Bachelor of Science in Botany is an undergraduate program that is of three year duration that focuses on Study of Plant Sciences and various aspects associated with it. Candidates who have completed their class XII with a combination of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology subjects are eligible to enroll for this course. Admission to BSc Botany program across various Colleges and Universities can happen either through an entrance exam or even based on merit. For admission to some Universities/Institutions for BSc Botany program they conduct their own exam, for few others a generalized exam is conducted at either national or state level. This article will provide you a comprehensive account about the BSc Botany program from admission to future prospects, etc.
BSc Botany course covers academic activities within the classroom sessions along with practical concepts at laboratory sessions. Infield, outstation activities and projects are also organized for real-life experience and learning. Candidates who have curiosity in Plant Kingdom, Ecosystem, Love Exploring Exotic Places and wish to work as Researchers or professions like Botanist, Conservationist, Ecologist, etc can choose BSc Botany course.
After completing their BSc Botany degree, the candidates can also pursue higher education by taking up courses such as MSc Botany and MSc Environmental Management. This will aid the candidates to get an exposure to improved jobs and research opportunities in the near future.
Botany is considered Plant Sciences orPhytology which is all about plant life. Botany, a branch of Biology, focuses on the scientific learning of plants and their related aspects including plants and their diseases, growth, etc. In this 3-year degree course, candidates learn about the different types of plants, their features, and uses. In today’s Plant Sciences, Molecular Genetics, and Epigenetics are important domains the candidates are taught about. There are many branches in botany like Agronomy, Biotechnology, Dendrology, Arboriculture, Astrobotany, etc.
Some of the general pointers that would help the candidates who would want to pursue the BSC Botany program are listed below:
Some of the important highlights relating to BSc Botany course are mentioned in the following table:
|Course Name||Bachelor of Science in Botany|
|Course fees||INR 45,000 to INR 1.0 lakhs|
|Starting Salary||INR 2.50 to 5.0 lakhs|
|Course Name||Bachelor of Science in Botany|
Now by this time the million dollar question that might be arising in the reader’s mind is why should one invest all the time and energy in the BSc Botany program. To answer this question we suggest that the aspirant should go through the following section:
Check the minimum eligibility criteria to apply for BSc Botany courses:
BSc Botany course can be completed in 3 years. The course is divided in 6 semesters. Check the important topics that are covered throughout the BSc course:
BSc Botany 1st Year Syllabus has been provided below:
|Introduction to Biology||Algae and Microbiology|
|Chemistry-I||Technical writing and Communication in English / Computational skills|
|Mycology & Phytopathology||Archegoniate|
BSc Botany 2nd year syllabus has been provided below:
|Plant Resource Utilization||Mathematics and Statistics|
|Cell Biology - I||Molecular Biology - 1|
|Plant Development and Anatomy||Ecology and Phytogeography|
|Cell Biology II||Molecular Biology - II|
BSc Botany 3rd year syllabus has been provided below:
|Plant Systematics & Evolution||Plant Physiology|
|Environmental Management / Bioinformatics||Genetics & Genomics -I|
|Plant Metabolism||Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms|
|Plant Biotechnology||Genetics & Genomics - II|
Admission in BSc Botany courses is acceptable on through merit- basis or entrance exam. Candidates who meet the eligibility criteria are considered for admission into a specific college/ institute. All the interested candidates should meet the minimum cut-off score, expected by various colleges offering BSc Botany courses. Therefore, a student can get admission either by appearing in the respective entrance examination or based on merit. If the student falls in the cut-off criterion, then he/she may be granted admission based on the merit list.
For the merit-based entrance exam, the marks of previous qualifying exams are considered. In entrance-based admission, candidates are admitted based on the scores earned in the respective entrance exams. Elaborated below are both the admission processes:
In the merit-based admission process, colleges declare a cut-off mark. Candidates who meet the cut-off mark set by the top BSc Botany colleges and other eligibility criteria are offered final admission for the BSc Botany courses.
Admission process for BSc Botany entrance based examination is mentioned below for the convenience of the candidates:
To get BSc Botany admission, some colleges require the candidates to appear in the BSc Botany entrance exams. Listed below are some of the common entrance exams that one can check before applying for the BSc Botany course:
BSc Botany courses are available on the distance learning mode also. In this open learning platform, emphasis is given to the study of plants as well as the physiology of plants. Apart from that, all the related aspects are covered in the BSc Botany Distance Education. BSc Botany Admission for Distance Education is done based on the merit of the previous qualifying examination. The time duration for the course is about 3 to 6 years. There is no specific age limit for the course. After pursuing the BSc Botany Correspondence course candidates can begin their career in both Government and Private jobs. Those who want to pursue further studies can enroll in the Master’s programme provided they secure the required marks in the final exam.
Listed below are some of the colleges that offer BSc Botany Distance Education in India:
|Indira Gandhi National Open University||Delhi|
|Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University||Ahmedabad|
|Nalanda Open University||Bihar|
|Wisdom School of Management||Lucknow|
|Sri Sai Correspondence College||Bangalore|
|Tamil Nadu Open University||Chennai|
The books are not fixed for the BSc Botany courses. The book recommendation may differ from university to university. However, listed here are some of the books useful for BSc Botany courses:
|Introductory Phycology by H.D. Kumar||Microbiology by M.J. Pelczar|
|Ecology and Environment by P.D. Sharma||Plant Breeding: Principles and Methods by B.D. Singh|
|Economic Botany in the Tropics by S.L. Kocchar||Bioinformatics: Principals and Applications by Bibekanand Mullick and Zhumur Ghosh|
Be it Botany or any other subject or skill to acquire knowledge about the same one needs to possess certain skills which can either be inherent or acquired over a period of time. It is important to have the following skill set for studying BSc Botany course:
This section of the article will cover some of the top-most colleges and universities in India from where a candidate can pursue BSc Botany program.
