BSc Geology

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Mar 13, 2023 19:31PM IST

About BSc Geology Course

Geology is the study of earth and its different structural elements. BSc in Geology is an undergraduate course that comprises subjects related to solid surfaces, properties of celestial bodies, meteors, structures, etc. Geology is a very wide subject and covers different fields that are vaguely covered over the course period. From the study of soil and its applications in construction to learning about various minerals found on Earth, BSc in Geology covers all.

BSc Geology Course Highlights

Some of the major highlights of BSc Geology course are given below:

Name of the Course

BSc Geology


3 years

Minimum Eligibility

The candidate must have passed class 12th in Science with 50% minimum aggregate.

Lateral Entry Option

The lateral entry option is open in B.Sc for the candidates who have pursued 3-year Polytechnic diploma after 12th. 

Entrance Exams







Admission Process

Merit-based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of merit obtained in the qualifying exam.

Entrance based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of a national level, Institute level or a state level entrance exam.

Course Fee

20,000 to 50,000 (depends on institute)


  • Candidates belonging to reserved categories and economically weaker sections are eligible for state government scholarship schemes. 

  • AICTE Tuition Fee Waiver Scheme (only for 5% students in each state)

  • Deemed or private universities offer merit scholarships  (based on marks in entrance exam or Class 12th)


There are a lot of internship opportunities for B.Sc in Geology in India.

Average starting salary

2 to 4 LPA

Career Options

  • Geologist

  • Mine Supervisor

  • Marine Geologist

  • Hydrogeologist

  • Seismologist

  • Petrologist

Why Choose a BSc Geology Course?

BSc Geology course is becoming popular among youngsters and are being offered by leading colleges and universities in India. This course is being liked and pursued by a lot of students these days. The students can find the important reasons to do BSc Geology Course as mentioned in this article below:

  • Job Opportunities: One of the key highlights for doing a BSc Geology course is the opening of job opportunities for the students immediately after completing their graduation. The students can get jobs in both private and government sectors. Job Opportunities are available in various government and private sectors. The students can work as geologists, palaeontologists, hydrogeologists, marine geologists etc.
  • Salary Structure: The salary and perks associated with BSc Geology course is another important factor for doing this course. The basic entry-level salary of the students of BSc Geology ranges between INR 4 to 5 lakh per annum. The students can earn up to 18 lakhs per annum with higher experience in the related field. 
  • Multiple Career Scope: Students pursuing BSc Geology have multiple options to explore as a career. The students can either do MSc in Geology or can opt for pursuing MBA or PhD if they wish to explore diverse career options. 
  • Top Recruiters: The students of BSc Geology are recruited by top private and government companies. Some of the top companies that recruit students after this course are Geological Survey of India (GSI), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC),Schlumberger, National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), GAIL, Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Oil India Limited (OIL), etc.
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BSc Geology Eligibility Criteria

In order to pursue the BSc Geology course, the candidates will have to fulfil the given below eligibility criteria:

  • The candidate must have passed class 12th or equivalent from a recognized board.

  • The candidate must have studied Mathematics and Physics as the main subjects in class 12th along with one of the optional subjects as Chemistry/ Biology/ Biotechnology/ Computer Science.

  • The candidate must have acquired a minimum aggregate of 50% in the qualifying examination.

Admission Process

The admission process of BSc Geology takes place generally on the basis of merit list (marks obtained in 10+2). However, there are some colleges and universities that also conduct their own entrance examination for granting admission to BSC geology courses. The students must take note of the admission process both through merit based and entrance based examination. 

BSc Geology Merit-Based Admission

The merit-based admission to the course is done directly on the basis of score obtained by the candidate in the qualifying examination. Some colleges also prepare a cutoff list based on the qualifying examination for admission.

  • The students can apply to different colleges and universities of their choice after completing their 12th from a recognised board. They can apply by visiting the official website of the university once the application window is open for the admission process. 
  • The colleges release their merit list of selected students once the window for application is closed.
  • The colleges can release a second or third list depending upon the availability of the seats for the selected course and also considering the number of students that have applied for the course. 
  • The students willing to pursue BSc Geology must keep a note of the cutoffs of the famous and reputed organizations. The cutoffs of good and reputed colleges generally range between 75% - 85%.However, the top colleges cutoffs exceed 90%.  

BSc Geology Entrance Based Admission

The entrance based admission to the course is done on the basis of score obtained by the candidate in a national level, state level or college level entrance exams. The admission is done through the counselling process.

