BSc Botany

  • Save
  • Ask
Mar 28, 2023 13:56PM IST

About BSc Botany

Bachelor of Science in Botany is an undergraduate program that is of three year duration that focuses on Study of Plant Sciences and various aspects associated with it. Candidates who have completed their class XII with a combination of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology subjects are eligible to enroll for this course. Admission to BSc Botany program across various Colleges and Universities can happen either through an entrance exam or even based on merit. For admission to some Universities/Institutions for BSc Botany program they conduct their own exam, for few others a generalized exam is conducted at either national or state level. This article will provide you a comprehensive account about the BSc Botany program from admission to future prospects, etc.

BSc Botany course covers academic activities within the classroom sessions along with practical concepts at laboratory sessions. Infield, outstation activities and projects are also organized for real-life experience and learning. Candidates who have curiosity in Plant Kingdom, Ecosystem, Love Exploring Exotic Places and wish to work as Researchers or professions like Botanist, Conservationist, Ecologist, etc can choose BSc Botany course. 

After completing their BSc Botany degree, the candidates can also pursue higher education by taking up courses such as MSc Botany and MSc Environmental Management. This will aid the candidates to get an exposure to improved jobs and research opportunities in the near future.

What is Botany?

Botany is considered Plant Sciences orPhytology which is all about plant life. Botany, a branch of Biology, focuses on the scientific learning of plants and their related aspects including plants and their diseases, growth, etc. In this 3-year degree course, candidates learn about the different types of plants, their features, and uses. In today’s Plant Sciences, Molecular Genetics, and Epigenetics are important domains the candidates are taught about. There are many branches in botany like Agronomy, Biotechnology, Dendrology, Arboriculture, Astrobotany, etc.

Show Less

BSc Botany Course Details

Some of the general pointers that would help the candidates who would want to pursue the BSC Botany program are listed below:

  • BSc Botany broad overview includes the categories range of the Plants, Algae and Fungi that are present on planet Earth.
  • BSc Botany mainly covers the domain of plant sciences that includes Growth, Structure, Reproduction, Metabolism, Diseases, Physiology, etc.
  • This program includes aspects of Plant Physiology and Anatomy.
  • BSc Botany is a diverse program that starts from the basic details of a plant cell structure and function and goes on to the higher levels including evolution of the plant kingdom.
  • BSc Botany includes Plant Science/Biology, Plant Biotechnology (Plant Breeding, Genetics, Biochemistry), Plant Ecology Plant Interactions with the Environment), Mycology (Study of Fungi), Phycology (Study of Algae).

Some of the important highlights relating to BSc Botany course are mentioned in the following table: 

Course Name Bachelor of Science in Botany 
Degree Level Undergraduate 
Duration3 years
Course fees INR 45,000 to INR 1.0 lakhs
Starting Salary INR 2.50 to 5.0 lakhs 
Course Name Bachelor of Science in Botany 
Show Less

Why Study BSc Botany?

Now by this time the million dollar question that might be arising in the reader’s mind is why should one invest all the time and energy in the BSc Botany program. To answer this question we suggest that the aspirant should go through the following section:

  • BSc Botany course will help a person get an understanding of how even the tiniest immobile entities of the plant kingdom work and interact with one another.
  • It will provide a perspective as to how human beings can preserve and conserve the plant kingdom in the midst of increased degradation of the same.
  • Students who go for BSc in Botany course will acquire a diverse range of skill sets in areas of Agriculture, Floriculture, Forestry, etc that will open a number of new opportunities for them.
  • A candidate with a BSc Botany degree can work with various Government and Non-Government organizations with diverse job profiles.
  • Botany is regarded as one of the core subjects of sciences therefore studying it can help students enter any field of specialization after graduation.
Show Less

BSc Botany Eligibility Criteria

Check the minimum eligibility criteria to apply for BSc Botany courses:

