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    Medical Transcription Syllabus & Subjects 2023

    Medical Transcription Syllabus & Subjects Overview

    The Medical Transcription course syllabus focuses on comprehensive methods and strategies required by a student to become a successful Medical Transcriptionist. The practice of accurately transcribing documents from voice recordings made by medical experts is known as medical transcription. Medical records that detail procedures, diagnostic tests, and other aspects of medical consultation and treatment. All of them have to be entered into the patient's permanent medical file. Health professionals transcribe this precise information onto a digital or analogue recorder, or through the use of a phone dictation system, in order to do it in a readable, accurate manner.

    Following that, transcriptionists type this material into a document using the AAMT rule's current standards and formatting. The dictator will then get the transcription for approval and signature. These records then become a permanent part of the patient's medical file. These records may include office visits, diagnostic tests, consultations, discharge summaries, history and physical examination summaries, admission summaries, surgical reports, expiry reports, referral letters, etc. 

    It makes perfect sense to pursue specialised training in the healthcare industry given the chances for employment, notably in the Medical Transcriptionist (MT) sector, which is predicted to expand over the next 10 years. The responsibilities of an MT are best suited for those with the ability to focus for extended periods of time, excel at using reference materials, and have an ear for different dialects and accents. Moreover, Medical Transcription has been ranked as one of the top ten home-based business growth industries.

    But before that, students must have a clear idea about what the Medical Transcription course syllabus entails and how swotting Medical Transcription subjects help them amass the various aspects of the healthcare profession.

    Medical Transcription Course Modules

    The medical transcription course equips students with the fundamental information, comprehension, and practical attributes needed to accurately prepare patient records while adhering to professional standards and ethical behaviour. This will prepare them for entry-level in-house employment as medical transcriptionists. A medical transcription course typically lasts six months to a year, depending on how much time is spent in the classroom and in the lab. Let us now look at the Medical Transcription course modules. These are divided into two types:

    Medical Transcription Course Module 1

    The following table shows the Medical Transcription course Module 1:

    Section 1

    Language Origins and Adaptations

    • Medical words
    • Etymology
    • Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation

    Section 2 

    Word structure and the Dynamics of Medical Vocabulary

    • Abbreviations
    • Anatomy and Physiology
    • Body Dynamics
    • Diagnostic medicine
    • Medical Instruments and Equipment
    • Medical Specialities and Specialists
    • Pharmacology
    • Words Dynamics

    Medical Transcription Course Module 2

    The following table shows the Medical Transcription course Module 2:

    Section 1Introduction, Report Types and Orientation  
    • In-Patient Reports
    • Out-Patient Reports
    • Report types
    Section 2Pharmacological Compendium
    • Terms, Symbols, Spelling, and Packaging
    • Drug use/listings by medical speciality
    • Drug Terminology
    • Dosages and Schedules
    • Classifications like Generic, Brand, and Trade name
    • Administration
    • A pharmacological compendium is the study of drugs and their interactions with living organisms
    Section 3Surgical Compendium
    • Four hours of dictation for pronunciation specifics
    • All types of surgery-related terms listing, dictation, and sample reports
    • Surgery Compendium includes General, Breast, Digestive, Intra-abdominal, colon, bowel, anal, and many other surgery-related terms listed with sample reports
    • Surgical Instruments
    • Suture and Dressings

    Note: Medical transcription courses follow the above curriculum, although the topics covered may vary from one institute to another.

    Medical Transcription Course Syllabus

    As the Medical Transcription course duration is six months, many colleges and universities have divided the Medical Transcription course syllabus on a weekly basis that may last up to 26 weeks with certain fixed course modules. The following table shows the theoretical trades associated with the Medical Transcription course syllabus along with specifications/detailing of chapters/lessons:

    Lesson Number

    Name of the Chapter



    Introduction to Medical Transcription

    The history of the profession of medical transcription is studied in this first chapter. Students will learn how the profession changed to take on its present state and examine the many abilities and skills required to become a skilled medical transcriptionist. Students will look at the work that MTs do, potential workplaces, and potential futures for those in this line of employment.


    Tools of the Trade

    The tools of the profession are the main topic of this lesson. Students will go over some reference materials and look at the different kinds of websites that MTs utilise for their research. Next, they will study what tools and applications MTs utilise on the job. By the end of this chapter, students should be seated at their computer, watching the Express Scribe programme on their screen while listening to an audio file of actual medical dictation. Students will get to practise resuming, stopping and rewinding the audio while they type while listening to the medical report.


    Understanding Medical Records

    In hospitals and clinics alike, medical personnel most usually employ nine different report kinds. Medical letters are not significantly different from regular letters. A few specific pointers on pathology reports and how to work with statistics and measures will be provided at the end of the class. After that, students will get some practice dictating a pathology report and a medical letter.


    Listening Carefully

    In this lesson, the topic of efficient listening are covered along with the distinction between hearing and active listening. It will also go over the several problems, such as homonyms, synonyms, and antonyms, that prevent voice recognition technologies from fully replacing people (at least for the time being). Students will discover how to decipher a word or phrase from a jumbled recording using phonetics, vowel sounds, and context. After learning about radiology reports, students will practise transcribing one.