  • The entrance examination is an important criteria for taking admission to some colleges and universities. Colleges like BHU conduct their own entrance examination to admit students into BSc Geology course. The students must prepare for these examinations well in advance in order to qualify the entrance examination. 
  • The students must apply for the entrance examination once the notification is released on the official website of the concerned institution. The students must appear for the entrance examination once the dates are announced. 
  • Students are shortlisted on the basis of marks obtained in the entrance examinations.

Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for BSc Geology course:

Step-1: Students must visit the official website of the college/university

Step-2: Read all the guidelines and instructions as mentioned on the website and then register online by entering the basic details and creating an account. 

Step-3: Once the registration is over, the students need to Sign-in into their account and fill all relevant details such as personal details, academic details, etc.

Step-4: Upload the relevant documents as required.

Step-5: Students must check all the details that have been filled before proceeding further. 

Step-6: Complete the registration process by paying the application fees.

Step-7: Students must Download and print the application form for any future reference.

Step-8: Apply for the entrance exam for the colleges that take admission through entrance tests. 

Step-9: Keep checking the official website for any further updates. 

BSc Geology Entrance Exams

Some Colleges and Universities conduct their own entrance examination in addition to the marks obtained in class XIIth for admission into BSc Geology programmes. Some of the common entrances are given below:

  • CUET
  • NPAT
  • JET
  • SUAT

BSc Geology Top Colleges

The students who wish to pursue BSc Geology must aim for top colleges and universities in India. The below mentioned table represents list of top colleges and universities that offer BSc Geology courses:



Average Annual Fee Structure (INR) 

Hansraj College



Ram Lal Anand College



Fergusson College



Presidency College



M G Science Institute



Banaras Hindu University



Presidency University



Dibrugarh University



Parul University



BSc Geology Distance Education

There are several colleges that offer BSc Geology in  Distance Education. It is mostly for the  working professionals or for those who want to do a study BSc Geology as a side option along with their main course study. The eligibility criteria for BSc Geology in  Distance Education Course is almost  similar to regular course. The candidates must have scored minimum 55% marks in class 12th boards with PCM or PCM as subjects along with English from a recognised board. For reserved categories there may be an additional relaxation. The admission is done mainly on the merit based.

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BSc - Geology Syllabus

BSc Geology Syllabus for First Year

Earth Science


Structural Geology

Mineral Science

BSc Geology Syllabus for Second Year

Igneous Petrology

Metamorphic Petrology


Sedimentary Petrology

Stratigraphic Principles

BSc Geology Syllabus for Third Year

Indian Stratigraphy

Engineering Geology

Economic Geology


Remote Sensing and GIS

BSc Geology Important Books

Books are the most important part of any course. The students must go through important books in order to perform well in the examination. The students can refer to some of the popular books mentioned below. 



Structural Geology

SK Ghosh

Exploring Geology


Igneous Petrology

J.D. Winter

Geology of Petroleum

Arville Irving Levorsen

Sedimentary Petrology

S.M. Sengupta

Foundations of Earth Science

Fredrick K. Lutgens

Elements of Geology

S.M. Mathur

Essentials of Geology

Fredrick K. Lutgens


Mason and Moore

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BSc Geology Career Options and Job Prospects

Geologists are hired by various construction firms, mining companies and survey organisations. India is on its way to infrastructural development and able geologists are required to construct lasting structures on safe sites. Jobs after this course are available in private companies as well as in government organsations. Since geology is such a diverse field, there is a lot of scope for candidates who want to make a career in geological research. Pursuing a masters degree in this field can open numerous other opportunities in this field. Following are some of the popular profiles that Geology graduates can apply for:

  • Geologist
  • Mine Supervisor
  • Marine Geologist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Seismologist
  • Petrologist

BSc Geology Graduates Salary

Starting salaries for geologists can vary between Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 4 lakh per annum depending on the institute from which the candidate has graduated as well as knowledge. Jobs in the mining sector often pay higher salary packages, i.e. up to Rs. 5 lakh per annum. Candidates with experience can also earn up to Rs. 8 lakh per annum in government sector jobs as well as private firms.

BSc Geology Job Roles

The candidates can check the job roles of of BSc Geology graduates provided below.

Job Role

Job Description

Average Salary


A paleontologists main work is to study about fossils of extinct flora and fauna species. And then apart from this, theirjob is related to teaching in labs, in institutions, and also to conduct fieldwork and  research.