  • Candidates must have completed intermediate (10+2) studies. 
  • Candidates must have studied English, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Biology at an intermediate level. S
  • The minimum percentage required in 10+2 may vary college wise. The range of percentage required for admission is 55% to 60%. 
Show Less

BSc Botany Syllabus

BSc Botany course can be completed in 3 years. The course is divided in 6 semesters. Check the important topics that are covered throughout the BSc course: 

BSc Botany 1st Year Syllabus

BSc Botany 1st Year Syllabus has been provided below:

Introduction to BiologyAlgae and Microbiology
Chemistry-ITechnical writing and Communication in English / Computational skills
Mycology & PhytopathologyArchegoniate
Chemistry –IIBiochemistry

BSc Botany 2nd Year Syllabus

BSc Botany 2nd year syllabus has been provided below:

Plant Resource UtilizationMathematics and Statistics
Cell Biology - IMolecular Biology - 1
Plant Development and AnatomyEcology and Phytogeography
Cell Biology IIMolecular Biology - II

BSc Botany 3rd Year Syllabus

BSc Botany 3rd year syllabus has been provided below:

Plant Systematics & EvolutionPlant Physiology
Environmental Management / BioinformaticsGenetics & Genomics -I
Plant MetabolismReproductive Biology of Angiosperms
Plant BiotechnologyGenetics & Genomics - II
Show Less

BSc Botany Admission Process

Admission in BSc Botany courses is acceptable on through merit- basis or entrance exam. Candidates who meet the eligibility criteria are considered for admission into a specific college/ institute. All the interested candidates should meet the minimum cut-off score, expected by various colleges offering BSc Botany courses.  Therefore, a student can get admission either by appearing in the respective entrance examination or based on merit. If the student falls in the cut-off criterion, then he/she may be granted admission based on the merit list.

For the merit-based entrance exam, the marks of previous qualifying exams are considered. In entrance-based admission, candidates are admitted based on the scores earned in the respective entrance exams. Elaborated below are both the admission processes:

BSc Botany Merit-Based Admission Process

In the merit-based admission process, colleges declare a cut-off mark. Candidates who meet the cut-off mark set by the top BSc Botany colleges and other eligibility criteria are offered final admission for the BSc Botany courses.  

BSc Botany Entrance-Based Admission Process

Admission process for BSc Botany entrance based examination is mentioned below for the convenience of the candidates:

  • Candidates register for the BSc Botany entrance exam through the exam portal
  • They fill up the application form with the required personal and academic details
  • Within the deadline, candidates submit the form along with all the required documents and prescribed application fees
  • On the scheduled date, candidates appear in the entrance exam
  • On a pre-decided date, colleges declare the results, and candidates are given ranks
  • The selected candidates are then invited to the counseling session
  • Post document verification, candidates are offered seats and asked to pay the admission fees
  • Final admission is done after the fee payment
Show Less

BSc Botany Entrance Exams

To get BSc Botany admission, some colleges require the candidates to appear in the BSc Botany entrance exams. Listed below are some of the common entrance exams that one can check before applying for the BSc Botany course:

  • Exam will be conducted by Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology on May 30 and 31 2023.
  • Exam will consist of 200 objective type questions and a total marks of 600.
  • For each correct answer in UPCATET 2023 the candidates will be awarded three marks and 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.
  • Candidates who belong to the General and OBC category should secure a minimum 20 percent of the total marks.
  • Candidates belonging to the SC/ST category should score a minimum of 10 percent of the total marks.
CUET 2023
  • CUET 2023 will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) from May 21 to May 31, 2023.
  • Candidates who have passed their class XII or equivalent exams from a recognized board will be eligible to appear for CUET 2023.
  • CUET 2023 question paper would consist of four sections- Section 1A and 1B (languages), Section 2 (domain-specific subject) and Section 3 (General Test).
  • Candidates appearing for CUET 2023 would need to choose the sections and required subjects depending on the university and course they wish to enroll in.
  • CUET 2023 will be conducted as a computer-based test with objective-type question
Show Less