    Grammar, Sentence Structure, and Punctuation

    Grammar, sentence structure, and punctuation are some topics that could make anyone wince a little. But this will be simple—possibly even enjoyable—a journey through some of the fundamental writing ideas that students will improve as an MT. After learning about SOAP notes, students will study infectious diseases and drugs in your Practice Corner. In the task that goes along with the course, students will also have the possibility to transcribe a SOAP note and a radiological report.



    This course examines writing and discusses style from the standpoint of the MT. Professionals must adhere to editorial guidelines for spelling, capitalisation, and typographical presentation when transcribing. Students will concentrate on the H&P report and practise transcription in the Practice Corner.


    Medical Terminology and Spelling

    One thing is certain no matter what you transcribe: A significant portion of it will use medical language. Remember that autocrats are also not flawless either. It is indeed possible for them to say one thing while really meaning another.

    Or they may use a word that sounds similar to another word, such as cystectomy and cystotome. If you are well-versed in medical jargon, you can quickly choose the appropriate word to ensure that your transcription is accurate. Then, you will examine the fundamentals of heart disease and its management in your Practice Corner.


    Report Formatting and Word Processing

    The organisation of a student's reports are a crucial aspect of MT's functioning. This lesson is all about structuring their reports with headings, subheadings, unique line spacing, page breaks, and other formatting etiquettes. Additionally, students will focus on using word processing templates, AutoText, macros, and shortcuts to streamline their work. They will become quicker and more effective MT if they can master them! The Practice Corner for this course focuses on surgical reports. Understanding surgical jargon and getting a glimpse inside the operating room are intriguing as well as useful.


    Checking Your Work

    Editing and correcting your transcription is a crucial additional step. The first part of this chapter covers the dos and don'ts of editing as well as what to look for when proofreading. Students will discuss a disease condition that has, in some manner, affected almost everyone in your practice corner: cancer. They will begin working on the consultation report once they have an understanding of cancer. Doctors usually request additional evaluations from specialists for their patients, particularly those with cancer. So, students will probably be transcribing this report more often. They will get to practise proofreading as well as transcribe a consult report as part of the lesson's homework.


    Classification Systems and Discharge and Death Summaries

    This lesson will be entirely clinical. Students will get knowledge of categorisation systems and the shortcomings of their transcribing. Eventually, after a student has got a firm grasp on grammar and style, they will study anatomical skeletons. Furthermore, students will study discharge and death reports in their Practice Corner. Although the reports are remarkably similar, this lesson illustrates the minute variances.


    Infections, Blood, and Cells

    This lecture will be similar to the last one in that it will address several clinical aspects. Students will be able to see in their Practice Corner how everything they have studied can be applied to an autopsy report. Students will likely never encounter a report as lengthy and in-depth as this one. Of course, the task will provide them with an opportunity to write an autopsy report.


    The Nuts and Bolts of Working as an MT

    Even if students now have the resources and information necessary to dangle their toes in the medical transcription waters, there are still a number of important questions that need to be addressed. In this chapter, they will learn how to manage their workload, along with how to get employment in the profession and all the numerous ways one can work as a medical transcriptionist. Students will discover what it takes to start a career in medical transcription as well as various possibilities for additional training.

    Medical Transcription Subjects

    As part of the curriculum, almost every chapter or lesson of the Medical Transcription course syllabus will involve certain collaborative discussions which would help the students understand the subject better. The following are the common Medical Transcription subjects prescribed by several colleges and universities:

    Projects on Biodiversity

    Recombinant DNA Technology

    Principles of Transmission Genetics

    Plant Biotechnology

    Principles of Immunology & Microbiology

    Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications

    Model Organisms in Human Genome Project

    Organic Mechanisms in Biology


    Medical Biotechnology

    Microbial & Molecular Genetics

    Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis

    Introduction to C-Programming and Digital Logic

    Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization

    Introduction to Computer

    Genetic Engineering Techniques

    Industrial Biotechnology

    Environmental Biotechnology

    DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond

    Elements of Management & introduction to Entrepreneurship

    Dissertation on Biotechnology

    Computational Biology & Bio-informatics

    Cytogenetic Techniques


    Biomathematics and Biochemistry

    Biotechnology- Social, Legal & Ethical issues

    Biodiversity & Taxonomy

    Basic Microscopy & Instrumentation

    Animal Biotechnology

    Basic Fermentation Techniques

    It must be noted that the above-listed Medical Transcription subjects may differ from one medical college to another.

    Medical Transcription Course Syllabus Learning Outcomes

    When a student chooses to pursue a career in medical transcription, they will be helping patients who depend on accurate medical information to receive high-quality care, in addition to doctors and administrators of medical facilities. Therefore, a student must know what type of expertise and skills they will learn after completing the course of study. Following are the Medical Transcription course syllabus learning outcomes:

    • Genitourinary, otolaryngology, neurology, OB/GYN, orthopaedics, plastic surgery, and dermatology transcription
    • General surgery transcription
    • Gastroenterology transcription
    • Transcription for pathology and epidemiology
    • Cardiac and vascular care transcription
    • Describe the significance of proper grammar and punctuation
    • Compile the reporting and documenting processes
    • Compile a list of all the medical terms used in the medical transcript
    • Describe the equipment and productivity software
    • Enumerate the fundamentals of medicine
    • Give examples of business and medical law concerns
    • At least 70% proficiency in the lesson content must be demonstrated
    • Explain how medical transcriptionists contribute to the health care system, etc.

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