5.5 lakhs per annum


Hydrogeologists are the scientists who work around the  area of underground water. Their main responsibility is to monitor and analyze the flow of underground water, its distribution, quality and quantity. 

5.91 lakhs per annum

Petroleum Geologists

Petroleum Geologists are scientists who are assigned to work in the field of petroleum geology. They work on all aspects of extraction, petroleum, gas, estimation and processing of oil, and other combustible resources buried in the earth.

8 lakhs per annum


Geologists basically are scientists who study the different components that about the make up structure of the earth and other terrestrial planets. Their main job is to  travel on sites, develop research proposals, gather samples, analyse data, and conduct research.

5 lakhs per annum

Mine Supervisors

Mine Supervisors are the people who are held responsible for conducting and managing mining activities. Their main responsibility is  to ensure the safety of mine workers, assigning shifts, training and development of workers, to supervise that targets are achieved and are of high quality and maintaining data etc.

2.36 lakhs per annum

BSc Geology Future Scope

The candidates can check the future scope after pursuing BSc Geology Course.

  • Masters in Geology  is the 1st and foremost priority after completing the BSc Geology.
  • BSc Geology has many specialisation like Mineralogy, Paleontology so that can also be an option
  • They can take jobs in both public and private sectors and the package is decent for BSc Geology degree holders.
  • UPSC preparation or for some other government jobs.
  • Phd is also a good scope after doing masters in geology.
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FAQs about B.Sc Geology

What are the top colleges offering B.Sc - Geology courses ?

Following are some of the top colleges offering Science courses : Hindu College (New Delhi) , Miranda House University College for Women (Delhi) , Hansraj College (Delhi) , Institute of Management-Christ University (Bangalore) , St. Xavier's College (Kolkata). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer B.Sc - Geology or not.

I want admission in B.Sc - Geology. Do I have to clear any exams for that ?

NRTI Admission Aptitude Test (NRTI-AAT) , Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test) , All India Entrance Examination for Admission , Andhra Pradesh Residential Degree Colleges Common Entranc Test , Maharshi Dayanand University Common Entrance Exam are some of the exams that you can appear for to get admission in B.Sc - Geology courses.

What is the average fee for the course B.Sc - Geology ?

The average fee for B.Sc - Geology is INR 40,000 per year.

What are the popular specializations related to B.Sc - Geology ?

Some of the popular specializations for B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) are : Information & Data Management , Computer Hardware and Network Administration , Travel & Tourism Management , Physiotherapy , Forestry.

What is the duration of the course B.Sc - Geology ?

B.Sc - Geology is a 3 year course.
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Related Questions


Kumari Neha, Student / Alumni

-Answered on June-28-2024

Dear Student,

You can directly contact V.P. & R.P.T.P. Science College (VPRTPP) for admission inquiry (9409309407).

Also Check: Gujarat B.Sc Admission details You can also fill CollegeDekho’s Common Application Form for admission in various colleges in India.


Abhik Das, Student / Alumni

-Answered on May-17-2021

Dear student, as per the academic eligibility criteria laid down by the reputed B.Sc Geology institutions in India, the applicants must have studied Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects at the qualifying exam level. Since you are a commerce student, you cannot apply for B.Sc Geology admission in a reputed institute offering the course in India. However, if you have shortlisted any institute/s, then we recommend you to contact the admissions office of that particular institute and confirm whether or not you are eligible for B.Sc Geology admission in that institute. 

Also, there is no shortage of ug degree courses for students from commerce background. Courses such as B.Com (Hons), BBA, BCA etc are tailor-made for commerce students who have studied mathematics at the +2 level. Click on the link below and find out the list of undergraduate degree programmes for commerce students - 

Top Courses After 12th Commerce in 2021: Career Options, Colleges, Exams

You will also find out the link to the list of colleges offering the courses mentioned in the article above. You can apply for admission directly into those colleges through our Common Application Form. Call 18005729877 for more details on the direct admission process or any other admission-related queries!


Kumari Neha, Student / Alumni

-Answered on July-28-2020

Dear Student, 

Diphu Government College (DGC), Silchar does no offer B. Sc Geology course. However, it offers B.Sc Geography course. You can check the list of B.Sc Geology Colleges in India by clicking the link given below:

B.Sc Geology Colleges in India

The minimum eligibility criteria for admission in B.Sc Geology course is  Class 12th pass in Science Stream (PCB/ PCM). 

You can fill the CollegeDekho’s Common Application Form to apply for admission in various colleges using a single application form. You can also reach us through our IVRS Number - 1800-572-9877.

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