BSc Botany Distance Education

BSc Botany courses are available on the distance learning mode also. In this open learning platform, emphasis is given to the study of plants as well as the physiology of plants. Apart from that, all the related aspects are covered in the BSc Botany Distance Education. BSc Botany Admission for Distance Education is done based on the merit of the previous qualifying examination. The time duration for the course is about 3 to 6 years. There is no specific age limit for the course. After pursuing the BSc Botany Correspondence course candidates can begin their career in both Government and Private jobs. Those who want to pursue further studies can enroll in the Master’s programme provided they secure the required marks in the final exam.

Listed below are some of the colleges that offer BSc Botany Distance Education in India:

College NameLocation
Indira Gandhi National Open UniversityDelhi
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open UniversityAhmedabad
Nalanda Open UniversityBihar
Wisdom School of ManagementLucknow
Sri Sai Correspondence CollegeBangalore
Tamil Nadu Open UniversityChennai
Show Less

BSc Botany Books

The books are not fixed for the BSc Botany courses. The book recommendation may differ from university to university. However, listed here are some of the books useful for BSc Botany courses:

Introductory Phycology by H.D. KumarMicrobiology by M.J. Pelczar
Ecology and Environment by P.D. SharmaPlant Breeding: Principles and Methods by B.D. Singh
Economic Botany in the Tropics by S.L. KoccharBioinformatics: Principals and Applications by Bibekanand Mullick and Zhumur Ghosh
Show Less

Skills Required to Become a Botanist

Be it Botany or any other subject or skill to acquire knowledge about the same one needs to possess certain skills which can either be inherent or acquired over a period of time. It is important to have the following skill set for studying BSc Botany course:

  • Analytical and Research related skills.
  • Skill set that allows a thorough/critical evaluation.
  • Strong and impressive communication skills.
  • Giving importance to every minute detail while observing.
  • Logical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills.
  • Patience and Perseverance to carry out various scientific processes.
Show Less

BSc Botany Top Colleges and Universities in India

This section of the article will cover some of the top-most colleges and universities in India from where a candidate can pursue BSc Botany program.

BSc Botany Top College

Some of the top BSc Botany Colleges of India to enroll for candidates are mentioned below:

Name of College


Average Fee Structure

Hindu College



Miranda House College



Hansraj College



Fergusson College



Ramjas College



St. Xavier’s College



Mount Carmel College



Sacred Heart College



Christ University



Jai Hind College



Top BSc Botany Universities to Pursue the Course

Some of the top universities of India to enroll for BSc Botany program are mentioned below:


Average Fee Structure

University of Delhi


Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI)


Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)


Lovely Professional University (LPU)


Sharda University


Amity University


Shiv Nadar University


Galgotias University


Manav Rachna University


Guru Gobind Singh IP University (GGSIPU)


Ashoka University


Maharshi Dayanand University (MDU)


IMS Ghaziabad


JC Bose University of Science and Technology


North Cap University


Show Less

BSc Botany Top Colleges/Universities Abroad

Some of the top colleges/universities located abroad to enroll for BSc Botany program are mentioned below:

Colleges/UniversitiesAverage BSC Botany Fee
Uppsala University, SwedenEUR 110000
Hillsdale College, USAEUR 21378
University of CaliforniaUSD 37224
University of SalfordGBP 12000
University of Vienna-
University of KentEUR 21900
University College DublinEUR 27,720
University College, Ireland-
University of Western Australia-
Show Less

BSc Botany and BSc Zoology Course Comparison

BSc Botany and BSc Zoology are the most preferred courses by the candidates after the 12th. Though both the subjects are offered under Life Sciences, there are huge differences between them. Detailed below is the comparison between BSc Botany courses and BSc Zoology:

ParametersBSc BotanyBSc Zoology
Course DescriptionsThe course deals with the study of plants where students gain knowledge on plant and their developmentsBSc Zoology is about the study of living and extinct animals and their relationship with ecosystems. The subjects taught in the course are Physiology, Biotechnology, Bio-diversity, etc.
Duration3 Years3 Years

Must qualify in (10+2 ) in Science stream and score at least 55%-60% in class 12th board exam

Must have studied Biology with Physics and Mathematics

Must qualify in (10+2 ) in Science stream and score at least 50% in class 12th board exam

Must have studied Physics, Mathematics, and Biology

Admission ProcessMerit/Entrance Exam BasedMerit/Entrance Exam Based
Job RolesBotanists, Microbiologists, Horticulturists, Plant Biochemists, etc.Environmental Consultant, Teachers, Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, Zoologists, etc.
Career ProspectiveOpportunities are high for the BSc Botany students as more job scopes use to opening up in this fieldThe career growth is steady for the BSc Zoology graduates as more species are yet to be discovered and more professionals will be required to do that.  
Govt. Jobs

Central Plantation Crops Research Institute

Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute

Zoological Survey of India

Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute

Assistant Forest Conservator and Range Officer

Show Less

BSc Botany Job Roles

Various job profiles after pursuing BSc Botany degree are mentioned below:

Job ProfileDescription
BotanistStudy plants and their life cycles. To perform, they do fieldwork, report observations, classify plants, analyze different ways of plant conservation, etc.
Microbiologist Observe the development of Microorganisms, and Microbe Cultures, Record, Analyze and Interpret Data, Gather Samples from different locations, etc.

 Multiple tasks are done by a Horticulturist including Planting, Watering, Fertilizing the Plants, identifying, and treating the plants’ diseases, etc.

A Horticulturist is familiar with the knowledge behind various entities such as plants, flowers, etc.

They are involved in conducting research in areas such as Gardening, Landscaping, Plant Propagation, Crop Production, Plant Breeding, Genetic Engineering, Plant Biochemistry, etc.

Taxonomist Key job role played by a Taxonomist is to classify the plants and new species and name them.

Paleobotanist identifies and examines the fossilized extracts of dead plants that are discovered in Geological Formations.  

The works of these professionals help to trace evolution.

Weed/Soil Scientist

They identify weeds, and their varieties make research, and finds out ways of combating them. 

Soil Scientists perform tests based on soils of a particular area to analyze what type of plants/crops are suitable for growth in a particular area. 

They also assist in assessing the nutrition and fertility levels of a particular soil type.

Plant Researcher They  researches plants, soil composition, crop growth, etc. Professionals who work in this job profile help the farmers by demonstrating techniques that would help to improve production.
Plant Pathologists-Jobs of Plant Pathologists include identifying and eliminating the diseases of the plants by conducting both theoretical and practical research.

 Conservationists works to protect and preserve natural resources like forests, parks, etc. 

They are often known as soil scientists, conservation scientists, etc.

Farming ConsultantFarming Consultant visits farms, conducts analysis, interprets data, makes presentations, etc.
Molecular Biologist

They are involved in the research and development of biological entities such as plants in research laboratories with advanced equipment to explore and discover complex molecular structures and functions. 

The advanced technologies used include microscopes, centrifuge equipment, computer software that aid in data analysis, etc.

Show Less

Lucrative Industries for BSc Botany Jobs

Some of the common industrial sectors where BSc Botany graduates can work are mentioned below:

Chemical Industry

Food Industries

Botanical Gardens

Biological Supply Houses

Educational and Research Institutions

Plant Resources Laboratory

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

Plant Health Inspection Services

Arboretum (Botanical Garden Devoted to Trees)