Some of the top BSc Botany Colleges of India to enroll for candidates are mentioned below:
Name of College
Average Fee Structure
Miranda House College
St. Xavier’s College
Mount Carmel College
Sacred Heart College
Jai Hind College
Some of the top universities of India to enroll for BSc Botany program are mentioned below:
Average Fee Structure
University of Delhi
Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI)
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
Lovely Professional University (LPU)
Shiv Nadar University
Manav Rachna University
Guru Gobind Singh IP University (GGSIPU)
Maharshi Dayanand University (MDU)
JC Bose University of Science and Technology
North Cap University
Some of the top colleges/universities located abroad to enroll for BSc Botany program are mentioned below:
|Colleges/Universities||Average BSC Botany Fee|
|Uppsala University, Sweden||EUR 110000|
|Hillsdale College, USA||EUR 21378|
|University of California||USD 37224|
|University of Salford||GBP 12000|
|University of Vienna||-|
|University of Kent||EUR 21900|
|University College Dublin||EUR 27,720|
|University College, Ireland||-|
|University of Western Australia||-|
BSc Botany and BSc Zoology are the most preferred courses by the candidates after the 12th. Though both the subjects are offered under Life Sciences, there are huge differences between them. Detailed below is the comparison between BSc Botany courses and BSc Zoology:
|Parameters||BSc Botany||BSc Zoology|
|Course Descriptions||The course deals with the study of plants where students gain knowledge on plant and their developments||BSc Zoology is about the study of living and extinct animals and their relationship with ecosystems. The subjects taught in the course are Physiology, Biotechnology, Bio-diversity, etc.|
|Duration||3 Years||3 Years|
Must qualify in (10+2 ) in Science stream and score at least 55%-60% in class 12th board exam
Must have studied Biology with Physics and Mathematics
Must qualify in (10+2 ) in Science stream and score at least 50% in class 12th board exam
Must have studied Physics, Mathematics, and Biology
|Admission Process||Merit/Entrance Exam Based||Merit/Entrance Exam Based|
|Job Roles||Botanists, Microbiologists, Horticulturists, Plant Biochemists, etc.||Environmental Consultant, Teachers, Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, Zoologists, etc.|
|Career Prospective||Opportunities are high for the BSc Botany students as more job scopes use to opening up in this field||The career growth is steady for the BSc Zoology graduates as more species are yet to be discovered and more professionals will be required to do that.|
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute
Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute
Zoological Survey of India
Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute
Assistant Forest Conservator and Range Officer
Various job profiles after pursuing BSc Botany degree are mentioned below:
|Botanist||Study plants and their life cycles. To perform, they do fieldwork, report observations, classify plants, analyze different ways of plant conservation, etc.|
|Microbiologist||Observe the development of Microorganisms, and Microbe Cultures, Record, Analyze and Interpret Data, Gather Samples from different locations, etc.|
Multiple tasks are done by a Horticulturist including Planting, Watering, Fertilizing the Plants, identifying, and treating the plants’ diseases, etc.
A Horticulturist is familiar with the knowledge behind various entities such as plants, flowers, etc.
They are involved in conducting research in areas such as Gardening, Landscaping, Plant Propagation, Crop Production, Plant Breeding, Genetic Engineering, Plant Biochemistry, etc.
|Taxonomist||Key job role played by a Taxonomist is to classify the plants and new species and name them.|
Paleobotanist identifies and examines the fossilized extracts of dead plants that are discovered in Geological Formations.
The works of these professionals help to trace evolution.
They identify weeds, and their varieties make research, and finds out ways of combating them.
Soil Scientists perform tests based on soils of a particular area to analyze what type of plants/crops are suitable for growth in a particular area.
They also assist in assessing the nutrition and fertility levels of a particular soil type.
|Plant Researcher||They researches plants, soil composition, crop growth, etc. Professionals who work in this job profile help the farmers by demonstrating techniques that would help to improve production.|
|Plant Pathologists-||Jobs of Plant Pathologists include identifying and eliminating the diseases of the plants by conducting both theoretical and practical research.|
Conservationists works to protect and preserve natural resources like forests, parks, etc.
They are often known as soil scientists, conservation scientists, etc.
|Farming Consultant||Farming Consultant visits farms, conducts analysis, interprets data, makes presentations, etc.|
They are involved in the research and development of biological entities such as plants in research laboratories with advanced equipment to explore and discover complex molecular structures and functions.
The advanced technologies used include microscopes, centrifuge equipment, computer software that aid in data analysis, etc.
Some of the common industrial sectors where BSc Botany graduates can work are mentioned below:
Biological Supply Houses
Educational and Research Institutions
Plant Resources Laboratory
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries
Plant Health Inspection Services
Arboretum (Botanical Garden Devoted to Trees)
Forestry Related Services
Oil and Petroleum Industries
Land Management Agencies
Seed And Other Agriculture Companies
The average starting salary ranges between INR 2.50 lakhs and INR 5.0 lakhs. With experience, a researcher can earn upto 12.00 lakhs per annum. There are various options to do after pursuing a BSc Botany course. Scopes of BSc Botany graduates are not restricted to a single career path. Listed below are various scopes that a graduate can march out after receiving a BSc Botany degree:
After BSc Botany candidates can opt for higher education:
After BSc Botany, if anyone wants to join a govt job they need to appear for the Civil Services exam, State Government exam for Teacher recruitment, Public Service Commission exam, etc. The field of Botany has diverse scopes to offer. Apart from the govt. jobs, a BSc Botany graduate can start working as an ecologist, plant pathologist, farming consultant, and in various other job profiles as mentioned before.