Some of the topics covered in the Textile Engineering curriculum include the analysis of chemicals used in textile production, testing of fabrics, evaluation of finished goods, and color physics. With this education, graduates can work in fields such as textile manufacturing, product development, and quality control.

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Top Private Textile Engineering Colleges in India

Some of the top private textile engineering colleges in India have been listed in the table below.

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Top Government Textile Engineering Colleges in India

Some of the top government textile engineering colleges in India have been listed in the table below.

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Top Textile Engineering Colleges Offering Direct Admission in India

  • National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT)
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Textile Management
  • Kumaraguru College of Technology
  • PSG College of Technology
  • Bannari Amman Institute of Technology
  • DKTE Society's Textile and Engineering Institute
  • Amity School of Fashion Technology
  • Government Polytechnic, Mumbai
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Mumbai
  • Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology
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Career Options After Textile Engineering

After obtaining their textile engineering degree/diploma, the candidates would have several work prospects in India. They will have several work prospects in both the public and private domains. The following pointers mention some of the roles in which textile engineering graduates are hired usually - 

Textile Engineering RolesDescription 
Quality Control SupervisorThe primary responsibility of the Quality Control Supervisor is to supervise the handling of sample evaluation and production approval by reviewing the measurement, fitting, workmanship, quality, accessories, and other factors
Medical Textile EngineerThey are responsible for developing fabrics for medical supplies, clothing, household items, and furnishings.  
Operation/Management TraineeWorks under the supervision of the seniors for merchandising and one can learn the process of QA, Production Planning, Production support, Industrial engineering, and others.
Production EngineerResponsible for overseeing the production of a product in an indoor factory setting. 
Process Improvement EngineerHandles the process improvement engineer performing root-cause analysis, creating detailed reports about the improvement issues, and executing process improvement actions.

What is Textile Engineering Salary?

Textile Engineering RolesSalary 
Medical Textile EngineerINR 3,10,000 Per Annum
Production EngineerINR 4,00,000 to 4,50,000 Per Annum
Operation/Management TraineeINR 1,98,000 to 2,00,000 Per Annum
Quality Control SupervisorINR 1,70,000 to 2,00,000 Per Annum
Process Improvement EngineerINR 4,38,000 Per Annum

Top Recruiters of Textile Engineering

JCT LimitedRIL Textiles
Mysore SilkRajasthan Petro Synthetics
Reliance TextilesFabindia
Lakshmi MillsJCT Mills
Mafatlal DenimRaymond Group
Grasim IndustriesArvind Mills Ltd
Bombay DyeingBhilwara Group
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