Forestry Related Services

Biotechnology Companies

Oil and Petroleum Industries

Land Management Agencies

Seed And Other Agriculture Companies

Show Less

BSc Botany Salary and Future Scope

The average starting salary ranges between INR 2.50 lakhs and INR 5.0 lakhs. With experience, a researcher can earn upto 12.00 lakhs per annum. There are various options to do after pursuing a BSc Botany course. Scopes of BSc Botany graduates are not restricted to a single career path. Listed below are various scopes that a graduate can march out after receiving a BSc Botany degree:

Higher Education Opportunities

After BSc Botany candidates can opt for higher education:

  • As a higher study, candidates can apply for a B.Ed course and teach as a Biology teacher in a school
  • They can choose MSc Botany for higher education
  • After MSc, candidates can enroll in PhD courses

Career Opportunities

After BSc Botany, if anyone wants to join a govt job they need to appear for the Civil Services exam, State Government exam for Teacher recruitment, Public Service Commission exam, etc. The field of Botany has diverse scopes to offer. Apart from the govt. jobs, a BSc Botany graduate can start working as an ecologist, plant pathologist, farming consultant, and in various other job profiles as mentioned before.

Show Less

FAQs about B.Sc Botany

What is the duration of the course B.Sc Botany ?

B.Sc Botany is a 3 year course.

What is the average fee for the course B.Sc Botany ?

The average fee for B.Sc Botany is INR 45,000 to 1,00,000 per year.

What are the popular specializations related to B.Sc Botany ?

Some of the popular specializations for B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) are : Physical Therapy , Multimedia & Animation , Material Science , Computer Science , Agriculture Business Management.

I want admission in B.Sc Botany. Do I have to clear any exams for that ?

Andhra Pradesh Residential Degree Colleges Common Entranc Test , Delhi University Science , Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test , Chattisgarh B.Sc. Nursing Entrance Exam , Himachal Pradesh B.Sc. Nursing Entrance Test are some of the exams that you can appear for to get admission in B.Sc Botany courses.

What are the top colleges offering B.Sc Botany courses ?

Following are some of the top colleges offering Arts and Humanities courses : Jai Hind College (Mumbai) , Lady Shri Ram College for Women (Delhi) , St. Xaviers College (Mumbai) , Gargi College (New Delhi) , Shri Ram College of Commerce (Delhi). You can explore these colleges on our website to check if they offer B.Sc Botany or not.
Show Less

Related Questions


Biswajit Chakra, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Oct-05-2023
Hello Sir/Madam can you please explain what is Electro-Technical Officer Course

Tanisha Gupta, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Sept-06-2023
M.A ke parivat form kab nikalenge 2023

Avtar, Student / Alumni

-Answered on Aug-16-2021
I am not quite aware of Nehru College Kanhangad with 78% in B.Sc Botany but This program at LPU helps in building concepts in biological sciences and enabling them to apply their experimental knowledge in various sectors of life sciences especially in plant biology/phytology. The curriculum for the B Sc Botany Programme at LPU has been designed with an aim of encouraging the broad instructional goals and to support the growing demands and challenging trends in the educational scenario. It targets at providing an environment that encourages, promotes and stimulates the intellectual, professional and personal development of the student. The curriculum caters to the all-round development of the student, rolling out globally ready individuals into the fast pacing world. The specific objectives of the B Sc Botany program at LPU are as follows: • Know the importance and scope of the discipline. • Inculcate interest in and love of nature with its myriad living forms. • Impart knowledge of Science as the basic objective of Education. • Create a scientific attitude to make students open-minded, critical and curious. • Develop the ability to work hard and make students fit for society. • Expose students to the diversity amongst life forms. • Develop skill in practical work, experiments, equipments and laboratory use along with collection and interpretation of biological materials and data. • Make them aware of natural resources and environment and the importance of conserving it. • Develop the ability for the application of acquired knowledge in various fields of life so as to make our country self-sufficient. • Appreciate and apply ethical principles to biological science research and studies. • Being an LPU Alumni, I can say that LPU has experienced faculties, well equipped labs, great infrastructure, excellent placements, complete training and placement assistance and lot more and that too at a very low fees and high scholarships. The university is equipped with the latest technologies delivering the most effective methods of teaching in its spacious campus. LPU provides an environment where students are enlightened through the extensive array of learning methodologies. Highly qualified teaching staff combined with the best laboratories and modern technologies makes LPU the best place to pursue your degree. • LPU realizes that paradigm changes are happening around the world. Rapidly changing business landscape requires young leaders to not only understand developing economies but also develop a global perspective at the same time in order to be an integral part of the growth of the economy. • All B Sc Botany students have to do a project work and must submit the dissertation for evaluation in the sixth semester. Project work shall be completed by working outside the regular teaching hours. Project work shall be carried out under the supervision of a teacher in the concerned department. A candidate may, however, in certain cases be permitted to work on the project in an industrial/research organization on the recommendation of the supervisor. • LPU has been ranked by NIRF among the top 100 universities including the IITs because of its worth. I would choose LPU which tends to change instruction through scholastic meticulousness; pragmatic direction and result based education. • LPU is beating up all the other universities on the following parameter and details of each can be verified from their website as well. • 1. Infrastructure 2. Accreditation. 3. Faculty is not only experienced but is updated 4. Industry immersion 5. Labs are well-equipped with the latest technology 6. Placement preparation 7. Aids research 8. The School of Professional Enhancement 9. Placements 10. Covid regulations adhered to strictly 10. Awards and rankings. 11. Extensive scholarships. • LPU is all set to go ahead with the next session through online mode and is strictly following all the COVID norms as well. • For more details you can connect to LPU Academic Counselors.

Popular Courses

BSc in AnthropologyBSc in Information TechnologyBSc in PhysicsBSc ChemistryBSc in BiotechnologyB.Sc in PsychologyB.Sc. MathematicsB.Sc Cardiac Care TechnologyB.Sc Ophthalmic TechnologyBSc Information TechnologyBSc NursingB.Sc Dialysis TherapyBSc BEdB.Sc Visual CommunicationB.Sc Respiratory TherapyB.Sc NutritionB.Sc. in Occupational TherapyB.Sc in Graphic DesignB.Sc Fashion DesignGemologyB.Sc Interior DesignB.Sc Biomedical ScienceB.Sc ImmunologyB.Sc Medical SociologyB.Sc in Fashion TechnologyB.Ed in CommerceGarment TechnologyB.Sc. Nuclear Medicine TechnologyB.Sc SericultureB.Sc Hons Agri-Business ManagementB.Sc HydrologyPost Basic B.Sc NursingBSc in Airlines & Airport ManagementB.Sc Analytical ChemistryB.Sc. in Neurophysiology TechnologyB.Sc in YogaBSc in ZoologyBSc in MicrobiologyBSc HorticultureB.Sc - GeologyB.Sc - ElectronicsBachelor of ScienceBSc AgricultureFootwear DesignB.Sc - StatisticsB.Sc in RadiologyB.Sc Actuarial SciencesB.Sc in Physician AssistantB.Sc in AnimationB.Sc in Animation and MultimediaB.Sc Game Designing and DevelopmentBSc in PhysiologyB.Sc in Critical Care TechnologyComputer Science Engineering CoursesAgricultureData ScienceBachelor of Science in Fashion and Apparel DesignB.Sc in Anaesthesia TechnologyB.Sc in Travel & Tourism ManagementBSc in Culinary ArtsBSc in Hospitality and Hotel AdministrationB.Sc (Hons) in Community ScienceBSc Forensic ScienceMedical TranscriptionBSc Home ScienceBSc (Hons.) ZoologyBSc GeographyComputer ScienceMedical Laboratory TechnologyEmergency Medical TechnicianBSc Operation Theatre TechnologyBSc Cardiac TechnologyBSc PathologyBSc RadiographyBSc Perfusion TechnologyBSc Medical Imaging Technology
Show Less